Commencement honors
Conferred at Commencement on May 19, 2002 were 127 graduate and 310 undergraduate degrees, including 13 Katharine E. McBride Scholars, students beyond traditional college age. Graduate degrees included 21 doctorates, 29 masters of arts, 72 masters of social work, and five masters of law and social policy.

The European Traveling Fellowship was awarded to Rebecca Jacqueline Aspden '02, who graduated summa cum laude, taking both an A.B. and M.A. in chemistry. The Gertrude Slaughter Fellowship was awarded to Amy Rachel Peltz '02, who graduated summa cum laude with a major in philosophy.

The Doris Sill Carland Prize for excellence in teaching assistance by graduate students in laboratory or section teaching was Deborah Barkun of the department of history of art and Cheryl Selah of the department of chemistry.

The Lindback Award for Distinguished Teaching was presented to Associate Professor of German Imke Meyer. The Rosalyn R. Schwartz Teaching Award was presented to Leslie Clark Professor in the Humanities and Professor of History of Art, Steven Z. Levine. The Mary Patterson McPherson Award for Excellence among faculty was presented to Professor of Psychology and Director of the Child Study Institute Leslie Rescorla.

Graduating to the status of Professor Emeritus was Noel J.J. Farley, Harvey Wexler Professor of Economics and co-director of the Center for International Studies.

Dean of the Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research, Ruth Mayden, M.S.S. '70, will begin a senior position at the Annie E. Casey Foundation in Baltimore on August 1. "Ruth has given strong and effective leadership to the Graduate School for many years," said President of the College Nancy J. Vickers. "She came to the School in 1976 as a visiting lecturer, was appointed assistant dean in 1979, associate dean in 1982, and dean in 1987. I know I speak for many of my colleagues when I say that we wi ll miss her very much."

As Director for System and Service Reform in the area of services for families with young children, Mayden's responsibilities will include working with staff on the development and implementation of the Foundation's agenda for early childhood, mental health and health; the coordination of activities in this area with the Foundation's initiatives in child welfare, financial security and education; and administrative responsibilities including budget development, accountability, and grant review. She is the immediate past-president of the National Association of Social Workers.

An interim dean will be appointed. Vickers has been working with the faculty of the Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research on the process of selecting new leadership for the School.

Second Pulitzer for Horwitz
Sari Horwitz '79 again has won the nation's most coveted award for journalism. The 2002 Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting went to Horwitz and her colleagues at the Washington Post, Scott Higham and Sarah Cohen. In the series, "The District's Lost Children," the team exposed the District of Columbia's role in the neglect and death of 229 children placed in protective care between 1993 and 2000, prompting an overhaul of the city's child welfare system.

"It all started with the death of a little girl, a foster child named Brianna Blackamond," Horwitz said in a recent interview. Brianna had been living in a loving foster home. But then a judge returned her to her biological mother's custody without holding a hearing. Two weeks later, 23-month-old Brianna was murdered. "Basically, everyone who was supposed to check up on this child made critical mistakes."

After the Post ran more than 30 front-page articles on Brianna's death, Horwitz said, "someone said to us, 'Why are you making such a big deal about this one child? Don't you know about all the other children?' That was really chilling to hear."

In a year-long investigation, Horwitz and her colleagues used a novel legal argument to gain access to confidential information on 180 of 229 children who were supposed to be protected by the government between 1993 and 2000. Of those, 40 children lost their lives after government workers-police officers, social workers and judges-failed to protect them from danger. But because confidentiality laws permitted these workers to hide their culpability, news of the children who died never reached the public. "N ot only did these children die, but the government kept it a secret."

As a result of the four-part series, Congress conducted hearings and introduced legislation, signed into law by President Bush, ordering a federal family court to oversee child cases. For the first time in the city, foster and group homes are required to undergo licensing and regulations. The mayor approved millions of dollars to improve foster care. The city launched a campaign to hire more social workers and lawyers. The judge who presided over Brianna's case resigned, and the federal judge who oversaw t he child protection system for six years relinquished his control, returning it to the domain of the city.

"The District's Lost Children" also won the 2002 Investigative Reporters and Editors gold medal and the 2002 Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award.

In 1999, Horwitz won a Pulitzer in the category of public service. Her team's five-part "Deadly Force" series uncovered an unusually high rate of shootings by police officers in the District of Columbia who had little training. The city's officers shot and killed more people per resident in the 1990s than any other large American city police force.

