September 11 remembered
The College offered several opportunities for members of the community to mark the anniversary of the catastrophic events of September 11, 2001. In the morning, memorial ceremonies at the World Trade Center site in New York City were broadcast in Thomas Great Hall. At 10:29 a.m., the time at which the second tower of the World Trade Center collapsed, Taylor Tower bell sounded in memory of those who lost their lives in the attacks.

At 4:30 p.m., President of the College Nancy J. Vickers convened a community conversation in the Great Hall with initial remarks by Michael Sells, Professor of Religion at Haverford College, and Raymond Albert, Co-Dean of the Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research. Sells spoke about religion as a statement of national identity, understanding Islam in the United States, and the controversy surrounding the University of North Carolina's decision to assign his book, Approaching the Koran: The Early Revelations, as freshman summer reading. Albert reflected on the notion of communities in conflict. "Identity and issue, issue and conflict, are often too intwined for community members to unravel," he said, "and the result is the all too easy decision that the other side is not only wrong but hopelessly irrational and unable to appreciate any viewpoint beyond its own." Compounding these difficulties are the underlying questions, not so easily answered: "What is community, who is community and ' how' is community?" Dean of the Undergraduate College Karen M. Tidmarsh '71 joined Sells and Albert in soliciting comments and reflections from the audience.

Bi-college classes and other regularly scheduled activities continued out of respect for individual choices. "Recognizing the wide diversity of people's perspectives and personal experiences regarding these events, we hope students, staff and faculty will be understanding of the different needs people may have, including perhaps for some the need for business as usual," Vickers said.

That evening at Haverford, President of Haverford College, Thomas Tritton, spoke at opening Collection about the challenges facing the world that can be addressed by educational institutions. At 7:30 p.m., Bryn Mawr students held a peace vigil at senior row on Merion Green and continued with a lantern and candlelight walk onto Lancaster Avenue.

Bryn Mawr and women's suffrage
Memorabilia, photographs and documents give a fresh view of the women's suffrage movement through activities on Bryn Mawr's campus and the engagement of its students, alumnae and administrators. "Dedicated to the Cause: Bryn Mawr Women and the Right to Vote,"opened on September 26 in Mariam Coffin Canaday Library's Class of 1912 Rare Book Room. The exhibition also documents the presence of anti-suffragists on campus, a less-visible group that nevertheless embraced the opinion of many American women and men .

Die-cut pamphlet shaped like a pocket watch explains the women's right to vote movement. Bryn Mawr College Collections.

Broadsides, banners, buttons and ribbons in the yellow, white and purple colors of the movement; political cartoons; advertisements; and photographs of active students and alumnae are among the items selected from the Bryn Mawr College Library special collections, particularly from the remarkable photo albums compiled by Carrie Chapman Catt, one of the most widely known activists in both the national and international movements.

When Bryn Mawr College was founded in 1885, the United States was entrenched in a long-standing debate over women's right to vote. Ten years earlier, Susan B. Anthony had drafted what would become the 19th amendment, passed by the U.S. legislature and ratified by the states on August 26, 1920.

Bryn Mawr was well known to both supporters and challengers of the amendment. President M. Carey Thomas, Dean Marion Reilly '01, and Mary E. Garrett held leadership positions in the national College Equal Suffrage League, and one of the League's earliest student chapters was created on Bryn Mawr's campus in 1907. The College regularly sponsored talks by the most important leaders of the suffrage movement, including Susan B. Anthony.

Bryn Mawr also produced a long list of alumnae who worked on the grass roots level and gave leadership to national and local suffrage organizations such as the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) and the more militant Congressional Union (CU) and National Woman's Party (NWP).

Susan Walker FitzGerald, 1893, and Caroline McCormick Slade, 1896, held important positions in the NAWSA. Other alumnae, including Mary Ingham, 1902; Ella Riegel, 1889; and Pauline Clarke '12, who associated with NWP, took part in picketing and civil disobedience and endured arrests for their suffrage protests. Katharine Houghton Hepburn, 1899 (the mother of actress Katharine Houghton Hepburn '28), and her sister Edith Houghton Hooker, 1901, began suffrage work under the NAWSA and switched to the NWP as th e suffrage struggles grew more intense following the United States' entrance into World War I in 1917.

Professor of History at UCLA, Ellen Carol Dubois gave a lecture at the exhibit's opening, "College Women and Woman Suffrage." One of the country's leading historians of the suffrage movement, Dubois' books include Harriet Stanton Blanch and the Winning of Woman Suffrage, Woman Suffrage and Women's Rights: Essays, and Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women's Movement in America, 1848-1869.

Curated and organized by Amanda Zehnder, a Ph.D. candidate in history of art in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and Barbara Ward Grubb, visual collections specialist, the exhibition runs through December 20, 2002. Items from the exhibition and background texts are online.

