Biology

Students may complete a major or minor in Biology. Within the major, students may complete minors in computational methods, environmental studies or neural and behavioral sciences.

Faculty

Peter D. Brodfuehrer, Eleanor A. Bliss Professor of Biology
Joshua Caplan, Bucher-Jackson Postdoctoral Fellow in the Sciences
Monica Chander, Associate Professor of Biology
Gregory K. Davis, Associate Professor of Biology (on leave semesters I and II)
Tamara Davis, Chair and Professor of Biology
Karen F. Greif, Professor of Biology (on leave semesters I and II)
Jocelyn J. Lippman-Bell, Lecturer in Biology
Elizabeth Mietlicki-Baase, Lecturer in Biology
Tom Mozdzer, Assistant Professor of Biology
Sydne Record, Assistant Professor of Biology
Joshua Shapiro, Assistant Professor of Biology
Jennifer N. Skirkanich, Lecturer in Biology
Michelle W Wien, Lecturer in Biology

The programs of the department are designed to introduce students to unifying concepts and broad issues in biology, and to provide the opportunity for in-depth inquiry into topics of particular interest through coursework and independent research. Introductory- and intermediate-level courses examine the structures and functions of living systems at all levels of organization, from molecules, cells and organisms to populations. Advanced courses encourage the student to gain proficiency in the critical reading of research literature, leading to the development, defense and presentation of a senior paper. Opportunities for supervised research with faculty are available and highly encouraged.

Major Requirements

Course requirements for a major in Biology include two semesters of introductory biology (BIOL110-111), six courses at the 200 and 300 level (excluding BIOL 390-399), of which at least two must be at the 300-level and three must be laboratory courses, and one senior seminar course (BIOL 390-399). Two semesters of supervised laboratory research, BIOL 403, may be substituted for one of the required laboratory courses. In addition, two semester courses in general chemistry and three additional semester courses in allied sciences, to be selected from Anthropology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Geology, Mathematics, Physics or Psychology are required for all majors. Selection of the three additional allied science courses must be done in consultation with the student’s major adviser and be approved by the department.

Students interested in pursuing graduate studies or medical school are encouraged to take two semesters each of physics and organic chemistry. In addition, all biology students are encouraged to take courses that employ quantitative reasoning or computational approaches; such courses can be taken within the Biology Department or in other departments.

A score of 5 on the Advanced Placement examination, or equivalent International Baccalaureate scores, can be used to satisfy one semester of the introductory biology requirement for the major. One additional semester of BIOL 110-111 is required to fulfill the introductory biology requirement. The department, however, highly recommends both semesters of introductory biology for majors. Placement out of one semester of introductory biology does not satisfy the introductory biology pre-requisite for 200/300-level courses.

The writing within the Major Requirement is fulfilled by the completion of two 200/300-level laboratory courses in Biology, all of which are writing attentive.

Honors

Departmental honors are awarded to students who have distinguished themselves academically or via their participation in departmental activities. Final selection for honors is made by the Biology faculty.

Minor Requirements

A minor in Biology consists of six semester courses in Biology.

Minors in Environmental Studies, Computational Methods, and Neural and Behavioral Sciences

Minors in Environmental Studies, Computational Methods, and Neural and Behavioral Sciences are available for students interested in interdisciplinary exploration in these areas. Check relevant sections of the course catalog for complete descriptions of the minors.

Teacher Certification

The College offers a certification program in secondary teacher education.

Animal Experimentation Policy

Students who object to participating directly in laboratory activities involving the use of animals in a course required for the major are required to notify the faculty member of her or his objections at the beginning of the course. If alternative activities are available and deemed consistent with the pedagogical objectives of the course by the faculty member, then a student will be allowed to pursue alternative laboratory activities without penalty.

