The development and design of the Summer Institute and post-Institute field placements at International Network Sites has been guided by a set of clear principles:
1. Though centered in psychology, the perspective of other disciplines--such as political science, history, anthropology, and sociology--is essential for research and intervention in ethnopolitical conflict.
2. Ethnopolitical conflicts must be understood in their rich historical, social, and political contexts. Hence:
a) Case studies of actual instances of such conflict are important.
b) Fellows should interact with scholars and practitioners from the field, to get a more accurate view of field experience, the connection between theory and practice, and real-world constraints.
c) Fellows should get a sense of the lived experience of people caught up in ethnopolitical conflict--both victims and perpetrators--through readings, films, and other available means.
d) Opportunities for extended field experience will be sought for as many interested postdoctoral Fellows as possible. It is clear from our discussions with NGO practitioners that even the most able people require months of acclimation to a field setting before being able to engage fully in useful work.
3. Training should prepare Fellows for the psychopathologies sometimes associated with ethnopolitical conflict. Preparation for Depression and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder seem of central importance.
4. Training is necessary in methods of field research that are more familiar in history and in anthropology than in psychology. Fellows should develop skills in interviewing, eliciting and recording oral histories, observation and recording of public behavior.
5. Training is necessary in relation to issues concerning ethical treatment of interviewees and other research participants, particularly in relation to issues that arise when working in a zone of conflict.
6. Training is necessary in relation to issues of health and subsistence in the field. Such issues include health insurance, inoculations, hygiene, recreation, communication, preserving and communicating data, and local regulations.
7. Training should foster sensitivity to political constraints and the political meaning of conflicts within the antagonistic communities.