Summer Institute



Solomon Asch Center 2005 Summer Institute Syllabus

Required and Recommended Readings


Module 1.  Case Studies of Ethnopolitical Conflict


Case Study I: Northern Ireland


Required Reading:


McGarry, J. & O’Leary, B. (2004). The Northern Ireland conflict: Consociational engagements. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapter 5)


O'Leary, B., Grofman, B., & Elklit, J. (2005). Divisor methods for sequential portfolio allocation in multi-party executive bodies: Evidence from Northern Ireland and Denmark. American Journal of Political Science, 49, 198–211.


O’Leary, B. (2005). Mission accomplished? Looking back at the IRA. Field Day Review, 1, 217-246.


Bruce, S. (2001). Terrorists and politics: The case of Northern Ireland's loyalist paramilitaries. Terrorism and Political Violence, 13, 27-48.


Case Study II: Israel/Palestine


Required Reading:


Tessler, M. (1994). A history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Bloomington: Indiana Press. (Chapter 5)


Bialik, C. N. “City of Slaughter.”


CZA L2/94/I (undated and unsigned press report). Beware the Zionist danger.


Laqueur, W., & Rubin, B. (Eds.). (2001). The Israel-Arab reader: A documentary history of the Middle East conflict. New York: Penguin Putnam. (Excerpts from Likud Platform, March 1977)


Dayan, M. (1968). Soldier reflects on peace hopes (text of an address to a graduating class at the Israel Army Staff and Command College). Jerusalem Post (September 27).


Arlosoroff, C. (1948). Reflections on Zionist policy. Jewish Frontier, October, 49-53. (Letter originally published 30 June 1932)


Inbar, E. (1991). Israel’s small war: The military response to the Intifada. Armed Forces & Society, 18, 29-50.


Lustick, I. S. (2002). Through blood and fire shall peace arise. Tikkun Magazine (May/June).


Said, E. (2001). Strategies of hope & What can separation mean? In The End of the Peace Process: Oslo and after (pp. 193-199, 327-330)


Shikaki, K. (2002). Palestinians divided. Foreign Affairs (January/February).


Eidelberg, P. (2004). Not for the spineless. Retrieved from http://www.freeman.org/m_online/dec04/eidelberg.php on April 29, 2005.


Eidelberg, P. (2004). Anyone for God? Retrieved from http://www.freeman.org/m_online/feb00/eidelberg.htm on April 29, 2005.


Kidron, P. (1988). Truth whereby nations live. In E. Said and C. Hitchens, (Eds), Blaming the victims:  Spurious scholarship and the Palestinian question. London: Verso.


Islamic Resistance Movement. (1988). The Charter of Allah: The Platform of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas). Retrieved from http://www.palestinecenter.org/cpap/documents/charter.html on April 29, 2005.


Case Study III: Rwanda


Required Reading:                                         


The Economist (Mar 25th, 2004) Rwanda, remembered: Lessons of a genocide. http://www.economist.com/opinion/displayStory.cfm?story_id=2536344

Prunier, G. (1997). The Rwandan Crisis: History of a Genocide New York: Columbia University Press. (Genocide and Renewed War: 6 April-14 June 1994)





Module 2.  Theories of Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Management


Theories and Approaches to National and Ethnic Identity


Required Reading:    


Brass, P. (1996). Ethnic groups and ethnic identity formation. In J. Hutchinson & A. Smith (Eds.), Ethnicity (pp. 85-90). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Horowitz, D. L. (2003). The primordialists. In D. Conversi (Ed). Ethnonationalism in the modern world: Walker Connor and the study of nationalism (pp. 72-82). London: Routledge.


Smith, A. D. (1998). Myths and memories of the nation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (pp. 57-96)


Weber, E. (1976). Peasants into Frenchmen: the modernization of rural France, 1870-1914. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. (pp. 485-496)


Suny, R. G. (2001). Constructing primordialism: Old histories for new nations. Journal of Modern History, 73, 862-896.

Eller, J. & Coughlan, R. (1993). The poverty of primordialism: the demystification of ethnic attachments. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 16, 183-202.