COURSES

BIOL B101 Introduction to Biology I: Genetics and the Central Dogma
For post-baccalaureate premedical students only. A comprehensive examination of topics in genetics, molecular biology and cancer biology. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours a week.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Wien,M.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B102 Introduction to Biology II: Biochemistry and Human Physiology
For post-baccalaureate premedical students only. A comprehensive examination of topics in biochemistry, cell biology and human physiology. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours a week. BIOL B101 is strongly recommended.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Wien,M.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B110 Biological Exploration I
This is a topics course, course topic varies. BIOL B110 is an introductory-level courses designed to encourage students to explore the field of biology at multiple levels of organization: molecular, cellular, organismal and ecological. Each course will explore these areas of biology through a unifying theme. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours a week. Prerequisite: Quantitative readiness is required for this course. With permission of instructor, students registered for QUAN B010 may also take this course concurrently.
Approach: Quantitative Readiness Required (QR); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Davis,T., Skirkanich,J., Chander,M., Shapiro,J.
Fall 2014: Current topic description: This year Biology 110-001 will investigate the relationship between genotype and phenotype through analysis of inheritance patterns in families and populations and examination of the regulation and decoding of genetic information that ultimately produces whose structure/function dictates cellular activity. Current topic description: This course will explore the ways that the genomes of various organisms have been altered by nature and by human interventions, focusing on the mechanisms and effects of those genetic modifications. Current topic description: This course will explore the ways the central dogma of molecular biology relates to the biochemical basis of human disease.

BIOL B111 Biological Exploration II
This is a topics course, course topic varies. BIOL 111 is an introductory-level course designed to encourage students to explore the field of biology at multiple levels of organization: molecular, cellular, organismal and ecological. Each course will explore these areas of biology through a unifying theme. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours a week. Prerequisite: Quantitative readiness is required for this course. With permission of instructor, students registered for QUAN B010 may also take this course concurrently.
Approach: Quantitative Readiness Required (QR); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Brodfuehrer,P., Skirkanich,J., Mozdzer,T., Record,S.
Spring 2015: Current topic description: This course will examine the complex behavior of feeding by examining the various physiological systems involved in controlling the intake of food, its digestion, and how many calories do organisms need to survive. Current topic description: Taking an ecological approach, we will use invasive species as our central theme in order to predict how organisms can affect multiple levels for biological organization from the organismal to the ecosystem level. Current topic description: This course will explore potential responses of how life on earth may respond to global change while reflecting on how such responses may alter the ecosystem services important to human society.