Goya 'sí' or 'no'?
Bryn Mawr's recently acquired 19th-century Spanish oil painting, Portrait of a Young Woman, offers an intellectual challenge for students and scholars. The painting, which is signed "L.L." and attributed to the date of 1827, one year before the death of Goya y Lucientes, was given to the College last December by physician Clotilde Schlayer of Durham, N.C.Her father, Felix Schlayer, acquired the painting about 1920, while serving as the German consul in Madrid, with the assistance of Dr. August May er, a Goya scholar.

Curator of the College's Collections, Carol W. Campbell, said that the donor's selection of Bryn Mawr as the recipient of the gift was motivated in large part by the presence on the faculty of Gridley McKim-Smith, Professor of History of Art and Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities, an eminent scholar of Spanish painting who is known for using physical examination of art objects to draw art-historical conclusions about them.

In April, Janis Tomlinson, an expert on Goya, who is current Director of Cultural Programs and Exhibitions at the National Academy of Sciences, lectured to McKim-Smith's class, History of Art 241, Art of the Spanish-Speaking World, on the exhibition, Goya: Images of Women, which she curated at the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Organized by the Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, the Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, and the National Gallery, it is the first major exhibition dedicated to an examination of the artist's representation of women, including portraits of many of the most powerful women of Madrid.

In class, Tomlinson discussed Bryn Mawr's painting in relation to others in the exhibition, suggesting that it was the work of another artist seeking to work in the style of Goya. She is the author of Francisco Goya y Lucientes: 1746-1828, a study of what she defines as Goya's "continuity": a vital and constant drive to experiment and to exploit the potential of his creativity.

"Janis gave the students an excellent example of how one does an exercise in connoisseurship," said McKim-Smith. "First one must consider the brief and sketchy information on provenance or the history of ownership. Bryn Mawr's painting is not mentioned or listed in any collection until the latter half of the 19th century, at which point it appears in several distinguished collections until it was acquired by the family who donated it to the College.

"Our painting has not been much published or discussed, though it has been said that judging from the style, the painting is most readily related to Goya's late works. How closely it should be associated with the artist's hand is an issue. Those late works are now undergoing reevaluation, and a clear picture of the artist's activity in the final years of his life may be years in forming. Spain was at war (Span-iards call it the War of Independence, and Europeans call it the Napoleonic Wars) until 1814, and even after that there was internal unrest that made the political situation at the royal court difficult for the aging painter, who expatriated to France at the end of his life. To complicate matters, Goya was a notoriously uneven painter whose ceaseless experimentation produced late works that look quite different from one another even if we confine the discussion to paintings that are well documented. More-over, Goya often reused his own canvases as well as those by other artists, which complicates an a ssessment of the brushwork and any attempt to decide whether it is autographed.

"Tomlinson pointed out that our painting does not appear to have a different image beneath the surface. It does have what purports to be a signature, but we knew from the beginning that the signature is not credible because of the sketchy finish of the painting; one would not expect a Spanish sketch to be signed in the early 19th century. There is also a discrepancy of a decade or more between the sitter's hair style and the style of her clothing; although one sometimes sees such discrepancies in unquestio ned works, here Tomlinson suspected that this indicates a later hand and an artist who was imitating Goya in the middle of the 19th century, a moment in the reception of Spanish painting that is now coming under increased scrutiny.

"Bryn Mawr accepted the gift of this attractive 19th-century Spanish painting because it is intellectually provocative and illustrates a controversial scholarly problem. Opinions about who painted it will continue to differ, and Bryn Mawr students will have the opportunity to participate in the study of a problem that is visually appealing and intellectually challenging, a problem of attribution around the work of a great artist whose paintings are undergoing major reevaluation, and a problem of interpreta tion of works of art produced in a political moment that was notoriously complex and conflicted."

Grendel in the Great Hall
Hwaet-"Listen up!" in Anglo-Saxon-bellowed baritone singer and actor Benjamin Bagby. The opening word of Beowulf silenced an audience packed into a darkened, banner hung Thomas Great Hall. Bagby sang, shouted and howled for 75 minutes without a break, lit by violet, gold and red gel lights. His April 8 performance of the first half of Beowulf was part of the College's Visiting Writers Series.

Bagby acts as a scop, the bardic storyteller and reciter of early medieval England, who preserved the stories, genealogy, myths and history of people in pre-literate societies. He creates the characters with his voice alone, becoming the heroic Beowulf and later the monster Grendel.

Bagby accompanied his recitation with a six-string lyre, a reproduction of a 7th-century instrument. A line-by-line translation of the poem into modern English by Howell D. Chickering Jr. was projected onto a screen for the audience.

