Hetty Goldman, A.B. 1903, examines antiquities in the museum at Thebes ca. 1935. Photo courtesy Bryn Mawr Archaeology Department, Tarsus Archives.
Visions of the past
Hetty Goldman was the first woman to excavate a site on mainland Greece, in 1911. She is featured in the exhibition Breaking Ground, Breaking Tradition: Bryn Mawr and the First Generations of Women Archaeologists. Goldman’s most celebrated legacy and fourth major excavation was the mound at Tarsus in ancient Cilicia, Turkey, initiated by Professor of Archaeology Mary Hamilton Swindler, PhD ’12, as a means of providing Bryn Mawr archaeology students with field experience. Swindler engaged Goldman to direct the expedition from 1934–1928 and 1947–48. The three volumes of Excavations at Güzlü Kule, Tarsus, published by Goldman and colleagues, are major documents of the prehistoric and historic growth of a prosperous ancient Near Eastern town. Her pioneering work and role in mentoring was critical in opening the field for women.