SGA founder and suffrage activist Susan Walker FitzGerald, 1893

Susan Walker, 1893, a political science major, founded the Student Government Association at Bryn Mawr. She is best known for her long commitment to the struggle for women's suffrage and her involvement in progressive politics. FitzGerald was active in suffrage campaigns in nine states and in 1922 was elected as the first female Democrat to enter the Massachusetts House of Representatives. (Sylvia Donaldson was elected the same year as the first female Republican.)

The Susan Walker FitzGerald Papers in Bryn Mawr's Special Collections Department were the gift of her son, Richard Leigh FitzGerald. They include letters and scrapbooks from her Bryn Mawr years; 33 letters dated 1891 from her fellow students express opinions on founding a student government.

Social work co-deans named
President of the College Nancy J. Vickers announced in August the appointment of Raymond Albert and Marcia Martin, Ph.D. '82, as co-deans of the Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research for an interim period of approximately two years while a national search for a new dean is conducted.

Albert and Martin replace Ruth W. Mayden, M.S.S. '70, who took a senior-level position at The Annie E. Casey Foundation this summer in her hometown of Baltimore. Her work there focuses on families with young children. Ruth's career at Bryn Mawr spanned 26 years, including 16 years as Dean, and she continues to serve in a volunteer role as editor of the School's class notes for the Alumnae Bulletin.

In announcing the appointments, Vickers and Provost Ralph Kuncl said Albert and Martin will each bring unique skills to the endeavor and that their complementary strengths will be important assets at this moment in the School's history.

A professor at the School, Albert joined the faculty in 1980 and has served as director of the College's Law and Social Policy Program since 1987. He helped to create the Certificate Program in Conflict Resolution, the first program of its kind to be operated out of a graduate school of social work.

Martin has been associate dean of the school for nine years and director of field instruction for 17 years. She served as acting dean during Mayden's sabbatical leave in 2001. Through her field instruction role she has had personal contact with almost every master's candidate during the last decade, and has strong relationships with the many Philadelphia area agencies where students intern.

Harris L. Wofford honored
Independent Sector, a coalition of national nonprofit organizations, foundations, and corporate philanthropy programs, has awarded its 2002 John W. Gardner Leadership Award to former U.S. senator and President Emeritus of Bryn Mawr, Harris L. Wofford, in recognition of his exemplary commitment to public service.

Wofford's accomplishments stretch back to the Eisenhower administration, in which he served as counsel on the first U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. He helped launch the Peace Corps in 1961, later becoming its associate director; served in the U.S. Senate from 1991 to 1994, where he helped write and pass legislation that created AmeriCorps, the Learn and Serve America program, and the Corporation for National and Community Service; served as CEO of the Corporation for National and Community Service from 19 95 to 2001; and this year was named chairman of AmericaPromise, a national program to help disadvantaged youth. Last year, the directors of the Corpor-ation for National Service established the Harris Wofford Summer of National Service Internship fund at BrynMawr in Wofford's honor.

Ethnicity center internships
The Center for Ethnicities, Communities and Social Policy explores diverse communities in the United States and examines questions of social policy. For the second year, the center has awarded competitive summer internships to undergraduates, who spoke about their experiences at a panel discussion on September 12.

Oksana Maksymchuk '04, an independent major in truth and reconciliation studies, worked at the U.S. Holocaust Museum in the Survivors Registry. She did genealogical research and gathered data on the transformation of patrons' feelings about and interpretations of the Holocaust. "I'm thinking of going back to work at the museum because I know I have only scratched the surface, and there is a lot more to be studied," she said. Maksymchuk, who is Ukrainian, also learned for the first time about the history of anti-Semitism in her homeland and grappled with the obstacles to spreading this knowledge there.

Kelesitse Phiri '03, a mathematics major, volunteered with the AIDS Research and Education Division of SHAWCO (Student Health and Welfare Center Organization) in Capetown, South Africa. She worked with 16 to 25-year-old unemployed mothers on an interactive AIDS awareness project that included health and nutrition education.

Phiri had to rely on a translator and found initially that "not learning to say women's names properly was a big barrier to establishing friendship or some kind of comfort zone."

By planning activities such as a picnic and selling their bead work and pottery at a famous show, she eventually "became a friend to the mothers instead of 'Miss Let Me Teach You Something,' as one of the mothers labeled me one day," she said. "I was really shocked to find that they perceived me that way. Very soon, I also learned that the group did not respond to formal, academic abstract method but preferred discussions on more practical experiences. They'd talk about their sex lives to me, which sometim es made me uncomfortable. Although they were basically my age group, they still seemed a lot older because of what they'd gone through. but it was nice to have a relaxed atmosphere and their openness was very rewarding.

