20109-2011 Undergraduate Catalog

The Caroline McCormick Slade Department of Political Science

Students may complete a major or minor in Political Science. Within the major, students may complete a concentration in environmental studies.


Michael H. Allen, Professor (on leave semester II)
Daniel Meir Chomsky, Lecturer
Jeremy Elkins, Associate Professor and Chair
Marissa Martino Golden, Associate Professor
Carol Hager, Associate Professor
Deborah Harrold, Lecturer and Coordinator of Middle Eastern Studies
Peter J. Hoffman, Instructor
Marc Howard Ross, Professor (on leave semester II)
Stephen G. Salkever, Professor

The major in Political Science aims at developing the reading, writing and thinking skills needed for a critical understanding of the political world. Coursework includes a variety of approaches to the study of politics: historical/interpretive, quantitative/deductive, and philosophical. Using these approaches, students examine political life in a variety of contexts from the small-scale neighborhood to the international system, asking questions about the different ways in which humans have addressed the organization of society, the management of conflicts, and the organization of power and authority.

Major Requirements

The major consists of a minimum of 10 courses, including 398 and 399. Two of these must be chosen from among any of the following entry-level courses: 101, 121, 131, 141, 205, 220, 228, and 231. The major must include work done in two distinct fields. A minimum of three courses must be taken in each field, and at least one course in each field must be at the 300 level. Majors take the Senior Seminar (398) in the first semester of the senior year and write the Senior Essay (399) in the second.

Fields are not fixed in advance, but are set by consultation between the student and departmental advisers. The most common fields have been American politics, comparative politics, international politics, and political philosophy, but fields have also been established in American history, East Asian studies, environmental studies, Hispanic studies, international economics, political psychology, public policy, and women and politics, among others.

Up to three courses from departments other than Political Science may be accepted for major credit, if in the judgment of the department these courses are an integral part of the student’s major plan. This may occur in two ways: an entire field may be drawn from courses in a related department (such as economics or history) or courses taken in related departments will count toward the major if they are closely linked with work the student has done in political science. Ordinarily, courses at the 100 level or other introductory courses taken in related departments may not be used for major credit in political science. In addition, at least three of the courses taken towards completion of the major must be taken in the Bryn Mawr Department of Political Science, not counting POLS 398 and 399.


Students who have done distinguished work in their courses in the major and who write outstanding senior essays will be considered by the department for departmental honors.

Minor Requirements

A minor in Political Science consists of six courses distributed across at least two fields. At least two of the courses must be at the 300 level. At least three of the courses must be taken from the Bryn Mawr Department of Political Science course offerings.

Concentration in Environmental Studies

The Department of Political Science participates with other departments in offering a concentration within the major in environmental studies.


All Haverford political science courses count toward the Bryn Mawr major; courses in related departments at Haverford that are accepted for Political Science major credit will be considered in the same way as similar courses taken at Bryn Mawr. All Bryn Mawr majors in Political Science must take at least three courses in Political Science at Bryn Mawr, not counting POLS 398 and 399.

