Students may complete a major or minor in Growth and Structure of Cities. Within the major, students may complete a concentration in Environmental Studies, Latin American, Latino, and Iberian Peoples and Cultures, and Latin American and Iberian studies (Haverford). Students may enter the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in cooperation with the University of Pennsylvania.
Juan Manuel Arbona, Associate Professor and Chair (on leave semester II)
Jeffrey A. Cohen, Senior Lecturer
Allison Hayes-Conroy, Instructor
Carola Hein, Associate Professor
Gary W. McDonogh, Professor
Sam Olshin, Instructor and Visiting Studio Critic
Ingrid Steffensen, Lecturer
Ellen Stroud, Associate Professor (on leave semesters I and II)
Daniela Holt Voith, Senior Lecturer (on leave semester I)
The interdisciplinary Growth and Structure of Cities major challenges students to understand the dynamic relationships connecting urban spatial organization and the built environment with politics, economics, cultures and societies worldwide. Core introductory classes present analytic approaches that explore changing forms of the city over time and analyze the variety of ways through which women and men have re-created global urban life through time and across cultures. With these foundations, students pursue their interests through classes in architecture, urban social and economic relations, urban history, studies of planning and the environmental conditions of urban life. Opportunities for internships, volunteering, and study abroad also enrich the major. Advanced seminars further ground the course of study by focusing on specific cities and topics.
A minimum of 15 courses (11 courses in Cities and four allied courses in other related fields) is required to complete the major. Two introductory courses (185, 190) balance sociocultural and formal approaches to urban form and the built environment, and introduce cross-cultural and historical comparison of urban development. The introductory sequence should be completed with a broader architectural survey course (253, 254, 255) and an intensive writing course (229 or substitute). These courses should be completed as early as possible in the first and second years; at least two of them must be taken by the end of the first semester of the sophomore year.
In addition to these introductory courses, each student selects six elective courses within the Cities Department, including cross-listed courses. At least two must be at the 300 level. In the senior year, a third advanced course is required. Most students join together in a research seminar, 398. Occasionally, however, after consultation with the major advisers, the student may elect another 300-level course or a program for independent research. This is often the case with double majors.
Each student must also identify four courses outside Cities that represent additional expertise to complement her work in the major. These may include courses such as physics and calculus for architects, or special skills in design, language, or regional interests. Any minor, concentration, or second major also fulfills this requirement. Cities courses that are cross-listed with other departments or originate in them can be counted only once in the course selection, although they may be either allied or elective courses.
Both the Cities Department electives and the four or more allied courses must be chosen in close consultation with the major advisers in order to create a strongly coherent sequence and focus. This is especially true for students interested in architecture, who will need to arrange studio time (226, 228) as well as accompanying courses in math, science and architectural history; they should contact the department director or Daniela Voith in their first year. Likewise, students interested in pursuing a concentration in Environmental Studies should consult with Ellen Stroud early in their career, and those interested in pursuing Iberian, Latin American, and Latino/a themes should consult with Gary McDonogh or Juan Arbona. All students will be asked to provide a statement of their interests and goals to enrich the advising process.
Finally, students should also note that many courses in the department are given on an alternate-year basis. Many carry prerequisites in art history, economics, history, sociology, or the natural sciences.
Programs for study abroad or off campus are encouraged, within the limits of the Bryn Mawr and Haverford rules and practices. In general, a one-semester program is preferred. The Cities Department regularly works with off-campus and study-abroad programs that are strong in architectural history, planning, and design, as well as those that allow students to pursue social and cultural interests. Students who would like to spend part or all of their junior year away must consult with the major advisers and appropriate deans early in their sophomore year.
Cities majors have created major plans that have allowed them to coordinate their interests in cities with architecture, planning, ethnography, history, law, environmental studies, mass media, social justice, medicine, public health, the fine arts, and other fields. No matter the focus, though, each Cities major must develop a solid foundation in both the history of architecture and urban form and the analysis of urban culture and experience. Careful methodological choices, clear analytical writing, and critical visual analysis are primary emphases of the major. Strong interaction with faculty and other students are an important and productive part of the Cities Department, which helps us all take advantage of the major’s flexibility in an organized and rigorous way.
Students who wish to minor in the Cities Department must take at least two out of the four required courses and four cities electives, including two at the 300 level. Senior Seminar is not mandatory for fulfilling the cities minor.
3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning
Over the past two decades, many Cities majors have entered the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in conjunction with the University of Pennsylvania. Students interested in this program should meet with Carola Hein early in their sophomore year.
(Elkins, Barber, Riihimaki, Division II with Lab; cross-listed as GEOL B103)
(Magee, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B104 and CITY B104)
(Donohue, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B115, CSTS B115, and HART B115) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Karen, Division I and Quantitative Skills; cross-listed as SOCL B121) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Ross, Division I or Quantitative Skills; cross-listed as ECON B136)
(Donohue, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B160 and CSTS B160) Not offered in 2009-10.
