Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology

Students may complete a major or minor in Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology.

Faculty

Mehmet-Ali Ataç, Associate Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology (on leave semester 1)
Alice A. Donohue, Chair and Rhys Carpenter Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology
Astrid Lindenlauf, Associate Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology (on leave semesters I and II)
Peter Magee, Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology (on leave semester II)
James C. Wright, Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology Department (on leave semesters I and II)

The curriculum of the department focuses on the cultures of the Mediterranean regions and the Near East in antiquity. Courses treat aspects of society and material culture of these civilizations as well as issues of theory, method, and interpretation.

Major Requirements

The major requires a minimum of 10 courses. Core requirements are two 100-level courses (either ARCH 101 or 104) distributed between the ancient Near East and Egypt and ancient Greece and Rome (ARCH 102), and two semesters of the senior conference. At least two upper-level courses should be distributed between classical and Near Eastern subjects. Additional requirements are determined in consultation with the major advisor. Additional coursework in allied subjects may be presented for major credit but must be approved in writing by the major advisor; such courses are offered in the Departments of Anthropology, Geology, Greek, Latin and Classical Studies, Growth and Structure of Cities, and History of Art. In consultation with the major advisor, one course taken in study abroad may be accepted for credit in the major.

The writing requirement for the major consists of two one-semester Writing Attentive courses offered within the department.

Each student’s course of study to meet major requirements will be determined in consultation with the undergraduate major advisor in the spring semester of the sophomore year, at which time a written plan will be designed. Students considering majoring in the department are encouraged to take the introductory courses (ARCH 101 or 104 and 102) early in their undergraduate career and should also seek advice from departmental faculty. Students who are interested in interdisciplinary concentrations or in study abroad during the junior year are strongly advised to seek assistance in planning their major early in their sophomore year.

Minor Requirements

The minor requires six courses. Core requirements are two 100-level courses distributed between the ancient Near East and Egypt and ancient Greece and Rome, in addition to four other courses selected in consultation with the major advisor.

Concentration in Geoarchaeology

The Departments of Anthropology, Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology, and Geology offer a concentration in geoarchaeology for existing majors in these departments. Please consult with Professor Magee regarding this program. Please note that these requirements are separate from those for the major and cannot be double counted unless they first meet the above-described requirements for the major.

Requirements for the Concentration:

  • Two 100-level units from Anthropology, Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology (including ARCH 135, a half-credit course) or Geology, of which one must be from the department outside the student’s major.
  • ANTH/ARCH/GEOL 270: Geoarchaeology (Magee, Barber).
  • BIOL/ARCH/GEOL 328: Geospatial Data Analysis and GIS (staff).
  • Two elective courses, to be chosen in consultation with the major adviser, from among current offerings in Anthropology, Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology and Geology. One of these two courses must be from outside the student’s major. Suggested courses include but are not limited to ARCH 135 (HALF-CREDIT: Archaeological Fieldwork and Methods), ANTH 203 (Human Ecology), ANTH 220 (Methods and Theory), ARCH 330 (History of Archaeology and Theory), ANTH 225 (Paleolithic Archaeology), ANTH 240 (Traditional Technologies), ARCH 308 (Ceramic Analysis), ARCH 332 (Field Techniques), GEOL 202 (Mineralogy), GEOL 205 (Sedimentology), GEOL 310 (Geophysics), GEOL 312 (Quaternary Climates).

Honors

Honors are granted on the basis of academic performance as demonstrated by a cumulative average of 3.5 or better in the major.

Independent Research

Majors who wish to undertake independent research, especially for researching and writing a lengthy paper, must arrange with a professor who is willing to advise them, and consult with the major adviser. Such research normally would be conducted by seniors as a unit of supervised work (403), which must be approved by the advising professor before registration. Students planning to do such research should consult with professors in the department in the spring semester of their junior year or no later than the beginning of the fall semester of the senior year.

Languages

Majors who contemplate graduate study in classical fields should incorporate Greek and Latin into their programs. Those who plan graduate work in Near Eastern or Egyptian may take appropriate ancient languages at the University of Pennsylvania, such as Middle Egyptian, Akkadian and Sumerian. Any student considering graduate study in classical and Near Eastern archaeology should study French and German.

