Students may complete a major or a minor in Anthropology. Within the major, students may complete a concentration in environmental studies or geoarchaeology.
Richard S. Davis, Professor and Major Adviser (on leave semester I)
Hilary Parsons Dick, Instructor
Philip L. Kilbride, Professor and Chair
Melissa Murphy, Lecturer
Tamara Neuman, Visiting Assistant Professor
Melissa J. Pashigian, Assistant Professor
Ayumi Takenaka, Assistant Professor
Amanda Weidman, Assistant Professor
Anthropology is a holistic study of the human condition in both the past and the present. The anthropological lens can bring into focus the social, cultural, biological and linguistic variations that characterize the diversity of humankind throughout time and space. The frontiers of anthropology can encompass many directions: the search for early human fossils in Africa , the excavations of prehistoric societies and ancient civilizations, the analysis of language use and other expressive forms of culture, or the examination of the significance of culture in the context of social life.
Requirements for the major are ANTH 101, 102, 303, 398, 399, an ethnographic area course that focuses on the cultures of a single region, and four additional 200- or 300-level courses in anthropology. Students are encouraged to select courses from each of four subfields of anthropology: archaeology, bioanthropology, linguistics or sociocultural.
Students may elect to do part of their work away from Bryn Mawr. Courses that must be taken at Bryn Mawr include ANTH 101, 102, 303, 398 and 399.
Qualified students may earn departmental honors in their senior year. Honors are based on the quality of the senior thesis (398, 399). Units of independent work may be taken with the approval of the instructor in the department.
Requirements for a minor in anthropology are ANTH 101, 102, 303, one ethnographic area course and two additional 200 or 300 level courses in anthropology.
Concentration in Environmental Studies
The Department of Anthropology participates with other departments in offering a concentration within the major in environmental studies.
Concentration in Geoarchaeology
The Department of Anthropology participates with other departments in offering a concentration within the major in geoarchaeology.
ANTH B101 Introduction to Anthropology
The place of humans in nature, human evolution and the history of culture to the rise of early civilizations in the Old and New Worlds. In addition to the lecture/discussion classes, there is a one-hour weekly lab. (Davis, Murphy, Division I)
ANTH B102 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
An introduction to the methods and theories of cultural anthropology in order to understand and explain cultural similarities and differences among contemporary societies. (Pashigian, Weidman, Division I)
ANTH B185 Urban Culture and Society
(Arbona, McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B185)
ANTH B190 The Form of the City: Urban Form from Antiquity to the Present
(Hein, Division I or III; cross-listed as CITY B190 and HART B190)
ANTH B200 European Expansion and Competition: History of Three Worlds: The Atlantic World
(Gallup-Diaz; cross-listed as HIST B200)
ANTH B201 Philosophy of Social Science: Introduction to Cultural Analysis
An examination of the relation between the philosophical theory of relativism and the methodological problems of cross-cultural investigation. Selected anthropological theories of culture are evaluated in terms of their methodological and philosophical assumptions with attention to questions of empathetic understanding, explanation, evidence and rational assessment. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or another introductory course in the social sciences or philosophy, or permission of instructor. (staff, Division I or III; cross-listed as PHIL B210)
ANTH B203 Human Ecology
The relationship of humans with their environment; culture as an adaptive mechanism and a dynamic component in ecological systems. Human ecological perspectives are compared with other theoretical orientations in anthropology. Prerequisites: ANTH 101, 102 or permission of instructor. (Davis, Division I)
ANTH B204 North American Archaeology
For millennia, the North American continent has been home to a vast diversity of Native Americans. From the initial migration of big game hunters who spread throughout the continent more than 12,000 years ago to the high civilizations of the Maya, Teotihuacan and Aztec, there remains a rich archaeological record that reflects the ways of life of these cultures. This course will introduce the culture history of North America as well as explanations for culture change and diversification. The class will include laboratory study of North American archaeological and ethnographic artifacts from the College's Art and Archaeology collections. (Davis, Division I)
ANTH B206 Conflict and Conflict Management: A Cross-Cultural Approach
(Ross, Division I; cross-listed as POLS B206) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B208 Human Biology
A traditional focus in physical anthropology, human biology encompasses an overview of how humans, as individuals and populations, are similar and different in their biology, and how this can be studied and understood. We consider the relationships between human populations and their environment, integrating aspects of human physiology, demographic ecology and human genetics, both at the molecular and population levels. Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor. (staff, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B209 Human Evolution
