2009-2010 Undergraduate Catalog

Anthropology

Students may complete a major or a minor in Anthropology. Within the major, students may complete a concentration in environmental studies or geoarchaeology.

Faculty

Richard S. Davis, Professor and Chair
Philip Kilbride, Professor
Tamara Neuman, Visiting Assistant Professor
Melissa J. Pashigian, Associate Professor
Denise Fay-Shen Su, Assistant Professor
Ayumi Takenaka, Associate Professor
Amanda J. Weidman, Assistant Professor

Anthropology is a holistic study of the human condition in both the past and the present. The anthropological lens can bring into focus the social, cultural, biological and linguistic variations that characterize the diversity of humankind throughout time and space. The frontiers of anthropology can encompass many directions: the search for early human fossils in Africa, the excavations of prehistoric societies and ancient civilizations, the analysis of language use and other expressive forms of culture, or the examination of the significance of culture in the context of social life.

Major Requirements

Requirements for the major are ANTH 101, 102, 303, 398, 399, an ethnographic area course that focuses on the cultures of a single region, and four additional 200- or 300-level courses in anthropology. Students are encouraged to select courses from each of four subfields of anthropology: archaeology, bioanthropology, linguistics or sociocultural.

Students may elect to do part of their work away from Bryn Mawr. Courses that must be taken at Bryn Mawr include ANTH 101, 102, 303, 398 and 399. (ANTH 103 at Haverford may be substituted for ANTH 102.)

Honors

Qualified students may earn departmental honors in their senior year. Honors are based on the quality of the senior thesis (398, 399) and grade point average in courses taken for the anthropology major.

Minor Requirements

Requirements for a minor in anthropology are ANTH 101, 102, 303, one ethnographic area course and two additional 200- or 300-level courses in anthropology.

Concentration in Environmental Studies

The Department of Anthropology participates with other departments in offering a concentration within the major in Environmental Studies.

Concentration in Geoarchaeology

The Department of Anthropology participates with other departments in offering a concentration within the major in geoarchaeology.

ANTH B101 Introduction to Anthropology: Prehistoric Archaeology and Biological Anthropology

An introduction to the place of humans in nature, primates, the fossil record for human evolution, human variation and the issue of race, and the archaeological investigation of culture change from the Old Stone Age to the rise of early civilizations in the Americas, Eurasia and Africa. In addition to the lecture/discussion classes, there is a one-hour weekly lab.
(Davis, Su, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B102 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

An introduction to the methods and theories of cultural anthropology in order to understand and explain cultural similarities and differences among contemporary societies.
(Pashigian, Weidman, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B111 Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies

A broad and interdisciplinary overview of the study of conflict management. Areas to be introduced will include interpersonal conflict and conflict management, alternative dispute resolution and the law, community conflict and mediation, organizational, intergroup, and international conflict, and conflict management. This course will also serve as a foundation course for students in or considering the peace and conflict studies concentration.
(Neuman, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as POLS B111

ANTH B185 Urban Culture and Society

(Arbona, McDonogh, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as CITY B185

ANTH B190 The Form of the City: Urban Form from Antiquity to the Present

(Cohen, Hein, Division I or Division III)
Cross-listed as CITY B190
Cross-listed as HART B190
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B200 The Atlantic World 1492-1800: Indians, Europeans, and Africans Indians

(Gallup-Diaz, Division I or Division III)
Cross-listed as HIST B200

ANTH B203 Human Ecology

The relationship of humans with their environment; culture as an adaptive mechanism and a dynamic component in ecological systems. Human ecological perspectives are compared with other theoretical orientations in anthropology. Prerequisites: ANTH 101, 102, or permission of instructor.
(Davis, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B204 North American Archaeology

For millennia, the North American continent has been home to a vast diversity of Native Americans. From the initial migration of big game hunters who spread throughout the continent more than 12,000 years ago to the high civilizations of the Maya, Teotihuacan, and Aztec, there remains a rich archaeological record that reflects the ways of life of these cultures. This course will introduce the culture history of North America as well as explanations for culture change and diversification. The class will include laboratory study of North American archaeological and ethnographic artifacts from the College’s Art and Archaeology collections.
(Davis, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B206 Conflict and Conflict Management: A Cross-Cultural Approach

(Ross, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as POLS B206
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B209 Human Evolution