Study Abroad

A semester of study abroad is encouraged if the program is approved by the department. Students are encouraged to consult with faculty, since some programs the department may approve may not yet be listed at the Office of International Programs. Students who seek major credit for courses taken abroad must consult with the major adviser before enrolling in a program. Major credit is given on a case-by-case basis after review of the syllabus, work submitted for a grade, and a transcript. Credit will not be given for more than one course and not for courses that are ordinarily offered by the department.

Fieldwork

The department strongly encourages students to gain fieldwork experience and assists them in getting positions on field projects in North America and overseas. The department is undertaking several field projects in which undergraduates may be invited to participate.

Professor Peter Magee conducts a for-credit field school at Muweilah, al-Hamriya and Tell Abraq in the United Arab Emirates. Undergraduate and graduate students participate in this project, which usually takes place during the winter break. He sends an announcement about how to apply for a position in the fall of each year. Students who participate for credit sign up for a 403 independent study with Professor Magee.

Professor James Wright directs the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project in Greece, which has finished fieldwork and is currently under publication. Information about the archives is available through the Special Collections Department.

The department is collaborating with Professor Asli Özyar (Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College, 1991) of Boğaziçi University in Istanbul, in the Tarsus Regional Project, Turkey, sponsored by Boğaziçi University. This is a long-term investigation of the mound at Gözlükule at Tarsus, in Cilicia, which was first excavated by Hetty Goldman, A.B. 1903. Both undergraduate and graduate students in archaeology participate in this project, and an announcement inviting applications is sent to all majors in the fall of each year.

Museum Internships

The department is awarded annually two internships by the Nicholas P. Goulandris Foundation for students to work for a month in the Museum of Cycladic Art in Athens, Greece, with an additional two weeks at an archaeological field project. This is an all-expense paid internship for which students may submit an application. An announcement inviting applications is sent in the late fall or beginning of the second semester.

Opportunities to work with the College’s archaeology collections are available throughout the academic year and during the summer. Students wishing to work with the collections should consult Marianne Weldon, Collections Manager for Special Collections.

Funding for Internships and Special Projects

The department has two funds that support students for internships and special projects of their own design. One, the Elisabeth Packard Fund for internships in Art History and Archaeology is shared with the Department of the History of Art, while the other is the Anna Lerah Keys Memorial Prize. Any declared major may apply for these funds. An announcement calling for applications is sent to majors in the spring, and the awards are made at the annual college awards ceremony in April.

