2009-2010 Undergraduate Catalog


Students may complete a major or minor in History.


Jane Dammen McAuliffe, President of the College and Professor of History
Ignacio Gallup-Diaz, Associate Professor and Chair, semester II (on leave semester I)
Madhavi Kale, Professor
Kalala Ngalamulume, Associate Professor and Acting Chair, semester I (on leave semester II)
Elliott Shore, Professor
Jennifer Spohrer, Assistant Professor
Elly Truitt, Assistant Professor
Sharon R. Ullman, Professor (on leave semester I)
Veronica Martinez-Matsuda, Predoctoral Fellow in the Humanities

A primary aim of the Department of History is to deepen students’ sense of time as a factor in cultural diversity and change. Our program of study offers students the opportunity to experience the past through attention to long-range questions and comparative history.

The department’s 100-level courses, centered upon specific topics within the instructor’s field of expertise, introduce students to a wide array of subjects and themes, while at the same time exploring how historians devise narratives and provide analysis through the study of primary sources. In the 200-level courses, the department offers students the opportunity to pursue interests in specific cultures, regions, policies, or societies, and enables them to experience a broad array of approaches to history.

The department’s 300-level courses build on students’ knowledge gained in 200-level classes, and provide opportunities to explore topics at greater depth in a seminar setting.

Major Requirements

Eleven courses are required for the History major, and three—one 100-level course, Exploring History (HIST 395), and the Senior Thesis (HIST 398)—must be taken at Bryn Mawr. In Senior Thesis (HIST 398), the student selects a topic of her choice, researches it, and writes a thesis.

The remaining eight history courses may range across fields or concentrate within them, depending on how a major’s interests develop. Of these, at least two must be seminars at the 300 level offered by the Departments of History at Bryn Mawr, Haverford or Swarthmore Colleges or the University of Pennsylvania. (It is strongly recommended that at least one of these advanced courses be taken with Bryn Mawr history faculty, as it is with one of them that majors will work on their senior thesis.)

Only two 100-level courses may be counted toward the major. Credit toward the major is not given for either the Advanced Placement examination or the International Baccalaureate.


Majors with cumulative GPAs of at least 3.0 (general) and 3.5 (history) at the end of their senior year, and who achieve a grade of at least 3.7 on their senior thesis, qualify for departmental honors.

Minor Requirements

The requirement for the minor is six courses, at least four of which must be taken in the Bryn Mawr Department of History, and include one 100-level course, at least one 300-level course within the department, and two additional history courses within the department.

HIST B101 The Historical Imagination

Explores some of the ways people have thought about, represented, and used the past across time and space. Introduces students to modern historical practices and debates through examination and discussion of texts and archives that range from scholarly monographs and documents to monuments, oral traditions, and other media. (Kale, Gallup-Diaz, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B102 Introduction to African Civilizations

The course introduces students to African societies, cultures, and political economies in historical perspective, with emphasis on change and responses among African people living in Africa and outside. (Ngalamulume, Division I)

HIST B118 Comparative Media Revolutions

A comparison of technology and “media revolutions” and social change through exploring the historiography of the printing press, radio and the internet. What historical explanations are given for the development of these technologies? What kind of agency is ascribed to them? Are media inherently revolutionary, or can they be tools for stabilization and consolidation as well? (Spohrer, Division I or III)

HIST B125 The Discovery of Europe

This course is designed to introduce students to the discipline of history through a critical, historical examination of the idea of Europe. When and why have Europeans thought of themselves as such? How have the boundaries of Europe been drawn? Does Europe really exist? (Spohrer, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B127 Indigenous Leaders 1452-1750

Studies the experiences of indigenous men and women who exercised local authority in the systems established by European colonizers. In return for places in the colonial administrations, these leaders performed a range of tasks. At the same time they served as imperial officials, they exercised “traditional” forms of authority within their communities, often free of European presence. These figures provide a lens through which early modern colonialism is studied. (Gallup-Diaz, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B128 Crusade, Conversion and Conquest

This course explores the nature of Christian religious expansion and conflict in the medieval period. Based around primary sources with some background readings, topics include: early medieval Christianity and conversion; the Crusades and development of the doctrines of “just war” and “holy war”; the rise of military order such as the Templars and the Teutonic Kings; and later medieval attempts to convert and colonize Eastern Europe. (Truitt, Division I or III)

