Growth and Structure of Cities

Students may complete a major or minor in Growth and Structure of Cities. Complementing the major, students may complete a minor in Environmental Studies, or a concentration in Latin American, Latino, and Iberian Peoples and Cultures. Students also may enter the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in cooperation with the University of Pennsylvania.

Faculty

Jeffrey A. Cohen, Term Professor in Growth and Structure of Cities (on leave semester I)
David Consiglio, Instructor
Carola Hein, Professor of Growth and Structure of Cities
Jennifer Hurley, Instructor in Growth and Structure of Cities
Gary W. McDonogh, Professor of Growth and Structure of Cities and the Helen Herrmann Chair
Liv Raddatz, Instructor in Growth and Structure of Cities
Victoria Reyes, Lecturer in Growth and Structure of Cities
Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi, Lecturer in Growth and Structure of Cities
Ellen Stroud, Associate Professor of Growth and Structure of Cities on the Johanna Alderfer Harris and William H. Harris, M.D. Professorship in Environmental Studies
Daniela Holt Voith, Senior Lecturer in Growth and Structure of Cities

The interdisciplinary Growth and Structure of Cities major challenges students to understand the dynamic relationships connecting urban spatial organization and the built environment with politics, economics, cultures and societies worldwide. Core introductory classes present analytic approaches that explore changing forms of the city over time and analyze the variety of ways through which women and men have re-created global urban life across history and across cultures. With these foundations, students pursue their interests through classes in architecture, urban social and economic relations, urban history, studies of planning and the environmental conditions of urban life. Opportunities for internships, volunteering, and study abroad also enrich the major. Advanced seminars further ground the course of study by focusing on specific cities and topics.

Major Requirements

A minimum of 15 courses (11 courses in Cities and four allied courses in other related fields) is required to complete the major. Two introductory courses (185, 190) balance sociocultural and formal approaches to urban form and the built environment, and introduce cross-cultural and historical comparison of urban development. The introductory sequence should be completed with a broader architectural survey course (253, 254, 255) and a second social science course that entails extended analysis and writing (229). These courses should be completed as early as possible in the first and second years; at least two of them must be taken by the end of the first semester of the sophomore year.

Writing across multiple disciplines is central to the major, drawing on sources as varied as architectural and visual studies, ethnographic fieldwork, archival and textual study, theoretical reflection and policy engagement. Students will begin to write and receive commentary on their arguments and expression from their introductory classes through their required capstone thesis. While most courses in the major have important writing components, at the moment City 229 acts as our primary writing-intensive course, asking students to draw upon the breadth of their interests to focus on researching, writing and rewriting within a comparative framework. We will be expanding our pedagogy in this area over time in conjunction with college initiatives and student feedback. At the same time, students are encouraged to use other classes within the major to develop a range of skills in methods, theory, and presentations, oral and written.

In addition to these introductory courses, each student selects six elective courses within the Cities Department, including cross-listed courses. At least two must be at the 300 level. In the senior year, a capstone course is required of all majors. Most students join together in a research seminar, CITY 398, in the Fall of that year. Occasionally, however, after consultation with the major advisers, the student may elect another 300-level course or a program for independent research. This is often the case with double majors who write a thesis in another field.

Finally, each student must also identify four courses outside Cities that represent additional expertise to complement her work in the major. These may include courses such as physics and calculus for architects, additional courses in economics, political science, sociology, or anthropology for students more focused on the social sciences and planning, or courses that build on language, design, or regional interests. Any minor, concentration, or second major also fulfills this requirement. Cities courses that are cross-listed with other departments or originate in them can be counted only once in the course selection, although they may be either allied or elective courses.

Both the Cities Department electives and the four or more allied courses must be chosen in close consultation with the major advisers in order to create a strongly coherent sequence and focus. This is especially true for students interested in architectural design, who will need to arrange studio courses (226, 228) as well as accompanying courses in math, science and architectural history; they should contact the department chair or Daniela Voith in their first year. Likewise, students interested in pursuing a minor in Environmental Studies should consult with Ellen Stroud early in their career, and those interested in pursuing a concentration in Iberian, Latin American, and Latino/a themes or in Global Asian Studies should consult with Gary McDonogh.

Students should also note that many courses in the department as well as cross-listed courses are not given every year. They should also note that courses may carry prerequisites in cities, art history, economics, history, sociology, or the natural sciences.

