2017-18 Catalog

French and French Studies

Students may complete a major or minor in French and French Studies with two possible tracks: Language and Literature or Transdisciplinary Studies. Within the major, students may complete the requirements for the secondary education certification. Students may, with departmental approval, complete an M.A. in the combined A.B./M.A. program of 4.0, 4.5 or 5.0 years.

Faculty

Grace Armstrong, Eunice M. Schenck 1907 Professor of French and Director of Middle Eastern Languages
Rudy Le Menthéour, Associate Professor of French and Director of the Institut d’Etudes Françaises d’Avignon
Brigitte Mahuzier, Chair and Professor of French
Agnès Peysson-Zeiss, Lecturer of French and French Studies
Corine Ragueneau-Wells, Instructor
Marie Sanquer, Lecturer
Julien Suaudeau, Lecturer of French and French Studies

The Departments of French at Bryn Mawr and Haverford Colleges offer a variety of courses and two options for the major. The purpose of the major in French and French Studies is to develop sophisticated critical and analytical skills through the analysis of, among other things, French and Francophone literature, history, art, film, material culture, and/or institutions. Courses in the Language and Literature track serve students with primary interests in French and Francophone literature, film, critical theory and criticism. Additional courses in and outside the department serve the Transdisciplinary track. A thorough knowledge of written and spoken French is a common goal for both literary and transdisciplinary options.

100-level courses introduce students to the study of the French language, French and Francophone literatures and cultures, as well as exposing them to critical materials related to textual analysis conceived broadly. Courses at the 200-level treat French and Francophone literature and cultures across the historical spectrum. In addition, two 200-level courses are devoted to advanced language training and one to the study of theory. Advanced (300-level) courses offer detailed study either of individual authors, genres and movements or of particular periods, themes and problems in French and Francophone culture. In both major options, students are admitted to advanced courses after satisfactory completion of two semesters of 200-level courses in French.

All students who wish to pursue their study of French, regardless of level, must take a departmental placement examination prior to arriving at Bryn Mawr. Those students who enter beginning French have two options: intensive study of the language in the intensive sequence (001-002 Intensive Elementary and 005 Intensive Intermediate; or non-intensive study of the language in the non-intensive sequence (001-002 Elementary; 003-004 Intermediate). Although it is possible to major in French using either of the two sequences, students who are considering doing so and have been placed at the 001 level are strongly encouraged to take the intensive sequence.

Major Requirements

Requirements in the major subject are:

  • French and Francophone Literature track: FREN 005-102 or 005-105 or 101-102 or 101-105; the 200-level advanced language course, FREN 260; FREN 213 Theory in Practice: Critical Discourses in the Humanities (BMC) or “Quest-ce que la théorie” (HC); three 200-level literature courses, two 300-level literature courses, and the year-long Senior Experience, which consists of Senior Conference (FREN 398) in the fall semester and either a Senior Thesis or a third 300-level course culminating in the Senior Essay during the spring semester. In either case, the work of the spring semester is capped by an oral defense.
  • Transdisciplinary French and Francophone Studies: FREN 005-102 or 005-105 or 101-102 or 101-105; the 200-level advanced language course, FREN 260; two 200-level courses, within the department: e.g., FREN 291 or 299; two 200-level courses, to be chosen by the student outside the French departments (at BMC/HC or JYA), which contribute coherently to her independent program of study; FREN 325 or 326 Etudes avancées de civilisation, Senior Conference (FREN 398), plus two 300-level courses outside the departments; a thesis of one semester in French or English. Students interested in this track are encouraged to present the rationale and the projected content of their transdisciplinary program for departmental approval during their sophomore year and to update their plan in junior year; they should have excellent records in French and the other subjects involved in their proposed program.
  • Both concentrations: all French majors are expected to have acquired fluency in the French language, both written and oral. Unless specifically exempted by the department, they are required to take the 200-level advanced language course. Students may wish to continue from this course to hone their skills further in courses on debate, stylistics and translation offered at Bryn Mawr College or abroad. Students placed at the 200-level by departmental examinations are exempted from the 100-level requirements. Occasionally, students may be admitted to seminars in the graduate school.
  • The Major Writing Intensive requirement may be met by any one of the following courses: FREN 101, 102, 260, Senior Essay (in a 300-l. course).