Structural and Interest Theories of Ethnic Conflict


Required Reading:    


Hardin, R. (1995). One for all: The logic of group conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. (pp. 3-25)


Taylor, D. M., & Moghaddam, F. M. (1994). Theories of intergroup relations: International social psychological perspectives (2nd Edition). New York: Praeger. (pp. 35-60)


Axelrod, R. (1984). The evolution of cooperation. New York: Basic Books. (Chapters 1, 2, & 4)




Ross, M.H. (1993). Political conflict and the structure of society. Chapter 3 in The culture of conflict: Interpretations and interests in comparative perspective.. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. (pp. 33-50).


Sherif, M., O. J. Harvey, O. J., White, B. J., Hood, W. R., & Sherif, C. W. (1961). Intergroup conflict and cooperation: The Robbers’ Cave experiment. Norman, OK: Oklahoma Book Exchange.


LeVine, R.A. & Campbell, D.T. (1972). Realistic group conflict theory (Chapter 3, pp. 29-42). In Ethnocentrism: Theories of conflict, ethnic attitudes and group behavior. New York: John Wiley.


Brewer, M., & Brown, R. (1998). Intergroup relations. In D. T. Gilbert, S .T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology, 4th Edition, Volume II (pp. 554-594). New York: McGraw-Hill.


Psychocultural Theories of Ethnic Conflict


Required Reading:    


Ross, M. H. (1993). The management of conflict: Interpretations and interests in comparative perspective. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. (pp. 1-34)
Ross, M. H. (2002). The political psychology of narratives: September 11 and beyond. In C. Calhoun, P. Price & A. Timmer (Eds.), Understanding September 11 (pp. 303-20 & 422-27). New York: New Press.

Volkan, V. (1997). Blood lines: From ethnic pride to ethnic terrorism. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. (pp. 3-49)




Ross, M. H. (2001). Psychocultural interpretations and dramas: Identity dynamics in ethnic conflict. Political Psychology, 22, 157-178.
Ross, M .H. (1995). Psychocultural interpretation theory and peacemaking in ethnic conflicts. Political Psychology, 16, 523-544.
Ignatieff, M. (1995). Nationalism and the narcissism of minor differences. Queen's Quarterly, Spring, 13-26.
Volkan, V. (1985). The need to have enemies and allies: A developmental approach. Political Psychology, 6, 219-247.


Conflict Management: Implications of Structural and Psychocultural Theories


Required Reading:    


Fearon, J., & Laitin, D. (1996). Explaining interethnic cooperation. American Political Science Review, 90, 715-735.


Kelman, H. (1986). Overcoming barriers to negotiation of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. Journal of Palestine Studies, 16, 13-28.


Volkan, V. D. (1999). Psychoanalysis and diplomacy: Part I. Individual and large group identity. Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 1, 29-55.


Ross, M. H. (2000). Creating the conditions for peacemaking: Theories of practice in ethnic conflict resolution. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 23, 1002-1034.


Ross, M. H. (2000). ‘Good-enough’ isn’t so bad: Success and failure in ethnic conflict management. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 6, 27-47.




Fisher, R. & Ury, W. (1982). Getting to yes.


Susskind, L. & Cruikshank, J. (1987) Breaking the impasse: Dealing with an angry public. Basic Books.


Montville, J. V. (1991). Psychoanalytic enlightenment and the greening of diplomacy. In V. D. Volkan, J. V. Montville & D. A. Julius (Eds.), The psychodynamics of international relationships. Volume II: Unofficial diplomacy at work (pp. 177-192). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Volkan, V. D. (1999). Psychoanalysis and diplomacy: Part I. Individual and large group identity. Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 1, 29-55.

O’Leary, B. (2001). Nationalism and ethnicity: Research agendas on theories of their sources and their regulation. In D. Chirot, & M. P. Seligman, (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: causes, consequences, and possible solutions (pp. 37-48). Washington, DC: APA Books.