COURSES

ARCH B101 Introduction to Egyptian and Near Eastern Archaeology
A historical survey of the archaeology and art of the ancient Near East and Egypt.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Africana Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ataç,M.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B102 Introduction to Classical Archaeology
A historical survey of the archaeology and art of Greece, Etruria, and Rome.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Donohue,A.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B104 Archaeology of Agricultural and Urban Revolutions
This course examines the archaeology of the two most fundamental changes that have occurred in human society in the last 12,000 years, agriculture and urbanism, and we explore these in Egypt and the Near East as far as India. We also explore those societies that did not experience these changes.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology; Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B104
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B125 Classical Myths in Art and in the Sky
This course explores Greek and Roman mythology using an archaeological and art historical approach, focusing on the ways in which the traditional tales of the gods and heroes were depicted, developed and transmitted in the visual arts such as vase painting and architectural sculpture, as well as projected into the natural environment.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B125; CSTS-B125
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B135 Focus: Archaeological Fieldwork and Methods
The fundamentals of the practice of archaeology through readings and case studies and participatory demonstrations. Case studies will be drawn from the archives of the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project and material in the College’s collections. Each week there will be a 1-hour laboratory that will introduce students to a variety of fieldwork methods and forms of analysis. This is a half semester Focus course.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Units: 0.5
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B136 Focus: Archaeological Science
This is a half-semester Focus course offered as an introduction to the role of science in the contemporary practice of archaeology. Although it will often be sequential to another Focus course, ARCH 135: Archaeological Fieldwork and Methods, it is a stand alone offering that will be of interest to a broad range of students. Topics covered in the course will include: radiometric dating (especially 14c), palaeo-environmental reconstruction, sedimentary analysis and geochemical provenience methodologies. This course will include a 1 hour lab.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Units: 0.5
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B203 Ancient Greek Cities and Sanctuaries
A study of the development of the Greek city-states and sanctuaries. Archaeological evidence is surveyed in its historic context. The political formation of the city-state and the role of religion is presented, and the political, economic, and religious institutions of the city-states are explored in their urban settings. The city-state is considered as a particular political economy of the Mediterranean and in comparison to the utility of the concept of city-state in other cultures.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B203
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B205 Greek Sculpture
One of the best-preserved categories of evidence for ancient Greek culture is sculpture. The Greeks devoted immense resources to producing sculpture that encompassed many materials and forms and served a variety of important social functions. This course examines sculptural production in Greece and neighboring lands from the Bronze Age through the fourth century B.C.E. with special attention to style, iconography and historical and social context.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B204
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B206 Hellenistic and Roman Sculpture
This course surveys the sculpture produced from the fourth century B.C.E. to the fourth century C.E., the period, beginning with the death of Alexander the Great, that saw the transformation of the classical world through the rise of Rome and the establishment and expansion of the Roman Empire. Style, iconography, and production will be studied in the contexts of the culture of the Hellenistic kingdoms, the Roman appropriation of Greek culture, the role of art in Roman society, and the significance of Hellenistic and Roman sculpture in the post-antique classical tradition.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Crosslisting(s): HART-B206
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Donohue,A.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B211 The Archaeology and Anthropology of Rubbish and Recycling
This course serves as an introduction to a range of approaches to the study of waste and dirt as well as practices and processes of disposal and recycling in past and present societies. Particular attention will be paid to the interpretation of spatial disposal patterns, the power of dirt(y waste) to create boundaries and difference, and types of recycling.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B211
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B216 Hittite Archaeology
A survey of the art and archaeology of Hittite Anatolia from the Assyrian Trade Colony period through the Iron Age Syro-Hittite or Late Hittite cultures. The Early Bronze Age background and the interconnections with the Syro-Mesopotamian world are also addressed.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ataç,M.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B220 Araby the Blest: The Archaeology of the Arabian Peninsula from 3000 to 300 B.C.E.
A survey of the archaeology and history of the Arabian peninsula focusing on urban forms, transport, and cultures in the Arabian peninsula and Gulf and their interactions with the world from the rise of states in Mesopotamia down to the time of Alexander the Great.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B224 Women in the Ancient Near East
A survey of the social position of women in the ancient Near East, from sedentary villages to empires of the first millennium B.C.E. Topics include critiques of traditional concepts of gender in archaeology and theories of matriarchy. Case studies illustrate the historicity of gender concepts: women’s work in early village societies; the meanings of Neolithic female figurines; the representation of gender in the Gilgamesh epic; the institution of the “Tawananna” (queen) in the Hittite empire; the indirect power of women such as Semiramis in the Neo-Assyrian palaces. Reliefs, statues, texts and more indirect archaeological evidence are the basis for discussion.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies; Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B226 Archaeology of Anatolia