POLS B101 Introduction to Political Science
While political science as an academic discipline is a recent project, the concerns of political science are older and enduring. Using works of political theory and social science, to critically engage and analyze basic concerns such as the reasons and causes of war, the search for the best form of government, bases of authority, forms of national power and how best to preserve it, the relationships between wealth and power and how to govern the economy, the origins of inequality, and distinctly and modern forms of power.
(Harrold, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B111 Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies
A broad and interdisciplinary overview of the study of conflict management. Areas to be introduced will include interpersonal conflict and conflict management, alternative dispute resolution and the law, community conflict and mediation, organizational, intergroup, and international conflict, and conflict management. This course will also serve as a foundation course for students in or considering the peace and conflict studies concentration.
(Neuman, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as ANTH B111
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B121 Introduction to American Politics
An introduction to the major features and characteristics of the American political system. Features examined include voting and elections; the institutions of government (Congress, the Presidency, the courts and the bureaucracy); the policy-making process; and the role of groups (interest groups, women, and ethnic and racial minorities) in the political process. Enrollment is limited to 35 students.
(Golden, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B131 Comparative Politics
An introduction to the comparative study of political systems. A sampling of major questions addressed by comparative approaches such as why authority structures differ across countries; how major issues such as inequality, environmental degradation, and ethno-nationalism arise in different polities, and why governmental responses to those issues differ so widely. Comparisons are made across time and space. Emphasis is placed on institutional, cultural, and historical explanations. Enrollment is limited to 35 students.
(Hager, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B141 International Politics
An introduction to international relations, exploring its main subdivisions and theoretical approaches. Phenomena and problems in world politics examined include systems of power management, imperialism, war, cold war, bargaining, and peace. Problems and institutions of international economy and international law are also addressed. This course assumes a reasonable knowledge of modern world history. Enrollment is limited to 35 students.
(Allen, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B205 European Politics: Between Unification and Dissolution
An analysis of the accelerating process of European unification and the increasing political divisiveness within individual European countries. We focus on the evolution of the state-society relationship in selected countries and the emergence of new sources of conflict in recent years. These are placed in the context of a changing international scene: the eastward expansion of the European Union, European social and economic unity and the introduction of the Euro.
(Hager, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B206 Conflict and Conflict Management: A Cross-Cultural Approach
This course examines cross-cultural differences in the levels and forms of conflict and its management through a wide range of cases and alternative theoretical perspectives. Conflicts of interest range from the interpersonal to the international levels and an important question is the relevance of conflict and its management in small-scale societies as a way to understand political conflict and dispute settlement in the United States and modern industrial settings. Prerequisite: one course in political science, anthropology, or sociology.
(Hoffman, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as ANTH B206

POLS B211 Politics of Humanitarianism
This course examines the international politics and history that underlie the ideas, social movement and system of organizations designed to regulate the conduct of war and improve the welfare of those victimized by war. Topics include just war theory, international humanitarian law, humanitarian action and intervention, and transitional justice. Prerequisite: one course in Political Science, preferably International Politics, law or political theory, or comparable course by permission of instructor.
(Hoffman, Division I: Social Science)

POLS 217 The State and the Transformation of Conflict
State institutions have a profound effect on conflicts. State sponsored conflicts may be more violent, more deadly and transform society. The state’s power may affect conflict management, enforcing agreements and providing incentives for cooperation. Weak states may not manage difference or conflict; ineffective states may be bypassed by citizens seeking protection or to plunder assets. Readings include theoretical texts as well as empirical accounts of the state’s role in structuring and enforcing conflict management. Prerequisite: One course in Political Science or social science
(Harrold, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS 220 Constitutional Law
A consideration of some of the leading cases and controversies in American constitutional law. The course will focus on such questions as the role of the constitution in mediating the relationship between public and private power with respect to both difference and hierarchy, and on the role of judicial review within a constitutional system. Enrollment is limited to 35 students.
(Elkins, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B222 Introduction to Environmental Issues: Policy Making in Comparative Perspective
An exploration of the ways in which different cultural, economic, and political settings have shaped issue emergence and policy making. We examine the politics of particular environmental issues in selected countries and regions. We also assess the prospects for international cooperation in solving global environmental problems such as climate change.
(Hager, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as CITY B222

POLS B225 Global Ethical Issues
(Koggel, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as PHIL B225

POLS 228 Introduction to Political Philosophy: Ancient and Early Modern
An introduction to the fundamental problems of political philosophy, especially the relationship between political life and the human good or goods. Readings from Aristotle, Hobbes, Machiavelli, Plato, and Rousseau.
(Salkever, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as PHIL B228

POLS B231 Introduction to Political Philosophy: Modern
A continuation of POLS 228, although 228 is not a prerequisite. Particular attention is given to the various ways in which the concept of freedom is used in explaining political life. Readings from Hegel, Locke, Marx, J.S. Mill, and Nietzsche.
(Salkever, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as PHIL B231