The position of humans among the primates, processes of biocultural evolution, the fossil record and contemporary human variation. Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor. (Murphy, Division I)
ANTH B210 Medical Anthropology
This course examines the relationships between culture, society, disease and illness. It considers a broad range of health-related experiences, discourses, knowledge and practice among different cultures and among individuals and groups in different positions of power. Topics covered include sorcery, herbal remedies, healing rituals, folk illnesses, modern disease, scientific medical perceptions, clinical technique, epidemiology and political economy of medicine. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or permission of instructor. (Pashigian, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B209)
ANTH B225 Paleolithic Archaeology
A study of the Paleolithic archaeological record from Europe, Asia and Africa , focusing on the dynamics of cultural evolution; cultural and natural transformations leading to the Neolithic Revolution are also examined. Laboratory work with prehistoric materials is included. Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor. (Davis, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B229 Comparative Urbanism
(McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B229 and EAST B229) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B230 Native North American Cultures
This course explores the richness and diversity of Native North American cultures from their emergence on the continent and through the present time, using anthropological monographs, ethnographic film and the media. Coursework will include critiquing production of information on Native cultures from Native and non-Native viewpoints, examining federal policies and the use of institutions in dealing with Native Americans, and discussing issues affecting 21st-century Native North Americans. (staff, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B231 Cultural Profiles in Modern Exile
(Seyhan, Division III; cross-listed as COML B231 and GERM B231) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B232 Nutritional Anthropology
This course will explore the complex nature of human experiences in satisfying needs for food and nourishment. The approach is biocultural, exploring both the biological basis of human food choices and the cultural context that influences food acquisition and choice. Material covered will primarily be from an evolutionary and cross-cultural perspective. Also included will be a discussion of popular culture in the United States and our current obsession with food, such as dietary fads. (Murphy, Division I)
ANTH B234 Forensic Anthropology
Introduces the forensic subfield of biological anthropology, which applies techniques of osteology and biomechanics to questions of forensic science, with practical applications for criminal justice. Examines the challenges of human skeletal identification and trauma analysis, as well as the broader ethical considerations and implications of the field. Topics will include: human osteology; crime scene investigation; search and recovery of human remains; taphonomy; postmortem interval; trauma analysis; the development and application of innovative and specialized techniques; and the analysis and review of current forensic case studies and media representations. (Murphy, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B236 Evolution
(Gardiner; cross-listed as BIOL B236 and GEOL B236)
ANTH B240 Traditional and Pre-Industrial Technology
An examination of several traditional technologies, including chipped and ground stone, ceramics, textiles, metallurgy (bronze), simple machines and energy production; emphasizing the physical properties of various materials, production processes and cultural contexts both ancient and modern. Weekly laboratory on the production of finished artifacts in the various technologies studied. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. (Davis, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B242 Urban Field Research Methods
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B242 and SOCL B242) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B243 Cultures of Technology: Aesthetics, Senses and the Body
Examines the impact of technologies such as photography, film and sound recording on ideas of authenticity and cultural value. Using readings on Western and nonwestern contexts, considers how such technologies affect notions of space and time, the conceptualization of the body and the definition and status of the "human" itself. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or permission of the instructor. (Weidman, Division I)
ANTH B249 Asian American Communities
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B249 and SOCL B249) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B251 Ethnography of Southeast Asia