HIST B131 Chinese Civilization

(Jiang, Division I or III; cross-listed as EAST B131)

HIST B155 Islamic Civilization, A Literary Introduction

(Kim, Division III; cross-listed as GNST B155) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B156 The Long 1960s

The 1960s had a powerful effect on U.S. History. But what was it exactly? What do we mean when we say “The ’60s?” Focusing heavily on primary sources, this seminar looks at what “The ’60s” was (and wasn’t) and assesses its long term impact on America. (Ullman, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B200 The Atlantic World 1492-1800: Indians, Europeans, and Africans

The aim of this course is to provide an understanding of the way in which peoples, goods, and ideas from Africa, Europe, and the Americas came together to form an interconnected Atlantic World system. The course is designed to chart the manner in which an integrated system was created in the Americas in the early modern period, rather than to treat the history of the Atlantic World as nothing more than an expanded version of North American, Caribbean, or Latin American history. (Gallup-Diaz, Division I or III; cross-listed as ANTH B200) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B201 American History: Settlement to Civil War

This course begins at the moment when this part of the world was a colonial playground for various competing world powers. We will look at the relationship between those powers and the native populations, continue on to the development of the political entity known as the United States and conclude at the moment when that political unit collapses in 1860. (Ullman, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B202 American History: Civil War to Present

This semester begins at the collapse of the young United States in Civil War and the subsequent rebuilding of a new country. We will look at the developing industrial and international power that will emerge in the late 19th and 20th century. The course emphasizes social history as well as political developments, and looks at the powerful impact of race, class, and gender on the production of a distinctly “American” ideology. (Ullman, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B205 Greek History

(Edmonds, Welser, Division III; cross-listed as CSTS B205) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B206 Society, Medicine, and Law in Ancient Greece

(Gottesman, Division I or III; cross-listed as CSTS B206) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B207 Early Rome and the Early Republic

(Scott, Division III; cross-listed as CSTS B207) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B208 The Roman Empire

(Scott, Division I or III; cross-listed as CSTS B208) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B210 Topics in Chinese Culture and History

(Wooldridge, Division III; cross-listed as EAST B210) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B212 Pirates, Travelers, and Natural Historians: 1492-1750

In the early modern period, conquistadors, missionaries, travelers, pirates, and natural historians wrote interesting texts in which they tried to integrate the New World into their existing frameworks of knowledge. This intellectual endeavor was an adjunct to the physical conquest of American space, and provides a framework though which we will explore the processes of imperial competition, state formation, and indigenous and African resistance to colonialism. (Gallup-Diaz) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B219 The Other Side of Medieval Society

(staff, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B220 Topics in Modern Chinese Literature

(Lin, Division III; cross-listed as EAST B225 and HART B225) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B223 The Early Medieval World

The first of a two-course sequence introducing medieval European history. The chronological span of this course is from the early 4th century and the Christianization of the Roman Empire to the early 10th century and the disintegration of the Carolingian Empire. (Truitt, Division I or III; cross-listed as CSTS B223)

HIST B224 High Middle Ages

This course will cover the second half of the European Middle Ages, often called the High and Late Middle Ages, from roughly 1000-1400. The course has a general chronological framework, and is based on important themes of medieval history. These include feudalism and the feudal economy; the social transformation of the millennium; monastic reform; the rise of the papacy; trade, exchange, and exploration; urbanism and the growth of towns. (Truitt, Division I or III; cross-listed as CSTS B203)

HIST B225 Europe in the 19th Century: Industry, Empire, and Globalization

The 19th century was a period of intense change in Europe. Some of the questions this class considers are: the relationship between empire, plantation-style agriculture and industrialization; the development of transportations and communication networks; multinational companies, a mass press, film, and tourism as early markers of globalization. (Spohrer, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B226 Europe in the 20th Century

In 2000, the European Union adopted “United in Diversity” as its motto. In this course we will look at the social, demographic, material, economic, and political forces that united and divided Europe in the 20th century, such as war, migration, mass production, mass media, and decolonization. We will also look at the policies of unity, division, homogenization, and diversity that Europeans pursued in an attempt to manage these forces. (Spohrer, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B229 Europe 1914 to 1945

