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 Chronological Diagram

Late Helladic III (14th and 13th centuries B.C.E.)

By the next period (in pottery terms, LH IIIA)Tsoungiza had probably expanded to become a village. Excavations recovered no certain architecture of this period, though much of the later architecture may have been built at this time. A very large deposit of pottery and terra cotta figurines in EU 9 provides evidence that activities at the site were becoming more complex than one would would imagine in view of the scant remains. The deposit consists of animal bone debris, many fragments of pottery, particularly drinking vessels, and animal and human figurines. Also found was a large figure missing its upper torso and head. Originally it was probably about 45 cm. high and would have looked like other figures found at Mycenae and Phylakopi. These figures are characteristic of religious complexes at the palace centers and its presence at Tsoungiza along with a deposit of other figurines, pottery and animal bone, may indicate that Tsoungiza supported an important rural shrine with some kind of connection to the palace at Mycenae.
The remains of the next phase, LH IIIB, consists of buildings scattered over much of the site but only partially preserved. This period also was one when much garbage was thrown into shallow pits on the slopes of the hill. Although the houses do not permit a detailed interpretation of their form and function the pottery from them indicates that they were domestic in nature. Cooking, eating and drinking vessels predominate.
The settlement was abandoned at the end of the LH IIIB period, sometime around 1,200 B.C.E. This event corresponds with the disruptions and destructions that occurring at the major palace centers, notably Mycenae. There is no sign at Tsoungiza that the abandonment of the settlement was sudden or violent and it may be that it died out slowly over a generation or more. Perhaps the lives of the occupants of Tsoungiza had become so integrated with the economic and political structure of Mycenae that without its support, its makrets, its ruling hierarchy, settlement in the Nemea Valley ceased to be viable.
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