One of the cradles of civilization, Anatolia witnessed the rise and fall of many cultures and states throughout its ancient history. This course approaches the ancient material remains of pre-classical Anatolia from the perspective of Near Eastern archaeology, examining the art, artifacts, architecture, cities, and settlements of this land from the Neolithic through the Lydian periods. Some emphasis will be on the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age, especially phases of Hittite and Assyrian imperialism, Late Hittite states, Phrygia, and the Urartu.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B228 The Archaeology of Iran: From the Neolithic to Alexander the Great
This course examines the archaeology of Iran from circa 6000 BC to the coming of Alexander the Great at the end of the fourth century BC. Through the course we examine the beginnings of agriculture, pastoralism and sedentary settlement in the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods; Bronze Age interaction between Iran, Mesopotamia, south Asia and the Arabian Gulf; developments within the Iron Age; and the emergence of the Achaemenid Empire (538-332BC).
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B230 Archaeology and History of Ancient Egypt
A survey of the art and archaeology of ancient Egypt from the Pre-Dynastic through the Graeco-Roman periods, with special emphasis on Egypt’s Empire and its outside connections, especially the Aegean and Near Eastern worlds.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Africana Studies; Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ataç,M.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B234 Picturing Women in Classical Antiquity
We investigate representations of women in different media in ancient Greece and Rome, examining the cultural stereotypes of women and the gender roles that they reinforce. We also study the daily life of women in the ancient world, the objects that they were associated with in life and death and their occupations.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies
Crosslisting(s): HART-B234; CSTS-B234
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B240 Archaeology and History of Ancient Mesopotamia
A survey of the material culture of ancient Mesopotamia, modern Iraq, from the earliest phases of state formation (circa 3500 B.C.E.) through the Achaemenid Persian occupation of the Near East (circa 331 B.C.E.). Emphasis will be on art, artifacts, monuments, religion, kingship, and the cuneiform tradition. The survival of the cultural legacy of Mesopotamia into later ancient and Islamic traditions will also be addressed.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B244 Great Empires of the Ancient Near East
A survey of the history, material culture, political and religious ideologies of, and interactions among, the five great empires of the ancient Near East of the second and first millennia B.C.E.: New Kingdom Egypt, the Hittite Empire in Anatolia, the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires in Mesopotamia, and the Persian Empire in Iran.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): POLS-B244; HIST-B244; CITY-B244
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B254 Cleopatra
This course examines the life and rule of Cleopatra VII, the last queen of Ptolemaic Egypt, and the reception of her legacy in the Early Roman Empire and the western world from the Renaissance to modern times. The first part of the course explores extant literary evidence regarding the upbringing, education, and rule of Cleopatra within the contexts of Egyptian and Ptolemaic cultures, her relationships with Julius Caesar and Marc Antony, her conflict with Octavian, and her death by suicide in 30 BCE. The second part examines constructions of Cleopatra in Roman literature, her iconography in surviving art, and her contributions to and influence on both Ptolemaic and Roman art. A detailed account is also provided of the afterlife of Cleopatra in the literature, visual arts, scholarship, and film of both Europe and the United States, extending from the papal courts of Renaissance Italy and Shakespearean drama, to Thomas Jefferson’s art collection at Monticello and Joseph Mankiewicz’s 1963 epic film, Cleopatra.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B255 Show and Spectacle in Ancient Greece and Rome
A survey of public entertainment in the ancient world, including theater and dramatic festivals, athletic competitions, games and gladiatorial combats, and processions and sacrifices. Drawing on literary sources and paying attention to art, archaeology and topography, this course explores the social, political and religious contexts of ancient spectacle. Special consideration will be given to modern equivalents of staged entertainment and the representation of ancient spectacle in contemporary film.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): CSTS-B255; HIST-B285; CITY-B260
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B260 Daily Life in Ancient Greece and Rome
The often-praised achievements of the classical cultures arose from the realities of day-to-day life. This course surveys the rich body of material and textual evidence pertaining to how ancient Greeks and Romans -- famous and obscure alike -- lived and died. Topics include housing, food, clothing, work, leisure, and family and social life.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): CSTS-B260; CITY-B259; ANTH-B260
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B268 Greek and Roman Architecture
A survey of Greek and Roman architecture taking into account building materials, construction techniques, various forms of architecture in their urban and religious settings from an historical and social perspective.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B268; CITY-B268
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B270 Geoarchaeology
Societies in the past depended on our human ancestors’ ability to interact with their environment. Geoarchaeology analyzes these interactions by combining archaeological and geological techniques to document human behavior while also reconstructing the past environment. Course meets twice weekly for lecture, discussion of readings and hands on exercises. Prerequisite: one course in anthropology, archaeology or geology.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Crosslisting(s): GEOL-B270; ANTH-B270
