Greek, Latin and Classical Studies
Students may complete a major in Greek, Latin, Classical Languages or Classical Culture and Society. Students may complete a minor in Greek, Latin or Classical Culture and Society. Students may complete an M.A. in Latin in the combined A.B./M.A. program.
Dobrinka Chiekova, Lecturer
Catherine Conybeare, Associate Professor
Radcliffe Edmonds , Assistant Professor and Greek Major Adviser
Richard Hamilton, Professor and Chair
Eric James Hutchinson, Instructor
Russell T. Scott, Professor, Latin Major Adviser (on leave semester II)
In collaboration with the Department of Classics at Haverford College , the department offers four concentrations in classics: Greek, Latin, classical languages, and classical culture and society. In addition to the sequence of courses specified for each concentration, all students must participate in the Senior Seminar and Conference, a full-year course. In the first term students study various fields in classics (e.g., law, literary history, philosophy, religion, social history), while in the second term they write a long research paper and present their findings to the group. Senior essays of exceptionally high quality may be awarded departmental honors at commencement.
Students, according to their concentrations, are encouraged to consider a term of study during the junior year at the College Year in Athens or the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome.
The sequence of courses in the ancient Greek language is designed to acquaint the students with the various aspects of Greek culture through a mastery of the language and a comprehension of Greek history, mythology, religion and the other basic forms of expression through which the culture developed. The works of poets, philosophers and historians are studied both in their historical context and in relation to subsequent Western thought. In addition, the department regularly offers one or more courses on Greek history, myth, literature or religion for which knowledge of the Greek language is not required.
Requirements in the major are two courses at the introductory level, two courses at the 100 level, two courses at the 200 level, two courses at the 300 level (the senior seminar and conference).
Also required are three courses to be distributed as follows: one in Greek history, one in Greek archaeology and one in Greek philosophy.
The major is completed with two comprehensive examinations: one in sight translation from Greek to English and one in Greek literature and history. Prospective majors in Greek are advised to take Greek in the freshman year. For students entering with Greek there is the possibility of completing the requirements for both A.B. and M.A. degrees in four years. Qualified seniors may undertake independent research leading to a degree with honors. Those interested in pursuing advanced degrees are advised to have a firm grounding in Latin.
Requirements for a minor in Greek are two courses at the introductory level, two courses at the 100 level, two courses at the 200 level.
Courses for which a knowledge of Greek is not required are listed under Classical Culture and Society.
GREK B010, B011 Traditional and New Testament Greek
The first part of this year-long course will focus on introducing standard (Classical) Greek grammar through the fall semester. Early in the spring semester the class will split into two sections, with one section reading classical Greek authors such as Xenophon and Plato, and the other reading sections of the New Testament. (Hamilton) Not offered in 2006-07.
GREK B016, B017 Reading Greek for the Golden Age
A grammar-based, "bottom-up" introduction to classical Greek, emphasizing mastery of individual letters, nouns and verbs, and finally single sentences supplemented by readings each week from a "top-down" introduction focusing on the paragraph, comprehension of context and Greek idiom, with the goal of reading a dialogue of Plato and a speech by Lysias. This is a year-long course; both semesters are required for credit. (Hamilton)
GREK B101 Herodotus
Book I of Herodotus' History and weekly prose composition. (Edmonds, Division III)
GREK B104 Homer
Several books of the Odyssey are read and verse composition is attempted. A short essay is required. (Chiekova, Division III) Not offered in 2006-07.
GREK B201 Plato and Thucydides
The Symposium and The History of the Sicilian Expedition. (Hamilton, Division III)
GREK B202 The Form of Tragedy
(Edmonds, Division III)
GREK B350 Topics in Greek Literature
Open only to advanced undergraduates, this course includes a weekly seminar and a translation session. Three-quarters of the reading will be from primary sources. (staff, Division III)
GREK H398 Senior Seminar
GREK B399 Senior Conference
GREK B403 Supervised Work
The major in Latin is designed to acquaint the student with Roman literature and culture, which are examined both in their classical context and as influences on the medieval and modern world.
Requirements for the major are LATN 101, 102, two literature courses at the 200 level, two literature courses at the 300 level, HIST 207 or 208, Senior Conference, and two courses to be selected from the following: LATN 205; classical archaeology or Greek at the 100 level or above; French, Italian or Spanish at the 200 level or above. Courses taken at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome are accepted as part of the major. LATN 205 is required for those who plan to teach. By the end of the senior year, majors will be required to have completed a senior essay and a sight translation from Latin to English.