An introduction to the social and cultural complexity of Southeast Asia - Brunei , Cambodia , Indonesia , Malaysia , Myanmar ( Burma ), the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. Classic and contemporary ethnographies explore the diversity and similarities among groups living in the region. Topics include contemporary political developments, cultural practices, ethnicity, gender and nationalism. Prerequisite: introductory course in any social science or permission of instructor. (Pashigian, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B253 Childhood in the African Experience
An overview of cultural contexts and indigenous literatures concerning the richly varied experience and interpretation of infancy and childhood in selected regions of Africa. Cultural practices such as pregnancy customs, naming ceremonies, puberty rituals, sibling relationships and gender identity are included. Modern concerns such as child abuse, street children and other social problems of recent origin involving children are considered in terms of theoretical approaches current in the social sciences. Prerequisites: anthropology major, any social sciences introductory course, Africana Studies concentration, or permission of instructor. (Kilbride, Division I)
ANTH B254 Survey of Western Architecture
(Hein, Division III; cross-listed as CITY B253, HART B253 and HIST B253) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B255 Ethnohistory Seminar
Ethnohistory is an important area in anthropology and it allows the study of culture contact and change by means of a variety of methods and sources. It is truly an interdisciplinary study and combines history, anthropology, archaeology and linguistics. Prerequisite: Introduction to Anthropology, Introduction to History or permission of instructor. (staff, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B258 Immigrant Experiences
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B246) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B261 Palestine and Israeli Society: Cultural and Historical Perspectives
Considers the legacy of Palestine and the centrality of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as key in the formation of Israeli society, shaped by ongoing political conflict. New ethnographic writings disclose themes like Zionism, holocaust, immigration, religion, Palestinian citizenry, Middle Eastern Jews and military occupation and resulting emerging debates among different social sectors and populations. Also considers constitution of the ethnographic field and the shaping of anthropological investigations by arenas of conflict. (Neuman; cross-listed as GNST B261, HEBR B261 and HIST B261)
ANTH B262 South Asian Ethnography
Recent anthropological work on South Asia has been motivated by a concern for issues of ethnographic representation and a heightened awareness of the relationship between power, whether colonial or state power, and the production of knowledge. This stems from historiographical discussions that call for a critical examination of categories such as "tradition," "modernity," "community" and "nation." This course will focus on the ways in which such critiques have been taken up as inspirations for ethnographic research in contemporary South Asia . Topics may include the legacy of colonialist ideas about tradition and modernity or the constructions of gender, community and nation. (Weidman, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B266 Dancing Desire in Bollywood Films
(Chakravorty, Division I or III; cross-listed as ARTD B266)
ANTH B267 The Development of the Modern Japanese Nation
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as EAST B267 and SOCL B267) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B270 Geoarchaeology
(Magee; cross-listed as ARCH B270 and GEOL B270) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B272 Conflict and Inequality in Latin America
An overview of Latin America focusing on social conflict and inequality through consideration of the construction and operation of ethnic boundaries, the "neo-colonial" role of the United States, and the ecological, social, economic and political problems in the region. This course studies the dynamics of contemporary Latin American societies and the nature of their inequality and power relations. (Dick)
ANTH B273 Incas and Their Ancestors
An introduction to the pre-Columbian cultures of the Central Andes, from the initial peopling of the New World through the conquest of the Incas and the aftermath of the Spanish conquest. Integrates the four-fields of anthropology in its specific examination of the Central Andes while exploring themes that are broadly anthropological, such as the origin of civilization, power, ideology, cosmology and ritual, the role of art and iconography, warfare and resistance, death and ancestor worship. Prerequisite: ANTH B101 (Murphy, Division I)
ANTH B281 Language in Social Context
Studies of language in society have moved from the idea that language reflects social position/identity to the idea that language plays an active role in shaping and negotiating social position, identity and experience. This course will explore the implications of this shift by providing an introduction to the fields of sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology. We will be particularly concerned with the ways in which language is implicated in the social construction of gender, race, class and cultural/national identity. The course will develop students' skills in the ethnographic analysis of communication through several short ethnographic projects. (Weidman, Division I)
ANTH B286 Cultural Perspectives on Ethnic Identity in the Post Famine Irish Diaspora