Programs for study abroad or off campus are encouraged, within the limits of the Bryn Mawr and Haverford rules and practices. In general, a one-semester program is strongly preferred. The Cities Department regularly works with off-campus and study-abroad programs that are strong in architectural history, planning, and design, as well as those that allow students to pursue social and cultural interests. Students who would like to spend part or all of their junior year away must consult with the major advisers and appropriate deans early in their sophomore year.

Cities majors have created major plans that have allowed them to coordinate their interests in cities with architecture, planning, ethnography, history, law, environmental studies, mass media, social justice, medicine, public health, the fine arts, and other fields. No matter the focus, though, each Cities major must develop a solid foundation in both the history of architecture and urban form and the analysis of urban culture, experience, and policy. Careful methodological choices, clear analytical writing, and critical visual analysis constitute primary emphases of the major. Strong interaction with faculty and other students are an important and productive part of the Cities Department, which helps us all take advantage of the major’s flexibility in an organized and rigorous way.

Minor Requirements

Students who wish to minor in the Cities Department must take at least two out of the four required courses and four cities electives, including two at the 300 level. Senior Seminar is not mandatory for fulfilling the cities minor.

3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning

Over the past two decades, many Cities majors have entered the 3-2 Program in City and Regional Planning, offered in conjunction with the University of Pennsylvania. Students interested in this program should meet with faculty early in their sophomore year.

COURSES

CITY B103 Earth System Science and the Environment
This integrated approach to studying the Earth focuses on interactions among geology, oceanography, and biology. Also discussed are the consequences of population growth, industrial development, and human land use. Two lectures and one afternoon of laboratory or fieldwork per week. A required two-day (Fri.-Sat.) field trip is taken in April.
Approach: Scientific Investigation (SI)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): GEOL-B103
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Marenco,K., Barber,D.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B104 Archaeology of Agricultural and Urban Revolutions
This course examines the archaeology of the two most fundamental changes that have occurred in human society in the last 12,000 years, agriculture and urbanism, and we explore these in Egypt and the Near East as far as India. We also explore those societies that did not experience these changes.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B104
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B136 Working with Economic Data
Applies selected principles of economics to the quantitative analysis of economic data; uses spreadsheets and other tools to collect and judge the reliability of economic data. Topics may include measures of income inequality and poverty; unemployment, national income and other measures of economic well-being; cost-benefit of public and private investments; construction of price indices and other government statistics; evaluating economic forecasts; and the economics of personal finance.
Approach: Quantitative Readiness Required (QR)
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B136
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B185 Urban Culture and Society
Examines techniques and questions of the social sciences as tools for studying historical and contemporary cities. Topics include political-economic organization, conflict and social differentiation (class, ethnicity and gender), and cultural production and representation. Philadelphia features prominently in discussion, reading and exploration as do global metropolitan comparisons through papers involving fieldwork, critical reading and planning/problem solving using qualitative and quantitative methods.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B185
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): McDonogh,G.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B190 The Form of the City: Urban Form from Antiquity to the Present
This course studies the city as a three-dimensional artifact. A variety of factors—geography, economic and population structure, politics, planning, and aesthetics—are considered as determinants of urban form.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B190
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Cohen,J., Siddiqi,A.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B200 Urban Sociology
This course consists of an overview, as well as an analysis of the physical and social structure of the city. The first part of the course will deal with understanding exactly what a city consists of. The second part will focus on the social structure within cities. Finally, in the third part of the course, we will examine patterns of inequality and segregation in the city. Prerequisite: One social science course or permission of instructor.
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B200
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B201 Introduction to GIS for Social and Environmental Analysis
This course is designed to introduce the foundations of GIS with emphasis on applications for social and environmental analysis. It deals with basic principles of GIS and its use in spatial analysis and information management. Ultimately, students will design and carry out research projects on topics of their own choosing.
Approach: Quantitative Readiness Required (QR)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
(Fall 2014)