POLS B234 Legal Rights in the Administrative State
Through an intensive examination of judicial opinions and secondary texts, this course considers the nature of law and rights in the administrative state. Topics include the sources of legitimate agency power, the role of courts and agencies in interpreting statutes, and the rights of individuals to participate in agency decision-making and to challenge agency action.
(Elkins, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B235 Transitional Justice in Post-Conflict Societies
(Doughty, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as ANTH B235
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B238 Science, Technology, and the Good Life
(Dostal, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as PHIL B238
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B241 The Politics of International Law and Institutions
An introduction to international law, which assumes a working knowledge of modern world history and politics since World War II. The origins of modern international legal norms in philosophy and political necessity are explored, showing the schools of thought to which the understandings of these origins give rise. Significant cases are used to illustrate various principles and problems. Prerequisite: POLS 141.
(Allen Harrold, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B243 African and Caribbean Perspectives in World Politics
This course makes African and Caribbean voices audible as they create or adopt visions of the world that explain their positions and challenges in world politics. Students learn analytical tools useful in understanding other parts of the world. Prerequisite: POLS 141.
(Allen, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B244 Great Empires of the Ancient Near East
(Atac, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as ARCH B244
Cross-listed as CITY B244
Cross-listed as HIST B244
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B245 Philosophy of Law
Introduces students to a variety of questions in the philosophy of law. Readings will be concerned with the nature of law, the character of law as a system, the ethical character of law, and the relationship of law to politics, power, authority, and society. Readings will include abstract philosophical arguments about the concept of law, as well as theoretical arguments about the nature of law as they arise within specific contexts, and judicial cases. Most or all of the specific issues discussed will be taken from Anglo-American law, although the general issues considered are not limited to those legal systems.
(Elkins, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as PHIL B245

POLS B248 Modern Middle East Cities
Taking advantage of the considerable new scholarship on cities, the course will draw from diverse fields to bring different methods to the study of Middle Eastern cities and urbanization. The course will treat the negotiation of state control, urban planning and its alterations in urban practices, social movements and new spaces of politics, competing architectural visions, globalizations, and new local identities. It will treat such topics as Islamic charities in Cairo, shopping malls as public space in Dubai City, Islamic politics in public space in Istanbul, the restructuring of Beirut, and ideas of modernity in the construction of Tel Aviv.
(Harrold, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as
Cross-listed as CITY B248
Cross-listed as HEBR B248
Cross-listed as HIST B240
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B251 Politics and the Mass Media
A consideration of the mass media as a pervasive fact of U.S. political life and how they influence American politics. Topics include how the media have altered American political institutions and campaigns, how selective attention to particular issues and exclusion of others shape public concerns, and the conditions under which the media directly influence the content of political beliefs and the behavior of citizens. Prerequisite: one course in political science, preferably POLS 121.
(Chomsky, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B253 Feminist Theory
(Koggel Hay, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as PHIL B252
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B255 Media and Elections
Addresses the role of mass media in the electoral process, considering the importance of information for citizens and voters. Evaluates the nature, quality, and character of media coverage; candidate statements and campaign ads; and considers the impact of media coverage on elections. Finally considers the implications of the electoral process for democracy.
(Chomsky, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B262 Who Believes What and Why: the Sociology of Public Opinion
(Wright, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B262
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B263 Theory and Global Politics
An introduction to debates in normative political theory regarding contemporary global politics. Topics for theoretical engagement will include world citizenship and global democracy, economic inequalities between the global North and South, international human rights with a focus on women’s rights, and migration.
(Barker, Division III: Humanities)
Cross-listed as PHIL B263
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B264 Politics of Global Commodities
This class critically analyzes the international politics that underpin the production and distribution of global commodities. Marketization and privatization pressures that have produced economic arrangements are examined for their impact in altering governance systems and fomenting conflicts. The course starts with concepts, theories and history and then turns to a review of key case studies. Prerequisite: One course in Political Science or Economics.
(Hoffman, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B273 Race and the Law in the American Context
An examination of the intersection of race and law, evaluating the legal regulations of race, the history and meanings of race, and how law, history and the Supreme Court helped shape and produce those meanings. It will draw on materials from law, history, public policy, and critical race theory.
(Albert, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B273
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B278 Oil, Politics, Society, and Economy
Examines the role oil has played in transforming societies, in shaping national politics, and in the distribution of wealth within and between nations. Rentier states and authoritarianism, the historical relationships between oil companies and states, monopolies, boycotts, sanctions and demands for succession, and issues of social justice mark the political economy of oil.
(Harrold, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B282 The Exotic Other: Gender and Sexuality in the Middle East
This course is concerned with the meanings of gender and sexuality in the Middle East, with particular attention to the construction of tradition, its performance, reinscription, and transformation, and to Western interpretations and interactions. Prerequisite: one course in social science or humanities.
(Harrold, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B283 Introduction to the Politics of the Modern Middle East and North Africa
This course is a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the politics of the region, using works of history, political science, political economy, film, and fiction as well as primary sources. The course will concern itself with three broad areas: the legacy of colonialism and the importance of international forces; the role of Islam in politics; and the political and social effects of particular economic conditions, policies, and practices.
(Harrold, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as HEBR B283
Cross-listed as HIST B283
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B286 Themes in British Empire
(Kale, Division I or Division III)
Cross-listed as HIST B286
Cross-listed as CITY B286
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B300 Nietzsche, Kant, Plato: Modes of Practical Philosophy
A study of three important ways of thinking about theory and practice in Western political philosophy. Prerequisites: POLS 228 and 231, or PHIL 101 and 201.
Cross-listed as PHIL B300
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B308 Political Transformation in Eastern and Western Europe: Germany and Its Neighbors