Introduces the ideas, themes, and methodologies of the interdisciplinary field of environmental studies, beginning with definitions: what is nature? what is environment? and how do people and their settlements fit into each? Then moves to distinct disciplinary approaches in which scholarship can and does (and does not) inform others. Assignments introduce methodologies of environmental studies, requiring reading landscapes, working with census data and government reports, critically interpreting scientific data, and analyzing work of experts. (Simpson, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B175)
Lecture and technical class that considers broad issues of global planning as well as the skills and strategies necessary to the field. This may also be linked to the study of specific issues of planning such as waterfront development or sustainability. (staff, Division I) Not offered in 2009-10.
Examines techniques and questions of the social sciences as tools for studying historical and contemporary cities. Topics include political-economic organization, conflict and social differentiation (class, ethnicity and gender), and cultural production and representation. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are explored. Philadelphia features prominently in discussion, reading and exploration. (Arbona, McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B185)
This course studies the city as a three-dimensional artifact. A variety of factors—geography, economic and population structure, politics, planning, and aesthetics—are considered as determinants of urban form. (Cohen, Hein, Division I or III; cross-listed as ANTH B190 and HART B190)
(Wright, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B203) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Stahnke, Quantitative Skills; cross-listed as ECON B203)
An intensive writing course for mid-level students that we explore how we understand and write about architecture and architectural history. In 2009-10, this course fulfills the writing requirement also met by CITY B229. (Cohen, Division I or III)
(Pashigian, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B210) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Weil, Division II and Quantitative Skills; cross-listed as GEOL B209) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Kinney, Division III; cross-listed as HART B212)
(Alger, Ross, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B213) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Stahnke, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B214)
This course engages quantitative, qualitative, and spatial techniques in the investigation and analysis of urban issues. While the emphasis is on designing research strategies in the context of public policy, students interested in other areas should also consider this course. This course is designed to help students prepare for their senior thesis. Form and topic will vary. (Hayes-Conroy, Division I or III)
This course introduces students to contemporary issues related to the urban built environment in Africa, Asia and Latin America (collectively referred to as the Third World or developing countries) and the implications of recent political and economic changes. (Hayes-Conroy, Division I)
(staff, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B221) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Hager, Division I; cross-listed as POLS B222) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Rock, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B225)
This studio design course introduces the principles of architectural design. Prerequisites: drawing, some history of architecture, and permission of instructor. (Olshin, Voith, Division III)
Taking European cities as an example, this course examines the distinct characters of both large and small cities. The course will try to pin down the architectural and urban particularities of these cites and to define their foundations in history, politics, economics, culture, urban planning and building laws. It will look particularly at the different histories of national intervention and local initiatives, as these gain new importance in regard to European unification. While this course concentrates on Europe, the analysis is a backdrop for the evaluation of American cities. (Hein Division I; cross-listed as HART B227)
A continuation of CITY 226 at a more advanced level. Prerequisites: CITY 226 or other comparable design work and permission of instructor. (Olshin, Voith, Division III)
This intensive writing seminar uses multiple cases around a shared theme in order to explore critical perspectives on research, interpretation and composition of a long paper through multiple stages. In 2010, the class will grapple with global issues of power and discrimination embedded in colonial cities, their forms, rights and cultures and the processes of decolonization and post-colonial reflection that challenge them. Materials will be drawn from French North Africa, Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta, Ireland and the Mexican-American border. Fulfills writing requirement for the major. (McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B229, EAST B229, HART B229, and SOCL B229)
(Rock, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B234) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Ngalamulume, Division I; cross-listed as HIST B237) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Ceglowski, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B236)
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B242 and ANTH B242) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Ataç, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B244, HIST B244, and POLS B244) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Harrold, Division I; cross-listed as POLS B248 and HEBR B248) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Takenaka, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B249 and SOCL B249) Not offered in 2009-10.
This course explores the recent history of U.S. cities as both physical spaces and social entities. How have the definitions, political roles, and social perceptions of U.S. cities changed since 1900? And how have those shifts, along with changes in transportation, communication, construction, and other technologies affected both the people and places that comprise U.S. cities? (Stroud, Division I) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Cherel, Division III; cross-listed as FREN B251) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Cast, Division III; cross-listed as HART B253 and HIST B253) Not offered in 2009-10.
A survey of the development of modern architecture since the 18th century, the course concentrates on the period since 1890. (Steffensen, Division III; cross-listed as HART B254)
An examination of landmarks, patterns, landscapes, designers, and motives in the creation of the American built environment over four centuries. The course will address the master narrative of the traditional survey course, while also probing the relation of this canon to the wider realms of building in the United States. (Steffensen, Cohen, Division III; cross-listed as HART B255) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Giraud, Anderson, Division III; cross-listed as FREN B258) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Scott, Wright, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B255, CSTS B255, and HIST B255) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Cohen, Division I; cross-listed as EDUC B266 and SOCL B266) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Shore, Division I or III; cross-listed as HIST B267)
(Webb; cross-listed as ARCH B268 and HART B268) Not offered in 2009-10.