CITY B203 Ancient Greek Cities and Sanctuaries
A study of the development of the Greek city-states and sanctuaries. Archaeological evidence is surveyed in its historic context. The political formation of the city-state and the role of religion is presented, and the political, economic, and religious institutions of the city-states are explored in their urban settings. The city-state is considered as a particular political economy of the Mediterranean and in comparison to the utility of the concept of city-state in other cultures.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B203
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B204 Economics of Local Environmental Programs
Considers the determinants of human impact on the environment at the neighborhood or community level and policy responses available to local government. How can economics help solve and learn from the problems facing rural and suburban communities? The instructor was a local township supervisor who will share the day-to-day challenges of coping with land use planning, waste disposal, dispute resolution, and the provision of basis services. Prerequisite: ECON B105.
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B242
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ross,D.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B205 Social Inequality
Introduction to the major sociological theories of gender, racial-ethnic, and class inequality with emphasis on the relationships among these forms of stratification in the contemporary United States, including the role of the upper class(es), inequality between and within families, in the work place, and in the educational system.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B205
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B206 Introduction to Econometrics
An introduction to econometric terminology and reasoning. Topics include descriptive statistics, probability, and statistical inference. Particular emphasis is placed on regression analysis and on the use of data to address economic issues. The required computational techniques are developed as part of the course. Prerequisites: ECON B105 or H101, and H102, and a 200-level elective.
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B253
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Stahnke,R.
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

CITY B207 Topics in Urban Studies
A mid-level course that explores how we understand and write about architecture and architectural history, based on the analysis of visual materials, close reading of texts, and visits to actual sites.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B210 Natural Hazards
A quantitative approach to understanding the earth processes that impact human societies. We consider the past, current, and future hazards presented by geologic processes, including earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, floods, and hurricanes. The course includes discussion of the social, economic, and policy contexts within which natural geologic processes become hazards. Case studies are drawn from contemporary and ancient societies. Lecture three hours a week. Prerequisite: One semester of college science or permission of instructor.
Approach: Quantitative Methods (QM); Quantitative Readiness Required (QR)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): GEOL-B209
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B212 Medieval Architecture
This course takes a broad geographic and chronological scope, allowing for full exposure to the rich variety of objects and monuments that fall under the rubric of “medieval” art and architecture. We focus on the Latin and Byzantine Christian traditions, but also consider works of art and architecture from the Islamic and Jewish spheres. Topics to be discussed include: the role of religion in artistic development and expression; secular traditions of medieval art and culture; facture and materiality in the art of the middle ages; the use of objects and monuments to convey political power and social prestige; gender dynamics in medieval visual culture; and the contribution of medieval art and architecture to later artistic traditions.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B212
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B213 Taming the Modern Corporation
Introduction to the economics of industrial organization and regulation, focusing on policy options for ensuring that corporations enhance economic welfare and the quality of life. Topics include firm behavior in imperfectly competitive markets; theoretical bases of antitrust laws; regulation of product and occupational safety; environmental pollution; and truth in advertising. Prerequisite: ECON B105.
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B213
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ross,D.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B214 Public Finance
Analysis of government’s role in resource allocation, emphasizing effects of tax and expenditure programs on income distribution and economic efficiency. Topics include sources of inefficiency in markets and possible government responses; federal budget composition; social insurance and antipoverty programs; U.S. tax structure and incidence. Prerequisite: ECON B105.
Counts towards: Health Studies
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B214
Units: 1.0
(Spring 2015)

CITY B215 Urban Economics
Micro- and macroeconomic theory applied to urban economic behavior. Topics include housing and land use; transportation; urban labor markets; urbanization; and demand for and financing of urban services. Prerequisite: ECON B105.
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B215
Units: 1.0
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

CITY B216 The City of Naples
The city of Naples emerged during the Later Middle Ages as the capital of a Kingdom and one of the most influential cities in the Mediterranean region. What led to the city’s rise, and what effect did the city as a cultural, political, and economic force have on the rest of the region and beyond? This course will familiarize students with the art, architecture, culture, and institutions that made the city one of the most influential in Europe and the Mediterranean region during the Late Middle Ages. Topics include court painters in service to the crown, female monastic spaces and patronage, and the revival of dynastic tomb sculpture.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ITAL-B215; HART-B216
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B217 Research Methods and Theories
This course will provide the student with the basic skills to design and implement a research project. The emphasis will be on the process (and choices) of constructing a research project and on “learning by doing.” The course will encompass both quantitative and qualitative techniques and will examine the strengths and weaknesses of each strategy. By the end of the semester students will have learned the basics for planning and executing research on a topic of their choice.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Reyes,V.
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

CITY B218 Topics in World Cities
This is a topics course. Course content varies. An introduction to contemporary issues related to the urban environment.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Units: 1.0
(Spring 2015)