"Working with a group of people who had been oppressed most of their lives and in many ways continue to be in one way or the other was a eye-opener for me. I was privileged to meet the most amazing people. These young mothers were dedicated to improving their lifestyles and that of their children in the township."

Prerna Srivastava '04, a political science major and economics minor, interned on Capitol Hill for U. S. Rep (D-Ohio) Sherrod Brown through the Washington Leadership Program of the Indian-American Center for Political Awareness.

Brown, senior Democrat on the Energy and Commerce's Health Subcommittee, has led efforts to ensure that all Americans have access to quality and affordable health care. Srivastava conducted research on pharmaceutical companies for his office as part of its work to implement a prescription drug bill for senior citizens. She attended hearings, briefings, press conferences and lectures.

"I've never really been involved with domestic politics before," she said. "The other internships I've had dealt with international relations. This has sparked my interest in going back to D.C. to work on the Hill as a legislative assistant after I graduate. To have a hands-on experience where you actually get to see how legislative decisions are made was really inspiring, and I want to be a direct part of that in some way."

During her internship, Srivastava wrote an opinion piece for the News India-Times, "A definitional dilemma post-September 11: who's not American." She is co-president of Bryn Mawr's South Asian Women and hopes to sponsor a panel of South Asian women in politics.

Meghan McCabe '03, a political science major and Spanish minor with a concentration in international politics and urban policy, interned at the Locust Street Center of Planned Parenthood of Southeast Pennsylvania. She worked directly with participants in PPSP including clinic staff and patients and provided answers to questions and literature. As a result of researching anti-choice groups, she decided to become an escort for women who visit the clinic. She also began a campaign to get magazines that appeal to a diverse range of women, such as Ms, Utne Reader, Girlfriends, and Bamboo Girl, which is targeted towards Asian American women, to donate subscriptions for waiting rooms. She continued to work with the clinic's education department this fall to program a fact-finding visit to Philadelphia by two women from a sister clinic in Nicaragua.

Karen Janelli '03, a sociology major and education and Spanish minor, interned with the Ayuda Community Center, a Christ-centered holistic ministry serving the ethnically diverse community of Hunting Park in North Philadelphia. Janelli co-taught a group of 15 children, ages 9-11, planned curricula centered around the environment, organized age-appropriate activities, and developed relationships with children and staff in the community. "We went to a landfill, the zoo, other neighborhoods," Janelli said. "W e saw things they didn't have in their neighborhoods; I wanted them to think not only about how they might accomplish getting those but also about the things in their own neighborhoods they liked that they didn't see elsewhere." Janelli lived in a rented house with other students doing internships through the Gateway Community program, whose purpose is to increase awareness and educate college students about urban issues.

The Center also sponsored a September 19 lecture by Glenn C. Loury, professor of economics and director of the Institute on Race and Social Division at Boston University. Loury argues that the absence of a sense of disquiet in the United States at protracted and prolonged racial inequality requires a new theory of discrimination based on the notions of "biased social cognition" and "racial stigma."

Summer science projects
Men's and women's linguistic styles in the context of marriage; the relationship between activity of longitudinal motor neurons (L cells) and the decision to swim in the medicinal leech; and the effects of grazing by horses and cows on the sand dunes of a micro-tidal barrier island in coastal North Carolina were among the some 30 research projects conducted by Bryn Mawr undergraduates in the sciences and math this summer.

Undergraduate research initiatives are central to Bryn Mawr's inquiry-based, hands-on approach to science education. All science majors are encouraged to conduct faculty-mentored research projects during the summer and academic year. Each summer since 1989, the College has provided 35-45 students with 10-week stipends to conduct independent research under the guidance of Bryn Mawr faculty members in the sciences and mathematics. Students often co-author articles in scient ific journals with their faculty mentors or present their findings at professional meetings.

Ananya Misra '03 participated in the developmental robotics research being carried out by Douglas Blank, assistant professor of computer science; Deepak Kumar, associate professor of mathematics and computer science; and Lisa Meeden, associate professor of computer science at Swarthmore.

"Robots have traditionally been designed to accomplish specific tasks by applying strategies devised by their human programmers," she said. "This approach, however, limits the usefulness of robots in areas of which human beings have little prior knowledge. It also allows the programmer's perception of the world to influence the robot's interpretation of data gathered by its sensors, despite the incompatibility between human sense and robot sensors."

A developmental approach to "bringing up a robot" allows the robot to explore its world and interpret its own data. "Robots are given various levels of intelligence," Misra explained. "The lowermost level consists of basic or 'innate' responses to surroundings; higher levels observe patterns in lower levels until they can correctly predict the robot's behavior and take control. Since this is such an open field, doing this project gave me a chance to observe the development of an idea and to see actual rese arch and experimentation in computer science," she said.

