Students may complete a major or minor in Growth and Structure of Cities. Within the major, students may complete a concentration in Environmental Studies, Hispanic and Hispanic American Studies, and Latin American and Iberian studies (Haverford). Students may enter the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in cooperation with the University of Pennsylvania.
Juan Manuel Arbona, Associate Professor (on leave semester II)
Jeffrey A. Cohen, Senior Lecturer (on leave semester I)
Carola Hein, Associate Professor
Gary W. McDonogh, Professor and Director
Sam Olshin, Studio Critic
Ingrid Steffensen, Lecturer
Ellen Stroud, Assistant Professor
Daniela Holt Voith, Senior Lecturer
The interdisciplinary Growth and Structure of Cities major challenges students to understand the dynamic relationships connecting urban spatial organization and the built environment with politics, economics, cultures and societies. Core introductory classes present analytic approaches that explore changing forms of the city over time and analyze the variety of ways through which women and men have re-created urban life through time and across cultures. With these foundations, students pursue their interests through classes in architecture, urban social and economic relations, urban history, studies of planning and the environmental conditions of urban life. Opportunities for internships, volunteering, and study abroad also enrich the major. Advanced seminars further ground the course of study by focusing on specific cities and topics.
A minimum of 15 courses (11 courses in Cities and four allied courses) is required to complete the major. Two introductory courses (185, 190) balance sociocultural and formal approaches to urban form and the built environment, and introduce cross-cultural and historical comparison of urban development. The introductory sequence should be completed with a broader architectural survey course (253, 254, 255) and an intensive writing course (229 or substitute). These courses should be completed as early as possible in the first and second years; at least two of them must be taken by the end of the first semester of the sophomore year.
In addition to these introductory courses, each student selects six elective courses within the Cities Program, including cross-listed courses. At least two must be at the 300 level. In the senior year, a third advanced course is required. Most students join together in a research seminar, 398. Occasionally, however, after consultation with the major advisers, the student may elect another 300-level course or a program for independent research. This is often the case with double majors.
Each student must also identify four courses that represent additional expertise to complement her work in the major. These may include courses such as physics and calculus for architects, or special skills in design, language, or regional interests. Any minor, concentration, or second major also fulfills this requirement. Cities courses that are cross-listed with other departments or originate in them can be counted only once in the course selection, although they may be either allied or elective courses.
Both the Cities Program electives and the four or more allied courses must be chosen in close consultation with the major advisers in order to create a strongly coherent sequence and focus. This is especially true for students interested in architecture, who will need to arrange studio time (226, 228) as well as accompanying courses in math, science and architectural history; they should contact the program director or Daniela Voith in their first year. Likewise, students interested in pursuing a concentration in Environmental Studies should consult with Ellen Stroud early in their career, and those interested in pursuing themes in Iberian, Latin American, and Latino/a themes should consult with Gary McDonogh or Juan Arbona. All students will be asked to provide a statement of their interests and goals to enrich the advising process.
Finally, students should also note that many courses in the program are given on an alternate-year basis. Many carry prerequisites in art history, economics, history, sociology, or the natural sciences.
Programs for study abroad or off campus are encouraged, within the limits of the Bryn Mawr and Haverford rules and practices. In general, a one-semester program is preferred. The Cities Program regularly works with off-campus and study-abroad programs that are strong in architectural history, planning, and design, as well as those that allow students to pursue social and cultural interests. Students who would like to spend part or all of their junior year away must consult with the major advisers and appropriate deans early in their sophomore year.
Cities majors have created major plans that have allowed them to coordinate their interests in cities with architecture, planning, ethnography, history, law, environmental studies, mass media, social justice, medicine, public health, the fine arts, and other fields. No matter the focus, though, each cities major must develop a solid foundation in both the history of architecture and urban form and the analysis of urban culture and experience. Careful methodological choices, clear analytical writing, and critical visual analysis are primary emphases of the major. Strong interaction with faculty and other students are an important and productive part of the Cities Program, which helps us all take advantage of the major’s flexibility in an organized and rigorous way.
Students who wish to minor in the Cities Program must take at least two out of the four required courses and four cities electives, including two at the 300 level. Senior Seminar is not mandatory for fulfilling the cities minor.
3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning
Over the past two decades, many Cities majors have entered the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in conjunction with the University of Pennsylvania. Students interested in this program should meet with Carola Hein early in their sophomore year (see page 37).