CITY B220 Comparative Social Movements in Latin America
An examination of resistance movements to the power of the state and globalization in three Latin American societies: Mexico, Columbia, and Peru. The course explores the political, legal, and socio-economic factors underlying contemporary struggles for human and social rights, and the role of race, ethnicity, and coloniality play in these struggles.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B259; POLS-B259
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B222 Environmental Issues: Movements and Policy Making in Comparative Perspective
An exploration of the ways in which different cultural, economic, and political settings have shaped issue emergence and policy making. We examine the politics of particular environmental issues in selected countries and regions, paying special attention to the impact of environmental movements. We also assess the prospects for international cooperation in addressing global environmental problems such as climate change.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): POLS-B222
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Hager,C.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B225 Economic Development
Examination of the issues related to and the policies designed to promote economic development in the developing economies of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Focus is on why some developing economies grow faster than others and why some growth paths are more equitable, poverty reducing, and environmentally sustainable than others. Includes consideration of the impact of international trade and investment policy, macroeconomic policies (exchange rate, monetary and fiscal policy) and sector policies (industry, agriculture, education, population, and environment) on development outcomes in a wide range of political and institutional contexts. Prerequisite: ECON B105.
Counts towards: International Studies Major
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B225
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Rock,M., Dominguez,C.
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

CITY B226 Introduction to Architectural Design
This studio design course introduces the principles of architectural design. Suggested Preparation: drawing, some history of architecture, and permission of instructor.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Voith,D., Olshin,S.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B227 Topics in Modern Planning
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B227
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Siddiqi,A.
Spring 2015: Current topic description: Through studies of human rights, governmental and nongovernmental practice, armed conflict, and urban and political activism, we will examine how architecture colludes with or resists social ordering systems, asking two questions of contemporary and historical examples. How has political activism intervened spatially, visually, and materially upon societies and cultures? How have spatial politics configured modes of resistance?

CITY B228 Problems in Architectural Design
A continuation of CITY 226 at a more advanced level. Prerequisite: CITY B226 or permission of instructor.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Voith,D., Olshin,S.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B229 Topics in Comparative Urbanism
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Intensive
Counts towards: Latin Amer/Latino/Iberian Peoples & Cultures
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B230; HART-B229; ANTH-B229
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): McDonogh,G.
Spring 2015: Current topic description: Probing the relations of power at the heart of power and society in many cities worldwide, this class uses case studies to test urban theory, forms and practice. In order to grapple with colonialism and its aftermaths, we will focus on cities in North Africa (and France), Northern Ireland, Hong Kong and Cuba, systematically exploring research, writing and insights from systematic interdisciplinary comparisons. Current topic description: Probing the relations of power at the heart of power and society in many cities worldwide, this class uses case studies to test urban theory, forms and practice. In order to grapple with colonialism and its aftermaths, we will focus on cities in North Africa (and France), Northern Ireland, Hong Kong and Cuba, systematically exploring research, writing and insights from systematic interdisciplinary comparisons.

CITY B231 Punishment and Social Order
A cross-cultural examination of punishment, from mass incarceration in the United States, to a widened “penal net” in Europe, and the securitization of society in Latin America. The course addresses theoretical approaches to crime control and the emergence of a punitive state connected with pervasive social inequality.
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B231
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B234 Environmental Economics
Introduction to the use of economic analysis explain the underlying behavioral causes of environmental and natural resource problems and to evaluate policy responses to them. Topics may include air and water pollution; the economic theory of externalities, public goods and the depletion of resources; cost-benefit analysis; valuing non-market benefits and costs; economic justice; and sustainable development. Prerequisite: ECON B105.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Intensive
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B234
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B237 Themes in Modern African History
The course examines the cultural, environmental, economic, political, and social factors that contributed to the expansion and transformation of pre-industrial cities, colonial cities, and cities today. We will examine various themes, such as the relationship between cities and societies; migration and social change; urban space, health problems, city life, and women.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Africana Studies; Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B237
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ngalamulume,K.
Fall 2014: Current topic description: A seminar exploring indigenous societies and cultures of the Americas through interdisciplinary scholarship. The course’s aim is to explore the evolution of several indigenous societies and cultures in order to frame Native peoples as actors on historical playing fields that were as rich, complex, and subject to change as those that the European intruders and their descendants later occupied.