In the early 20th century, elite and middle-class Europeans felt their culture and way of life were threatened by a growing “massification” of society. Modern warfare and economic crises demanded the mobilization of entire societies, while mass production, marketing and consumption, mass media and expanding suffrage poised to undermine their society. This drive to develop political institutions, ideologies and strategies suited to a new mass age was informed by theories of psychology and mass society. (Spohrer, Division I or III)

HIST B230 Europe since 1945

What are the legacies of Europe’s troubled past? How do they affect Europe and Europeans today? This overview looks at the devastation and fragmentation of the post-war period; the social and political implication of the growth of the 1950’s and 1960’s; the stagnation, turmoil and uncertainty of the 1970’s and 1980’s; and the promised and tensions renewed by the integration movements since the 1990’s. (Spohrer, Division I or III)

HIST B231 Medicine, Magic and Miracles in the Middle Ages

An exploration of the history of health and disease, healing and medical practice in the medieval period, emphasizing Dar as-Islam and the Latin Christian West. Using methods from intellectual cultural and social history, themes include: theories of health and disease; varieties of medical practice; rationalities of various practices; views of the body and disease; medical practitioners. No previous course work in medieval history is required. (Truitt, Division I or III; cross-listed as ARCH B231 and CSTS B231)

HIST B236 African History: Africa Since 1800

The course analyzes the history of Africa in the last two hundred years in the context of global political economy. We will examine the major themes in modern African history, including the 19th-century state formation, expansion, or restructuration; partition and resistance; colonial rule; economic, social, political, religious, and cultural developments; nationalism; post-independence politics, economics, and society, as well as conflicts and the burden of disease. The course will also introduce students to the sources and methods of African history. (Ngalamulume, Division I) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B237 Themes in Modern African History: Urbanization in Africa

The course examines the cultural, environmental, economic, political, and social factors that contributed to the expansion and transformation of preindustrial cities, colonial cities, and cities today. We will examine various themes, such as the relationship between cities and societies; migration and social change; urban space, health problems, city life, and women. (Ngalamulume, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B237) Not offered in 2009-10..

HIST B240 Modern Middle East Cities

(Harrold, Division I; cross-listed as POLS B248, CITY B248, and HEBR B248) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B241 American Politics and Society: 1890-1945

While the 20th century has often been called the American Century (usually by Americans), this century can truthfully be looked to as the moment when American influence and power, for good and ill, came to be felt on a national and global scale. While much of this “bigfoot” quality is associated with the post-WWII period, one cannot understand the America of today—at the dawn of the 21st century—without looking at this earlier moment. This course looks closely at the political, social, and cultural developments that helped shape America in these pivotal years. (Ullman, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B242 American Politics and Society: 1940 to the Present

From a country devastated by economic crisis and wedded to isolationism prior to World War II, America became an unchallenged international powerhouse. Massive grass roots resistance forced the United States to abandon racial apartheid, open opportunities to women, and reinvent its very definition as it incorporated immigrants from around the globe. In the same period, American music and film broke free from their staid moorings and permanently altered global culture. We will explore the political, social, and cultural factors that created modern American history. (Ullman, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B243 Atlantic Cultures: Maroon Societies

The course explores the process of self-emancipation by slaves in the early modern Atlantic World. What was the nature of the communities that free blacks forged? What were their relationships to the empires from which they had freed themselves? How was race constructed in the early modern period? Did conceptions of race change over time? Through readings and discussion we will investigate the establishment of autonomous African settlements and cultures throughout the Americas, and examine the nature of local autonomy within a strife-torn world of contending empires and nation-states. (Gallup-Diaz, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B244 Great Empires of the Ancient Near East

(Ataç, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B244, CITY B244, and POLS B244) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B251 20th-Century U.S. Urban History

(Stroud, Division I or III; cross-listed as CITY B250) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B256 Christianity and Culture in the Middle Ages

Surveys the history of Christianity from its inception until the beginnings of European colonial expansion in the first half of the 16th century. We begin in the first century and trace the growth of Christianity as it spread throughout the Mediterranean basin, into Mesopotamia, Africa, Europe, and central Asia, and eventually to sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia, and the Americas. (staff, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B257 British Empire I: Capitalism and Slavery