Case Study Applications of Structural and Psychocultural Theories


Required Reading:    


Ross, M. H. (2005). Dressed to Express: Muslim Headscarves in French Schools. (unpublished chapter)


Ross, M. H. (2005). Flags, Heroes and Statues: Inclusive versus Exclusive Identity Markers in the American South. (unpublished chapter)


Module 3.  The Politics of Identity for Groups and Individuals


Identities and Institutions


Required Reading:    


Dennett, D. C. (1991). Consciousness explained. Boston, MA: Little, Brown. (pp. 412-430)


Lustick, I. S. (1993). Unsettled states, disputed lands: Britain and Ireland, France and Algeria, Israel and the West Bank/Gaza. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. (pp. 1-6)


Nagel, J. (1994). Constructing ethnicity: Creating and recreating ethnic identity and culture. Social Problems, 41, 152-176.


Posner, D. N. (2004). The political salience of cultural difference:  Why Chewas and Tumbukas are allies in Zambia and adversaries in Malawi. American Political Science Review, 98, 529-546.




Simon, H. (1947). Administrative Behavior. (Chapts. V-VII).


David Laitin, "The Ogaadeen Question and Changes in  Somali Identity,"  Chapter 16 in State Versus Ethnic Claims: African Policy Dilemmas, Donald Rothchild and Victor A. Olorunsola, eds.


Russell Hardin, 1995, “Self-interest, group identity,”  Breton, A. Et. al. (eds), Nationalism and Rationality pp. 14-42


Vamik D. Volkan, “Psychoanalysis and Diplomacy:  Part I. Individual and Large Group Identity,” Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, Vol. I, no. 1 (1999) pp. 29-55.


Daniel Byman, “Forever Enemies?  The Manipulation of Ethnic Identities to End Ethnic Wars,” SECURITY STUDIES Vol. 9, no. 3, Spring 2000 pp. 149-190.


Barth, Fredrik.  Ethnic Groups and Boundaries (London:  Allen and Unwin, 1969).


Hegemonic Beliefs: Common Sense in Individuals and Groups


Required Reading:     


David, P. A. (1985). Clio and the economics of QWERTY. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 75, 332-337. http://www.utdallas.edu/~liebowit/knowledge_goods/david1985aer.htm


Butler, J. (1997). The psychic life of power (Stanford: Stanford University Press. (pp. 132-150)


Geertz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books. (Chapters 2 & 14)




Michael A. Hogg and Craig McCarty, “Self-categorization and Social Identity,” in  Social Identity Theory:  Constructive and Critical Advances, Dominic Abrams and Michael A. Hogg (eds.), 1990, pp. 10-27.


H. Tajfel (1970) Experiments in intergroup discrimination,” Scientific American, 223, 96-102. 


Joseph Stalin, “The Nation” and “The National Movement” http://www.marx2mao.org//Stalin/MNQ12.html#en130 pp. 303-323.


Katherine Verdery, National Ideology Under Socialism:  Identity and Cultural Politics in Ceausescu’s Romania (1991)


The Origins of Ethnicity and The Hegemony of National Identity


Required Reading:    


Eley, G., & Suny, R. G. (1996). Introduction: From the moment of social history to the work of cultural representation. In G. Eley & R. G. Suny (Eds.), Becoming national (pp. 3-12). Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Lustick, I. S. (2002). Hegemony and the riddle of nationalism: The dialectics of nationalism and religion in the Middle East. Logos, 1, 18-24. http://logosonline.home.igc.org/issue_1.3.pdf


Chandra, K. (2004). Why ethnic parties succeed: Patronage and ethnic head counts in India. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. (pp. 33-46)


Johnson, G. R. (1997). The architecture of ethnic identity. Politics and the Life Sciences, 16, 257-262.




Walker Connor, "Beyond Reason:  The Nature of the Ethnonational Bond,” in Ethnonationalism:  The Quest for Understanding, pp. 195-209. (1994).


Eller and Coughlan (1993). “The Poverty of Primordialism:  The Demystification of Ethnic Attachments,” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 16, April, 183-202.


David D. Laitin, Hegemony and Culture


Anthony D. Smith, “Structure and persistence of ethnie,” in The Ethnicity Reader:  Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Migration, Montserrat Guibernau and John Rex, eds. (1997)


Brubaker, Rogers. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1996).


Michael Hechter, “Nationalism and Rationality,” Studies in Comparative International Development Vol. 35, no. 1 (Spring 2000) pp.  3-19. 


