Tuxedo Park: A Wall Street Tycoon and the Secret Palace of Science That Changed the Course of World War II, Jennet Conant '82, Simon & Schuster, 2002. In the fall of 1940, as German bombers flew over London and with America not yet at war, a small team of British scientists on orders from Winston Churchill carried out a daring transatlantic mission. The British unveiled their most valuable military secret in a clandestine meeting with American nuclear physicists at the Tuxedo Park mansion of a mysterious Wall Street tycoon, Alfred Lee Loomis. Powerful, handsome and enormously wealthy, Loomis had for years led a double life, spending his days brokering huge deals and his weekends working with the world's leading scientists in his deluxe private laboratory hidden in a massive stone castle. Conant writes about the glamour and privilege of his charmed circle as well as his marriage to a depressive wife, which ended in a scandalous divorce. At the height of his influence on Wall Street, Loomis abruptly retired and devoted himself purely to science. He turned his Tuxedo Park laboratory into the meeting place for the most visionary minds of the 20th century: Albert Einstein, Werner Heisenberg, James Frank, Niels Bohr and Enrico Fermi. Loomis pushed President Roosevelt to fund advanced radar systems that defeated the German Air Force, and then to build the first atomic bomb. In this dramatic account, Conant traces one of the world's most extraordinary careers and scientific enterprises. She was given unrestricted access to Loomis' papers, as well as to previously unpublished letters and documents, and she interviewed Loomis' many family members, friends, and colleagues.
Kitty Kapers, Martha Bayless '80, Ten Speed Press, 2002. Kitty Kapers suggests dozens of indoor and outdoor activities for you and your cat, including tricks and games, arts and crafts, and stories and songs. The Kitty Kulture section includes tips on writing kitty haikus ("Always wanting treats. / Loud meows at the crack of dawn. / Walking on my face.") The Kitty Krafts section provides detailed instructions on making catnip toys and maintaining a zen garden litterbox, while Kitty Kalm gives pointers on massaging your cat and on solo, cat/cat and cat/human napping. Bayless also recommends kitty literature and offers a kitty personality test; "kitty-happy" places to visit; and health, nutrition and exercise references. Bayless is associate professor of English at the University of Oregon and writes on subjects varying from medieval culture to science fiction.
Women Who Could ... And Did: Lives of 26 Exemplary Artists and Scientists, Karma Kitaj, Huckle Hill Press, 2002. The stories of 26 accomplished women- including Lilli Schwenk Hornig '42, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry Bojan Hamlin Jen-nings '41 and Nancy Bucher '35-provide inspiration, guidance and humor. Based on interviews with prominent women artists and scientists between the ages of 65 and 95, Women Who Could is a "paper mentor," says Kitaj. She wrote the book in response to her feeling that too many girls and women today lack role models. The book poses questions about women's success, offering advice on optimizing career opportunities, overcoming setbacks, choosing mentors, merging career with family, and feeling fulfilled during old age. Also featured are Rosalyn Yalow, Nobel Prize winner; Martha Thomas, holder of 24 patents; Doriot Anthony Dwyer, former principal flutist for the Boston Symphony Orchestra; and Maxine Kumin, the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet. Bucher was featured recently in Bryn Mawr's Science & Technology newsletter.
A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes: Essential Distinctions among the Individual Liberation, Great Vehicle, and Tantric Systems, ed. Victoria R. M. Scott '72, trans. Jared Douglas Rhoton, State University of New York Press, 2002.A Clear Differentiation is the first English translation of the sDom gsum rab dbye, one of the most famous and controversial doctrinal treatises of Tibetan Buddhism. Written by Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen in the 1200s, The Three Code s strongly influenced subsequent religious and intellectual traditions in Tibet, sparking a number of long-lasting philosophical disputes. In The Three Codes, Sakya Pandita discusses three vows of Buddhist conduct-the monastic traditions of the Vinaya, the progressive path of the bodhisattva, and the esoteric precepts of the tantras. Sakya Pandita criticizes later practitioners of almost every lineage for contradicting the original teachings of their own tradition. The book is a lens upon a culture struggling to define what authentic appropriation of Buddhist thought and practice from other cultures should entail. This translation includes an introduction, a glossary, an index, and two appendixes. For ease of reading, Tibetan names and terms are given in English phoneticization. Names of authors appear in Tibetan transliteration in the bibliography, with the glossary cross-referencing between these two forms of transcription.