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B301 Greek Vase-Painting
This course is an introduction to the world of painted pottery of the Greek world, from the 10th to the 4th centuries B.C.E. We will interpret these images from an art-historical and socio-economic viewpoint. We will also explore how these images relate to other forms of representation. Prerequisite: one course in classical archaeology or permission of instructor.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B305 Topics in Ancient Athens
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B305
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B308 Ceramic Analysis
Pottery is a fundamental means of establishing the relative chronology of archaeological sites and of understanding past human behavior. Included are theories, methods and techniques of pottery description, analysis and interpretation. Topics include typology, seriation, ceramic characterization, production, function, exchange and the use of computers in pottery analysis. Laboratory work on pottery in the department collections. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B312 The Eastern Mediterranean in the Late Bronze Age
This course is focused on the artistic interconnections among Egypt, Syria, Anatolia, and the Aegean during the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1500-1200 BCE) and their Middle Bronze Age (ca. 2000-1500 BCE) background. Prerequisites: ARCH B101 or B216 or B226 or B230 or B240 or B244.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ataç,M.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B316 Trade and Transport in the Ancient World
Issues of trade, commerce and production of export goods are addressed with regard to the Bronze Age and Iron Age cultures of Mesopotamia, Arabia, Iran and south Asia. Crucial to these systems is the development of means of transport via maritime routes and on land. Archaeological evidence for traded goods and shipwrecks is used to map the emergence of sea-faring across the Indian Ocean and Gulf while bio-archaeological data is employed to examine the transformative role that Bactrian and Dromedary camels played in ancient trade and transport.
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B316
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Magee,P.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B323 On the Trail of Alexander the Great
This course explores the world of Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic world on the basis of a variety of sources. Particular focus is put on the material culture of Macedonia and Alexander’s campaigns that changed forever the nature and boundaries of the Greek world. Prerequisite: A course in classical archaeology or permission of the instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B324 Roman Architecture
The course gives special attention to the architecture and topography of ancient Rome from the origins of the city to the later Roman Empire. At the same time, general issues in architecture and planning with particular reference to Italy and the provinces from republic to empire are also addressed. These include public and domestic spaces, structures, settings and uses, urban infrastructure, the relationship of towns and territories, “suburban” and working villas, and frontier settlements. Prerequisite: ARCH 102.
Crosslisting(s): CSTS-B324; HART-B324
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B328 Analysis of Geospatial Data Using GIS
Analysis of geospatial data, theory, and the practice of geospatial reasoning.
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B328; GEOL-B328; BIOL-B328
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B329 Archaeology and National Imagination in Modern Greece
This course explores the link between archaeology, antiquity and the national imagination in modern Greece from the establishment of the Greek state in the early nineteenth century to present times. Drawing from a variety of disciplines, including history, archaeology, art history, sociology, anthropology, ethnography, and political science, the course examines the pivotal role of archaeology and the classical past in the construction of national Greek identity. Special emphasis is placed on the concepts of Hellenism and nationalism, the European rediscovery of Greece in the Romantic era, and the connection between classical archaeology and Philhellenism from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. Additional topics of study include the presence of foreign archaeological schools in Greece, the Greek perception of archaeology, the politics of display in Greek museums, and the importance and power of specific ancient sites, monuments, and events, such as the Athenian Acropolis, the Parthenon, and the Olympic Games, in the construction and preservation of Greek national identity.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B330 Archaeological Theory and Method
A history of archaeology from the Renaissance to the present with attention to the formation of theory and method; special units on gender and feminist theory and post-modern approaches.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B330
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B352 Ancient Egyptian Architecture: The New Kingdom
A proseminar that concentrates on the principles of ancient Egyptian monumental architecture with an emphasis on the New Kingdom. The primary focus of the course is temple design, but palaces, representative settlements, and examples of Graeco-Roman temples of the Nile Valley will also be dealt with. Prerequisites: ARCH B101 or B230 or B244.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B359 Topics in Classical Art and Archaeology
This is a topics course. Course content varies. Prerequisites: 200-level coursework in some aspect of classical or related cultures, archeology or art history.
Crosslisting(s): HART-B358; CSTS-B359
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B398 Senior Seminar
A weekly seminar on topics to be determined with assigned readings and oral and written reports.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Magee,P.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B399 Senior Seminar
A weekly seminar on common topics with assigned readings and oral and written reports.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Donohue,A.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B403 Supervised Work
Supervised Work
Units: 1.0
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

