Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology 209:
The Evolution of Civilization in the Aegean

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last revised 09/20/01--subject to change weekly


KEY: * good source of illustrations.

AA Archaeologischer Anzeiger.

AJA American Journal of Archaeology.

BCH Bulletin de correspondance hellenique.

BICS Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies.

BSA British School at Athens, Annual.

CAH Cambridge Ancient History.

Celebrations R. Hägg and G.C. Nordquist, eds., Celebrations of Death and Divinity in the Bronze Age Argolid (Stockholm)

Function R. Hägg and N. Marinatos, eds., The Function of the Minoan Palaces (Stockholm 1987) [rev. Aegaeum 2 (Liege 1988) 119-128].

. HMP Betancourt, P.P. 1985 The History of Minoan Pottery (Princeton).

JFA Journal of Field Archaeology.

JHS Journal of Hellenic Studies.

Linear B Morpurgo Davies, A. and Duhoux, Y. 1984 Linear B: A 1984 Survey 26 (Louvain)

Minoan Society O. Krzyszkowska and L. Nixon, eds., Minoan Society (Bristol 1983)

OJA Oxford Journal of Archaeology.

OpAth Opuscula Atheniensia.

Pylos Comes Alive C.W. Shelmerdine and T.G. Palaima, eds., Pylos Comes Alive (New York)

SCABA R. Hägg and . Marinatos, eds. Sanctuaries and Cults of the Aegean Bronze Age (Stockholm 1981)

SIMA Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology.

SMEA Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici.

TAW II C. Doumas and H. Puchelt, eds., Thera and the Aegean World I (London)

TAW III Hardy, D.A., ed. 1990 Thera and the Aegean World III. vols. I-III (London).

Thalassocracy R. Hägg and N. Marinatos, eds., The Minoan Thalassocracy: Myth and Reality (Stockholm)

TUAS Temple University Aegean Symposium.

Aitken, M.J., H.N. Michael, P.P. Betancourt, and P.M. Warren 1988 (x) "The Thera Eruption: Continuing Discussion of the Dating," Archaeometry 30: 165-182.

Åström, P. ed. 1983 High,Middle or Low? I, SIMA 56 (Göteborg)

Barber, R. 1987 The Cyclades in the Bronze Age (Iowa City).

Bass, G. 1967 Cape Gelidonya: A Bronze Age Shipwreck. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 57:8.

Bass. G. 1986 "A Bronze Age Shipwreck at Ulu Burun (Kas): 1984 Campaign," AJA 90: 269-296.

Bass. G. 1987 "The Oldest Known Shipwreck Reveals Splendors of the Bronze Age," National Geographic 172(6): 693-732.

Bass. G. et al. 1989 "The Bronze Age Shipwreck at Ulu Burun: 1986 Campaign," AJA 98: 1-29.

Bennett, J. 1985 "The Structure of the Linear B Administration at Knossos," AJA 89: 231-249.

Betancourt, P.P. 1976 "The End of the Greek Bronze Age," Antiquity 50: 40-47.

Betancourt, P.P. 1985 The History of Minoan Pottery (Princeton).

Betancourt, P.P. 1987 "Dating the Aegean Late Bronze Age with radiocarbon," Archaeometry 29: 45-49.

Betancourt, P.P. and H.N. Michael 1987 "Dating the Aegean Late Bronze Age with radiocarbon: addendum," Archaeometry 29: 212-213.

Betts, J. 1967 "New Light on Minoan Bureaucracy," Kadmos 6: 15-40.

Bintliff, J.L., ed. 1977 Mycenaean Geography (Cambridge).

Blegen, C. 1962 A Guide to the Palace of Nestor (Cincinnati).

Blegen, C. 1963 Troy and the Trojans (New York).

Boardman, J. 1964 Pre-classical: from Crete to Archaic Greece (Harmondsworth).

Branigan, K. 1970 The Tombs of Mesara (London).

Branigan, K. 1983 "Craft specialization in Minoan Crete," in Minoan Society 23-32.

Branigan, K. 1988 Prepalatial: The Foundation of Palatial Crete (2nd ed. Amsterdam).

Bucholz, H.G. and V. Karageorghis * 1973 Prehistoric Greece and Cyprus. trans. F. Garvie (New York).

Cadogan, G. 1978 "Dating the Aegean Bronze Age without radiocarbon," Archaeometry 20: 209-214.

Cadogan, G. 1983 "Early Minoan and Middle Minoan Chronology," AJA 87: 507-518.

Cadogan, G. 1991 The Palaces of Minoan Crete (New York).

Carpenter, R. 1966 Discontinuity in Greek Civilization (Cambridge).

Caskey, J.L. 1973 "Greece and the Aegean Islands in the Middle Bronze Age," CAH, 3rd. ed., II:1, ch. IV(a) (1973) 117-140.