The position of humans among the primates, processes of biocultural evolution, the fossil record and contemporary human variation. Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor.
(Su, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B210 Medical Anthropology

This course examines the relationships between culture, society, disease and illness. It considers a broad range of health-related experiences, discourses, knowledge and practice among different cultures and among individuals and groups in different positions of power. Topics covered include sorcery, herbal remedies, healing rituals, folk illnesses, modern disease, scientific medical perceptions, clinical technique, epidemiology and political economy of medicine. Prerequisite: ANTH 102 or permission of instructor.
(Pashigian, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as CITY B209
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B212 Primate Evolution and Behavior

An exploration of the aspects of the biology and behavior of living primates as well as the evolutionary history of these close relatives. The major focus of this study is to provide the background upon which human evolution is best understood.
(Su, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B220 Methods and Theory in Archaeology

An examination of techniques and theories archaeologists use to transform archaeological data into statements about patterns of prehistoric cultural behavior, adaptation and culture change. Theory development, hypothesis formulation, gathering of archaeological data and their interpretation and evaluation are discussed and illustrated by examples. Theoretical debates current in American archaeology are reviewed and the place of archaeology in the general field of anthropology is discussed. Prerequisite: ANTH 101 or permission of instructor.
(Davis, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B227 Ragas to Rap: Music and Performance in South Asia

Examines contemporary music scenes of South Asia and the South Asian diaspora. Approaches music and performance anthropologically, examining the historical, social and cultural contexts of different genres including north and south Indian art musics, film songs, experimental fusion music, bhangra and rap through a combination of written material, sound recordings, live performances and films. Prerequisite: one course in music, dance or anthropology or consent of the instructor.
(Weidman)
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B229 Comparative Urbanism

(McDonogh, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as CITY B229
Cross-listed as EAST B229
Cross-listed as HART B229
Cross-listed as SOCL B230
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B231 Cultural Profiles in Modern Exile

(Seyhan, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as GERM B231
Cross-listed as COML B231
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B235 Transitional Justice in Post-Conflict Societies

This course explores the successes, challenges, and future of transitional justice, where post-conflict societies use formal institutions to address the legacy of political violence to build sustainable peace. Case studies of countries which have used a variety of approaches will help us consider concepts like human rights, justice, reconciliation and peace, and how these principles might be achieved through initiatives such as UN-directed tribunals, national courts, truth commissions and/or locally-based systems deriving from ritual or customary law. Prerequisite: One course in Anthropology, Political Science or Peace and Conflict Studies.
(Doughty, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as POLS B235
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B236 Evolution

(Gardiner, Marenco, Division II: Natural Science)
Cross-listed as BIOL B236
Cross-listed as GEOL B236

ANTH B237 Environmental Health

This course introduces principles and methods in environmental anthropology and public health used to analyze global environmental health problems globally and develop health and disease control programs. Topics covered include risk; health and environment; food production and consumption; human health and agriculture; meat and poultry production; and culture, urbanization, and disease. Prerequisite: ANTH 102; permission of instructor.
(Pashigian, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B240 Traditional and Pre-Industrial Technology

An examination of several traditional technologies, including chipped and ground stone, ceramics, textiles, metallurgy (bronze), simple machines and energy production; emphasizing the physical properties of various materials, production processes and cultural contexts both ancient and modern. Weekly laboratory on the production of finished artifacts in the various technologies studied. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.
(Davis, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B242 Urban Field Research Methods

(Takenaka, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B242
Cross-listed as CITY B242
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B249 Asian American Communities

(Takenaka, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B249
Cross-listed as CITY B249

ANTH B253 Childhood in the African Experience

An overview of cultural contexts and indigenous literatures concerning the richly varied experience and interpretation of infancy and childhood in selected regions of Africa. Cultural practices such as pregnancy customs, naming ceremonies, puberty rituals, sibling relationships, and gender identity are included. Modern concerns such as child abuse, street children, and other social problems of recent origin involving children are considered in terms of theoretical approaches current in the social sciences. Prerequisites: anthropology major, any social sciences introductory course, Africana studies concentration, or permission of instructor.
(Kilbride, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B258 Immigrant Experiences