Samuel Huntington, “Clash of Civilizations” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 72, no. 3 (Summer 1993)


Core Beliefs and Collective Worldviews


Required Reading:    


Eidelson, R. J., & Eidelson, J. I. (2003). Dangerous ideas: Five beliefs that propel groups toward conflict. American Psychologist, 58, 182-192.


Coleman, P. T. (2003). Characteristics of protracted, intractable conflict: Toward the development of a metaframework-I. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 9, 1-37.


Petersen, R. D. (2002). Understanding ethnic violence: Fear, hatred, and resentment in twentieth-century Eastern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Chapter 2)


Modeling Identity Formation, Stabilization, and Change


Required Reading:    


Chandra, K. (Ed.). (2001). Cumulative findings in the study of ethnic politics. APSA-CP, 12, 7-25. http://www.nd.edu/~apsacp/pdf/APSA-CP20Winter202001.pdf pp. 7-25.


Lustick, I. S. (2002). PS-I: A user-friendly agent-based modeling platform for testing theories of political identity and political stability. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulations, 5: http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/5/3/7.html


Lustick, I. S., Miodownik, D., & Eidelson, R. J. (2004). Secessionism in multicultural states: Does sharing power prevent or encourage it? American Political Science Review, 98, 209-230.




Cederman, Lars-Erik. Emergent Actors in World Politics:  How States and nations Develop and Dissolve (Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1997)


Ian S. Lustick,  “Agent-Based Modelling of Collective Identity:  Testing Constructivist Theory” Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Vol. 3, no. 1 (January 2000). http://jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk/3/1/contents.html


Joshua M. Epstein, "    "Agent-Based Computational Models and Generative Social Science," Complexity, Vol. 4, no. 5 (May-June 1999) pp. 41-60.


Robert Axelrod, The Complexity of Cooperation:  Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration (Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1997).


Module 4.  The Psychology of Ethnopolitical Conflict


Perceiving Human Groups: Stereotype and Essence


Required Reading:    


McCauley, C., Jussim, L., & Lee, Y.T. (1995). Stereotype accuracy: toward appreciating group differences. In Y. T. Lee, L. Jussim & C. McCauley (Eds.), Stereotype accuracy: toward an appreciation of group differences (pp. 292-313). Washington, D.C.: APA Books.


Leroi, A. M. (14 March 2005). A family tree in every gene. New York Times Op-Ed Page.


Haslam, N., Rothschild, L., & Ernst, D. (2004). Essentialism and entitativity: Structures of beliefs about the ontology of social categories. In V. Yzerbyt, C. Judd, & O. Corneille (Eds.), The psychology of group perception (pp. 61-78). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.


Ethnicity and Nationalism: The Psychology of Group Identification


Required Reading:    


McCauley, C. (2001). The psychology of group identification and the power of ethnic nationalism. In D. Chirot & M. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: causes, consequences, and possible solutions (pp. 343-362). Washington, DC: APA Books.


McCauley, C., Worchel, S., Moghaddam, F., & Lee, Y.T. (2004). Contact and identity in intergroup relations. In Y. T. Lee, C. McCauley, F. Moghaddam, & S. Worchel (Eds.), The psychology of ethnic and cultural conflict, (pp. 309-326). Westport, CT: Praeger.


Psychology of Intergroup Conflict


Required Reading:    


McCauley, C. (2000). How President Bush moved the U.S. into the Gulf War: Three theories of group conflict and the construction of moral violation. Journal for the Study of Peace and Conflict, 2000-2001 Annual Edition, 32-42.


Royzman, E., McCauley, C., & Rozin, P. (2004). From Plato to Putnam: Four ways of thinking about hate. In R. Sternberg (Ed.), The psychology of hate (pp. 3-35). Washington, D.C.: APA Books.


Terrorism: Individual, Group, Social Movement, and Cultural Perspectives


Required Reading:    


McCauley, C. (2002). Psychological issues in understanding terrorism and the response to terrorism. In C. Stout (Ed.), The psychology of terrorism, Volume III: Theoretical understandings and perspectives (pp. 3-30). Westport, CT: Praeger.


Atran, S. (2003). Genesis of suicide terrorism. Science, 299, 1534-1539.