This course examines the many recent changes in Europe through the lens of German politics. From the two World Wars to the Cold War to the East European revolutions of 1989 and the European Union, Germany has played a pivotal role in world politics. We will identify cultural, political, and economic factors that have shaped this role and analyze Germany’s actions in the broader context of international politics.
Cross-listed as GERM B308
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B310 Comparative Public Policy
A comparison of policy processes and outcomes across space and time. Focusing on particular issues such as health care, domestic security, water and land use, we identify institutional, historical, and cultural factors that shape policies. We also examine the growing importance of international-level policy making and the interplay between international and domestic pressures on policy makers.
(Hager, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B316 The Politics of Ethnic, Racial, and National Groups
An analysis of ethnic and racial conflict and cooperation that will compare and contrast the experiences of regional and immigrant minorities in Europe. Particular attention is paid to the processes of group identification and political organization; the politicization of racial and ethnic identity; patterns of conflict and cooperation between minorities and the majority population over time; and different paths to citizenship. The course will examine the experiences of white ethnic groups, African-Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans as well as Islamic, African, Asian, and regional national groups in Europe.
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B320 Greek Political Philosophy: Ethics and Politics
Plato’s philosophizing is “political” in two senses: its frequent explicit concern with the central concepts of politics, and its implicit staging of the tensions between philosophy and politics understood as ways of life. We will pursue both aspects via close reading and discussion of several Platonic works including Apology, Crito, and Republic. To place Plato in the context of Greek philosophical and political discourse, we will also read Heraclitus, Parmenides, Thucydides, Xenophon, and Aristotle. Focus will be on the Platonic texts, but we will also consider ways Plato does and does not speak to problems of our own time.
Cross-listed as PHIL B321