Focusing on the Atlantic slave trade and the slave plantation mode of production, this course explores English colonization, and the emergence and the decline of British Empire in the Americas and Caribbean from the 17th through the late 20th centuries. It tracks some of the intersecting and overlapping routes—and roots—connecting histories and politics within and between these “new” world locations. It also tracks the further and proliferating links between developments in these regions and the histories and politics of regions in the “old” world, from the north Atlantic to the South China sea. (Kale, Division I or III; cross-listed as CITY B257) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B258 British Empire: Imagining Indias

This course considers ideas about and experiences of “modern” India, i.e., India during the colonial and post-Independence periods (roughly 1757-present). While “India” and “Indian history” along with “British empire” and “British history” will be the ostensible objects of our consideration and discussions, the course proposes that their imagination and meanings are continually mediated by a wide variety of institutions, agents, and analytical categories (nation, religion, class, race, gender, to name a few examples). The course uses primary sources, scholarly analyses, and cultural productions to explore the political economies of knowledge, representation, and power in the production of modernity. (Kale, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B260 Human Rights in China

(Jiang, Division I; cross-listed as EAST B264)

HIST B261 Palestine and Israeli Society

(Neuman, Division I; cross-listed as ANTH B261, GNST B261, and HEBR B261) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B263 Impact of Empire: Britain 1858-1960

Is empire (on the British variant of which, in its heyday, the sun reportedly never set) securely superseded (as some have confidently asserted) or does it endure and, if so, in what forms and domains? Focusing on the expanding British colonial empire from the 17th century on, this course considers its impact through the dynamics of specific commodities’ production, and consumption (sugar and tea, for example, but also labor and governance), their cultures (from plantations and factories to households to the state), and their disciplinary technologies (including domesticity, the nation, and discourses on history and modernity). (Kale, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B264 Passages from India: 1800-Present

This course explores the histories and effects of migration from the Indian subcontinent to far-flung destinations across the globe. It starts with the circular migrations of traders, merchants, and pilgrims in the medieval period from the Indian subcontinent to points east (in southeast Asia) and west (eastern Africa). However, the focus of the course is on modern migrations from the subcontinent, from the indentured labor migrations of the British colonial period (to Africa, the Caribbean, and the South Pacific) to the post-independence emigrations from the new nations of the subcontinent to Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States. (Kale, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B267 History of Philadelphia: 1682 to Present

This course will focus on the intersection of the sense of Philadelphia as it is popularly understood and the Philadelphia that we can reconstruct individually and together using scholarly books and articles, documentary and popular films and novels, visual evidence, and visits to the chief repositories of the city’s history. We will analyze the relationship between the official representations of Philadelphia and their sources and we will create our own history of the city. Preference given to junior and senior Growth and Structure of Cities and History majors, and those students who were previously lotteried out of the course. (Shore, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B267)

HIST B271 Medieval Islamic Society and Politics

Examines the rise and fall of Islamic empires, focusing on political, social and religious movements within the Islamic world from the early conquests until the early Ottoman state. Considers the role of geography in history, state formation and consolidation; the change from tribal societies into settled empires; the place of the medieval Islamic world in a global context; and the social and sectarian divisions that caused political turmoil. (staff, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B278 American Environmental History

(Stroud, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B278) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B283 Introduction to the Politics of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

(Harrold, Division I; cross-listed as POLS B283 and HEBR B283)

HIST B284 The Past Lives Forever

Movies are one of the most important means by which Americans come to know—or think they know—their own history. This class examines the complex cultural relationship between film and American historical self fashioning. (Ullman, Division I or III)

HIST B285 Sport and Spectacle in Ancient Greece and Rome

(Scott, Wright, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B255, CITY B260 and CSTS B255) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B286 Themes in British Empire

This course explores the politics and genealogies on nationalist movements in the Indian subcontinent from the late 19th century through the establishment of sovereign nations from 1947-72, considering the implications and legacies of empire, nationalism and anti-colonialism for the nations and peoples of the subcontinent from independence through the present. (Kale, Division I or III; cross-listed as CITY B286 and POLS B286) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B287 Immigration in the Modern U.S.