McCauley, C. (1991). Terrorism research and public policy: an overview. In C. McCauley (Ed.), Terrorism research and public policy (pp. 126-144). London: Frank Cass.


Ethnic Riots and Genocide


Required Reading:    


Chirot, D., & McCauley, C. (under review). Why not kill all of them? The logic of mass political murder and finding ways of avoiding it. Princeton: Princeton University Press.


McCauley, C. (2001). Review of D. Horowitz's The Deadly Ethnic Riot. Journal of Conflict, Security and Development, 1, 164-168.


McCauley, C. (in press). Review of A. Varshney's Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India. Terrorism and Political Violence.


Module 5.  Working with Survivors of Violence and Refugees, Part I


Professionalism in Humanitarian Action


Required Reading:    


Donini, A., Minear, L., & Walker, P. (2004). The future of humanitarian action: Mapping the implications of Iraq and other recent crises. Disasters Journal, 26, 190-204.


Walker, P., &  Purdin, S. (2004). Birthing Sphere. The early history of the Sphere project. Disasters Journal, 26, 100-111.


Slim, H. (2002). By what authority? The legitimacy and accountability of non-governmental organisations. Journal of Humanitarian Assistance (Document Posted: 10 March 2002 http://www.jha.ac/articles/a082.htm).


Barry, J., & Jefferys, A. (2002). A bridge too far: Aid agencies and the military in humanitarian response. HPN Network Paper 37 (http://www.odihpn.org/report.asp?ReportID=2398).


Collinson, S., Bhatia, M., Evans, M., Fanthorpe, R., Goodhand, J., Jackson, S. (2002). Politically informed humanitarian programming: Using a political economy approach. HPN Network Paper 41 (http://www.odihpn.org/report.asp?ReportID=2503).




Moore, J. (Ed.). (1998). Hard choices: Moral dilemmas in humanitarian intervention. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.

Smillie, I. & Minear, L. (2004). The Charity of Nations. Humanitarian Action in a Calculating World. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press.


The Tsunami: A Case of a Celebrity Disaster


Required Reading:    


Walker, P. Wisner, B. Leaning, J. Minear, L. (2005). Smoke and mirrors: Deficiencies in disaster funding. British Medical Journal, 330, 247-250.


Morin. R. (2005). Aid from the gray lady? Washington Post (Sunday, March 13; Page B05). http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A28922-2005Mar12.html


David Rieff, D. (2005). Tsunamis, accountability and the humanitarian circus. Humanitarian Exchange, 29, 53-55. 


The Asian Coalition for Housing Rights (March 6).



Ekachai, S. This land is our land.   http://www.achr.net/000ACHRTsunami/Thailand%20TS/Thai%20Extras%20Tsunami%201.htm      


An Introduction to Psychosocial Approaches, Part I


Required Reading:    


Ager, A. (1999). Perspectives on the refugee experience. In A. Ager (Ed.), Refugees: Perspectives on the experience of forced migration (pp. 1-23). London: Pinter.


van der Veer. G. (1998). The experiences of refugees. In Counseling and therapy with refugees and victims of trauma. NY: John Wiley & Sons. (pp. 1-26)


Weine, S. (2000). Survivor families and their strengths: Learning from Bosnians after genocide. Other Voices, v. 2, n. 1 (February).


Psychosocial Working Group (2004). A Conceptual Framework.


Summerfield, D. (2002). Effects of war: Moral knowledge, revenge, reconciliation, and medicalised concepts of "recovery." British Medical Journal, 325,1105-1107.




Thomas, E. & Rappaport, J. (1996). Art as a community narrative: A resource for social change (Chapter 16). In B. Lykes, A. Banuazi, R. Liem, & M. Morris, (Eds), Myths about the powerless. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.


Maynard, K. A. (1999). Communities in conflict (Chapter 5). In Healing communities in conflict: International assistance in complex emergencies. NY: Columbia University Press.


Somasundaram, D., Sivayokan & Joop de Jong (Eds). (2000). Helping (Chapter 1) and Tamil community and its traditional resources (Chapter 2). In Mental Health in the Tamil Community, Psychosocial Manual. Jaffna: TPO.