ARCH B501 Greek Vase Painting
This course is an introduction to the world of painted pottery of the Greek world, from the 10th to the 4th centuries B.C.E. We will interpret these images from an art-historical and socio-economic viewpoint. We will also explore how these images relate to other forms of representation. Prerequisite: One course in classical archaeology or permission of instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B505 Topics in Ancient Athens
This is a topics course. Topics vary. Previous topics include: Monuments and Art, Acropolis
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B508 Ceramic Analysis
Pottery is fundamental for establishing the relative chronology of archaeological sites and past human behavior. Included are theories, methods and techniques of pottery description, analysis, and interpretation. Topics are typology, seriation, ceramic characterization, production, function, exchange and the use of computers in pottery analysis. Laboratory in the collections.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B516 Trade and Transport in the Ancient World
Issues of trade, commerce and production of export goods are addressed with regard to the Bronze Age and Iron Age cultures of Mesopotamia, Arabia, Iran and south Asia. Crucial to these systems is the development of means of transport via maritime routes and on land. Archaeological evidence for traded goods and shipwrecks is used to map the emergence of sea-faring across the Indian Ocean and Gulf while bio-archaeological data is employed to examine the transformative role that Bactrian and Dromedary camels played in ancient trade and transport.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Magee,P.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B529 Archaeology and National Imagination in Modern Greece
This course explores the link between archaeology, antiquity and the national imagination in modern Greece from the establishment of the Greek state in the early nineteenth century to present times. Drawing from a variety of disciplines, including history, archaeology, art history, sociology, anthropology, ethnography, and political science, the course examines the pivotal role of archaeology and the classical past in the construction of national Greek identity. Special emphasis is placed on the concepts of Hellenism and nationalism, the European rediscovery of Greece in the Romantic era, and the connection between classical archaeology and Philhellenism from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. Additional topics of study include the presence of foreign archaeological schools in Greece, the Greek perception of archaeology, the politics of display in Greek museums, and the importance and power of specific ancient sites, monuments, and events, such as the Athenian Acropolis, the Parthenon, and the Olympic Games, in the construction and preservation of Greek national identity.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B530 Archaeological Theory and Method
A history of archaeology from the Renaissance to the present with attention to the formation of theory and method; special units on gender and feminist theory and post-modern approaches.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B552 Egyptian Architecture: New Kingdom
A proseminar that concentrates on the principles of ancient Egyptian monumental architecture with an emphasis on the New Kingdom. The primary focus of the course is temple design, but palaces, representative settlements, and examples of Graeco-Roman temples of the Nile Valley will also be dealt with.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B570 Geoarchaeology
Societies in the past depended on our human ancestors’ ability to interact with their environment. Geoarchaeology analyzes these interactions by combining archaeological and geological techniques to document human behavior while also reconstructing the past environment. Course meets twice weekly for lecture, discussion of readings and hands on exercises. Prerequisite: One course in anthropology, archaeology or geology.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B605 The Concept of Style
Style is a fundamental concern for historians of art. This seminar examines concepts of style in ancient and post-antique art historiography, focusing on the historical and intellectual contexts in which they arose. Special attention is paid to the recognition and description of style, explanations of stylistic change, and the meanings attached to style, particularly in classical and related art.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Donohue,A.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B608 Mediterranean Landscape Archaeology
This course explores a range of approaches to the study of landscapes that relates to core principles of the field of archaeology. It also discusses the construction of specific landscapes in the Mediterranean (e.g., gardens, sacred landscapes, and memoryscapes).
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B622 Classical Conceptions of the Human Figure
The representation of the human figure is so central to the art of the West that it is easy to accept it as a natural and inevitable concern and to overlook the problems it raises. This seminar will focus on some of the fundamental artistic, cultural, and ideological issues surrounding the conceptions of the human form in classically based representations. The material to be considered will range from the art and literature of classical antiquity through contemporary critical approaches. Post-antique, non-classical, and non-Western traditions perspectives are welcome. Proposed topics include: knowledge of the human body (including medical texts); individual and type; physiognomic analysis, proportions and canons; the ideal; representations of mental states; representation of movement (including drama and dance); anthropomorphism and the divine; masks; costumes, and alterations.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B623 On the Trail of Alexander the Great
This course explores the world of Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic world based on a variety of sources. Particular focus is put on the material culture of Macedonia and Alexander’s campaigns that changed forever the nature and boundaries of the Greek world. Prerequisite: A course in Classical Archaeology or permission of the instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B625 Historiography of Ancient Art
Our understanding of the material culture of classical antiquity and related civilizations, including the post-antique West, rests on information and interpretive frameworks derived from ancient texts. This pro-seminar explores how the history of ancient art has been and continues to be written, with emphasis on the ancient texts, their historical and intellectual contexts, and the uses to which they have been put in a variety of historical formulations from antiquity through modern times.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B628 Assyria and the West: Neo-Hittite States
This seminar revolves around the art and architecture of the Neo-Hittite states of the Iron Age in Syro-Anatolia from the lens of their relations with the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ataç,M.
(Spring 2015)