BIOL B201 Genetics
An introduction to heredity and variation, focusing on topics such as classical Mendelian genetics, linkage and recombination, chromosome abnormalities, population and developmental genetics. Examples of genetic analyses are drawn from a variety of organisms, including bacteria, Drosophila, C. elegans and humans. Lecture three hours. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110-111 and CHEM 103, 104.
Approach: Quantitative Readiness Required (QR); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Health Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Davis,T.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B202 Introduction to Neuroscience
An introduction to the nervous system and its broad contributions to function. The class will explore fundamentals of neural anatomy and signaling, sensory and motor processing and control, nervous system development and examples of complex brain functions. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110-111 or permission of instructor.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Neuroscience
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mietlicki-Baase,E.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B210 Biology and Public Policy
A lecture/discussion course on major issues and advances in biology and their implications for public policy decisions. Topics discussed include reproductive technologies, the Human Genome project, environmental health hazards, bioterrorism, and euthanasia and organ transplantation. Readings include scientific articles, public policy and ethical considerations, and lay publications. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisite: One semester of BIOL 110-111, or permission of instructor.
Counts towards: Environmental Studies; Health Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B214 The Historical Roots of Women in Genetics and Embryology
This course provides a general history of genetics and embryology from the late 19th to the mid-20th century with a focus on the role that women scientists and technicians played in the development of these sub-disciplines. We will look at the lives of well known and lesser-known individuals, asking how factors such as their educational experiences and mentor relationships influenced the roles these women played in the scientific enterprise. We will also examine specific scientific contributions in historical context, requiring a review of core concepts in genetics and developmental biology. One facet of the course will be to look at the Bryn Mawr Biology Department from the founding of the College into the mid-20th century.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B214
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B215 Experimental Design and Statistics
An introductory course in designing experiments and analyzing biological data. This course is structured to develop students’ understanding of when to apply different quantitative methods, and how to implement those methods using the R statistics environment. Topics include summary statistics, distributions, randomization, replication, parametric and nonparametric tests, and introductory topics in multivariate and Bayesian statistics. The course is geared around weekly problem sets and interactive learning. Suggested Preparation: BIOL B110 or B111 is highly recommended.
Approach: Quantitative Methods (QM)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Health Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Shapiro,J.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B216 Genomics
An introduction to the study of genomes and genomic data. This course will examine the types of biological questions that can be answered using large biological data sets and complete genome sequences as well as the techniques and technologies that make such studies possible. Topics include genome organization and evolution, comparative genomics, and analysis of transcriptomes and proteomes. Prerequisite: One semester of BIOL 110-111. BIOL 201 highly recommended.
Approach: Quantitative Methods (QM); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Health Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Shapiro,J.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B220 Ecology
A study of the interactions between organisms and their environments. The scientific underpinnings of current environmental issues, with regard to human impacts, are also discussed. Students will also become familiar with ecological principles and with the methods ecologists use. Students will apply these principles through the design and implementation of experiments both in the laboratory and the field. Lecture three hours a week, laboratory/field investigation three hours a week. There will be optional field trips throughout the semester. Prerequisite: One semester of BIOL B110 or B111 or permission of instructor.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mozdzer,T.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B225 Biology of Plants
Plants are critical to numerous contemporary issues, such as ecological sustainability, economic stability, and human health. Students will examine the fundamentals of how plants are structured, how they function, how they interact with other organisms, and how they respond to environmental stimuli. In addition, students will be taught to identify important local species, and will explore the role of plants in human society and ecological systems. Prerequisite BIOL 110 and BIOL 111.
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Caplan,J.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B236 Evolution
A lecture/discussion course on the development of evolutionary biology. This course will cover the history of evolutionary theory, population genetics, molecular and developmental evolution, paleontology, and phylogenetic analysis. Lecture three hours a week.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Crosslisting(s): GEOL-B236; ANTH-B236
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Marenco,P.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B244 Behavioral Endocrinology
An interdisciplinary-based analysis of the nature of hormones, how hormones affect cells and systems, and how these effects alter the behavior of animals. Topics will be covered from a research perspective using a combination of lectures, discussions and student presentations. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110-111 or one of the following courses: BIOL B202, PSYC B218 or PSYC H217.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Neuroscience
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Brodfuehrer,P.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B250 Computational Methods in the Sciences
A study of how and why modern computation methods are used in scientific inquiry. Students will learn basic principles of visualizing and analyzing scientific data through hands-on programming exercises. The majority of the course will use the R programming language and corresponding open source statistical software. Content will focus on data sets from across the sciences. Six hours of combined lecture/lab per week.
Approach: Quantitative Methods (QM); Quantitative Readiness Required (QR); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Environmental Studies; Neuroscience
Crosslisting(s): GEOL-B250; CMSC-B250
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Record,S.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B255 Microbiology
Invisible to the naked eye, microbes occupy every niche on the planet. This course will examine how microbes have become successful colonizers; review aspects of interactions between microbes, humans and the environment; and explore practical uses of microbes in industry, medicine and environmental management. The course will combine lecture, discussion of primary literature and student presentations. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110 or permission of the instructor.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Health Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Chander,M.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B262 Urban Ecosystems