The built environment in Japan does not resemble its American or European counterparts, leading visitors to characterize it as visually chaotic even as recent observers praise its lively traditional neighborhoods. This course explores characteristics of Japanese cities, their history and presence, and examines the particular cultural, political, economic, and social contexts of urban form in Japan. (Hein, Division III; cross-listed as EAST B270 and HART B270) Not offered in 2009-10.
(staff, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B272) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Lin, Division I; cross-listed as EAST B272 and HART B272) Not offered in 2009-10.
Explores major themes of American environmental history, examining changes in the American landscape, development of ideas about nature and the history of environmental activism. Explores definitions of nature, environment, and environmental history while investigating interactions between Americans and their physical worlds. (Stroud, Division I; cross-listed as HIST B278) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Kale, Division I or III; cross-listed as HIST B286 and POLS B286) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Seyhan, Division I or III; cross-listed as GERM B299 and COML B299) Not offered in 2009-10.
This course will examine the careers and influences of the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright and his European contemporary Le Corbusier. Not only will we recount their important buildings, but we will also examine their impact on such issues as the use of new materials and technology, city planning, and the development of urban and suburban housing types. As they are also two of the most prolific architect-writers of the modern period, we will also examine their role in shaping the written dialogue of modernism as well as the creation of the persona of the modern architect. (Steffensen)
(Shore; cross-listed as HIST B303) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Lindenlauf; cross-listed as ARCH B305)
A workshop for research into the histories of places, intended to bring students into contact with some of the raw materials of architectural and urban history. A focus will be placed on historical images and texts, and on creating engaging informational experiences that are transparent to their evidentiary basis. (Cohen) Not offered in 2009-10.
(staff, Division I; cross-listed as ECON B314) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Meyer, Kenosian, Division III; cross-listed as GERM B321, COML B321, and HART B348) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Kenosian, Division III; cross-listed as GERM B310) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Cast, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Reese, Huber; cross-listed as GEOL B328, ARCH B328, and BIOL B328)
(Osirim; cross-listed as SOCL B330) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Cast; cross-listed as HART B331) Not offered in 2009-10.
Examines urban culture as a ground for conflict, domination, and resistance. We will work with both theoretical and applied analysis of production, texts, readings, and social action within a political/economic framework. Topics include imagery, ownership, boundaries, creation of audience and public spheres, and reinterpretation. We will also consider the implications of critical cultural policy for contemporary cities. Materials are drawn from U.S. and global media, from comics to the Internet, with special emphasis on film, news, and television. (McDonogh, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B335) Not offered in 2009-10.
(Osirim, Division I; cross-listed as SOCL B338) Not offered in 2009-10.
This course is designed to introduce students to both classic and current research in feminist theory that is specifically relevant to study of the natural and built environments. We will encounter the theme of gender across various spaces, scales, and temporal frames. We will spend some time examining the gendered social construction of nature and the ways in which nature and gender continually (re)define each other. Students will come to understand the basics of feminist political ecology as well as current concerns of feminist scholarship in relation to animals, bodies, and health. (Hayes-Conroy, Division I)
(Ross; cross-listed as POLS B348)
(Cast, Division I or III; cross-listed as HART B355)
Food is the lifeblood of human settlement, the connector of cities and countryside, the embodiment of family and culture. Yet food is also a source of inequality, a site of scarcity and a cause of fear and ill health worldwide. This seminar gives students a basic foundation to understand and interpret urban food systems. The readings cover social, political, cultural and environmental approaches to urban food systems focusing on particular key topics such as local food, food access, food security, and critical analyses of public health and nutrition. (Hayes-Conroy, Division I or III; cross-listed as ANTH B359)
Critical reflections on the technologies and methods through which we know the city and envision alternatives, stressing ethnographic work as well as theoretical discussions of place, power, and change. Topics include construction and reproduction of social models, urban infrastructure, modes of representation, and patterns of control. (McDonogh, Division I) Not offered in 2009-10.
(staff; cross-listed as HIST B368 and CSTS B368) Not offered in 2009-10.
Advanced discussions of significant figures, places, and themes of architectural history. (staff) Not offered in 2009-10.
An exploration of the architecture, planning, and visual rhetoric of American collegiate campuses from their early history to the present. Historical consideration of architectural trends and projected imageries will be complemented by student exercises involving documentary research on design genesis, typological contexts, and critical reception. (Cohen, Division III)
(Oze, Stroud, Barber; cross-listed as GEOL B397, ANTH B397, and BIOL B397) Not offered in 2009-10.
An intensive research seminar designed to guide students in writing a senior thesis. (Arbona, Cohen, Hein, McDonogh)
This opportunity is available only by invitation. (staff)
Individual opportunities to engage in Praxis in the greater Philadelphia area; internships must be arranged prior to registration for the semester in which the internship is taken. Enrollment is limited to five students a semester. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. (staff)