CITY B238 The Economics of Globalization
An introduction to international economics through theory, policy issues, and problems. The course surveys international trade and finance, as well as topics in international economics. It investigates why and what a nation trades, the consequences of such trade, the role of trade policy, the behavior and effects of exchange rates, and the macroeconomic implications of trade and capital flows. Topics may include the economics of free trade areas, world financial crises, outsourcing, immigration, and foreign investment. Prerequisite: ECON B105. The course is not open to students who have taken ECON B316 or B348.
Counts towards: International Studies Major
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B236
Units: 1.0
(Spring 2015)

CITY B241 Building Green: Sustainable Design Past and Present
At a time when more than half of the human population lives in cities, the design of the built environment is of key importance. This course is designed for students to investigate issues of sustainability in architecture. A close reading of texts and careful analysis of buildings and cities will help us understand the terms and practices of architectural design and the importance of ecological, economic, political, cultural, social sustainability over time and through space.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies; Praxis Program
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B242 Urban Field Research Methods
This Praxis course intends to provide students with hands-on research practice in field methods. In collaboration with the instructor and the Praxis Office, students will choose an organization or other group activity in which they will conduct participant observation for several weeks. Through this practice, students will learn how to conduct field-based primary research and analyze sociological issues.
Counts towards: Praxis Program
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B242; ANTH-B242
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B243 Economic Inequality and Government Policy Choices
This course will examine the U.S. economy and the effects of government policy choices. The class will focus on the potential trade-offs between economic efficiency and greater economic equality. Some of the issues that will be explored include tax, education, and health care policies. Different perspectives on issues will be examined. Prerequisite: ECON B105.
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B243
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B244 Great Empires of the Ancient Near East
A survey of the history, material culture, political and religious ideologies of, and interactions among, the five great empires of the ancient Near East of the second and first millennia B.C.E.: New Kingdom Egypt, the Hittite Empire in Anatolia, the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires in Mesopotamia, and the Persian Empire in Iran.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B244; POLS-B244; HIST-B244
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B247 Topics in German Cultural Studies
This is a topics course. Topics vary.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Crosslisting(s): GERM-B223; COML-B223
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B249 Asian American Communities
This course is an introduction to the study of Asian American communities that provides comparative analysis of major social issues confronting Asian Americans. Encompassing the varied experiences of Asian Americans and Asians in the Americas, the course examines a broad range of topics—community, migration, race and ethnicity, and identities—as well as what it means to be Asian American and what that teaches us about American society.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B249; ANTH-B249
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B250 Topics: Growth and Spatial Organization of the City
An introduction to growth and spatial organization of cities. Topics vary.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B251
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B253 Survey of Western Architecture
The major traditions in Western architecture are illustrated through detailed analysis of selected examples from classical antiquity to the present. The evolution of architectural design and building technology, and the larger intellectual, aesthetic, and social context in which this evolution occurred, are considered.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B253
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Cast,D.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B254 History of Modern Architecture
A survey of the development of modern architecture since the 18th century. The course focuses on international networks in the transmission of architectural ideas since 1890.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B254
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Siddiqi,A.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B255 Survey of American Architecture
An examination of landmarks, patterns, contexts, architectural decision-makers and motives of various players in the creation of the American built environment over the course of four centuries. The course will address the sequence of examples that comprise the master narrative of the traditional survey course, while also casting a questioning eye, probing the relation of this canon to the wider realms of building in the United States.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HART-B255
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B259 Daily Life in Ancient Greece and Rome
The often-praised achievements of the classical cultures arose from the realities of day-to-day life. This course surveys the rich body of material and textual evidence pertaining to how ancient Greeks and Romans -- famous and obscure alike -- lived and died. Topics include housing, food, clothing, work, leisure, and family and social life.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B260; CSTS-B260; ANTH-B260
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B260 Show and Spectacle in Ancient Greece and Rome
A survey of public entertainment in the ancient world, including theater and dramatic festivals, athletic competitions, games and gladiatorial combats, and processions and sacrifices. Drawing on literary sources and paying attention to art, archaeology and topography, this course explores the social, political and religious contexts of ancient spectacle. Special consideration will be given to modern equivalents of staged entertainment and the representation of ancient spectacle in contemporary film.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Crosslisting(s): CSTS-B255; HIST-B285; ARCH-B255
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B262 Urban Ecosystems