POLS B321 Technology and Politics
An analysis of the complex role of technology in political and social life. We focus on the relationship between technological development and democratic governance. Discussion of theoretical approaches is supplemented by case studies of particular issues, such as electoral politics, warfare and terrorism, social networking and citizen mobilization, climate change, agriculture and food safety.
(Hager, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as CITY B321
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B327 Political Philosophy in the 20th Century
A study of 20th-century extensions of three traditions in Western political philosophy: the adherents of the German and English ideas of freedom and the founders of classical naturalism. Authors read include Hannah Arendt, Jurgen Habermas, and John Rawls. Topics include the relationship of individual rationality and political authority, the “crisis of modernity,” and the debate concerning contemporary democratic citizenship. Prerequisites: POLS 228 and 231, or PHIL 101 and 201. Enrollment is limited to 18 students.
Cross-listed as PHIL B327
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B347 Advanced Issues in Peace and Conflict Studies: Utopias, Dystopias, and Peace
An in-depth examination of crucial issues and particular cases of interest to advanced students in peace and conflict studies through common readings and student projects. Various important theories of conflict and conflict management are compared and students undertake semester-long field research. The second half of the semester focuses on student research topics with continued exploration of conflict-resolution theories and research methods. Prerequisite: POLS 206, 111, or Haverford’s POLS 247.
Cross-listed as ANTH B347
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B348 Culture and Ethnic Conflict
An examination of the role of culture in the origin, escalation, and settlement of ethnic conflicts. This course examines the politics of culture and how it constrains and offers opportunities for ethnic conflict and cooperation. The role of narratives, rituals, and symbols is emphasized in examining political contestation over cultural representations and expressions such as parades, holy sites, public dress, museums, monuments, and language in culturally framed ethnic conflicts from all regions of the world. Prerequisites: two courses in the social sciences.
Cross-listed as CITY B348
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B349 Social and Political Theory
(Hay, Division I or Division III)
Cross-listed as PHIL B349
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B354 Comparative Social Movements: Power, Protest, and Mobilization
A consideration of the conceptualizations of power and “legitimate” and “illegitimate” participation, the political opportunity structure facing potential activists, the mobilizing resources available to them, and the cultural framing within which these processes occur. Specific attention is paid to recent movements within and across countries, such as feminist, environmental, and anti-globalization movements, and to emerging forms of citizen mobilization, including transnational and global networks, electronic mobilization, and collaborative policymaking institutions.
Cross-listed as SOCL B354

POLS B358 Political Psychology of Group Identification
(McCauley Ross)
Cross-listed as PSYC B358
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B371 Topics in Legal and Political Philosophy
This course examines a variety of topics on the relationship between justice, authority, community, violence, and law. Specific issues include the role of violence in liberal polities and legal regimes, civil disobedience, the relationship of law, state, and society, morality and war, and hate speech.
(Elkins, Division I or Division III)
Cross-listed as PHIL B371
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B374 Gender and Power in Comparative Context: Patriarchy Across Cultures
Patriarchy and fraternity are powerful forms of authority in traditional and modern societies, forms of authority that operate along lines of gender and age and have proved resilient and resistant to feminist challenge. This course examines patriarchy, fraternity, and forms of resistance through political theory and empirical analysis of social practices. Our studies will include different historical practices of veiling in Muslim countries, violence and nature in the American West, young women factory workers in Malaysia and labor protest, women politicians in Turkey, fathers, sons, and soldiers in Israel, and discourses of respect, respectability, and masculinity for African American men.
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B375 Women, Work, and Family
As the number of women participating in the paid workforce who are also mothers exceeds 50 percent, it becomes increasingly important to study the issues raised by these dual roles. This seminar will examine the experiences of working and nonworking mothers in the United States, the roles of fathers, the impact of working mothers on children, and the policy implications of women, work, and family.
Cross-listed as SOCL B375