Theoretical perspectives on assimilation and the social construction of Irish ethnic identity in response to social exclusion in the United States will be considered. Symbolic expressions of Irish ethnicity such as St. Patrick's Day celebrations will consider race and gender. The colonial model, especially in Africa, is a contrasting case for Irish adjustment there through immigration. Methodologically, the course will highlight a cultural perspective through use of ethnographies, personal biographies and literary products such as novels and films. Prerequisite: introductory course in a social science or permission of instructor. (Kilbride, Division I)
ANTH B303 History of Anthropological Theory
A consideration of the history of anthropological theories and the discipline of anthropology as an academic discipline that seeks to understand and explain society and culture as its subjects of study. Several vantage points on the history of anthropological theory are engaged to enact an historically-charged anthropology of a disciplinary history. Anthropological theories are considered not only as a series of models, paradigms or orientations, but as configurations of thought, technique, knowledge and power that reflect the ever-changing relationships among the societies and cultures of the world. Prerequisite: at least one additional anthropology course at the 200 or 300 level. (Kilbride, Division I)
ANTH B312 Anthropology of Reproduction
An examination of social and cultural constructions of reproduction, and how power in everyday life shapes reproductive behavior and its meaning in Western and non-Western cultures. The influence of competing interests within households, communities, states and institutions on reproduction is considered. Prerequisite: at least one 200-level cultural anthropology course or permission of instructor. (Pashigian, Division I)
ANTH B327 American Colonial History: Indians of the Americas
(Gallup-Diaz; cross-listed as HIST B327)
ANTH B333 Anthropological Demography
Anthropological demography examines human population structure and dynamics through the understanding of birth, death and migration processes. It includes study of the individual's life history. Population dynamics in small- and large-scale societies, the history of human populations and policy implications of demographic processes in the developed and developing world will be discussed through a cross-cultural perspective. (Davis, Division I) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B335 Mass Media and the City
(McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B335)
ANTH B336 Evolutionary Biology: Advanced Topics
(Gardiner; cross-listed as BIOL B336 and GEOL B336) Not offered in 2006-07.
ANTH B341 Cultural Perspectives on Sexuality, Marriage and Family
This course considers various theoretical perspectives that inform our understanding of cross-cultural constructions of sexuality, marriage and the family. Sociobiology, deviance, feminism, social constructionism and cultural evolutionary approaches will be compared using primarily anthropological-ethnographic case examples. Applications will emphasize current U.S. socially contested categories such as HIV/AIDS, same-sex marriage, plural marriage, gender diversity, divorce and rape. Prerequisites: any history, biology or social ccience major. (Kilbride, Division I)
ANTH B342 Middle Eastern Diasporas
Focuses on Middle Eastern diasporas, particularly Arab, especially Palestinian, Turkish, Iranian and Jewish communities living outside the Middle East or to the transnational communities within the region. Examines the range of experiences covered by the term "diaspora." Seeks to understand how ethnic identities and social bonds are created, extended and perpetuated in relation to Middle Eastern places of origin, and how plurality of experiences forge real and imagined links to various homelands. (Neuman; cross-listed as GNST B342 and HEBR B342)
ANTH B354 Identity, Ritual and Cultural Practices in Contemporary Vietnam
This course focuses on ways in which recent economic and political changes in Vietnam influence and shape everyday lives, meanings and practices there. It explores construction of identity in Vietnam through topics including ritual and marriage practices, gendered socialization, social reproduction and memory. Prerequisite: at least one ethnographic anthropology course a the 200 or 300 level or permission of instructor. (Pashigian, Division I)
ANTH B359 Topics in Urban Culture and Society
(Arbona, Division I or III; cross-listed as CITY B360 and HART B359)
ANTH B397 Senior Seminar in Environmental Studies
(staff; cross-listed as BIOL B397, CITY B397 and GEOL B397)
ANTH B398, B399 Senior Conference
The topic of each seminar is determined in advance in discussion with seniors. Sections normally run through the entire year and have an emphasis on empirical research techniques and analysis of original material. Class discussions of work in progress and oral and written presentations of the analysis and results of research are important. A senior's thesis is the most significant writing experience in the seminar. (Pashigian, Weidman, Division I)
ANTH B403 Supervised Work
Independent work is usually open to junior and senior majors who wish to work in a special area under the supervision of a member of the faculty and is subject to faculty time and interest.