History of Art
Steven Z. Levine
David J. Cast, Chair
Christiane Hertel, Major Adviser
Barbara Miller Lane
The curriculum in history of art is focused on methods of interpretation and the construction of an historical context for works of art. Special subject concentrations include the history of architecture, European painting and sculpture, and western art historiography. Majors are encouraged to study abroad for a semester, and to supplement courses taken in this department with courses in art history offered at Swarthmore College and the University of Pennsylvania.
The major requires 10 units, approved by the major adviser, in the following distribution: one or two 100-level courses, four or five 200-level courses, two 300-level courses, and senior conference (398-399). Courses are distributed over the following chronological divisions: Antiquity, Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, Modern (including American) and Contemporary. With approval of the major adviser, units in fine arts, film studies or another subject to which visual representation is central may be substituted for one or more of the 200-level courses listed below; similarly, units of art history taken abroad or at another institution in the United States may be substituted upon approval.
A senior paper, based on independent research and using scholarly methods of historical and/or critical interpretation, must be submitted at the end of the spring semester.
Seniors whose major average at the beginning of the spring semester is 3.7 or higher will be invited to write an honors thesis instead of the senior paper.
A minor in history of art requires six units: one or two 100-level courses and four or five others selected in consultation with the major adviser.
HART B100. The Stuff of Art
(Burgmayer, Division IIL; cross-listed as Chemistry 100)
103-108. Critical Approaches to Visual Representation
These small seminars (limited enrollment of 20 students per class) introduce the fundamental skills and critical vocabulary of art history in the context of thematic categories of artistic expression. All seminars follow the same schedule of writing assignments and examinations, and are geared to students with no or minimal background in history of art.
HART B104. The Classical Tradition
An investigation of the historical and philosophical ideas of the classical, with particular attention to the Italian Renaissance and the continuance of its formulations throughout the Westernized world. (Cast, Division III)
HART B105. Poetry and Politics in Landscape Art
An introduction to the representation and perception of nature in different visual media, with attention to such issues as nature and utopia; nature and violence; natural freedom; and the femininity of nature. (Hertel, Division III)
HART B107. Self and Other in the Arts of France, 1500-2000
A study of artists' self-representations in the context of the philosophy and psychology of their time, with particular attention to issues of political patronage, gender and class, power and desire. (Levine, Division III)
HART B108. Women, Feminism and History of Art
An investigation of the history of art since the Renaissance organized around the practice of women artists, the representation of women in art and the visual economy of the gaze. (Easton, Division III)
HART B110. Identification in the Cinema
An introduction to the analysis of film through particular attention to the role of the spectator. (King, Division III) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B190. The Form of the City
(Hein, Division I or III; cross-listed as Anthropology 190 and Growth and Structure of Cities 190)
HART B205. Introduction to Film
(Kahana, Division III; cross-listed as English 205)
HART B206. Hellenistic and Roman Sculpture
(Donohue, Division III; cross-listed as Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology 206) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B210. Introduction to Western Medieval Art
An overview of artistic production in Europe from antiquity to the 14th century. Special attention will be paid to problems of interpretation and recent developments in art-historical scholarship. (Easton, Division III)
HART B212. Medieval Architecture
A survey of medieval building types, including churches, mosques, synagogues, palaces, castles and government structures, from the fourth through the 14th centuries in Europe, the British Isles and the Near East. Special attention to regional differences and interrelations, the relation of design to use, the respective roles of builders and patrons. (Kinney, Division III; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 212)
HART B227. Topics in the History of Planning: The European Metropolis
(Hein, Division III; cross-listed as German and German Studies 227 and Growth and Structure of Cities 227)
HART B230. Renaissance Art