(Takenaka, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B246

ANTH B261 Palestine and Israeli Society

Considers the legacy of Palestine and the centrality of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as key in the formation of Israeli society, shaped by ongoing political conflict. New ethnographic writings disclose themes like Zionism, Holocaust, immigration, religion, Palestinian citizenry, Middle Eastern Jews and military occupation and resulting emerging debates among different social sectors and populations. Also considers constitution of ethnographic fields and the shaping of anthropological investigations by arenas of conflict. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and POLS B111 or ANTH B101 or B102 or permission of the instructor.
(Neuman, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as HEBR B261
Cross-listed as HIST B261
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B267 The Development of the Modern Japanese Nation

(Takenaka, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B267
Cross-listed as EAST B267
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B270 Geoarchaeology

(Barber, Magee)
Cross-listed as ARCH B270
Cross-listed as GEOL B270
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B275 Cultures and Societies of the Middle East

Through a close reading of ethnographic, historical, and literary materials, this course will introduce students to some of the key conceptual issues and regional distinctions that have emerged from classic and contemporary studies of culture and society in the Middle East. The course will survey the following themes: orientalism; gender and patriarchy; democracy and state-formation; political Islam; oil and Western dominance; media and religion; violence and nationalism; identity and diaspora. Prerequisite: Introduction to Anthropology or equivalent. No knowledge of the Middle East is assumed.
(Neuman, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B281 Language in Social Context

Studies of language in society have moved from the idea that language reflects social position/identity to the idea that language plays an active role in shaping and negotiating social position, identity, and experience. This course will explore the implications of this shift by providing an introduction to the fields of sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology. We will be particularly concerned with the ways in which language is implicated in the social construction of gender, race, class, and cultural/national identity. The course will develop students’ skills in the ethnographic analysis of communication through several short ethnographic projects.
(Weidman, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as LING B281

ANTH B282 Native American Literature

(Division III: Humanities)
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B286 Cultural Perspectives on Ethnic Identity in the Post Famine Irish Diaspora

Theoretical perspectives and case studies on exclusion and assimilation in the social construction of Irish ethnic identity in the United States and elsewhere in the Irish diaspora. Symbolic expressions of Irish ethnicity such as St. Patrick’s Day celebrations will consider race, class, gender, and religion. Racism and benevolence in the Irish experience will highlight a cultural perspective through use of ethnographies, personal biographies, and literary products such as novels and films. Prerequisite: introductory course in social science or permission of instructor.
(Kilbride, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B286

ANTH B303 History of Anthropological Theory

A consideration of the history of anthropological theories and the discipline of anthropology as an academic discipline that seeks to understand and explain society and culture as its subjects of study. Several vantage points on the history of anthropological theory are engaged to enact an historically charged anthropology of a disciplinary history. Anthropological theories are considered not only as a series of models, paradigms, or orientations, but as configurations of thought, technique, knowledge, and power that reflect the ever-changing relationships among the societies and cultures of the world. Prerequisite: at least one additional anthropology course at the 200 or 300 level.
(Kilbride, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B312 Anthropology of Reproduction

An examination of social and cultural constructions of reproduction, and how power in everyday life shapes reproductive behavior and its meaning in Western and non-Western cultures. The influence of competing interests within households, communities, states, and institutions on reproduction is considered. Prerequisite: at least one 200-level ethnographic area course or permission of instructor.
(Pashigian, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B316 Gender in South Asia

Examines gender as a culturally and historically constructed category in the modern South Asian context, focusing on the ways in which everyday experiences of and practices relating to gender are informed by media, performance, and political events. Prerequisite: One 200-level course including material on a non-Western society and permission of the instructor.
(Weidman, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B335 Mass Media and the City

(McDonogh, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as CITY B335

ANTH B337 Comparative Colonial Formations

This course aims to comparatively examine the key features of settler colonialism and its legacies in the 20th centuries. Settler colonialism will be re-examined in light of recent scholarship which defines it as a particular kind of colonial venture that has focused on eliminating indigenous populations and seizing land.
(Neuman)

ANTH B341 Cultural Perspectives on Marriage and Family

This course considers various theoretical perspectives that inform our understanding of cross-cultural constructions of marriage and the family. Sociobiology, deviance, feminism, social constructionism, and cultural evolutionary approaches will be compared using primarily anthropological-ethnographic case examples. Cultural material from Africa and the United States will be emphasized. Applications will emphasize current U.S. socially contested categories such as same-sex marriage, plural marriage, gender diversity, divorce, and the blended family. Prerequisites: any history, biology, or social science major.
(Kilbride, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B342 Middle Eastern Diasporas