Capturing Troy: The Narrative Functions of Landscape in Archaic and Early Classical Greek Art, Guy Hedreen, Ph.D. '88, The University of Michigan Press, 2001. This monograph explores the narrative function of landscape or setting in visual representations of tales from the Trojan War. Using the Trojan War as a context because of its emergence as a theme in ancient Greek art, Hedreen shows how setting explains why stories turned out as they did, stressing that setting is integral to many visual narratives. Using such pictorial motifs as rocks, trees, architecture and furniture as the point of departure for his study, he articulates the ways in which settings are integrated into the works of art as visual narratives. For that reason the book says as much about the story of the Trojan War envisioned in the pictorial tradition, as it does about the function of setting in the visual arts. Greek drama was popular, thus many of the stories of the Trojan War were picked up aurally through oral performances rather than by reading. Throughout the Archaic and Classical periods, the oral performance and reperformance of poems made the compositions and their subject matter familiar to the public. Hedreen points out that since Archaic and Early Classical vase-painters did not have regular access to texts of poetry of any kind, they may not have followed texts faithfully. There would have been no way for the artists to double-check their understanding of the poem or for the viewers to ascertain whether the artists represented a particular poetic narrative accurately. This incongruity led to many artistic interpretations of the Trojan War.
Five Simple Steps to Emotional Healing: The Last Self-Help Book You Will Ever Need, Gloria Arenson '57, Simon & Schuster, 2001. Arenson, a therapist, presents the self-healing technique of Meridian therapy as an effective way to banish stress, panic attacks, negative emotions, and performance anxiety; heal painful memories; and conquer cravings and compulsive behaviors. Meridian therapy is based on the practice of acupressure. In Eastern medical traditions, energy meridians are clusters of emotional receptor cells. They channel a person's vital chi energy to organs of the body, converting it into chemical, hormonal and cellular changes. Meridian therapy involves stimulating these receptors by tapping on specific energy points to awaken their healing power. "The process is so streamlined that it takes much less time to work through problems than using traditional 'talk therapy' or other self-help approaches," Arenson writes in her introduction. "And best of all, you can use it by yourself on most of life's problems." Meridian therapy works because as energy is brought into balance, worrisome thoughts and memories about upsetting circumstances change, and negative emotions diminish.
The American Civil Rights Movement: Readings & Interpretations, ed. Raymond D'Angelo, Ph.D. '84, McGraw-Hill /Dushkin, 2001. This reader comprises an extensive collection of primary and secondary documents of the American Civil Rights movement. These documents are complemented by analytical and interpretive essays by D'Angelo, providing historical, social and political context. The seeds for the modern Civil Rights movement were planted nearly a century ago within the black Baptis t church, labor unions, the black press, and organizations such as the NAACP. The book presents a selection of newspaper, magazine and journal articles, letters, speeches, reports and legal documents, all chronicling aspects of the movement for black rights, from the earliest days of post-Civil War segregation to the present. The works of eminent scholars, historians, legislators and jurists alternate with the voices of movement leaders and followers, black politicians, black entertainers and average citizens, all blending together to tell the story of struggle, failures, and successes on the road to equality for black Americans. The book also provides a list of resources, including web sites and references to African American contributions in sports, music, literature and art.
Two Gardeners: A Friendship in Letters, Katharine S. White & Elizabeth Lawrence, ed. Emily Herring Wilson, Beacon Press, 2002. For almost two decades, Katharine Sergeant White '14 and southern garden writer Elizabeth Lawrence maintained a correspondence that covered every aspect of their lives, from garden successes to their families and book projects. The uncommon friendship is chronicled in Two Gardeners. Wilson writes: "Gardeners are often good writers, and ... their letters are efforts to preserve memory. After they have put away tools in the shed, they write letters as a way to go on working in the garden." Their correspondence began in May 1958 when Lawrence wrote to White about her review of garden catalogues for The New Yorker. The early letters discussed gardening society, what books to read, and when spring arrived in each others' gardens. Later letters reflected the difficulties and triumphs in their lives.
Glass Houses: Congressional Ethics and the Politics of Venom, Martin and Susan J. Tolchin '61, Westview Press, 2001. This book demonstrates how the Congressional ethics process has been transformed into a lethal, partisan political tool, feared by lawmakers from both sides of the aisle. Using new information culled from dozens of Capitol Hill interviews, the Tolchins show how ethics in Washington have changed over two centuries while offering new interpretations of past ethics ca ses. The first book to analyze the politicization of the ethics process, Glass Houses reveals in wicked and telling detail the forces that drive the modern lawmaker into a maelstrom of fierce corruption battles. Susan is a professor of public policy at George Mason University's School of Public Policy. Her spouse Martin is founder, publisher and editor-in-chief of The Hill newspaper and reported on Congress during most of his 40-year career at the New York Times.