Chadwick, J. 1973 Documents in Mycenaean Greek. 2nd ed. (Cambridge).

Chadwick, J. 1976 The Mycenaean World (Cambridge).

Chadwick, J. 1990 Linear B and Related Scripts (Texas).

Cherry, J. F. 1983 "Evolution, revolution, and the origins of complex society in Minoan Crete," in Minoan Society 33-45.

Cherry, J. F. 1986 "Polities and palaces: some problems in the Minoan state formation," in C. Renfrew and J.F. Cherry, eds., Peer Polity Interaction and Socio-Political Change (Cambridge) 19-45.

Crossland, R.A. and A. Birchall, eds. 1973 Bronze Age Migrations in the Aegean (Park Ridge, NJ).

Crouwel, J. H. 1981 Chariots and other means of land transport in Bronze Age Greece (Amsterdam).

Crowley, J.L. 1989 The Aegean and the East: An Investigation into the Transference of Artistic Motifs between the Aegean, Egypt, and the Near East in the Bronze Age. SIMA 51 (Jonsered). [rev. AJA 95 (1991) 347-348].

Dabney, M.K. and Wright, J.C. 1990 "Mortuary customs, palatial society and state formation in the Aegean area," in Celebrations 45-52.

Davis, E. N. 1977 The Vapheio Cups and Aegean Gold and Silver Ware (New York)

Davis, J.L. 1978 "The Mainland Panelled Cup and Panelled Style," AJA 82: 216-222.

Davis, J.L. 1979 "Minos and Dexithea: Crete and the Cyclades in the Later Bronze Age," in J.L. Davis and J.F. Cherry, eds., Papers in Cycladic Prehistory. Institute of Archaeology Monograph XIV (Los Angeles) 143-57.

Desborough, V.R. d'A. 1964 The Last Mycenaeans and their Successors (Oxford).

Desborough, V.R. d'A. 1972 The Greek Dark Ages (London).

Dickinson, O.T.P.K. 1977 The Origins of Mycenaean Civilisation. SIMA 49 (Göteborg).

Dickinson, O.T.P.K. 1983 "Cist Graves and Chamber Tombs," BSA 78: 55-67.

Doumas, C. * 1968. The N. Goulandris Collection of Early Cycladic Art (Athens).

Doumas, C., ed. 1980 TAW II. vols. I-II (London).

Doumas, C.1983 Thera, Pompeii of the Ancient Aegean (London).

Ehrich, R.W., ed. 1965 Chronologies in Old World Archaeology (Chicago).

Evans, A.J. 1906 The Prehistoric Tombs of Knossos (London).

Finley, M.I. et al. 1964 "The Trojan War," JHS 84: 1-20.

Frantz, A. et al. 1967 A Land Called Crete (Northampton, MA).

French, E. 1971 "The Development of Mycenaean Terracotta Figurines," BSA 66: 101-187.

Furumark, A. 1941 The Mycenaean Pottery (Stockholm).

Graham, J.W. 1964 "The Relation of the Minoan Palaces to the Near Eastern Palaces of the Second Millennium," in E.L. Bennett, Jr., ed., Mycenaean Studies (Madison) 195-215.

Graham, J.W. 1987 The Palaces of Crete. rev. ed. (Princeton).

Graziadio, G. 1991 "The Process of Social Stratification at Mycenae in the Shaft Grave Period," AJA 95: 403-440.

Gueterbock, H. and M.J. Mellink 1983 "The Hittites and the Aegean World: 1 and 2," AJA 87: 133-141.

Hägg, R. 1985 "Mycenaean Religion: The Helladic and Minoan Components," in Linear B, pp. 203-225.

Hägg, R. 1990 "The role of libations in Mycenaean ceremony and cult," in Celebrations 177-184.

Haley, J.B. and C. Blegen 1928 "The Coming of the Greeks," AJA 32 (1928) 141-154.

Hallager, E. 1978 "The History of the Palace at Knossos in the Late Minoan Period," SMEA 19: 17-33.

Halstead, P. and J. O'Shea, eds. 1989 Bad Year Economics: Cultural Responses to Risk and Uncertainty (Cambridge). [rev. AJA 95 (1991) 166-167].

Hammond, N.G.L., ed. 1981 Atlas of the Greek and Roman World in Antiquity (Park Ridge, NJ).

Haskell, H. 1984 "Pylos: Stirrup Jars and the International Oil Trade," in Pylos Comes Alive 97-107.

Higgins, R.A. 1967 Minoan and Mycenaean Art (New York).

Hood, S. 1971 The Minoans (London).

Hood, S. 1983 "The 'country house' and Minoan Society," in Minoan Society 129-135.