Incorporates the current immigration debate in examining the historical causes and consequences of migration. Addresses the perceived benefit and cost of immigration at the national and local levels. Explores the economic, social, cultural and political impact immigrants have on the United States over time. Close attention given to examining the ways immigrants negotiated the pressures of their new surroundings while shaping and redefining American conceptions of national identity and citizenship. (Martinez-Matsuda, Division I or III)

HIST B292 Women in Britain since 1750

Focusing on contemporary and historical narratives, this course explores the ongoing production, circulation and refraction of discourses on gender and nation as well as race, empire and modernity since the mid-18th century. Texts will incorporate visual material as well as literary evidence and culture and consider the crystallization of the discipline of history itself. (Kale, Division III)

HIST B303 Topics in American History: Comparative History of Advertising

This course examines the key period in the development of advertising in Europe and the United States. Readings will include standard historical treatments as well as fiction and memoirs and the class will use original sources that are available in the Bryn Mawr Special Collections Department and on the Web. Topics that we will explore together could include the elite disdain for advertising, the role of advertising in progressive politics and in public health, and the relationship between the development of the department store and international exhibitions to advertising and how art and photography are connected to advertising. (Shore, Division I or III)

HIST B313 Religion in Modern Europe: Enlightenment to Present

Until recently, historians agreed with Nietzsche’s 19th-century pronouncement that “God is dead,” viewing post-Enlightenment history as one of increasing secularism. This course re-examines that conclusion, looking both at recent historical research and at primary source documents like Darwin’s Descent of Man or “l’affaire du foulard” in France. If religion remained important in modern Europe, why is Nietzsche’s verdict so widely accepted? The class has a substantial writing component. (Spohrer, Division I or III)

HIST B314 New Deal America: Politics, Culture, and Labor

This course will explore how the government responded to Americans' needs and demands during the Great Depression by developing a series of programs and policies under the rubric of the New Deal. Careful attention will be given to how matters of race, gender, and citizenship were incorporated into (or excluded from) the language and politics of this era. (Martinez-Matsuda, Division I or III)

HIST B318 Topics in Modern European History

Recent topics have included Marxism and History; Socialist Movements and Socialist Ideas. (Spohrer, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B319 Topics in Modern European History: Consumers, Fashion, and Class 1800-1950

From the 1700s to the present, Europe underwent a series of sweeping changes in how people used and related to goods: how consumer goods were produced, where they came from, how they were marketed, who could afford them, and who set the standards for fashion and taste. This seminar looks at the social and economic forces behind changes in consumption in this period, and the social anxieties and tensions they produced. Our texts include historical scholarship on European economies, consumer goods and society and treatises, novels, films and texts created by contemporaries in this period. Enrollment limited to 15 students. (Spohrer, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B325 Topics in Social History: History of Sexuality

This course addresses the social history of sexual practices, societal and governmental regulation of sex, and the changing cultural meaning of sex, from the 16th century to the present. Our focus will be on sexuality as a prime arena for the expression of social inequality in America and as an important foundation for the social construction of gender. Preference given to senior History majors and Gender and Sexuality concentrators. Course enrollment will be capped at 15. (Ullman, Division I or III)

HIST B326 Topics in Chinese History and Culture: Legal Culture and Chinese History

(Jiang; cross-listed as EAST B325)

HIST B327 Topics in Early American History

Topics have included Religious Conquest of the Americas; Comparative Indigenous Cultures and Politics. (Gallup-Diaz; cross-listed as ANTH B327) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B336 Topics in African History: Social and Cultural History of Medicine

This course examines disease and illness, and health and healing, in an African context. We will begin by focusing on indigenous understandings of disease that extend the causes of illness beyond the patient’s body, into society and the spiritual world. The course will also include a discussion of the influences of missionary and colonial medicine, and emphasize the pluralistic nature of medicine in postcolonial Africa and the African diaspora. We will also look at examples of epidemics in Africa, including the AIDS pandemic. Enrollment limited to 15 students. (Ngalamulume, Division I)

HIST B337 Topics in African History

Recent topics have included social history of medicine; women and gender; and witchcraft ideology, fears, accusations, and trials. (Ngalamulume, Division I or III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B339 The Making of the African Diaspora 1450-1800

The early modern transatlantic slave trade played a key role in several world-historical processes. Taking in an Americas-wide geographic scope, the course explores how the trade operated and changed over time; the contours of culture in the diaspora; slave resistance; and the formation of maroon communities. Enrollment limited to 15 students. (Gallup-Diaz) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B345 Advanced Topics in Environment and Society: Feminism and Ecology