Cities can be considered ecosystems whose functions are highly influenced by human activity. This course will address many of the living and non-living components of urban ecosystems, as well as their unique processes. Using an approach focused on case studies, the course will explore the ecological and environmental problems that arise from urbanization, and also examine solutions that have been attempted. Prerequisite: BIOL B110 or B111 or ENVS B101.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): BIOL-B262
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Caplan,J.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B266 Schools in American Cities
This course examines issues, challenges, and possibilities of urban education in contemporary America. We use as critical lenses issues of race, class, and culture; urban learners, teachers, and school systems; and restructuring and reform. While we look at urban education nationally over several decades, we use Philadelphia as a focal “case” that students investigate through documents and school placements. This is a Praxis II course (weekly fieldwork in a school required)
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts towards: Africana Studies; Praxis Program
Crosslisting(s): EDUC-B266; SOCL-B266
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Cohen,J.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B267 History of Philadelphia: 1682 to Present
This course will focus on the intersection of the sense of Philadelphia as it is popularly understood and the Philadelphia that we can reconstruct individually and together using scholarly books and articles, documentary and popular films and novels, visual evidence, and visits to the chief repositories of the city’s history. We will analyze the relationship between the official representations of Philadelphia and their sources and we will create our own history of the city.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B267
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B268 Greek and Roman Architecture
A survey of Greek and Roman architecture taking into account building materials, construction techniques, various forms of architecture in their urban and religious settings from an historical and social perspective.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B268; HART-B268
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B269 Black America in Sociological Perspective
This course provides sociological perspectives on various issues affecting black America: the legacy of slavery; the formation of urban ghettos; the struggle for civil rights; the continuing significance of discrimination; the problems of crime and criminal justice; educational under-performance; entrepreneurial and business activities; the social roles of black intellectuals, athletes, entertainers, and creative artists.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Africana Studies
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B229
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Washington,R.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B278 American Environmental History
This course explores major themes of American environmental history, examining changes in the American landscape, the history of ideas about nature and the interaction between the two. Students will study definitions of nature, environment, and environmental history while investigating interactions between Americans and their physical worlds.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B278
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Stroud,E.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B279 Cities and the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change
In this course, we focus on the human dimensions of global environmental change, especially as it relates to urban sustainability. While sustainability has often narrowly been viewed in environmental terms, we will analyze social and environmental justice as integral components of urban sustainability.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B286 Topics in the British Empire
This is a topics course covering various “topics” in the study of the British Empire. Course content varies.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B286; POLS-B286
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B298 Topics: Advanced Research Methods
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Units: 0.5
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B304 Disaster, War and Rebuilding in the Japanese City
Natural and man-made disasters have destroyed Japanese cities regularly. Rebuilding generally ensued at a very rapid pace, often as a continuation of the past. Following a brief examination of literature on disaster and rebuilding and a historical overview of architectural and urban history in Japan, this course explores the reasons for historical transformations large and small. It specifically argues that rebuilding was mostly the result of traditions, whereas transformation of urban space occurred primarily as a result of political and socio-economic change. Focusing on the period since the Meiji restoration of 1868, we ask: How did reconstruction after natural and man-made disasters shape the contemporary Japanese landscape? We will explore specifically the destruction and rebuilding after the 1891 Nobi earthquake, the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake that leveled Tokyo and Yokohama, the bombing of more than 200 cities in World War II and their rebuilding, as well as the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake that destroyed Kobe and its reconstruction. In the context of the long history of destruction and rebuilding we will finally explore the recent disaster in Fukushima 2011. Through the story of disaster and rebuilding emerge different approaches to permanence and change, to urban livability, the environment and sustainability.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B305 Topics in Ancient Athens
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Attentive
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B305
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Tasopoulou,E.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B306 Advanced Fieldwork Techniques: Places in Time
A workshop for research into the histories of places, intended to bring students into contact with some of the raw materials of architectural and urban history. A focus will be placed on historical images and texts, and on creating engaging informational experiences that are transparent to their evidentiary basis.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Cohen,J.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B312 Topics in Medieval Art
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Counts towards: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HART-B311; HIST-B311
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Walker,A.
Spring 2015: Current topic description: This course explores a range of theoretical models that have been brought to bear on the study of Byzantine objects in recent years, including thing theory, portability, the social life of things, material culture studies, entanglement, and gift theory.