For the past decade, Bagby has been performing Beowulf to great acclaim for audiences around the world. He said he first became enthralled with the poem after reading it at age 12 and it set the course for his lifelong attraction to medieval art, literature and music. Co-founder and director of Sequentia, an ensemble that performs medieval music, Bagby also sings and plays the medieval harp with the group.

Cryptologist honored
Actors in the drama of cryptology normally remain anonymous, but Julia Ward '23, Ph.D '40, history, a former warden, dean, and director of admissions at Bryn Mawr, was elected to the National Security Agency's Cryptologic Hall of Honor for her outstanding contributions to American code breaking during World War II and the years immediately following. She was inducted post-humously on June 13and is one of only three women to receive the honor.

"Dr. Ward founded Central Reference and built an outstanding library of classified and unclassified resources that greatly advanced the American cryptologic effort," said historian Jill Frahm of the Cryptology Museum, who nominated Ward. "When her predecessors failed to get this organization off the ground, she not only cleaned up their messes, she turned it into a first class organization. Her collection was so good that other federal agencies came to her when they could not find material they wanted in t heir own collections. I just felt as the creator of such an important function, an all-but-forgotten woman, deserved to be remembered. Now she will be."

Ward was a research analyst with the National Security Agency (NSA) for 19 years. She received her law degree from George Washington University a few months before her death on June 18, 1962, at age 61. She also had studied at the London School of Economics. Ward's administrative career at the College spanned from 1924 until the time she entered the cryptologic service in 1946.

Representing the College at Ward's induction ceremony with Lt. General Michael Hayden, USAF, were Visual Collections Specialist Barbara Ward Grubb of Canaday Library and Leslie Glassberg '55, past President of the Alumnae Association. For more information, see

'Wash-and-wear' innovator
Ruth Benerito, g (as) '36, was named winner of the eighth-annual Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award for invention and innovation. Benerito helped invent easy-care cotton, the precursor to wash-and-wear clothing, and was recognized for vital contributions that helped transform the textile, wood and paper industries. Benerito was formally presented with the award on April 24 at a special ceremony at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.

Following World War II, when synthetic fabrics were gaining preference among Americans, Benerito helped the struggling cotton industry regain favor by modernizing its manufacturing processes. While working as a research leader for the Southern Regional Research Center of the United States Department of Agriculture, she developed the theory of cross-linking cellulose chains in cotton to make the fabric wrinkle-, stain- and flame-resistant. The resulting fabric maintained its shape and appearance better than previous cotton threads, resulting in what is commonly referred to as "wash and wear." Her ingenuity led to the first of 55 U.S. patented processes, which eventually spread throughout the cotton industry.

During her 33-year career with the Research Center, Benerito worked to resolve numerous problems in the cotton industry. She revolutionized the pre-treatment of cotton by creating an environmentally safe procedure. It involves replacing the standard mercerization of cotton-treatment of cotton with sodium hydroxide-with radiofrequency cold plasma cleaning, thereby eliminating serious environmental hazards. This process was later adopted by Japan's textile industry.

Benerito has also received the U.S.D.A.'s highest honor, its Distinguished Service Award; the American Chemical Society's Garvan Award; the Southwest Regional Award; the U.S. Civil Service Commission's Federal Woman's Award; and the Southern Chemist Award, of which she was the first female recipient. President Lyndon B. Johnson recognized her scientific and teaching achievements as well.

Benerito taught math, physics, biology and chemistry in New Orleans high schools in the 1930s. Then she taught at Randolph-Macon's Woman's College in Virginia, at Sophie Newcomb College (the women's college at Tulane University), at Tulane Medical School and Graduate School, and at the University of New Orleans. Although Louisiana's State University system has strict rules against faculty teaching past the age of 70, an exception was made for Benerito at the request of her students and peers. She taught un til age 81 as a professor of chemistry at the University of New Orleans.

After getting her bachelor's degree at Sophie Newcomb College, she studied at Bryn Mawr and went on to complete her master's degree in physics at Tulane University, and her PhD in physical chemistry at the University of Chicago.

Tapestry chosen for Harrisburg exhibit
"The Law of Three," a 9X12 foot five-panel tapestry by Myra Reichel '95, McBride Scholar, was one of 121 entries selected for "Art of the State," the 35th annual, Pennsylvania-wide-juried exhibit hosted by The State Museum of Pennsylvania. Because of to construction. this year's exhibit will be held at the Susquehanna Art Museum in Harrisburg, PA, June 15-September 8, 2002.

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