An Introduction to Psychosocial Approaches, Part II


Required Reading:    


Beristain, C. M., Donná, G., Paez, D., Pérez-Sales, P. & Fernandez, I. (In press). Rebuilding the social fabric: A critical approach to humanitarian aid (Translation by A. Sierra from original Spanish; 1999). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (Introduction & Chapter 6)


Coomaraswamy, R. (2002). Sexual violence during wartime. Nethra (ICES, Colombo). vol. 5, n. 2. (April-June).


Galappatti, A. (2005). Psychosocial work in the aftermath of the tsunami. Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.


Psychosocial Support Program (2005). Guidelines for foreign psychosocial professionals doing post-tsunami work in Sri Lanka.




Martin Baro, I. (1994). The psychological value of violent political repression (Chapter 9) and Public opinion research as a de-ideologizing instrument (Chapter 11). In A. Aron, & S. Corne (Eds.), Writings for a liberation psychology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.


Agger, I. (1999). The role of psychosocial projects in the peace building process: The clean and the unclean. In Rape is a War Crime. Conference by ICMPD and the Odysseus Project, EU (June).


Cooke, B & Kothari, U. (2001). Participation: The new tyranny? NY: Zed Books.


Design and Evaluation of Psychosocial Programs, Part I


Required Reading:    


Beristain, C. M., Donná, G., Paez, D., Pérez-Sales, P. & Fernandez, I. (In press). Rebuilding the social fabric: A critical approach to humanitarian aid. (Translation by A. Sierra from original Spanish; 1999). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (Chapters 1, 4, & 8)


Pérez-Sales, P. (2003). Mental health in disasters: The psychosocial approach. In T. Baubet, K. Le Roch, D. Bitar & M. R. Moro (Eds.) Soigner malgré tout, Tome 1: Trauma, cultures et soins [To look after despite everything, Vol. 1: Trauma, cultures and care] (pp. 113-122). Paris: Médecins Sans Frontiéres.




Vázquez, C., Cervellón, P, Pérez-Sales, P., Vidales, D. & Gaborit, M. (2005). Positive emotions in earthquake survivors in El Salvador (2001). Anxiety Disorders, 19, 313-328.


Vázquez, C., Matt, G. & Pérez-Sales, P. (Manuscript submitted). Post-traumatic stress reactions following the Madrid March 11 terrorist attacks: Epidemiological effects of exposure and use of multiple diagnostic criteria in a Madrid community sample. Journal of Traumatic Stress.


Pupavac, V. (2001, April). Pathologising populations and colonising minds: International psychosocial programmes in Kosovo. Manchester, U.K.: Paper for the 51st Political Studies Association Conference.


Hernández, P. (2002). Resilience in families and communities: Latin American contributions from the psychology of liberation. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 10, 334-343.


Asociación 11-M Afectados Terrorismo [Association of Persons Affected by the Terrorism of March 11]. (2004, December). Text of presentation by Pilar Manjon Gutiérrez to the Parliamentary Commission of Investigation. Madrid. www.associacion11m.org.


Design and Evaluation of Psychosocial Programs, Part II


Required Reading:    


Pérez-Sales, P. (2001). Keeping control over one’s own life: A participatory diagnosis in the shelters of Cafetalón and Santa Gertrudis – New San Salvador.  San Salvador: Médecins Sans Frontiéres.


Duncan, J. & Arnston, L. (2004). Children in crisis: Good practices in evaluating psychosocial programming. Washington, D.C.: Save the Children Federation.




Eyber, C. (2002). Psychosocial issues. FMO Thematic Research Guide series. www.forcedmigration.org/guides/fmo004.


Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence. (2003). Mental health in emergencies: Mental and social aspects of health of populations exposed to extreme stressors. Geneva: World Health Organization.


Pan American Health Organization. (1999). Humanitarian assistance in disaster situations: A guide for effective aid. Washington, D.C.:  World Health Organization.


de Jong, J.T.V.M. (2002). Public mental health, traumatic stress and human rights violations in low-income countries: A culturally appropriate model in times of conflict, disaster and peace. In J. T. V. M. de Jong (Ed.) Trauma, war and violence: Public mental health in socio-cultural context (pp. 1-91). New York: Kluwer.


