Students may complete a major or minor in French and Francophone Studies. Within the major, student may complete the requirements for secondary education certification. Students may complete an M.A. in the combined A.B./M.A. program.
Bryn Mawr College:
Grace M. Armstrong, Professor of French, Major Adviser, and Acting Chair
Benjamin Cherel, Lecturer
Florence Echtman, Instructor
Mélanie Giraud, Instructor
Pim Higginson, Associate Professor (on leave semester I)
Brigitte Mahuzier, Associate Professor, Director of the Avignon Institute
Agnès Peysson-Zeiss, Lecturer
Koffi Anyinéfa, Professor
Florence Echtman, Instructor
Duane Kight, Assistant Professor
David L. Sedley, Associate Professor and Chair
The Departments of French at Bryn Mawr and Haverford Colleges offer a variety of courses and two options for the major. The purpose of the major in French is to lay the foundation for an understanding and appreciation of French and Francophone culture through its literature and language, the history of its arts, its thought and its institutions. Course offerings are intended to serve both those students with particular interest in French and Francophone literature, literary theory and criticism (Literary option), as well as those with particular interest in French and French-speaking countries from an interdisciplinary perspective (Interdisciplinary Studies in French). A thorough knowledge of French is a common goal for both options, and texts and discussion in French are central to the program.
In the 100-level courses, students are introduced to the study of French and Francophone literatures and cultures, and special attention is given to the speaking and writing of French. Courses at the 200 level treat French literature and civilisation from the beginning to the present day. Two 200-level courses are devoted to advanced language training and one to the study of theory. Advanced (300-level) courses offer detailed study either of individual authors, genres and movements or of particular periods, themes and problems in French and Francophone culture. In both options, students are admitted to advanced courses after satisfactory completion of two semesters of 200-level courses in French.
All students who wish to pursue their study of French must take a departmental placement examination prior to arriving at Bryn Mawr; unless they have IB or Advanced Placement credit, they must also present the SAT II French score or take the Placement exam upon their arrival. Those students who begin French have two options: intensive study of the language in the intensive sequence (001-002 Intensive Elementary; 005 Intensive Intermediate and 102 Introduction à l’analyse littéraire et culturelle II or 005 and 105 Directions de la France contemporaine), or non-intensive study of the language in the non-intensive sequence (001-002 Elementary; 003-004 Intermediate; 101-102 or 101-105). Although it is possible to major in French using either of the two sequences, students who are considering doing so and have been placed at the 001 level are encouraged to take the intensive option.
The Department of French and Francophone Studies also cooperates with the Departments of Italian and Spanish in the Romance Languages major (see page 288).
College Foreign Language Requirement
The College’s foreign language requirement may be satisfied by completing FREN 001-002 Intensive and 005 Intensive with a grade of 2.0, or by completing FREN 003 and 004 (non-intensive) with an average grade of at least 2.0 or with a grade of 2.0 or better in FREN 004.
Requirements in the major subject are:
1. French and Francophone Literature: FREN 005-102 or 005-105 or 101-102 or 101-105; the 200-level language course; FREN 213 Qu’est-ce que la théorie; three semesters of 200-level literature courses, two semesters of 300-level literature courses, and the year-long Senior Experience, which consists of Senior Conference in the Fall semester and either a Senior Thesis or a third 300-level course culminating in the Senior Essay during the Spring semester. In either case, the work of the Spring semester is capped by an oral defense.
2. Interdisciplinary Studies in French: FREN 005-102 or 005-105 or 101-102 or 101-105; the 200-level language course; two 200-level courses within the department: e.g., FREN 291 or 299; two 200-level courses to be chosen by the student outside the French departments (at BMC/HC or JYA) which contribute coherently to her independent program of study; FREN 326 Etudes avancées de civilisation plus two 300-level courses outside the departments; thesis of one semester in French or English. Students interested in this option must present the rationale and the projected content of their program for departmental approval during their sophomore year; they should have excellent records in French and the other subjects involved in their proposed program.
3. Both concentrations: all French majors are expected to have acquired fluency in the French language, both written and oral. Unless specifically exempted by the department, they are required to take the 200-level language course. Students may wish to continue from this course to hone their skills further in courses on stylistics and translation offered at Bryn Mawr College or abroad. Students placed at the 200 level by departmental examinations are exempted from the 100-level requirements. Occasionally, students may be admitted to seminars in the graduate school.
Undergraduates who have excelled in French by maintaining a minimum grade of 3.7 may, if their proposal is accepted by the department, write a thesis during the second semester of their senior year. However, the acceptance of the proposal and the subsequent writing of such a thesis do not guarantee the award. Departmental honors may also be awarded for excellence in Senior Experience capped by the oral examination at the end of the senior year.