(Hayes-Conroy, Division I; cross-listed as CITY B345)

HIST B349 Topics in Comparative History: Before European Hegemony in the Indian Ocean World

This course focuses on the emerging literature on the complex networks of interaction and exchange (financial, commercial, intellectual, familial) that linked and divided peoples, beliefs, cultures and polities from the eastern Mediterranean through the Red Sea, around the rim of the Indian Ocean from the Arabian Sea to the South China Sea in the 11th-15th centuries. Capitalizing on the extended presence at Bryn Mawr next fall of a leading historian of this region and period, the course will trace people, dynamics, and processes that seem at once archaic and modern and, in the process, consider in comparative context what is understood at present by "globalization." (Kale, Division I or III)

HIST B352 China’s Environment: History, Policy, and Rights

(Jiang; cross-listed as EAST B352)

HIST B355 Topics in the History of London

(Cast; cross-listed as HART B355)

HIST B357 Topics in British Empire: Screening Empire, Projecting Home: Film, Domesticity, and Modernity in India and Britain

Focusing on themes of displacement and transplantation, this course will examine films by and about men and women circulating (voluntarily or otherwise) through the British empire and the nations that supplanted it to consider the impacts of empire (at "home" and "away") on articulations of modern identities (national, sub-national and other). (Kale, Division I or III)

HIST B364: Magical Mechanisms: The Early History of Robots, Cyborgs, and Auomata

This interdisciplinary seminar examines medieval automata—artificial objects that were, or that appeared to be, self-moving copies of natural forms. From their ancient Greek origins to their central place in Muslim courts, this course explores the ways that westerners envisioned these artifacts, and how they were used to plumb and limn the boundaries between natural and artificial, between life and death, between “East” and “West.” As technological expertise in the Latin West developed, artisans and clerics built copies of existing artifacts and invented new ones. Prerequisite: at least one course in medieval history, or written permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 15 students. (Truitt; cross-listed as CSTS B364)

HIST B368 Topics in Medieval History: Dark Arts: Medieval Magic

What is magic? What does it mean to refer to magic as “the occult” or “the Dark Arts”? In medieval Europe, magical knowledge was hotly contested—widely practiced at all social levels, yet often decried as morally and intellectually suspicious. In this seminar we will investigate the definitions and practices of magic and examine what they can reveal about the traditional divides between high and low culture, as well as between licit and illicit knowledge. Enrollment limited to 15 students. (Truitt, Division III; cross-listed as CSTS B368) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B369 Topics in Medieval History: Medicine and Health

Enrollment limited to 15 students. (Truitt, Division III; cross-listed as ARCH B369 and CSTS B369) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B371 Topics in Atlantic History: The Early Modern Pirate in Fact and Fiction

This course will explore piracy in the Americas in the period 1550-1750. We will investigate the historical reality of pirates and what they did, and the manner in which pirates have entered the popular imagination through fiction and films. Pirates have been depicted as lovable rogues, anti-establishment rebels, and enlightened multiculturalists who were skilled in dealing with the indigenous and African peoples of the Americas. The course will examine the facts and the fictions surrounding these important historical actors. (Gallup-Diaz) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B378 Origins of American Constitutionalism

(Elkins, Division I or III; cross-listed as POLS B378) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B381 History and Memory

This course will bring together the latest research findings from the fields of neuroscience, psychology, and neurobiology with the insights into human memory from the fields of literature and art history into a discussion of the implications for the writing of history. Prerequisite: senior standing. (Shore, Division III) Not offered in 2009-10.

HIST B383 Two Hundred Years of Islamic Reform, Radicalism and Revolution

(Harrold, Division I; cross-listed as POLS B383)

HIST B395 Exploring History

An intensive introduction to theory and interpretation in history through the discussion of exemplary historiographical debates and analyses selected by the instructor. The coursework also includes research for and completion of a prospectus for an original research project. These two goals prepare senior majors for their own historical production, when the senior thesis is complete. Enrollment is limited to senior history majors. (Ullman)

HIST B398 Senior Thesis

Students research and write a thesis on a topic of their choice. Enrollment is limited to senior history majors. (Ngalamulume, Spohrer, Division I or III)

HIST B403 Supervised Work

Optional independent study, which requires permission of the instructor and the major adviser. (staff)

HIST B425 Praxis III: Independent Study