The Ingenious Mr. Henry Care, Restoration Publicist, Lois G. Schwoerer, Ph.D. '56, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. Henry Care lived from 1646-1688 and was a middle-class publicist in Restoration London who made his living by his skillful pen during the Exclusion Crisis and the reign of King James II. In both eras he developed a large following in the popular press. Although he is little known today, both friends and enemies in his time regarded him as someone to be reckoned with. The Stuart kings also appreciated the indulgence and potential threat of Care and of the press in general, and they sought to restrain him and to tighten controls on the press, even as they themselves used propagandists to combat both. By exploring Care's life and work, from his anonymous origins to his eventual celebrity as a polemicist first for the Whigs and later for James II, and by examining the influence of his ideas in the American colonies, Schwoerer offers new insights into how the nonelite participated in and affected politics. Care's career illuminates many issues currently of interest to scholars of Restoration England, including print culture, the uses of law, women's history, attitudes toward religious liberty and toleration, the Exclusion Crisis, and the Revolution of 1688-89.
Evvy's Civil War, Miriam Brenaman '60, Putnam, 2001. In this young adult novel, Brenaman uses her family's oral history and historical records to tell the story of Evvy Chamberlyn, a young girl growing up in Virginia before the Civil War. Evvy's father, a slave-owner, runs a boys' school on their small estate. Her mother, a former Quaker who was excommunicated for marrying outside the faith, holds unfashionable ideas about educating women. On her 14th birthday, Evvy discovers by a ccident that her parents allow their property to be used as a stop on the Underground Railroad. When her mother becomes distraught after the death of a child and her father is called away to war, Evvy finds herself in charge of her many younger siblings, their property, and her father's struggling school. To succeed, she calls upon her strong will and her beliefs about the way both slaves and women should be treated. Brenaman dedicates the book in part to M. Carey Thomas. "People who have read The Power and Passion of M. Carey Thomas by Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz," Brenaman writes, "will recognize that some of my young Evvy's opinions are closely tracked from the age-14 entries in Thomas' diary."
The Night Bell, Megan Weiler '83, Picador/Macmillan, 2001. Weiler's first novel is a portrait of narrator Irene's father. Hailed as a genius early in his career as a biologist, he is charming, impossible and lost. Through her memories, dreams and visits now as an adult, Irene patches together an image of her father as she veers between love and hate, remembering their lives together that take them from Germany to America to Italy. Weiler works for the Tennessee Deafblind Project, run under the aegis of Vanderbilt University, where her husband Bill Caferro (Hfd '84) is professor of medieval history.
Aspects of Old English Poetic Syntax, Mary Blockley '78, University of Illinois Press, 2001. In Aspects of Old English Syntax, Blockley uses modern linguistics to tackle the thorny problem of interpreting a written language that relied neither on punctuation nor capitalization to mark clause boundaries and subordination. She provides new insights into the rules that govern syntactic relationships and indicates how these rules differ for prose and verse. She also considers how the poetic tradition compensated for the loss in written texts of the syntactic functions served by intonation and inflection. Arguing that verse relied instead on a prescriptively regulated, unambiguous syntax, she suggests principles that promise more complex and subtle interpretations of familiar texts such as Beowulf, as well as other Old English writings. Blockley is associate professor of English at the University of Texas, Austin.
The Legacy of Abuse: Confronting the Past, Facing the Future, ed. Alice H. Henkin '54, The Aspen Institute, 2002. In November 2000 The Aspen Institute, in conjunction with New York University Law School, sponsored a conference, "The Legacy of Abuse," to discuss important new developments in the field of transitional justice over the past decade. The meeting brought together individuals from different countries and a diverse range of academic and professional backgrounds. This report summarizes the four papers written for the conference: "Where We Are and How We Got Here: An Overview of Developments in the Search for Justice and Reconciliation," "The Pinochet Case: International and Domestic Repercussions,""Reflections on Intergenerational Justice," and "Justice and Reconciliation: Responsibilities and Dilemmas of Peace-makers and Peace-builders." The conference report also includes responses to the papers, a summary of the rich discussion during the course of the conference, additional comments and observations regarding emerging trends in the field of transitional justice as a whole, and an update on relevant events in the field subsequent to the conference.
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