Requirements for a French minor are FREN 005-102 or 005-105, or 101-102 or 101-105; the 200-level language course; and four 200-level or 300-level courses. At least one course must be at the 300 level.
The Department of French and Francophone Studies offers a certification program in secondary teacher education. For more information, see the description of the Education Program on page 135.
Particularly well-qualified students may undertake work toward the joint A.B./M.A. degree in French. Such a program may be completed in four or five years and is undertaken with the approval of the department, the Special Cases Committee and the Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (see page 36).
Students majoring in French may, by a joint recommendation of the deans of the Colleges and the Departments of French, be allowed to spend their junior year or a semester thereof in France or Francophone countries under one of the junior-year plans approved by Bryn Mawr.
Students wishing to enroll in a summer program may apply for admission to the Institut d’Etudes Françaises d’Avignon, held under the auspices of Bryn Mawr. The institut is designed for selected undergraduates with a serious interest in French and Francophone literatures and cultures, most particularly for those who anticipate professional careers requiring knowledge of the language and civilization of France and French-speaking countries. The curriculum includes general and advanced courses in French language, literature, social sciences, history, art and economics (including the possibility of internships in Avignon). The program is open to students of high academic achievement who have completed a course in French at the third-year level or the equivalent.
The speaking and understanding of French are emphasized particularly during the first semester, and written competence is stressed as well in semester II. The work includes regular use of the Language Learning Center and is supplemented by intensive oral practice sessions. The course meets in intensive (nine hours a week) and nonintensive (five hours a week) sections. This is a year-long course. (Cherel, Giraud, Peysson-Zeiss)
The emphasis on speaking, understanding, and writing French is continued; texts from French literature and cultural media are read; and short papers are written in French. Students use the Language Learning Center regularly and attend supplementary oral practice sessions. The course meets in nonintensive (three hours a week) sections that are supplemented by an extra hour per week with an assistant. This is a year-long course; both semesters are required for credit. (Cherel, Giraud, Echtman)
The emphasis on speaking and understanding French is continued; literary and cultural texts are read and increasingly longer papers are written in French. In addition to three class meetings a week, students develop their skills in group sessions with the professors and in oral practice hours with assistants. Students use the Language Learning Center regularly. This course prepares students to take 102 or 105 in semester II. Open only to graduates of Intensive Elementary French or to students placed by the department. Students who are not graduates of Intensive Elementary French must take either 102 or 105 to receive credit. (Armstrong, Peysson-Zeiss)
Presentation of essential problems in literary and cultural analysis by close reading of works selected from various periods and genres and by analysis of voice and image in French writing and film. Participation in discussion and practice in written and oral expression are emphasized, as are grammar review and laboratory exercises. (Giraud, Peysson-Zeiss, Division III)
Continued development of students’ expertise in literary and cultural analysis by emphasizing close reading as well as oral and written analyses of increasingly complex works chosen from various genres and periods of French and Francophone works in their written and visual modes. Readings include comic theater of the 17th or 18th centuries and build to increasingly complex nouvelles, poetry and novels of the 19th and 20th centuries. Participation in guided discussion and practice in oral/written expression continue to be emphasized, as is grammar review. Prerequisite: FREN 005 or 101. (Armstrong, Division III)
An examination of contemporary society in France and Francophone cultures as portrayed in recent documents and film. Emphasizing the tension in contemporary French-speaking societies between tradition and change, the course focuses on subjects such as family structures and the changing role of women, cultural and linguistic identity, an increasingly multiracial society, the individual and institutions (religious, political, educational), and les loisirs. In addition to the basic text and review of grammar, readings are chosen from newspapers, contemporary literary texts and magazines, complemented by video materials. Prerequisite: FREN 005 or 101. (Cherel, Division III)
Using literary texts, historical documents and letters as a mirror of the social classes that they address, this interdisciplinary course studies the principal preoccupations of secular and religious women and men in France from the Carolingian period through 1500. Selected works from epic, lai, roman courtois, fabliau, theater, letters, and contemporary biography are read in modern French translation. (Armstrong, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
From Chateaubriand and Romanticism to Baudelaire, a study of selected poems, novels and plays. (Mahuzier, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
A study of selected works by Claudel, Gide, Proust, Rimbaud, Valéry, Verlaine, and Zola. (Mahuzier, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
A study of selected works illustrating the principal literary movements from 1930 to the present. (Higginson, Division III)