A survey of painting in Florence and Rome in the 15th and 16th centuries (Giotto, Masaccio, Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael), with particular attention to contemporary intellectual, social and religious developments. (Cast, Division III)
HART B237. Northern Renaissance
An introduction to painting, graphic arts and sculpture in Germany in the first half of the 16th century, with emphasis on the influence of the Protestant Reformation on the visual arts. Artists studied include Altdorfer, Cranach, Dürer, Grünewald, Holbein and Riemenschneider. (Hertel, Division III) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B238. Silent Film: International Film to 1930
(Horne, Division III; cross-listed as English 238)
HART B239. Women and Cinema
(Horne, Division III; cross-listed as English 239) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B241. Art of the Spanish-Speaking World
A study of painting and sculpture in Spain from 1492 to the early-19th century, with emphasis on such artists as El Greco, Velàzquez, Zurbaràn, Goya and the polychrome sculptors. As relevant, commentary is made on Latin America and the Spanish world's complex heritage, with its contacts with Islam, Northern Europe and pre-Columbian cultures. Continuities and disjunctions within these diverse traditions as they evolve both in Spain and the Americas are noted, and issues of canon formation and national identity are raised. (McKim-Smith, Division III) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B245. Dutch Art of the 17th Century
A survey of painting in the Northern Netherlands with emphasis on such issues as Calvinism, civic organization, colonialism, the scientific revolution, popular culture and nationalism. Attention is given to various approaches to the study of Dutch painting; to its inherited classification into portrait, still life, history, scenes of social life, landscape and architectural paintings; and to the oeuvres of some individual artists, notably Vermeer and Rembrandt. (Hertel, Division III)
HART B246. Interdisciplinary Approaches to German Literature and Culture
(Meyer, Seyhan, Division III; cross-listed as Comparative Literature 245 and German and German Studies 245)
HART B249. Seventeenth- and 18th-Century Art in France
Close attention is selectively given to the work of Poussin, Le Brun, Watteau, Chardin, Boucher, Fragonard, Greuze and David. Extensive readings in art criticism are required. (Levine, Division III) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B250. Nineteenth-Century Painting in France
Close attention is selectively given to the work of David, Ingres, Géricault, Delacroix, Courbet, Manet, Monet, Degas and Cézanne. Extensive readings in art criticism are required. (Levine, Division III)
HART B251. Twentieth-Century Art
Close attention is selectively given to the work of Gauguin, Matisse, Picasso, Kandinsky, Malevich, Mondrian, Duchamp and Dali. Extensive readings in art criticism are required. (Levine, Division III) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B253. Survey of Western Architecture
The major traditions in Western architecture are illustrated through detailed analysis of selected examples from classical antiquity to the present. The evolution of architectural design and building technology, and the larger intellectual, aesthetic and social context in which this evolution occurred are covered. (Cast, Hein, Division III; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 253) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B254. History of Modern Architecture
(Hein, Division III; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 254)
HART B255. Survey of American Architecture
(Cohen, Division III; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 255) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B261. Postmodernism and Visual Culture
An examination of the emergence of postmodernism as a visual and theoretical practice. Emphasizing the American context, the course traces at once developments within art practice and the implications of critical theory for the study, theory and practice of visual representation. (Saltzman, Division III; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 261) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B266. Contemporary Art and Theory
America, Europe and beyond, from the 1950s to the present, in visual media and visual theory. (Saltzman, Division III)
HART B298. Cultural Diversity and Its Representations
(Seyhan, Division III; cross-listed as Comparative Literature 299 and German and German Studies 299)
HART B299. History of Narrative Cinema
From the advent of sound to the present in American, European and Asian film. (King, Division III; cross-listed as English 299)
Note: 300-level courses are seminars offering discussion of theoretical or historical texts and/or the opportunity for original research.