POLS B378 Origins of American Constitutionalism
This course will explore some aspects of early American constitutional thought, particularly in the periods immediately preceding and following the American Revolution. The premise of the course is that many of the questions that arose during that period—concerning, for example, the nature of law, the idea of sovereignty, and the character of legitimate political authority—remain important questions for political, legal, and constitutional thought today, and that studying the debates of the revolutionary period can help sharpen our understanding of these issues. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and previous course work in American history, American government, political theory, or legal studies.
(Elkins, Division I or Division III)
Cross-listed as HIST B378
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B379 The United Nations and World Order
The United Nations has grown and evolved in significant ways since its establishment in 1945, and is now charged with confronting a wide range of threats, including atrocities, poverty, hunger, disease, and climate change. This class examines the major theoretical approaches to understanding the United Nations and world order and takes up the role of the organization in issues of international peace and security, economic development, and human rights and humanitarian affairs. Prerequisite: a year of Political Science or Peace and Conflict Studies courses or permission of the instructor.
(Hoffman, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B381 Nietzsche, Self, and Morality
This course examines Nietzsche’s thought, with particular focus on questions concerning the nature of the self and morality. The texts for the course are drawn mostly from Nietzsche’s own writing, but these are complemented by some contemporary work in moral philosophy and philosophy of mind that has a Nietzschean influence.
Cross-listed as PHIL B381

POLS B382 Religious Fundamentalism in the Global Era
(Neuman, Division I or III)
Cross-listed as ANTH B382
Cross-listed as HIST B382

POLS B383 Two Hundred Years of Islamic Reform, Radicalism, and Revolution
This course will examine the transformation of Islamic politics in the past two hundred years, emphasizing historical accounts, comparative analysis of developments in different parts of the Islamic world. Topics covered include the rationalist Salafy movement; the so-called conservative movements (Sanussi of Libya, the Mahdi in the Sudan, and the Wahhabi movement in Arabia); the Caliphate movement; contemporary debates over Islamic constitutions; among others. The course is not restricted to the Middle East or Arab world. Prerequisites: a course on Islam and modern European history, or an earlier course on the Modern Middle East or 19th-century India, or permission of instructor.
(Harrold, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as HIST B383
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B385 Democracy and Development
(Ross, Rock, Division I: Social Science
Cross-listed as ECON B285
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B387 Politics, Markets and the Presidency of Barack Obama
An in-depth examination of the changing relationship of the state and the market in the U.S. today, the course uses history, theory and empirical research to examine whether the public policies being enacted are producing a fundamental shift in the U. S. political economy. The course centers on the implication for the relationship of democracy to capitalism. Prerequisite: POLS B121
(Schram, Division I: Social Science)
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B391 International Political Economy
This seminar examines the growing importance of economic issues in world politics and traces the development of the modern world economy from its origins in colonialism and the industrial revolution. Major paradigms in political economy are critically examined. Aspects of and issues in international economic relations such as finance, trade, migration, and foreign investment are examined in the light of selected approaches.

POLS B392 State in Theory and History
This class connects the fields of political sociology and international relations to examine the roots of states as the predominant form of political authority, to assess its behavior in global affairs, and to consider its future. Concepts include: class coalitions, democracy, capitalism, socialism, authoritarianism, revolutions, states, international organizations, and empires. Prerequisite: Two courses in Political Science or Peace and Conflict Studies or permission of the instructor.
(Hoffman, Division I: Social Science)

POLS B393 U.S. Welfare Politics: Theory and Practice
Major theoretical perspectives concerning the welfare state with a focus on social policy politics, including recent welfare reforms and how in an era of globalization there has been a turn to a more restrictive system of social provision. Special attention is paid to the ways class, race, and gender are involved in making of social welfare policy and the role of social welfare policy in reinforcing class, race, and gender inequities. Prerequisite: POLS B121 or SOCL B102.
(Schram, Division I: Social Science)
Cross-listed as SOCL B393
Not offered in 2010-11.

POLS B398 Senior Conference
Required of senior majors. In weekly group meetings as well as individual tutorials, faculty work with sudents on research strategies, on refining research topics, and on supervising research progress for the senior thesis.
(Allen, Elkins, Golden, Hager, Hoffman, Salkever)

POLS B399 Senior Essay
(Elkins, Golden, Hager, Salkever)

POLS B403 Supervised Work

POLS B425 Praxis III: Independent Study