Understandably, first person accounts of the Burgundian and English participants in the conflict are far less favorable. The Journal d'un Bourgeois was based on a diary kept by the author, a clerk of the University of Paris. It is an account of the war from inside the city. The 'Bourgeois', who hated Joan, says that she threatened to kill all the inhabitants if Paris did not surrender. He was stunned by her sacrilegious assault on Paris on the Feast of the Nativity of the Virgin, led by a "creature in the form of a woman whom they call the Maid. What it was, God knows.


Enguerrand De Monstrelet is responsible for the most important Burgundian chronicle of the war, written around 1440. He witnessed the interview between Joan and the Duke of Burgundy after her capture - although he claims not to remember what they said. His account is far from nonpartisan; he says that Robert de Baudricourt had advised her how to act, and he attributes her military victories to the efforts of experienced and brave captains. At the same time, he refrains from criticizing her as violently as the Bourgeois, and he barely comments on her trial and execution, probably because his account was written after Burgundy and Charles VII had made peace.

The Chroniques de France, or Chronicles of St. Denis, were drawn up annually from 1122 to record the important events of the year. This is the earliest printed version of the chronicles and one of the first books printed in French. The English translation (at left) printed at the Grabhorn Press contains reproductions of the woodcuts from the next edition (1493). The chronicler, appointed by the king, was partial to Joan and the royal cause. Joan is portrayed as pious as well as brave and expert in war. The Chronicles include the story that the dauphin attempted to deceive Joan about his identity, as a test, but that she knew him at first sight.