Requirements for the minor are normally six courses, including one at the 300 level. For nonmajors, two literature courses at the 200 level must be taken as a prerequisite for admission to a 300-level course. Students who place into 200-level courses in their first year may be eligible to participate in the A.B./M.A. program. Those interested should consult the department as soon as possible.
Courses for which a knowledge of Latin is not required are listed under Classical Culture and Society.
LATN B001, B002 Elementary Latin
Basic grammar, composition and Latin readings, including classical prose and poetry. (Conybeare)
LATN B003 Intermediate Latin
Intensive review of grammar, reading in classical prose and poetry. For students who have had the equivalent of two years of high school Latin or are not adequately prepared to take LATN 101. This course meets three times a week with a required fourth hour to be arranged. (staff)
LATN B102 Latin Literature: Livy and Horace
Prerequisite: LATN 101 or placement by the department. (staff, Division III)
LATN B202 Advanced Latin Literature: The Silver Age
Readings from major authors of the first and second centuries C.E. (Conybeare, Division III)
LATN B203 Medieval Latin Literature
Selected works of Latin prose and poetry from the late Roman Empire through the Carolingian Renaissance. (staff, Division III) Not offered in 2006-07.
LATN B304 Cicero and Caesar
(Scott, Division III)
LATN B350 Topics in Latin Literature
Open only to advanced undergraduates, this course includes a weekly seminar and a translation session. Three-quarters of the reading will be from primary sources. Prerequisite: a 200-level Latin course. (staff, Division III)
LATN H398 Senior Seminar
LATN B399 Senior Conference
LATN B403 Supervised Work
The major in classical languages is designed for the student who wishes to divide her time between the two languages and literatures.
In addition to the Senior Conference in classical culture and society, the requirements for the major are eight courses in Greek and Latin, including at least two at the 200 level in one language and two at the 300 level in the other, the two-semester senior seminar and conference, and two courses in ancient history and/or classical archaeology. There are two final examinations: sight translation from Greek to English, and sight translation from Latin to English.
Classical Culture and Society
The major provides a broad yet individually structured background for students whose interest in the ancient classical world is general and who wish to pursue more specialized work in one or more particular areas.
The requirements for the major, in addition to the Senior Conference, are 10 courses distributed as follows:
- two courses in either Latin or Greek beyond the elementary level
- two courses in Greek and/or Roman history
- three courses, at least two of which are at the 200 level or higher, in one of the following concentrations - archaeology and art history, philosophy and religion, literature and the classical tradition, or history and society
- three electives, at least one of which is at the 200 level or higher, drawn from any course listed in or cross-listed with classical culture and society
- Senior Seminar and Conference (CSTS 398-399).
For the minor, six courses drawn from the range of courses counted toward the major are required. Of these, two must be in Greek or Latin at the 100 level and at least one must be in classical culture and society at the 200 level.
CSTS B110 The World Through Classical Eyes
A survey of the ways in which the ancient Greeks and Romans perceived and constructed their physical and social world. The evidence of ancient texts and monuments will form the basis for exploring such subjects as cosmology, geography, travel and commerce, ancient ethnography and anthropology, the idea of natural and artificial wonders, and the self-definition of the classical cultures in the context of the oikoumene , the "inhabited world." (Donohue, Division III)
CSTS B150 Scapegoats, Outlaws and Sinners in Fifth-Century Athens
A study of marginal figures in Athenian literature, religion and politics, emphasizing the context, causes and effects of the profanation of the Eleusinian mysteries in 415 B.C.E. and the trials for impiety of Androcles and Socrates in 400 and 399 B.C.E., and including a survey of the dramatic literature of the period. Topics include the "holy man," once polluted, now powerful; impiety trials; ostracism; beggars and exiles; pollution; sycophants and the court system. Authors include Andocides, Aristophanes, Euripides, Lysias, Sophocles, Thucydides and Xenophon. (Hamilton, Division III) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B191 The World of the Greek Heroes: Icon and Narrative
An introduction to Greek mythology comparing the literary and visual representations of the major gods and heroes in terms of content, context, function and syntax. (Hamilton, Division III) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B193 The Routes of Comedy
A broad survey, ranging from the pre-history of comedy in such phenomena as monkey laughs and ritual abuse to the ancient comedies of Greece and Rome and their modern descendants, from the Marx Brothers and Monty Python to the Honeymooners and Seinfeld. (Hamilton, Division III) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B205 Greek History
A study of Greece down to the end of the Peloponnesian War (404 B.C.E.), with a focus on constitutional changes from monarchy through aristocracy and tyranny to democracy in various parts of the Greek world. Emphasis on learning to interpret ancient sources, including historians (especially Herodotus and Thucydides), inscriptions, and archaeological and numismatic materials. Particular attention is paid to Greek contacts with the Near East ; constitutional developments in various Greek-speaking states; Athenian and Spartan foreign policies; and the "unwritten history" of nonelites. ( Edmonds , Division III; cross-listed as HIST B205) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B206 Society, Medicine and Law in Ancient Greece
