Late Helladic III (14th
and 13th centuries B.C.E.)
the next period (in pottery terms, LH IIIA)Tsoungiza had probably expanded
to become a village. Excavations recovered no certain architecture of this
period, though much of the later architecture may have been built at this
time. A very large deposit of pottery and terra cotta figurines in EU 9
provides evidence that activities at the site were becoming more complex
than one would would imagine in view of the scant remains. The deposit
consists of animal bone debris, many fragments of pottery, particularly
drinking vessels, and animal and human
figurines. Also found was a large figure missing
its upper torso and head. Originally it was probably about 45 cm. high
and would have looked like other figures found at Mycenae and Phylakopi.
These figures are characteristic of religious complexes at the palace centers
and its presence at Tsoungiza along with a deposit of other figurines,
pottery and animal bone, may indicate that Tsoungiza supported an important
rural shrine with some kind of connection to the palace at Mycenae.
The remains of the next phase, LH IIIB, consists
of buildings scattered over much of the site but only partially preserved.
This period also was one when much garbage was thrown into shallow pits
on the slopes of the hill. Although the houses do not permit a detailed
interpretation of their form and function the pottery from them indicates
that they were domestic in nature. Cooking, eating and drinking vessels
The settlement was abandoned at the end of the
LH IIIB period, sometime around 1,200 B.C.E. This event corresponds with
the disruptions and destructions that occurring at the major palace centers,
notably Mycenae. There is no sign at Tsoungiza that the abandonment of
the settlement was sudden or violent and it may be that it died out slowly
over a generation or more. Perhaps the lives of the occupants of Tsoungiza
had become so integrated with the economic and political structure of Mycenae
that without its support, its makrets, its ruling hierarchy, settlement
in the Nemea Valley ceased to be viable.