CITY B314 The Economics of Social Policy
Introduces students to the economic rationale behind government programs and the evaluation of government programs. Topics include health insurance, social security, unemployment and disability insurance, and education. Additionally, the instructor and students will jointly select topics of special interest to the class. Emphasis will be placed on the use of statistics to evaluate social policy. Prerequisites: ECON 200; ECON 253 or 304.
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B314
Units: 1.0
(Spring 2015)

CITY B315 Spaces of Identity: Architecture and Planning in Hamburg
Many European cities feature a shared range of architectural and urban forms that reflect histories as long as a millennium and that are the product of related sets of political, economic, social, cultural, and religious forces. This course will examine such operative factors and patterns through the particular case of the Northern German city-state of Hamburg from its medieval origins to the contemporary waterfront renewal of the HafenCity.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B316 Trade and Transport in the Ancient World
Issues of trade, commerce and production of export goods are addressed with regard to the Bronze Age and Iron Age cultures of Mesopotamia, Arabia, Iran and south Asia. Crucial to these systems is the development of means of transport via maritime routes and on land. Archaeological evidence for traded goods and shipwrecks is used to map the emergence of sea-faring across the Indian Ocean and Gulf while bio-archaeological data is employed to examine the transformative role that Bactrian and Dromedary camels played in ancient trade and transport.
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B316
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Magee,P.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B318 Topics in Urban Social and Cultural Theory
This is a topics course. Course content varies. Prerequisites: Completion of introductory sequence in Cities (esp. 185, 217/229) or equivalent work or permission of instructor.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B319 Advanced Topics in German Cultural Studies
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Crosslisting(s): GERM-B321; HART-B348; COML-B321
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Seyhan,A.
Spring 2015: Current topic description: In the condition of exile, the writers, whose works were banned or censored in their own countries, cannot pursue their craft, unless their works are translated, either by professional translators or by themselves. Many writers who are in exile in Germany today write directly in German as a form of self-translation. This course will examine how works of diverse cultures survive in German translation and contribute to German culture. Crosslisted with GERM B321.

CITY B321 Technology and Politics
A multimedia analysis of the complex role of technology in political and social life. We focus on the relationship between technological change and democratic governance. We begin with historical and contemporary Luddism as well as pro-technology movements around the world. Substantive issue areas include security and surveillance, electoral politics, warfare, social media, internet freedom, GMO foods and industrial agriculture, climate change and energy politics.
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): POLS-B321
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B323 Topics in Renaissance Art
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Crosslisting(s): HART-B323
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Hertel,C.
Spring 2015: Current topic description: This course explores the origins of the museum by attending to early modern practices of collecting and displaying art and artifacts, with particular attention to the “Kunstkammer” or curiosity cabinet, collections of art, books, prints, small scientific instruments, and so-called “marvels” of art and nature, both European and colonial, including rocks and ore, shells and even stuffed animals.

CITY B324 Economics of Discrimination and Inequality
Explores the causes and consequences of discrimination and inequality in economic markets. Topics include economic theories of discrimination and inequality, evidence of contemporary race- and gender-based inequality, detecting discrimination, and identifying sources of racial and gender inequality. Additionally, the instructor and students will jointly select supplementary topics of specific interest to the class. Possible topics include: discrimination in historical markets, disparity in legal treatments, issues of family structure, and education gaps. Prerequisites: At least one 200-level applied microeconomics elective, Economics 203 or 204, and Economics 200 or 202.
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B324
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B328 Analysis of Geospatial Data Using GIS
Analysis of geospatial data, theory, and the practice of geospatial reasoning.
Crosslisting(s): GEOL-B328; BIOL-B328; ARCH-B328
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B329 Advanced Topics in Urban Environments
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Stroud,E.
Spring 2015: Current topic description: Many important sites in American cities are illegible to those who do not already know their significance. In this seminar, we will be learning to read, interpret, and document such landscapes of power, loss, violence, connection, division, and celebration.

CITY B330 Arch and Identity in Italy
How is architecture used to shape our understanding of past and current identities? This course looks at the ways in which architecture has been understood to represent, and used to shape regional, national, ethnic, and gender identities in Italy from the Renaissance to the present. The class focuses on Italy’s classical traditions, and looks at the ways in which architects and theorists have accepted or rejected the peninsula’s classical roots. Subjects studied include Baroque Architecture, the Risorgimento, Futurism, Fascism, and colonialism. Course readings include Vitruvius, Leon Battista Alberti, Giorgio Vasari, Jacob Burckhardt, and Alois Riegl, among others.
Crosslisting(s): ITAL-B330; HART-B330
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B335 Topics in City and Media
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B335
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B336 East Asian Development
Identifies the core economic and political elements of an East Asian newly industrializing economies (NIEs) development model. Assesses the performance of this development model in Northeast (Korea and Taiwan) and Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand) in a comparative perspective. Considers the debate over the impact of interventionist and selective development policies associated with this model on the development successes and failures of the East Asian NIEs. Prerequisites: ECON 200 or 202; and ECON 253 or 304; or permission of instructor.
Crosslisting(s): ECON-B335; EAST-B335
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Rock,M.
(Spring 2015)