Hood, S. 1990 The Arts in Prehistoric Greece (New York).

Hooker, J. 1976 Mycenaean Greece (London).

Hooker, J. 1980 Linear B: An Introduction (Bristol).

Hope Simpson, R. and Dickinson, O.T.P.K. 1979 A Gazetteer of Aegean Civilisation, volume 1: The Mainland and the Islands. SIMA 52.

Hutchinson, R.W. 1962 Prehistoric Crete (Baltimore).

Iakovides, S. 1983 Late Helladic Citadels of Mainland Greece (Leiden).

Immerwahr, S. 1960 "Mycenaean Trade and Colonization," Archaeology 13: (4-13.

Immerwahr, S. 1990 Aegean Painting in the Bronze Age (University Park, PA).

Immerwahr, S.1977 "Mycenaeans at Thera: Some Reflections on the Paintings from the West House," in K. Kinzl, ed., Greece and the East Mediterranean in Ancient History and Prehistory. Fest. F. Schachermeyr (Berlin) 173-191.

Karageorghis, V. 1982 Cyprus: from the Stone Age to the Romans (London).

Kemp, J. and R.S. Merrillees 1980 "The Historical Context," in Minoan Pottery in Second Millennium Egypt (Mainz am Rhein) 268-286.

Kilian-Dirlmeier, I. 1990 "Remarks on the non-military functions of swords in the Mycenaean Argolid," in Celebrations 157-161.

Killen, J.T. 1964 "The Wool Industry of Crete in the Late Bronze Age," BSA 59: 1-15.

Killen, J.T. 1984 "The Textile Industries at Pylos and Knossos," in Pylos Comes Alive 49-63.

Killen, J.T. 1985 "The Linear B Tablets and the Mycenaean Economy,' in Linear B 241-305.

Knapp, A.B. 1990 "Copper Production and Mediterranean Trade: The View from Cyprus," OpAth 18: 109-116.

Knapp, A.B. 1990 "Ethnicity, Entrepreneurship, and Exchange: Mediterranean Inter-Island Relations in the Late Bronze Age," BSA 85: 115-153.

Koehl, R.B. 1986 "A Marinescape floor from the Palace at Knossos," AJA 90: 407-417.

Koehl, R.G. 1986 "The Chieftain Cup and a Minoan rite of passage," JHS 99-110.

Korfmann, M. 1986 "Troy: Topography and Navigation," in M.J. Mellink, ed., Troy and the Trojan War (Bryn Mawr) 1-16.

Krzyszkowska, O.H. 1983 "Wealth and prosperity in pre-palatial Crete: the case of the ivory," in Minoan Society 163-170.

Laffineur, R. 1990 "The Iconography of Myceneaen Seals and the Status of their Owners," Aegaeum 6: 117-160.

Laffineur, R. and L. Lasch, eds. 1991 Thalassa: L'Egee Prehistorique et la mer. Aegaeum 7.

Lang, M.L. 1969 The Palace of Nestor at Pylos II: The Frescoes (Princeton).

Lebessi, A. and P. Muhly 1990 "Aspects of Minoan Cult: Sacred Enclosures. The Evidence from the Syme Sanctuary," AA: 315-336.

Long, C.R. 1974 The Ayia Triadha Sarcophagus. SIMA 41 (Göteborg).

Manning, S.W. 1990 "The Thera Eruption: The Third Congress and the Problem of the Date," Archaeometry 32: 91-100.

Marinatos, N. 1984 Art and Religion of Thera (Athens 1984).

Marinatos, N. 1992 Minoan Religion (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina)

Marinatos, N. 1986 Minoan Sacrificial Ritual: Cult Practice and Symbolism (Stockholm) .

Marinatos, N. and R. Hägg, 1986 "On the Ceremonial Function of the Minoan Polythyron," OpAth 16: 57-73.

Marinatos, S. 1939 "The Volcanic Destruction of Minoan Crete," Antiquity 13: 425-439.

Marinatos, S. 1967-1973 Excavations at Thera. I-VII (Athens). * Volume VI

Marinatos, S.* 1960 Crete and Mycenae (New York).

Marinatos,N. 1990 "Celebrations of death and the symbolism of the lion hunt," in Celebrations 143-148.

Matz, F. * 1962 The Art of Crete and Early Greece. trans. A.E. Keep (New York).

McDonald, W.A. and C.G. Thomas 1990 Progress into the Past. 2nd ed. (Bloomington 1967).

McEnroe, J. 1982 "A Typology of Minoan Neopalatial Houses," AJA 86 3-19.

McEnroe, J. 1990 "The significance of local factors in Minoan vernacular architecture, in P. Darcque and R. Treuil, eds., L'Habitat Egéen Préhistorique. BCH Suppl. 19 (Paris) 195-202.