Working with Assistant Professor of Physics Michael Noel, Ekua N. Anane-Fenin '05 wrote programs to send voltage pulses in the form of digital signals from a computer to sensors attached to two robotic arms. The robot, named "LNR"(pronounced "Eleanor")for Left 'n Right, can grab a cup and bring it close to her "head," play with a slinky and dance the "Terminator" dance.

Noel has recently received a $400,000 Faculty Early Career Devel-opment Grant from the National Science Foundation to fund a five-year plan that combines research with education and outreach. His research project on Rydberg Atom Crystals, a new type of "designer solid" that is produced be reducing a vapor to ultracold temperatures, will involve graduate students and senior physics majors as well as less advanced students. Noel will also develop a conceptual physics course for nonmajors and work with underg raduate majors to create a physics demonstration show that will go on the road to local elementary and secondary schools. "The show will have the added benefit of exposing the general public to the talented women physicists who are our students," he said.

AI and robotics lab
Metropolis, "the classic robot movie," screened, and a tireless, real robot attempted to wheel out of its pen during a preview party this fall for the new artificial intelligence and robotics laboratory in Park. "The lab houses dozens of robots, including "LNR"; equipment for about 12 LEGO-based robots; and nine hockey-puck sized miniature robots called Kheperas ('scarabs' in ancient Egyptian), all with infrared and light sensors, and two with color cameras for vision," said Assistant Professor of Computer Science Douglas Blank.

A human-sized mobile robot, named Elektro (after a robot at the 1939 New York World's fair), is the most sophisticated, with laser, sonar, and high-performance color stereo cameras. Two dog-sized robots for real world exploration (named Astro and Sparky after two space age dogs) have sonar sensors, and cameras. "Elektro, Sparky, and Astro can communicate with each other over a wireless network," Blank said. "In future months, you'll be able to see what the robots are doing via a live web page that connects to their cameras."

The laboratory currently has eight computers running Linux, an open source and free operating system. The laboratory will be completed next summer along with a multimedia lab for Assistant Professor of Computer Science Rebecca Mercuri, who specializes in multimedia interactive computing and computer security. An electronic voting expert, she has served as an important news media source and an expert witness on voting system standards. The new tenure track appointments of Blank, Mercuri, and Assistant Profe ssor of Biology Theodore Wong, a computational biologist, are part of the College's initiatives to expand the computer science program and improve the overall technology environment on campus. A laboratory is also being created for Wong, whose teaching interests include ecology, evolution, computational methods in science, and the nature of scientific theory.

Swindler Prize awarded
In 2001, a committee of alumnae archaeologists awarded Sarah Lepinski, Ph.D. 2000, a $5,000 grant for the study of ancient painting in the Mediterranean. The Mary Hamilton Swindler Prize, a self-liquidating fund, was created from surplus gifts donatedto a March 25-26, 2000 Symposium on Ancient Monumental Painting in the Mediterranean and the Near East.

The symposium celebrated the memory of Mary Hamilton Swindler, Ph.D. '12, author of a pioneer work, Ancient Painting (1929) and a distinguished professor of archaeology who taught at Bryn Mawr from 1912-1949. The event simultaneously honored Machteld J. Mellink, Professor Emerita of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology and Leslie Clark Professor Emerita of Classics.

Last summer, Lepinski studied unpublished Roman wall paintings in Corinth, the most important site for Roman wall paintings in Greece. She focused on figures of Victories and a maenad, framed by vegetal and geometric borders plus architectural motifs. Her chemical analysis is intended to determine the techniques (secco or fresco) and sources of the pigments, information significant for broader insight on Corinthian Roman wall paintings and their relationship with contemporary sites throughout the Mediterra nean.

This year's recipient is Elizabeth Hendrix of Cambridge, MA, who is using a photoanalytic technique to study the use of color in ancient art; she has already published some startling discoveries. Hendrix has revealed multiple painted eyes in the hitherto blank faces of Cycladic figurines; has reconstructed color schemes on an Assyrian relief from the 9th century Palace of Assurnasirpal, in the Metropolitan Museum; and has uncovered polychromy on an elaborately carved 5th century BC Cypriot sarcophagus.

The Mary Hamilton Swindler prize committee is composed of Theresa Howard-Carter, Ph.D. '62 ; Joan Breton Connelly, Ph.D. '74; Ann Harnwell Ashmead '52, Ph.D. '59; Machteld J. Mellink; and the late Phyllis Pray Bober, Leslie Clark Professor Emerita in the Humanities, who read the 2002 applications just a few weeks before her death and chose this year's recipient.

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