CITY B345 Advanced Topics in Environment and Society
This is a topics course. Topics vary.
Counts towards: Environmental Studies
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B346; HIST-B345
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B348 Culture and Ethnic Conflict
An examination of the role of culture in the origin, escalation, and settlement of ethnic conflicts. This course examines the politics of culture and how it constrains and offers opportunities for ethnic conflict and cooperation. The role of narratives, rituals, and symbols is emphasized in examining political contestation over cultural representations and expressions such as parades, holy sites, public dress, museums, monuments, and language in culturally framed ethnic conflicts from all regions of the world. Prerequisites: Two courses in the social sciences.
Counts towards: Peace and Conflict Studies
Crosslisting(s): POLS-B348
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B355 Topics in the History of London
Selected topics of social, literary, and architectural concern in the history of London, emphasizing London since the 18th century.
Crosslisting(s): HART-B355
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Cast,D.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B360 Topics: Urban Culture and Society
This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Crosslisting(s): SOCL-B360; HART-B359; ANTH-B359
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Reyes,V., Raddatz,L.
Fall 2014, Spring 2015: Current topic description: This course introduces students to urban labor markets in the post-industrial economy in the North American and Western European context. We will examine how broader economic, political and demographic trends have affected urban labor markets on both sides of the Atlantic and examine selected labor market policies and institutions. Focusing on the role of social ties and information, we seek to understand how people find (or fail to find) jobs. We will critically engage with the work of scholars from a variety of disciplines including sociology, geography, anthropology and economics to understand why inequalities exist between labor markets in different cities but also why there are inequalities within urban labor markets, particularly along gender, racial and ethnic lines. We seek to not only identify key reasons for these labor market inequalities but also develop a better understanding of the everyday life experiences of these marginalized groups. Throughout the course we will frequently adopt a geographic perspective and pay particular attention to aspects of space, place and scale in our study of urban labor markets. Current topic description: This course is a social scientific examination of various types of borderlands - spaces of cross-national and cross-cultural exchange - around the world. We will explore the social, cultural, political, and geographic processes and interactions that occur within these spaces. Specific types of borderlands explored in the course may include geo-political borders, bordertowns, suburbs, frontiers, divided cities, and global borderlands.

CITY B365 Topics: Techniques of the City
This is a topics course. Course content varies. Prerequisite: Student must have taken at least one social science course.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B377 Topics in Modern Architecture
This is a topics course on modern architecture. Topics vary.
Crosslisting(s): HART-B377
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Siddiqi,A.
Fall 2014, Spring 2015: Current topic description: This course explores methods of researching visual and built artifacts through analytical observation, archival study of related documents, and thick description. Alternating each session between the study of a plan and section, we will investigate their relation to as-built architecture or other material culture, and critically consider their registry within institutions and informal spaces related to the historic record. Current topic description: This course examines historical change in the period from World War II to the present through the concepts of mobility and territory. In shared readings on architectural and urban issues, we will examine territorial remapping, human displacement, and the emergence of new technologies to address this reorganization of space and human life. Independent student projects will probe themes of sovereignty and citizenship, cosmopolitanism and difference.

CITY B378 Formative Landscapes: The Architecture and Planning of American Collegiate Campuses
The campus and buildings familiar to us here at the College reflect a long and rich design conversation regarding communicative form, architectural innovation, and orchestrated planning. This course will explore that conversation through varied examples, key models, and shaping conceptions over time.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B398 Senior Seminar
An intensive research seminar designed to guide students in writing a senior thesis.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): McDonogh,G., Stroud,E., Siddiqi,A.
(Fall 2014)

CITY B403 Independent Study
Units: 1.0
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

CITY B415 Teaching Assistant
An exploration of course planning, pedagogy and creative thinking as students work to help others understand pathways they have already explored in introductory and writing classes. This opportunity is available only to advanced students of highest standing by professorial invitation.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Cohen,J., McDonogh,G.
(Fall 2014, Spring 2015)

CITY B425 Praxis III: Independent Study
Praxis III courses are Independent Study courses and are developed by individual students, in collaboration with faculty and field supervisors. A Praxis courses is distinguished by genuine collaboration with fieldsite organizations and by a dynamic process of reflection that incorporates lessons learned in the field into the classroom setting and applies theoretical understanding gained through classroom study to work done in the broader community.
Counts towards: Praxis Program
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2014-2015)

CITY B450 Urban Internships/Praxis
Individual opportunities to engage in praxis in the greater Philadelphia area; internships must be arranged prior to registration for the semester in which the internship is taken. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Fall 2014)