ARCH B634 Problems in Greek Art
A seminar dealing with current issues in the art of ancient Greece and related traditions.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B636 Mycenaean Archaeology
An intensive survey of the archaeology of Late Bronze Age Greece focusing on the sites of the Mycenaean culture.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B638 Archaeology of Assyria
A seminar focused on the art and architecture of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (883-612 BCE). Emphasis will be on the cities, palaces, and decorative programs of the major Neo-Assyrian kings.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B639 The Iranian Iron Age
In this course we examine the archaeology of Iran and its neighbors to the south, north and east from c. 1300 to 300 BC. Through an analysis of archaeological data, we will examine questions related to subsistence strategies, trade and the response to imperial powers. The course incorporates an examination of the archaeology of the Achaemenid Empire.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B654 The Archaeology of Prehistoric Arabia
In this course we examine the archaeology of prehistoric Arabia from c. 8000 to 500 BC. Particular emphasis is placed upon how the archaeological evidence illuminates social and economic structures.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Magee,P.
(Fall 2014)

ARCH B669 Ancient Greece and the Near East
Approaches to the study of interconnections between Ancient Greece and the Near East, mainly in the Iron Age, with emphasis on art, architecture, and intellectual perspective.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B672 Archaeology of Rubbish
This course explores a range of approaches to the study of waste and dirt as well as practices and processes of disposal and recycling in past and present societies. Particular attention will be paid to understanding and interpreting spacial disposal patterns, identifying votive deposits (bothroi), and analyzing the use of dirt(y waste) in negotiating social differences.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B692 Archaeology of Achaemenid Era
The course explores the archaeology of the Achaemenid Empire. It will be offered in conjunction with Professor Lauren Ristvet (UPENN) and will cover the archaeology of the regions from Libya to India fro 538 to 332 BC. Students will be expected to provide presentations as well as written work.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B701 Supervised Work
Unit of supervised work
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Donohue,A., Ataç,M., Magee,P., Lindenlauf,A.
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

ARCH B104 Archaeology of Agricultural and Urban Revolutions
This course examines the archaeology of the two most fundamental changes that have occurred in human society in the last 12,000 years, agriculture and urbanism, and we explore these in Egypt and the Near East as far as India. We also explore those societies that did not experience these changes.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology; Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B104
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B135 Focus: Archaeological Fieldwork and Methods
The fundamentals of the practice of archaeology through readings and case studies and participatory demonstrations. Case studies will be drawn from the archives of the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project and material in the College’s collections. Each week there will be a 1-hour laboratory that will introduce students to a variety of fieldwork methods and forms of analysis. This is a half semester Focus course.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Units: 0.5
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B136 Focus: Archaeological Science
This is a half-semester Focus course offered as an introduction to the role of science in the contemporary practice of archaeology. Although it will often be sequential to another Focus course, ARCH 135: Archaeological Fieldwork and Methods, it is a stand-alone offering that will be of interest to a broad range of students. Topics covered in the course will include: radiometric dating (especially 14c), palaeo-environmental reconstruction, sedimentary analysis and geochemical provenience methodologies. This course will include a 1 hour lab.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Units: 0.5
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B270 Geoarchaeology
Societies in the past depended on our human ancestors’ ability to interact with their environment. Geoarchaeology analyzes these interactions by combining archaeological and geological techniques to document human behavior while also reconstructing the past environment. Course meets twice weekly for lecture, discussion of readings and hands on exercises. Prerequisite: One course in anthropology, archaeology or geology.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Crosslisting(s): GEOL-B270; ANTH-B270
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

ARCH B308 Ceramic Analysis
Pottery is a fundamental means of establishing the relative chronology of archaeological sites and of understanding past human behavior. Included are theories, methods and techniques of pottery description, analysis and interpretation. Topics include typology, seriation, ceramic characterization, production, function, exchange and the use of computers in pottery analysis. Laboratory work on pottery in the department collections. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Counts towards: Geoarchaeology
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)