Cities can be considered ecosystems whose functions are highly influenced by human activity. This course will address many of the living and non-living components of urban ecosystems, as well as their unique processes. Using an approach focused on case studies, the course will explore the ecological and environmental problems that arise from urbanization, and also examine solutions that have been attempted. Prerequisite: BIOL B110 or B111 or ENVS B101.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B262
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Caplan,J.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B271 Developmental Biology
An introduction to embryology and the concepts of developmental biology. Concepts are illustrated by analyzing the experimental observations that support them. Topics include gametogenesis and fertilization, morphogenesis, cell fate specification and differentiation, pattern formation, regulation of gene expression, neural development, and developmental plasticity. The laboratory focuses on observations and experiments on living embryos. Lecture three hours, laboratory three scheduled hours a week; most weeks require additional hours outside of the regularly scheduled lab. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110-111 or permission of instructor.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Health Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B303 Human Physiology
A comprehensive study of the physical and chemical processes in tissues, organs and organ systems that form the basis of animal and human function. Homeostasis, control systems and the structural basis of function are emphasized. Laboratories are designed to introduce basic physiological techniques and the practice of scientific inquiry. Lecture three hours, laboratory three hours a week. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110-111, CHEM 103, 104 and one 200-level biology course.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Health Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Brodfuehrer,P.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B310 Philosophy of Science
An examination of positivistic science and its critics. The topics of this course will include: the demarcation between science and non-science; falsificationism vs. verificationism; the structure of scientific revolutions and research programs; criticism and growth of scientific knowledge; interpretive ideals in science; scientific explanation; truth and objectivity; the effect of interpretation upon that which is interpreted in modern physics; constructivism vs. realism in philosophy of science.
Crosslisting(s): PHIL-B310
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B320 Evolutionary Ecology
This course will examine how phenotypic variation in organisms is optimized and constrained by ecological and evolutionary factors. We will cover concepts and case studies in life history evolution, behavioral ecology, and population ecology with an emphasis on both mathematical and experimental approaches. Recommended Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL B110-111 or BIOL 220.
Approach: Quantitative Methods (QM); Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B321 Neuroethology
This course provides an opportunity for students to understand the neuronal basis of behavior through the examination of how particular animals have evolved neural solutions to specific problems posed to them by their environments. The topics will be covered from a research perspective using a combination of lectures, discussions and student presentations. Prerequisite: BIOL 202, PSYC 218 or PSYC 217 at Haverford.
Counts towards: Neuroscience
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B323 Coastal and Marine Ecology
An interdisciplinary course exploring the ecological, biogeochemical, and physical aspects of coastal and marine ecosystems. We will compare intertidal habitats in both temperate and tropical environments, with a specific emphasis on global change impacts on coastal systems (e.g. sea level rise, warming, and species shifts). In 2015 the course will have a mandatory field trip to a tropical marine field station and an overnight field trip to a temperate field station in the mid-Atlantic. Prerequisite: BIOL B220 (Ecology)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mozdzer,T.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B326 From Channels to Behavior
Introduces the principles, research approaches, and methodologies of cellular and behavioral neuroscience. The first half of the course will cover the cellular properties of neurons using current and voltage clamp techniques along with neuron simulations. The second half of the course will introduce students to state-of-the-art techniques for acquiring and analyzing data in a variety of rodent models linking brain and behavior. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110-111 and one of the following: PSYC 218, PSYC 217 at Haverford, or BIOL 202.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Neuroscience
Crosslisting(s): PSYC-B326
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B327 Evolutionary Genetics and Genomics
This seminar course will discuss evolution primarily at the level of genes and genomes. Topics will include the roles of selection and drift in molecular evolution, evolution of gene expression, genomic approaches to the study of quantitative variation, evolutionary history of humans, and evolutionary perspectives on the study of human disease. Students will read papers from the primary literature, lead and participate in class discussions and debates, and write reviews of research articles. Quantitative proficiency required. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110-111 and BIOL 201, or BIOL 236, or permission of instructor.
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B328 Analysis of Geospatial Data Using GIS
Analysis of geospatial data, theory, and the practice of geospatial reasoning.
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B328; GEOL-B328; ARCH-B328
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B332 Global Change Biology
Global changes to our environment present omnipresent environmental challenges. We are only beginning to understand the complex interactions between organisms and the rapidly changing environment. Students will explore the effects of global change in depth using the primary literature. Prerequisites: BIOL B220 (Ecology) or BIOL B262 (Urban Ecology) or permission of instructor.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mozdzer,T.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B340 Cell Biology
A lecture course with laboratory emphasizing current knowledge in cell biology. Among topics discussed are cell membranes, cell surface specializations, cell motility and the cytoskeleton, regulation of cell activity and cell signaling. Laboratory experiments are focused on studies of cell structure, making use of techniques in cell culture and immunocytochemistry. Lecture three hours, laboratory four hours a week. Prerequisites: One semester of Organic Chemistry (CHEM B211/B212), and BIOL B201 or B271, or permission of instructor.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B354 Basic Concepts and Special Topics in Biochemistry
For post-baccalaureate premedical students and non-majors who meet the prerequisites. Course does not count toward the biology major, majors should take BIOL B375. Prerequisites: One semester of BIOL 110/B111, and CHEM 211 or permission of the instructor.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Kung,Y.
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