Module 6.  Working with Survivors of Violence and Refugees, Part II


Children and Armed Conflict


Required Reading:    


Garbarino, J., & Kostelny, K. (1996). The effects of political violence on Palestinian children's behavior problems: A risk accumulation model. Child Development, 67, 33-45.


Macksoud, M. S., & Aber, J. L. (1996). The war experiences and psychosocial development of children in Lebanon. Child Development, 67, 70-88.


Wessells, M. G., & Monteiro, C. (2001). Psychosocial interventions and post-war reconstruction in Angola: Interweaving Western and traditional approaches. In D. Christie, R. V. Wagner, & D. Winter (Eds.), Peace, conflict, and violence: Peace psychology for the 21st century (pp. 262-275). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.




Ahearn, F. (Ed.) (2000). Psychosocial wellness of refugees. New York: Berghahn.


Cairns, E. (1996). Children and political violence. Cambridge: Blackwell.


Machel, G. (2001). The impact of war on children. Cape Town: David Philip.


Ethics of Development: Workers & Academics


Required Reading:    


Anderson, M. (1999). Do no harm: How aid can support peace—or war. Boulder: Lynne Rienner. (pp. 23-76).




Bracken, P., & Petty, C. (Eds.)(1998). Rethinking the trauma of war. New York: Free Association.


Honwana, A. (1997). Healing for peace: Traditional healers and post-war reconstruction in Southern Mozambique. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 3, 293-305.


Psychosocial Realities of Migrants in a Foreign Land


Required Reading:    


van Willigen, L.(1992). Organization of care and rehabilitation services for victims of torture and other forms of organized violence: A review of current issues. In: M. Basoglu (Ed.). Torture and its consequences (pp. 277-298). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Bojholm, S., & Vesti, P. (1992). Multidisciplinary approach in the treatment of torture survivors. In: M. Basoglu (Ed.). Torture and its consequences (pp. 299-309). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Ortis, D. (2002). The blindfold’s eyes. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books. (Chapter 1)


Kinzie, J. D., & Jaranson, J. M. (2001). Refugees and asylum-seekers. In E. Gerrity, T. M. Keane, & F. Tuma (Eds.), Mental health consequences of torture and related violence and trauma (pp. 111-118). New York: Plenum Press.


Basoglu, M., Jaranson, J. M., Mollica, R., & Kastrup, M. (2001). Torture and mental health: A research overview.. In E. Gerrity, T. M. Keane, & F. Tuma (Eds.), Mental health consequences of torture and related violence and trauma (pp. 35-59). New York: Plenum Press.


Human Rights and Psychosocial Work


Required Reading:    


Hamber, B. (2003). Healing. In Reconciliation after violent conflict A handbook. Stockholm International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.


Lykes, M. B., & Mersky, M. (forthcoming) Reparations and mental health: Psychosocial interventions towards healing, human agency, and rethreading social realities. In , P. de Greiff (Ed.), Repairing the past: Compensation for victims of human rights violations.


Lykes, M. B. (1996). Meaning making in a context of genocide and silencing.  In A. Banuazizi, M. B. Lykes, R. Liem, & M. Morris (Eds.), Myths about the powerless: Contesting social inequalities (pp. 159-178). Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.


Sveaass, N., & Lavik, N. J. (2000). Psychological aspects of human rights violations: The importance of justice and reconciliation. Nordic Journal of International Law, 69, 35-52.




Sieder, R. (2001). War, peace, and the politics of memory in Guatemala. In N. Biggar (Ed.), Burying the past: Making peace and doing justice after civil conflict (pp. 184-206). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.


Fletcher, L., & Weinstein, H. (2002). Violence and social repair: Rethinking the contributions of justice to reconciliation.  Human Rights Quarterly, 24, 573-639.


Stover, E. & Weinstein, H. M. (2004). My neighbor, my enemy: Justice and community in the aftermath of mass atrocity. New York: Cambridge University Press.


Case Examples of Psychosocial Work


Required Reading:    


Cornwall, A. (1998). Gender, participation and the politics of difference. In I. Guijt, & M. K. Shah (Eds.) The myth of community: Gender issues in participatory development (pp. 46-57). London: Intermediate Technology Publications.