An introduction to the social context of Greek history in the Classical and Hellenistic periods. Topics include the Greek household, occupations, slavery, literacy and education, sexuality, ancient medical practices, and the working of law in the polis . Ancient sources are emphasized, including orators, technical writers, inscriptions and papyri. (Chiekova, Division III; cross-listed as HIST B206) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B207 Early Rome and the Roman Republic
The history of Rome from its origins to the end of the Republic with special emphasis on the rise of Rome in Italy , the Hellenistic world and the evolution of the Roman state. Ancient sources, literary and archaeological, are emphasized. (Scott, Division III; cross-listed as HIST B207)
CSTS B208 The Roman Empire
Imperial history from the principate of Augustus to the House of Constantine with focus on the evolution of Roman culture as presented in the surviving ancient evidence, both literary and archaeological. (Scott, Division I or III; cross-listed as HIST B208) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B209 Eros in Ancient Greek Culture
This course explores the ancient Greek's ideas of love, from the interpersonal loves between people of the same of different genders to the cosmogonic Eros that creates and holds together the entire world. The course examines how the idea of eros is expressed in poetry, philosophy, history and the romances. (Edmonds, Division III) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B211 Masks, Madness and Mysteries in Greek Religion
A review of ancient evidence, both literary and archaeological, pertaining to the cults of Demeter and Dionysus practiced in ancient Greece, followed by an examination of various modern theories that have been proposed to illuminate the significance of the rites. (Hamilton, Division III) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B212 Ancient Magic
Bindings and curses, love charms and healing potions, amulets and talismans - from the simple spells designed to meet the needs of the poor and desperate to the complex theurgies of the philosophers, the people of the Greco-Roman world made use of magic to try to influence the world around them. This course will examine the magicians of the ancient world and the techniques and devices they used. We shall consider ancient tablets and spell books as well as literary descriptions of magic in the light of theories relating to the religious, political and social contexts in which magic was used. (Edmonds, Division III)
CSTS B220 Writing the Self
What leads people to write about their lives? Do women and men present themselves differently? Do they think different issues are important? How do they claim authority for their thoughts and experiences? Readings will include Abelard and Heloise's Letters, Augustine's Confessions, Guibert de Nogent's A Monk's Confession, Patrick's Confession, Perpetua's Passion, Radegund's Fall of Thuringia, and a collection, Medieval Writings on Female Spirituality. (Conybeare, Division III; cross-listed as COML B220)
CSTS B236 The Ancient Novel
A survey of the Greek and Roman prose fiction commonly referred to as the ancient novel. Reading these works in translation we will examine issues surrounding the rise of the genre and its cultural context, compare methods of characterization and narrative structure, investigate the relationship between historicity and fictionality, and consider connections between the ancient novel and its successors. Authors include: Apuleius, Chariton , Heliodorus, Longus, Petronius and Achilles Tatius. (staff, Division III; cross-listed as COML B236) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B239 Dawn of the Middle Ages
(Bjornlie, Division I or III; cross-listed as HIST B239)
CSTS B275 Interpreting Mythology
Greek myths have provoked outrage and fascination, interpretation and retelling, censorship and elaboration. They have been read and understood, recounted and revised, in various cultures and eras, from ancient tellings to modern movies. Explores interpretive theories of understanding, from ancient allegory to modern structural and semiotic theories to gain more profound understanding of the meaning of myths and their cultural context. Provides familiarity with the range of interpretations and strategies of understanding that people of various cultures and times have applied to Greek myths. (Edmonds, Division III; cross-listed as COML B275) Not offered in 2006-07.
CSTS B369 Topics in Medieval History :The History and Archaeology of Decline and Fall - Putting the 'Dark Ages' in Perspective
(Bjornlie, Division I or III; cross-listed as ARCH B369 and HIST B369)
CSTS B375 Interpreting Mythology
Greek myths have provoked outrage and fascination, interpretation and retelling, censorship and elaboration. They have been read and understood, recounted and revised, in various cultures and eras, from ancient tellings to modern movies. Explores interpretive theories of understanding, from ancient allegory to modern structural and semiotic theories to gain more profound understanding of the meaning of myths and their cultural context. Provides familiarity with the range of interpretations and strategies of understanding that people of various cultures and times have applied to Greek myths. Prerequisite: previous work in mythology. (Edmonds)
CSTS H398 Senior Seminar
CSTS B399 Senior Conference
CSTS B403 Supervised Work