This course provides exposure to influential 20th-century French theorists while bringing these thinkers to bear on appropriate literary texts. It hones students’ critical skills while expanding their knowledge of French intellectual history. The explicitly critical aspect of the course will also serve students throughout their coursework, regardless of field. This course is required for the literary option of the French major. (Mahuzier, Division III; cross-listed as COML B213)
This course proposes to examine different genres of French novels and their cinematographic adaptations. Its purpose is to expose students to different types of narratives, constructed through a wide range of literary and cinematographic techniques. (staff, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
A study of women and gender in France from the Revolution to the present. The course will pay particular attention to the role of women in the French Revolution (declarations, manifestos, women’s clubs, salons, etc.) and in the post-revolutionary era, as well as to the more contemporary feminist manifestations in France since Simone de Beauvoir’s Deuxième Sexe and the flow of feminist texts produced in the wake of May ’68. (Mahuzier, Division III)
A study that opposes the discourse of exclusion, xenophobia, racism and the existence of a mythical, unique French identity by examining 20th-century French people and culture in their richness and variety, based on factors such as gender, class, region, colonization and decolonization, immigration and ethnic background. Films and texts by Begag, Beauvoir, Cardinal, Carles, Duras, Ernaux, Jakez Helias, Modiano, and Zobel (Cherel, Division III; cross-listed as CITY B251)
The cityscape is a dominant figure in the 19th and 20th century, at a time where the notion of “writing the city” really develops, influencing and even structuring beliefs. Urban theory and cultural criticism will supplement literary analysis as we consider how novelists Mercier, Rétif de la Bretonne, Balzac, Hugo, and Zola, and poets Baudelaire and Rimbaud have sought to make visible, through novelistic and lyric voices, the evolution of the perception of the city as architectural, social, and political body since the end of the 18th century. (Giraud, Division III; cross-listed as CITY B258)
Intensive practice in speaking and writing. Conversation, discussion, advanced training in grammar and stylistics, translation of literary and nonliterary texts, and original composition. (Cherel, Peysson-Zeiss)
Intensive oral practice intended to bring non-native French speakers to the highest level of proficiency through the development of debating and discussion skills. (staff) Not offered in 2008-09.
This study of selected women authors from the French Middle Ages, Renaissance and Classical periods—among them, Marie de France, the trobairitz, Christine de Pisan, Louise Labé, Marguerite de Navarre, and Madame de Lafayette—examines the way in which they appropriate and transform the male writing tradition and define themselves as self-conscious artists within or outside it. Particular attention will be paid to identifying recurring concerns and structures in their works, and to assessing their importance to female writing: among them, the poetics of silence, reproduction as a metaphor for artistic creation, and sociopolitical engagement. (Armstrong, Division III; cross-listed as COML B302)
A close study of works representative of the 18th-century French novel, with special attention to the memoir novel (Marivaux and Prévost), the philosophical novel (Diderot and Voltaire), and the epistolary novel. (staff, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
An in-depth study of a particular topic, event or historical figure in French civilisation. The seminar topic rotates among many subjects: La Révolution française: histoire, littérature et culture; L’Environnement naturel dans la culture française; Mal et valeurs éthiques; Le Cinéma et la politique, 1940-1968; Le Nationalisme en France et dans les pays francophones; Etude socio-culturelle des arts du manger en France du Moyen Age à nos jours. (Mahuzier, Division III; cross-listed as COML B326)
A study of selected 19th- and 20th-century works inspired by medieval subjects, such as the Grail and Arthurian legends and the Tristan and Yseut stories, and by medieval genres, such as the roman, saints’ lives, or the miracle play. Included are works by Bonnefoy, Cocteau, Flaubert, Genevoix, Giono, Gracq, Hugo, and Yourcenar. (Armstrong, Division III; cross-listed as COML B350)
(Armstrong, Higginson, Division III) Not offered in 2008-09.
A weekly seminar examining two major French and Francophone literary texts and the interpretive problems they raise. A third theoretical text will encourage students to think beyond traditional literary categories to interrogate issues such as cultural memory, political engagement, gendered space, etc. This course prepares students for the second semester of their Senior Experience, during which students not writing a thesis are expected to choose a 300-level course and write a long research paper, the Senior Essay, that they will defend during an oral examination. Seniors writing a thesis in semester II will defend it during their final oral examination. (Sedley) Alternates between Bryn Mawr and Haverford. Offered at Haverford in 2008-09.
Haverford College currently offers the following courses in French and Francophone Studies:
FREN H001 Elementary French
FREN H002 Elementary French Non Intensive
FREN H003 Intermediate French Non Intensive
FREN H004 Intermediate French
FREN H005 Intensive Intermediate French
FREN H101 Introduction a l’analyse litteraire et culturelle I
FREN H102 Introduction a l’analyse litteraire et culturelle II
FREN H105 Directions de la France contemporaine
FREN H202 Crises et identites: La Renaissance
FREN H212 Grammaire avance: composition et conversation
FREN H312 La Revolution Haitienne: Histoire et Imaginaire
FREN H312 L’Art du ridicule de Rabelais a Voltaire
FREN H398 Senior Conference