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Chemistry

Professors:
Sharon J. Nieter Burgmayer
Michelle M. Francl, Chair (on leave, 2004-05)
Frank B. Mallory

Associate Professor:
Susan A. White, Acting Chair

Assistant Professor:
William P. Malachowski

Senior Laboratory Lecturers:
Krynn DeArman Lukacs, Major Adviser
Maryellen Nerz-Stormes

Lecturers:
Swarna Basu
Silvia Porello

The undergraduate course program in chemistry is designed to give students a sound background in both theoretical and practical aspects of four main fields: organic chemistry, physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry and biological chemistry. Furthermore, students may design courses of study that emphasize chemistry’s connections to biology, earth sciences, and computer science. Laboratory work is emphasized to provide students with modern training in experimental skills and analytical techniques. The core program, consisting of courses at the 100 level and 200 level, covers fundamental principles of chemistry. This core program provides the basis for advanced work at the 300 level and 400 level, in which students encounter contemporary problems in chemistry and interdisciplinary fields and the progress that is being made toward solving them.

Major Requirements

The requirements for a standard major in chemistry include the following 11 courses (or their equivalents): Chemistry 101, 103 or 103L, 104, 211, 212, 221, 222, 231, 242, 251 and 252, and any two courses selected from among Chemistry 311, 312, 321, 322, 332, 345 or any chemistry course at the 500 level. Other required courses are Mathematics 101, 102 and 201 and Physics 103/104 or 101/102 (or their equivalents). All A.B. recipients who complete this program with two semesters of Chemistry 403 are certified by the American Chemical Society as having met that society’s high standards for an undergraduate degree in chemistry. This is the program recommended for students intending to pursue graduate studies in chemistry.

Majors are encouraged to take additional chemistry courses at the 300 (or 500) level and at the 400 (research) level beyond the requirements of the standard program. Additional courses in mathematics and other natural sciences can contribute breadth to the chemistry major. Students with a strong interest in an allied field, such as biochemistry, geochemistry, environmental chemistry, computational chemistry or education may elect a minor or concentration in the appropriate field. Upon consultation with major advisers in both fields students may select three of the four core courses 221, 222, 231, and 242 and appropriate 300 level electives.

A typical schedule for the standard chemistry major involves taking Chemistry 101 or 103 and 104 and Mathematics 101/102 in the first year; Chemistry 211 and 212, mathematics 201, and Physics 103/104 or 101/102 in the sophomore year; Chemistry 221, 222, 231, 242, 251 and 252 in the junior year, and appropriate advanced courses in the senior year. Note that Mathematics 201 (a fall course) or its equivalent should be completed by the end of the sophomore year. Students contemplating a chemistry major are urged to consult with the major adviser as early as possible. Those planning an interdisciplinary chemistry major should consult advisors in both departments as soon as possible.

Honors

The A.B. degree with honors in chemistry will be awarded to students who complete the major in chemistry and also meet the following further requirements: two semesters of supervised research in chemistry (Chemistry 403) with a grade of at least 3.3 in each semester; the submission of an acceptable paper describing the results of that research; an additional semester of work at the 300 level (or 500 level) in chemistry beyond the two advanced courses required for the standard chemistry major; and a grade point average, calculated at the end of the senior year, of at least 3.4 in all chemistry courses taken.

Minor Requirements

A student may qualify for a minor in chemistry by completing a total of 6.5 courses in chemistry, one of which must be either Chemistry 221 or 222 with either Chemistry 251 or 252. Biology 341 or 343 may be counted as one of the required six courses. At least two of the six courses must be taken at Bryn Mawr.

Concentration in Biological Chemistry

Students may receive an A.B. degree in chemistry with a concentration in biological chemistry by fulfilling the requirements for a major in chemistry, including Chemistry 345 as one of the two required advanced courses, and also by completing two semesters of work in biology selected from Biology 201, 340, or 372 or their Haverford equivalents. The two biology courses chosen to fulfill this requirement must be approved by the major adviser.

Concentration in Geochemistry

Students may receive an A.B. degree in chemistry with a concentration in geochemistry by fulfilling the core requirements in chemistry (Chemistry 101, 103, or 103L, 104, 211, 212,) and three courses selected from 221, 222, 231, and 242, two laboratory courses selected from 251, 252 or Geology 302, one advanced course selected from Chemistry 322 or 332, and by completing three geology courses selected from Geology 201, 202, 301 or 302. The courses selected to fulfill this concentration must be approved by the major advisers in chemistry and geology.

Concentration in Environmental Studies

Students may receive an A.B. degree in chemistry with an environmental concentration by fulfilling the core requirements in chemistry (Chemistry 101, 103, or 103L, 104, 211, 212) and three courses selected from 221, 222, 231, and 242, two laboratory courses selected from 251, 252 or Geology 302, two advanced courses including a chemistry elective and Geology 397, and by completing Biology 101, 102, and 220, Anthropology 101, and Geology 103. The courses selected to fulfill this concentration must be approved by the major advisers in chemistry and environmental studies.