HART B300. Methodological and Critical Approaches to Art History
A survey of traditional and contemporary approaches to the history of art. A critical analysis of a problem in art historical methodology is required as a term paper. (Levine, Division III) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B303. Art and Technology
A consideration of the technological examination of paintings. While studying the appropriate aspects of technology — such as the infrared vidicon, the radiograph and autoradiograph, analysis of pigment samples and pigment cross-sections — students are also encouraged to approach the laboratory in a spirit of creative scrutiny. Raw data neither ask nor answer questions, and it remains the province of the students to shape meaningful questions and answers. Students become acquainted with the technology involved in examining paintings and are encouraged to find fresh applications for available technology in answering art historical questions. (McKim-Smith, Division III)
HART B306. Film Theory
(Horne, Division III; cross-listed as Comparative Literature 306 and English 306)
HART B310. Medieval Art in American Collections
A research seminar on objects in regional collections (Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore.) Attention to questions posed by the physical qualities of works of art: materials, production techniques, stylistic signatures; to issues of museum acquisition and display; and to iconography and historical context. (Kinney) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B311. Topics in Medieval Art
Topics include illuminated manuscripts and the role of gender in medieval art. (Easton, Division III)
HART B317. Exhibition and Inhibition: Movies, Pleasure, and Social Control
(Horne, Division III; cross-listed as English 317) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B321. Late-Gothic Painting in Northern Europe
A study of late medieval illuminated manuscripts and Early Netherlandish painting. (Easton) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B324. Roman Architecture
(Scott, Division III; cross-listed as Clas-sical and Near Eastern Archaeology 324 and Greek, Latin and Classical Studies 324 and Growth and Structure of Cities 324) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B327. Feminist Film Theory and Practice
An intensive introduction to feminist film theory and films by feminist directors. (King, Division III; cross-listed as English 327) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B331. Palladio and Palladianism
A seminar on the diffusion of Palladian architecture from the 16th century to the present. (Cast; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 331) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B340. Topics in Baroque Art
Topics include: Representation of Gender and Power in Habsburg Spain. Topic for 2004-05: Velazquez. (McKim-Smith, Division III; cross-listed as Comparative Literature 340 and Spanish 340)
HART B348. Topics in German Art: Dresden: Art and Architecture from the Renaissance to German Reunification
(Hertel, Saltzman, Division III; cross-listed as German and German Studies 348)
HART B349. Theories of Authorship in the Cinema
The study of the author-director remains one of the primary categories through which film is to be understood; various directors and critical approaches to this topic will be studied. (King, Division III; cross-listed as English 349)
HART B350. Topics in Modern Art
(Levine, Division III) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B354. Topics in Art Criticism
Individual topics in art-historical methodology, such as art and psychoanalysis, feminism, post-structuralism or semiotics are treated. (Levine, Division III; cross-listed as Comparative Literature 354)
HART B355. Topics in the History of London
Selected topics of social, literary and architectural concern in the history of London, emphasizing London since the 18th century. (Cast, Division I or III; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 355 and History 355) Not offered in 2004-05.
HART B359. Topics in Urban Culture and Society
(Hein; cross-listed as Anthropology 359, German and German Studies 321 and Growth and Structure of Cities 360)
HART B377. Topics in Modern Architecture: Housing and Dwelling:
Perspectives on Modern Domestic Architecture
A seminar for advanced undergraduates and graduate students on the interpretation of modern domestic architecture. Discussion sessions predominate; reading is in interpretative texts; research is mainly in oral history. (Lane, Division III; cross-listed as Growth and Structure of Cities 377)
HART B380. Topics in Contemporary Art: Performance and Performativity
This seminar will explore the visual construction and deconstruction of gender. Artists to be considered are Duchamp, Picasso, Hoch, Cahun, Pollock, Frankenthaler, Rauschenberg, Johns, Warhol, Rivers, Schneeman, Wilke, Acconci, Sherman, Goldin, Rist and Hatoum. (Saltzman, Division III)
HART B381. Topics in Japanese Art
A study of the visual culture of Japan from prehistory to the present, seen through the lens of history, literature and religion. Trends in contemporary Japanese art in the late 20th and early 21st centuries will also be considered, as will the cultural interaction of Japan, China and the West. (Easton, Division III; cross-listed as East Asian Studies 381)
HART B398. Senior Conference
A critical review of the discipline of art history in preparation for the senior paper. Required of all majors. (Easton, Levine)
HART B399. Senior Conference
A seminar for the discussion of senior research papers and such theoretical and historical concerns as may be appropriate to them. Interim oral reports. Required of all majors; culminates in the senior paper. (Cast, King)
HART B403. Supervised Work
Advanced students may do independent research under the supervision of a faculty member whose special competence coincides with the area of the proposed research. Consent of the supervising faculty member and of the major adviser is required. (staff)