Lykes, M. B. (in collaboration with ADMI). (2001). Creative arts and photography in participatory action research in Guatemala. In P. Reason & H. Bradbury (Eds.). Handbook of action research: Participative inquiry and practice (pp. 363-371). Thousand Oaks and London: Sage.




Smith, S. E., & Willms, D. G., with Johnson, N. A. (Eds.). (1997). Deepening participatory action-research. In Nurtured by knowledge: Learning to do participatory action-research (pp. 173-263). New York: The Apex Press.


Module 7.  Political Regulation of National, Ethnic and Communal Differences


Genocide & Expulsions


Required Reading:    


Chalk, F. (1989). Genocide in the twentieth century: Definitions of genocide and their implications for prediction and prevention. Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 4, 149-60.


Harff, B. (2003). No lessons learned from the Holocaust? Assessing risks of genocide and political mass murder since 1955. American Political Science Review, 97, 57-73.


Thornberry, P. (1991). The convention on genocide and the protection of minorities. In International Law and the Rights of Minorities. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (pp. 59-85)


Zolberg, A. R. (1983). The formation of new states as a refugee-generating process. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 467, 24-38.


Partitions & Secessions


Required Reading:    


Kaufmann, C. (1998). When all else fails: Ethnic population transfers and partitions in the twentieth century. International Security, 23, 120-56.


Sambanis, N. (2000). Partition as a solution to ethnic war: An empirical critique of the theoretical literature. World Politics, 52, 437-83.


Tullberg, J., & Tullberg, B. (1997). Separation or unity? A model for solving ethnic conflicts. Politics and the Life Sciences, 16, 237-48.


Gilbert, P. (1998). Communities real and imagined. Good and bad cases for national secession. In P. B. Lehning (Ed.), Theories of secession (pp. 208-228). London/New York: Routledge.


Horowitz, D. L. (1985). The logic of secessions and irredentas. In Ethnic groups in conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press. (pp. 229-290)


Assimilation, Integration, and Multiculturalism


Required Reading:    


Barry, B. (2001) The dynamics of identity: Assimilation, acculturation and difference. In Culture & Equality. Cambridge: Polity. (pp. 63-111)


Brubaker, R. (2001). The return of assimilation? Changing perspectives on immigration and its sequels in France, Germany, and the United States. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 24, 531-548.


Fish, S. (1999). Boutique multiculturalism. In The trouble with principle (pp. 56-74). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.


Kymlicka, W. (1998). American multiculturalism in the international arena. Dissent (Fall), 73-79.


Levy, J. T. (1997). Classifying cultural rights. In I. Shapiro & W. Kymlicka (Eds.), Ethnicity and Group Rights (Nomos 39). New York: New York University Press. (pp. 22-66)




Required Reading:    


Lijphart, A. (1985). Consociational theory and its critics. In Power-sharing in South Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press. (pp. 83-117)


Lustick, I. S. (1997). Lijphart, Lakatos and consociationalism. World Politics, 50, 88-111.


McGarry, J., & O’Leary, B. (2004). The Northern Ireland conflict: Consociational engagements. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters 1, 9, & 12)


Federation and Territorial Autonomy


Required Reading:    


Horowitz, D. L. (1985). Ethnic groups in conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press. (Chapter 15, esp. 622-628)


Hechter, M. (2000). Containing nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters 1 & 8)


Hale, H. (2004). Divided we stand: Ethnofederalism as problem and solution in divided societies. World Politics, 56, 165-93.


O'Leary, B. (2001). An iron law of federations? A (neo-Diceyian) theory of the necessity of a federal staatsvolk, and of consociational rescue (The 5th Ernest Gellner Memorial Lecture). Nations and Nationalism 7, 273-296.


Watts, R. L. (1998). Federalism, federal political systems, and federations. Annual Review of Political Science, 1, 117-137.


O’Leary, B., McGarry, J., & Salih, K. (Eds.). (2005). The future of Kurdistan in Iraq. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (Chapters 2 & 4)


Summer Institute


Guiding Principles

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Summer Institute 2005

Summer Institute 2003


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Summer Institute 1999

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