Computational Minor

Students may receive an A.B. degree in chemistry with a computational minor by fulfilling the core requirements in chemistry (Chemistry 101, 103, or 103L, 104, 211, 212, 251 and 252) and three courses selected from 221, 222, 231, and 242, two advanced courses including Chemistry 321 and CS 376, and by completing CS 110, 206, 231, and 225 or 245. The courses selected to fulfill this minor must be approved by the major advisers in chemistry and computer science.

Education Minor

Students may receive an A.B. degree in chemistry with an education minor by fulfilling the core requirements in chemistry (Chemistry 101, 103, or 103L, 104, 211, 212, 251 and 252) and three courses selected from 221, 222, 231, and 242, three advanced courses selected from Chemistry 403 or electives in chemistry or education, and by completing Education 200, 310, 311, and 240 or 250. The courses selected to fulfill this minor must be approved by the major advisers in chemistry and education. Interested students are encouraged to investigate the 5th-year certification option offered through the education department.

A.B./M.A. Program

To earn an M.A. degree in chemistry in the College’s A.B./M.A. program, a student must complete the requirements for an undergraduate chemistry major and also must complete six units of graduate level work in chemistry. Of these six units, as many as two units may be undergraduate courses at the 300 level taken for a graduate credit (these same two courses may be used to fulfill the major requirements for the A.B. degree), at least two units must be graduate seminars at the 500 level, and two units must be graduate research at the 700 level leading to the submission of an acceptable M.A. thesis. Other requirements are the demonstration of skill in computing or in a foreign language, a written final examination covering material in the candidate’s special field and an oral examination.

CHEM B100. The Stuff of Art

An introduction to chemistry through fine arts, this course emphasizes the close relationship of certain aspects of fine arts, especially painting, to both the development of chemistry and its practice. The historical role of the material in the arts, in alchemy and in the developing science of chemistry will be discussed, as well as the synergy between these three areas. Relevant principles of chemistry will be illustrated through handling, the synthesis and/or transformations of the material. This course does not count towards chemistry major requirements, and is not suitable for premedical programs. Lecture 90 minutes laboratory three hours a week. Enrollment limited to 20. (Burgmayer, Division IIL; cross-listed as History of Art 100) Not offered in 2004-05.

CHEM B101. Introduction to Chemistry

For students with little previous work in chemistry. Chemistry 101 covers the same topics as Chemistry 103, but with extra class hours to develop fundamental skills. Laboratory identical to Chemistry 103. Lecture three hours, recitation two hours, and laboratory three hours a week. Prerequisite: math readiness or permission of instructor. (Division IIL or Quantitative Skills) Not offered in 2004-05.

CHEM B103. General Chemistry

For students with some background in chemistry. Students with strong preparation are directed to consider Chemistry 103L. Sections usually have a maximum of 50 students. The atomic theory of matter; stoichiometry of chemical reactions; properties of gases, liquids and solids; phase changes; the electronic structure of atoms; chemical bonding; introduction to thermodynamics; the chemistry of representative nonmetallic elements. Examples and laboratory will include environmental, materials, and biological chemistry. Lecture three hours, recitation one hour, and laboratory three hours a week. May include individual conferences, evening problem or peer-led instruction sessions. Prerequisite: math readiness or permission of instructor. (Porello, Lukacs, White, Division IIL or Quantitative Skills)

CHEM B103L. General Chemistry

A half-unit course for students with strong preparation in chemistry, but who are not ready to take Chemistry 211 (Organic Chemistry). Topics include properties of solids, liquids and gases; the electronic structure of atoms and bonding; introduction to thermodynamics; and some chemical reactions. Recitation one hour, and laboratory three hours a week. Enrollment limited to 25 first-year students. Prerequisite: Advanced Placement score of 3 (or IB equivalent), or satisfactory performance on Bryn Mawr's placement test given during freshman orientation, or permission of instructor. Does not meet Division II requirement by itself; students must continue with Chemistry 104 (Lukacs)

CHEM B104. General Chemistry

A continuation of Chemistry 103, 103L or 101. Ionic equilibria; introduction to chemical kinetics, electrochemistry and radiochemistry; the chemistry of representative metallic elements. Lecture three hours, recitation one hour, and laboratory three hours a week. May include individual conferences, evening problem or peer-led instruction sessions. Prerequisite: Chemistry 103 or 101.(Burgmayer, Lukacs, Basu Division IIL or Quantitative Skills)

CHEM B211. Organic Chemistry

An introduction to the principles of organic chemistry, including synthetic and spectroscopic techniques. Lecture three hours, recitation one hour, and laboratory five hours a week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 104. (Mallory, Nerz-Stormes, Division IIL)