(Barber, Riihimaki, Hoyle, Division IIL; cross-listed as GEOL B103)
(Magee, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B104) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Donohue, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B115, CSTS B115 and HART B115) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Karen, Division I and Quantitative Skills; cross-listed as SOCL B121) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Donohue, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B160 and CSTS B160)
Introduces the ideas, themes, and methodologies of the interdisciplinary field of environmental studies, beginning with definitions: what is nature? what is environment? and how do people and their settlements fit into each? Then moves to distinct disciplinary approaches in which scholarship can and does (and does not) inform others. Assignments introduce methodologies of environmental studies, requiring reading landscapes, working with census data and government reports, critically interpreting scientific data, and analyzing work of experts. (Stroud, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B175)
Examines techniques and questions of the social sciences as tools for studying historical and contemporary cities. Topics include political-economic organization, conflict and social differentiation (class, ethnicity and gender), and cultural production and representation. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are explored. Philadelphia features prominently in discussion, reading and exploration. (Arbona, McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B185)
This course studies the city as a three-dimensional artifact. A variety of factors—geography, economic and population structure, politics, planning, and aesthetics—are considered as determinants of urban form. (Hein, Division I or III; cross-listed as ANTH B190 and HART B190)
(Wright, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B203) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Karen, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B205) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Vartanian, Ross, Quantitative Skills; cross-listed as ECON B203) Not offered in 2008-09.
An exploration of the architecture and evolution of the Philadelphia area over three centuries. A local focus will allow both first-hand experience of buildings and reference to period archival evidence as a basis for constructing a nuanced understanding of the subject. (Cohen, Division I or III) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Weil, Division II and Quantitative Skills; cross-listed as GEOL B209) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Alger, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B213)
(Stahnke, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B214)
This course engages quantitative, qualitative, and spatial techniques in the investigation and analysis of urban issues. While the emphasis is on designing research strategies in the context of public policy, students interested in other areas should also consider this course. This course is designed to help students prepare for their senior thesis. Form and topic will vary. (Arbona, Division I or III) Not offered in 2008-09.
This course introduces students to contemporary issues related to the urban built environment in Africa, Asia and Latin America (collectively referred to as the Third World or developing countries) and the implications of recent political and economic changes. (staff, Division I)
(Redenius, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B221) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Hager, Division I; cross-listed as POLS B222) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Rock, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B225)
This studio design course introduces the principles of architectural design. Prerequisites: drawing, some history of architecture, and permission of instructor. (Olshin, Voith, Division III)
This course examines oil’s global impact on the built environment, following the trail of petroleum around the world. It uses the global architecture of oil—of its extraction, administration, and resale—to examine the impact of international economic networks on architecture and urban form since the mid-19th century. (Hein, Division I; cross-listed as HART B227)
A continuation of CITY 226 at a more advanced level. Prerequisites: CITY 226 or other comparable design work and permission of instructor. (Olshin, Voith, Division III)
This research/writing seminar engages a theme of global urban importance through comparative case studies while developing skills in research, analysis of texts and visual materials and writing skills. In 2009, we explore developments beyond the city worldwide: suburbs, shantytowns, gated communities and global sprawl, contrasting American forms, myths and experiences with related and alternative developments in Hong Kong and China, Paris and its banlieues, and Buenos Aires. (McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed ANTH B229, EAST B229, and HART B229)
A theoretical and empirical analysis in a historical setting of the factors that have shaped the urban development of Latin America, with emphasis on the relationship between political and social change and economic growth. (Arbona, Division I; cross-listed as HART B232) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Rock, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B234) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Ngalamulume, Roberts, Division I; cross-listed as HIST B237) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Ceglowski, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B236) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B242 and SOCL B242) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Ataç, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B244, HIST B244 and POLS B244) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Kenosian, Division I or III; cross-listed as GERM B223 and HIST B247) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Harrold, Division I; cross-listed as HEBR B248 and POLS B248)
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B249 and SOCL B249)
(Cast, Division III; cross-listed as HART B253 and HIST B253) Not offered in 2008-09.
A survey of the development of modern architecture since the 18th century, the course concentrates on the period since 1890. (Hein, Division III; cross-listed as HART B254)
An examination of landmarks, patterns, landscapes, designers, and motives in the creation of the American built environment over four centuries. The course will address the master narrative of the traditional survey course, while also probing the relation of this canon to the wider realms of building in the United States. (Cohen, Division III; cross-listed as HART B255)
(staff, Division III; cross-listed as FREN B258)
(Scott, Wright, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B255, CSTS B255 and HIST B285) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Cohen, Division I; cross-listed as EDUC B266 and SOCL B266)
(Shore, Division I or III; cross-listed as HIST B267) Not offered in 2008-09.
(staff; cross-listed as ARCH B268 and HART B268) Not offered in 2008-09.