Focuses on Middle Eastern diasporas, particularly Arab, especially Palestinian, Turkish, Iranian and Jewish communities living outside the Middle East or to the transnational communities within the region. Examines the range of experiences covered by the term “diaspora.” Seeks to understand how ethnic identities and social bonds are created, extended and perpetuated in relation to Middle Eastern places of origin, and how plurality of experiences forge real and imagined links to various homelands. Prerequisites: sophomore standing, POLS B111 or ANTH B101 or B102 or permission of the instructor.
(Neuman, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed HEBR B342
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B347 Advanced Issues in Peace and Conflict Studies

An in-depth examination of crucial issues and particular cases of interest to advanced students in peace and conflict studies through common readings and student projects. Various important theories of conflict and conflict management are compared and students undertake semester-long field research. The second half of the semester focuses on student research topics with continued exploration of conflict-resolution theories and research methods. Prerequisite: POLS 206, 111, or Haverford’s POLS 247.
(Neuman)
Cross-listed as POLS B347

ANTH B350 Advanced Topics in Gender Studies: African Childhoods

A gendered perspective on selected topics in the experiences of children and youth in Africa concerning indigenous cultural practices such as initiation ceremonies and sexual orientation. The extended family, sibling relationships and infancy rituals will be portrayed. Postcolonial concerns such as HIV/AIDS, street children, and formal education also involving gender will be considered from a social, cultural, and economic perspective. Life stories, case studies, and ethnographic methodology will be featured.
(Kilbride, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B354 Identity, Ritual and Cultural Practice in Contemporary Vietnam

This course focuses on the ways in which recent economic and political changes in Vietnam influence and shape everyday lives, meanings and practices there. It explores construction of identity in Vietnam through topics including ritual and marriage practices, gendered socialization, social reproduction and memory. Prerequisite: at least ANTH B102 or permission of the instructor.
(Pashigian, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as EAST B354
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B359 Topics in Urban Culture and Society

(Hayes-Conroy, Arbona, Division I or Division III)
Cross-listed as CITY B360
Cross-listed as HART B359
Cross-listed as SOCL B360
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B360 Advanced Topics in Human Evolution

This course will explore central issues in the study of human origins. We will examine Miocene hominoids from Africa, Asia, and Europe to better understand the ongoing debate about the origins of the hominin lineage, particularly issues pertaining to the location and hominoid group from which hominins arose. We will also look at the earliest putative hominins from Africa within the context of the earlier Miocene hominoids for a better understanding of their taxonomic position. Prerequisite: ANTH 209
(Su, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B382 Religious Fundamentalism in the Global Era

Through a comparison of Jewish, Islamic, Christian and Hindu political movements, the course seeks to investigate the religious turn in national and transnational contexts.  We will also seek to find commonalities and differences in religious movements, and religious regimes, while considering the aspects of globalization which usher in new kinds of transnational affiliation.  Prerequisite: An introductory course in Anthropology, Political Science or History or permission of the instructor.
(Neuman, Division I or III)
Cross-listed as HIST B382
Cross-listed as POLS B382

ANTH B397 Senior Seminar in Environmental Studies

(Barber, Stroud)
Cross-listed as GEOL B397
Cross-listed as BIOL B397
Not offered in 2010-11.

ANTH B398 Senior Conference

The topic of each seminar is determined in advance in discussion with seniors. Sections normally run through the entire year and have an emphasis on empirical research techniques and analysis of original material. Class discussions of work in progress and oral and written presentations of the analysis and results of research are important. A senior’s thesis is the most significant writing experience in the seminar.
(Davis, Pashigian, Su, Weidman, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B399 Senior Conference

The topic of each seminar is determined in advance in discussion with seniors. Sections normally run through the entire year and have an emphasis on empirical research techniques and analysis of original material. Class discussions of work in progress and oral and written presentations of the analysis and results of research are important. A senior’s thesis is the most significant writing experience in the seminar.
(Davis, Pashigian, Su, Weidman, Division I: Social Science)

ANTH B403 Supervised Work

Independent work is usually open to junior and senior majors who wish to work in a special area under the supervision of a member of the faculty and is subject to faculty time and interest.
(Davis, Kilbride,)

ANTH B425 Praxis III: Independent Study

(Takenaka, Hart)