BIOL B361 Emergence
A multidisciplinary exploration of the interactions underlying both real and simulated systems, such as ant colonies, economies, brains, earthquakes, biological evolution, artificial evolution, computers, and life. These emergent systems are often characterized by simple, local interactions that collectively produce global phenomena not apparent in the local interactions. Prerequisites: CMSC 206 or H106 and CMSC 231 or permission of instructor.
Crosslisting(s): CMSC-B361
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B364 Developmental Neurobiology
A lecture/discussion course on major topics in the development of the nervous system. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 or 271, BIOL 202 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.
Counts towards: Neuroscience
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Lippman-Bell,J.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B375 Integrated Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I
The first semester of a two-semester course that focuses on the structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids, enzyme kinetics, metabolic pathways, gene regulation and recombinant DNA techniques. Students will explore these topics via lecture, critical reading and discussion of primary literature and laboratory experimentation. Three hours of lecture, three hours of lab per week. Prerequisite: One semester of BIOL B110 and two semesters of organic chemistry (CHEM B211/B212).
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Chander,M.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B376 Integrated Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II
This second semester of a two-semester sequence will continue with analysis of nucleic acids and gene regulation through lecture, critical reading and discussion of primary literature and laboratory experimentation. Three hours of lecture, three hours of lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 201, BIOL B375 or permission of instructor.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Davis,T.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B391 Senior Seminar in Biochemistry
Topics of current interest and significance in biochemistry are examined with critical readings and oral presentations of work from the research literature. In addition, students write, defend and publicly present one long research paper. Three hours of class lecture and discussion a week, supplemented by frequent meetings with individual students. Prerequisite: BIOL 375 or permission of instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B392 Senior Seminar
An advanced course in the study of the organization and function of physiological systems from the molecular level to the organismal level. Specific topics related to the organization and function of physiological systems are examined in detail using the primary literature. In addition, students write, defend and publicly present one long research paper. Three hours of class lecture and discussion a week, supplemented by frequent meetings with individual students.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Brodfuehrer,P.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B393 Senior Seminar in Molecular Genetics
This course focuses on topics of current interest and significance in molecular genetics, such as chromatin structure and mechanisms of gene regulation. Students critically read, present and discuss in detail primary literature relevant to the selected topic. In addition, students write, defend and publicly present one long research paper. Three hours of class lecture and discussion a week, supplemented by frequent meetings with individual students. Prerequisite: BIOL 201 or 376, or permission of instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B394 Senior Seminar in Evolutionary Developmental Biology
Topics of current interest and significance in evolutionary developmental biology are examined with critical readings and oral presentations of work from the research literature. In addition, students write, defend and publicly present a research paper based on their readings. Three hours of class lecture and discussion a week, supplemented by frequent meetings with individual students. Prerequisite: BIOL 201, 236 or 271, or permission of instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B396 Topics in Neuroscience
A seminar course dealing with current issues in neuroscience. It provides advanced students minoring in neuroscience with an opportunity to read and discuss in depth seminal papers that represent emerging thought in the field. In addition, students are expected to make presentations of their own research.
Counts towards: Neuroscience
Crosslisting(s): PSYC-B396
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

BIOL B398 Senior Seminar in Science and Society
A seminar that addresses a variety of topics at the interface of biology and society. Students write, defend and publicly present a major scholarly work. Three hours of discussion a week, supplemented by frequent meetings with individual students.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Record,S.
(Fall 2014)

BIOL B399 Senior Seminar in Laboratory Investigations
This seminar provides students with a collaborative forum to facilitate the exchange of ideas and broaden their perspective and understanding of research approaches used in various sub-disciplines of biology. There will be a focus on the presentation, interpretation and discussion of data, and communication of scientific findings to diverse audiences. In addition, students write, defend and publicly present a paper on their supervised research project. Three hours of class discussion each week. Corequisite: Enrollment in BIOL403.
Counts towards: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Units: 0.5
Instructor(s): Shapiro,J.
(Spring 2015)

BIOL B425 Praxis III: Independent Study
Praxis III courses are Independent Study courses and are developed by individual students, in collaboration with faculty and field supervisors. A Praxis courses is distinguished by genuine collaboration with fieldsite organizations and by a dynamic process of reflection that incorporates lessons learned in the field into the classroom setting and applies theoretical understanding gained through classroom study to work done in the broader community.
Counts towards: Praxis Program
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)