The built environment in Japan does not resemble its American or European counterparts, leading visitors to characterize it as visually chaotic even as recent observers praise its lively traditional neighborhoods. This course explores characteristics of Japanese cities, their history and presence, and examines the particular cultural, political, economic, and social contexts of urban form in Japan. (Hein, Division III; cross-listed as EAST B270 and HART B270) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Schwartz, Division III; cross-listed as HART B271) Not offered in 2008-09.
(staff, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B272) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Lin, Division I; cross-listed as EAST B272 and HART B272) Not offered in 2008-09.
Explores major themes of American environmental history, examining changes in the American landscape, development of ideas about nature and the history of environmental activism. Explores definitions of nature, environment, and environmental history while investigating interactions between Americans and their physical worlds. (Stroud, Division I; cross-listed as HIST B278)
(Kale, Division I or III; cross-listed as HIST B286 and POLS B286) Not offered in 2008-09.
A seminar examining texts, figures, and trends in American architecture in a formative period while looking beyond architecture at the City Beautiful Movement, mural arts and other aesthetic trends. (Steffensen).
(Shore; cross-listed as HIST B303) Not offered in 2008-09.
(staff; cross-listed as ARCH B305) Not offered in 2008-09.
A workshop for research into the histories of places, intended to bring students into contact with some of the raw materials of architectural and urban history. A focus will be placed on historical images and texts, and on creating engaging informational experiences that are transparent to their evidentiary basis. (Cohen, Division I or III)
(Schwartz, Division III; cross-listed as HART B308)
(Easton, Division III; cross-listed as HART B311)
(staff, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B314)
(Meyer, Division III; cross-listed as COML B321 and GERM B321)
(Hager; cross-listed as POLS B321) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Cast, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Reese, Huber; cross-listed as ARCH B328, BIOL B328 and GEOL B328)
(Osirim; cross-listed as SOCL B330) Not offered in 2008-09.
Examines urban culture as a ground for conflict, domination, and resistance. We will work with both theoretical and applied analysis of production, texts, readings, and social action within a political/economic framework. Topics include imagery, ownership, boundaries, creation of audience and public spheres, and reinterpretation. We will also consider the implications of critical cultural policy for contemporary cities. Materials are drawn from U.S. and global media, from comics to the Internet, with special emphasis on film, news, and television. (McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B335) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Rock, Division I; cross-listed as EAST B335 and ECON B335) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Osirim, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B338) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Golden; cross-listed as POLS B339) Not offered in 2008-09.
This year’s seminar we will examine changing urban environments, environmental influences on cities, the environmental impact of urban places, and the concerns and influence of urban environmental activists in the United States. We will be questioning the anti-urban bias of much environmental history, and interrogating definitions of “nature” and “culture” that place people and their habitats outside of the “natural” world. (Stroud, Division I)
(Ross; cross-listed as POLS B348) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Cast, Division I or III; cross-listed as HART B355) Not offered in 2008-09.
Social movements have been described as the new force challenging the process of globalization and demanding social justice. This course sets out to explore the conceptual underpinnings of social movements and examine specific cases in urban Latin America—the roofless movement in Sáo Paolo, women’s movement in Lima, youth movement in San Salvador, and queer movement in Santiago. While these movements are not exclusive to these cities or to specific countries, they provide insights on the specific situations that articulated their formation as well as the strategies and outlooks that shape them. (Arbona, Division I or III; cross-listed as ANTH B359 and HART B359)
Critical reflections on the technologies and methods through which we know the city and envision alternatives, stressing ethnographic work as well as theoretical discussions of place, power, and change. Topics include construction and reproduction of social models, urban infrastructure, modes of representation, and patterns of control. (McDonogh, Division I)
(Bjornlie; cross-listed as CSTS B368 and HIST B368) Not offered in 2008-09.
Natural and manmade catastrophes have shaped the city over centuries. As wars and catastrophes continue to ravage cities, this course will explore various historic cases of destruction and rebuilding around the world, analyze reconstruction in regard to local conditions and trauma, and investigate continuities and changes. (Hein, Division III; cross-listed as HART B377)
An exploration of the architecture, planning, and visual rhetoric of American collegiate campuses from their early history to the present. Historical consideration of architectural trends and projected imageries will be complemented by student exercises involving documentary research on design genesis, typological contexts, and critical reception. (Cohen, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
(Oze, Stroud; cross-listed as ANTH B397, BIOL B397 and GEOL B397)
An intensive research seminar designed to guide students in writing a senior thesis. (Arbona, Hein, McDonogh, Stroud)
Students can write a senior thesis written as an independent study in the spring under extraordinary circumstances and with special permission. (staff)
This opportunity is available only by invitation. (staff)
Individual opportunities to engage in praxis in the greater Philadelphia area; internships must be arranged prior to registration for the semester in which the internship is taken. Enrollment is limited to five students a semester. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. (staff)