CHEM B212. Organic Chemistry

A continuation of Chemistry 211 with an exploration of complex chemical reactions and syntheses utilizing structure reactivity principles. Lecture three hours, recitation one hour, and laboratory five hours a week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 211. (Malachowski, Nerz-Stormes, Division IIL)

CHEM B221. Physical Chemistry

Introduction to quantum theory and spectroscopy. Atomic and molecular structure; molecular modeling; rotational, vibrational, electronic, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Lecture three hours. Prerequisites: Chemistry 104 and Mathematics 201. Corequisities: Chemistry 211 and Physics 101 or 103. (Basu, Division II)

CHEM B222. Physical Chemistry

A continuation of Chemistry 221. Modern thermodynamics, with application to phase equilibria, interfacial phenomena and chemical equilibria; statistical mechanics; chemical dynamics. Kinetic theory of gases; chemical kinetics. Lecture three hours. Corequisites: Chemistry 212 and Physics 102 or 104 (Basu, Division II)

CHEM B231. Inorganic Chemistry

Bonding theory; structures and properties of ionic solids; symmetry; crystal field theory; structures, spectroscopy, stereochemistry, reactions and reaction mechanisms of coordination compounds; acid-base concepts; descriptive chemistry of main group elements. Lecture three hours a week. Corequisite: Chemistry 221. (Burgmayer, Division II)

CHEM B242. Biological Chemistry

The structure, chemistry and function of amino acids, proteins, lipids, polysaccharides and nucleic acids; enzyme kinetics; metabolic relationships of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids, and the control of various pathways; protein synthesis. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisites: Chemistry 212 and 221. Corequisite: Chemistry 222 (White, Division II)

CHEM B251. Research Methodology in Chemistry I

This laboratory course integrates advanced concepts in chemistry from biological, inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. Students will gain experience in the use of departmental research instruments. One hour of lecture and 5 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. Corequisite Chemistry 221 or 231. 0.5 credit/semester (Burgmayer, Basu, Division IIL).

CHEM B252. Research Methodology in Chemistry II

This laboratory course integrates advanced concepts in chemistry from biological, inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. Students will gain experience in the use of departmental research instruments. One hour of lecture and 5 hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 212. Corequisite Chemistry 222 or 242. 0.5 credit/semester (White, Basu, Division IIL).

CHEM B311. Advanced Organic Chemistry

An examination of the methods and concepts used in the synthesis of complex organic molecules. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisites: Chemistry 212 and 222 (Malachowski, Division II)

CHEM B312. Advanced Organic Chemistry

Principles of physical organic chemistry with emphasis on reaction mechanisms, reactive intermediates and stereochemistry. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisites: Chemistry 212 and 222 (Mallory, Division II)

CHEM B321. Advanced Physical Chemistry: Quantum Mechanics

The application of quantum chemistry to symmetry, spectroscopy, and lasers. Prerequisites: Chemistry 212 and 222. Lecture/seminar three hours per week. (Basu, Division II). Not offered in 2004-05.

CHEM B322. Advanced Physical Chemistry: Surface Chemistry

Topics include fundamentals of adsorption, surface thermodynamics and kinetics, surface analytical and spectroscopic techniques, and applications of surface phenomena. The course will also explore recent literature concerning the chemical, structural, physical and surface properties of technologically important materials. Prerequisites: Chemistry 221 and 222, Physics 102 and 104, or permission of instructor. (staff, Division II) Not offered in 2004-05.

CHEM B332. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

A) organometallic chemistry, including discussion of structure and bonding, reaction types, and catalysis; B) Bioinorganic chemistry, illustrating structural, enzymatic and pharmaceutical applications of transition metals in biological chemistry. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisites: Chemistry 231 and 242. (Burgmayer, Division II) Not offered in 2004-05.

CHEM B345. Advanced Biological Chemistry: Nuceleic Acids and Genomics

Physical biochemistry of nucleic acids and proteins that bind them; spectroscopic and other techniques for studying DNA and RNA. Applications to pathogenic organisms, genomics, and bioinformatics. Textbook readings will be supplemented with articles from the recent literature. Lecture/seminar three hours a week. Prerequisites: Any course in biochemistry or permission of the instructor (White, Division II)

CHEM B350. Selected Topics in Chemistry: Photochemistry, Novel Materials, NMR Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry

A combination lecture/seminar course on physical, structural, and spectroscopic properties of organic compounds, including oral presentations by students on very recently published research articles. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisites: Chemistry 211-212, Chemistry 221-222, and any 300/500 level course in organic, physical, inorganic or biological chemistry. (Mallory, Division II)

CHEM B403. Supervised Research in Chemistry

Many individual research projects are available, each under the supervision of a member of the faculty. Laboratory at least 10 hours a week. Oral or written presentations are required at the end of each semester. Prerequisite: (Burgmayer, Francl, Malachowski, Mallory, White)

Graduate seminars in chemistry are open to qualified undergraduates with the permission of the department.

 
     
 
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