Mee, C.B. 1984 "Mycenaean tombs as evidence for social and political organization," OJA 3: 45-64.

Mee, C.B. and W.G. Cavanaugh 1990 "The Spatial Distribution of Mycenean Tombs," BSA 85: 225-243.

Mook, W.G. and H.T. Waterbolk 1985 Radiocarbon Dating. Handbook for Archaeologists 3 (Strasbourg).

Morgan Brown, L. 1978 "The Ship Procession in the Miniature Fresco," in TAW II 629-644.

Morgan, L. 1988 The Miniature Wall Paintings of Thera. Cambridge Classical Studies (Cambridge).

Morris,C.E. 1990 "In pursuit of the white tusked boar: aspects of hunting in Mycenaean society," in Celebrations 149-156.

Mountjoy, P. A. 1986 Mycenaean Decorated Pottery. SIMA 73.

Muhly, P. 1990 "Great Goddess and Priest King: Minoan Religion in Flux," Expedition 32: 54-60.

Mylonas, G. 1966 Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age (Princton 1966).

Mylonas, G.* 1973 Ho Taphikos Kyklos A' ton Mykenon (Athens).

Niemeier, W.-D. 1983 "The character of the Knossian Palace society in the second half of the fifteenth century B.C.: Mycenean or Minoan?" in Minoan Society 217-236.

Niemeier, W.-D. 1984 "The End of the Minoan Thalassocracy," in Minoan Thalassocracy 205-215.

Niemeier, W.-D. 1990 "Cult scenes on gold rings from the Argolid," in Celebrations 165-170.

Nilsson, M.P. 1932 The Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology (Berkeley).

Nilsson, M.P. 1950 The Minoan-Mycenaean Religion and its Survival into Greek Religion. 2nd rev. ed. (Lund).

Overbeck, J. 1982 "The Hub of Commerce: Keos and Middle Helladic Greece," TUAS 7: 38-49.

Palaima, T.G. 1984 "Scribal Organization and Palatial Activity," in C.W. Shelmerdine and T.G. Palaima, eds., Pylos Comes Alive 31-39.

Palaima, T.G. and J.C. Wright 1985 "Ins and Outs of the Archives Rooms at Pylos," AJA 89: 251-262.

Palaima, T.G., ed. 1990 Aegean Seals, Sealings and Administration. Aegaeum 5. [rev. AJA 96 (1992) 176-179].

Peatfield, A. 1987 "Palace and Peak," in Function 89-93.

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Phylactopoulos, G., ed. * 1974 Prehistory and Protohistory (Athens ).

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Popham, M. 1970 The Destruction of the Palace at Knossos. SIMA 12 (Göteborg).

Popham, M. 1976 "Mycenaean-Minoan relations between 1450 and 1400 B.C.," BICS 23: 119-121.

Popham, M. 1991 "Pylos: Reflections on the Date of its Destruction and on its Iron Age Reoccupation," OJA: 315-324.

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Poursat, J.C. 1983 "Ateliers et sanctuaires a Malia," in Minoan Society (Bristol) 277-281.

Pulak, C. 1988 "The Bronze Age Shipwreck at Ulu Burun, Turkey: 1985 Campaign," AJA 92: 1-37.

Renfrew, C. 1972 The Emergence of Civilisation (London).

Renfrew, C. 1985 The Archaeology of Cult: The Sanctuary at Phylakopi. BSA Suppl. 18 (London).

Rutkowski, B. 1986 The Cult Places of the Aegean (New Haven).

Rutter, J. 1975 "Ceramic Evidence for Northern Intruders in Southern Greece at the Beginning of the Late Helladic IIIC Period," AJA 79: 17-32.

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Schofield, E. 1982 "The Western Cyclades and Crete: A `Special Relationship,'" OJA 1: 9-25.

Shaw, J. 1978 "Evidence for the Minoan Tripartite Shrine," AJA 82: 429-448.

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Wright, H.T. 1978 "Towards an Explanation of the Rise of the State," in R.C. Cohen and E.R. Service, eds., Origins of the State (Philadelphia) 49-68.

Wright, J.C. 1984 "Changes in Form and Function of the Palace at Pylos," in Pylos Comes Alive 19-30.

Wright, J.C. 1987 "Death and Power at Mycenae," in R. Laffineur, ed., Thanatos: les coutumes funéraires en Egée a l'age du bronze. Aegaeum 1 (Liége 1987) 171-184.

Wright, J.C. 1994 "From Chief to King in Mycenaean Society," Aegaeum.

Wright, J.C. 1994"The Spatial Configuration of Belief: The Archaeology of Mycenaean Religion", in A. Alcock and R. Osborne. eds. Placing the Gods: Greek Sanctuaries in Space. Oxford.