Honors and the Senior Experience

For the French and Francophone Literature option: After taking Senior Conference in semester I of the senior year, students have the choice in semester II of writing a thesis in French (40-50 pp.) under the direction of a faculty member or taking a 300-level course in which they write a Senior Essay in French (15-25 pp.) The first choice offers self-selected students who already have developed a clearly defined subject in semester I the opportunity to pursue independent research and writing of the thesis with a faculty mentor. The second choice allows students, often double majors with another thesis or pre-medical students, the opportunity to produce a substantial, but shorter, piece of work within the structure of their 300-level course in semester II. Departmental honors are awarded for excellence in the Senior Experience after the oral defense of either the Senior Thesis or the Senior Essay.

For the Interdisciplinary Studies in French option: Students take French 325 or 326, if they have not already done so, and French 398 in Semester I of their senior year and, if they have not already done so, complete the two 300-level courses required outside the department. In semester II they write a thesis in French or English under the direction of a member of the French faculty and a mentor outside the department. Departmental honors are awarded for excellence in the Senior Experience after the oral defense of the Senior Thesis.

Minor Requirements

Requirements for a French minor are FREN 005-102 or 005-105, or 101-102 or 101-105; the 200-level advanced language course; and four 200-level or 300-level courses. At least one course must be 300-level.

Teacher Certification

The Department of French and Francophone Studies offers a certification program in secondary teacher education. For more information, see the description of the Education Program.

A.B./M.A. Program

Particularly well-qualified students may undertake work toward the joint A.B./M.A. degree in French. Such a program may be completed in four, four and a half or five years and is undertaken with the approval of the department, the Special Cases Committee and the Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

Study Abroad

Students majoring in French may, by a joint recommendation of the deans of the Colleges and the Departments of French, be allowed to spend a semester of their junior year in France and/or a Francophone country under one of the junior-year plans approved by Bryn Mawr.

Students wishing to enroll in a summer program may apply for admission to the Institut d’Etudes Françaises d’Avignon, held under the auspices of Bryn Mawr. The Institut is designed for selected undergraduates with a serious interest in French and Francophone literatures and cultures; it will be particularly attractive for those who anticipate professional or graduate-school careers requiring knowledge of the language and civilization of France and French-speaking countries. The curriculum includes general and advanced courses in French language, literature, social sciences, history, art, and economics. The program is open to students of high academic achievement who have completed a course in French at the third-year level or the equivalent.

COURSES

FREN B005 Intensive Intermediate French
The emphasis on speaking and understanding French is continued; literary and cultural texts are read and increasingly longer papers are written in French. In addition to three class meetings a week, students develop their skills in group sessions with the professors and in oral practice hours with assistants. Students use internet resources regularly. This course prepares students to take 102 or 105 in semester II. Open only to graduates of Intensive Elementary French or to students placed by the department. Students who did not complete Intensive Elementary French must take either 102 or 105 to receive language credit. Two additional hours of instruction outside class time required. Additional meeting hours on Tuesday and Thursday will be scheduled according to students availability. Prerequisite: FREN B002IN (intensive) or Placement exam. Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.5
Instructor(s): Armstrong,P., Peysson-Zeiss,A.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B101 Introduction à l’analyse littéraire et culturelle I
Presentation of essential problems in literary and cultural analysis by close reading of works selected from various periods and genres and by analysis of voice and image in French writing and film from female to male voices in Metropolitan France, Africa, Canada, and The Antilles. Participation in discussion and practice in written and oral expression are emphasized, as are grammar review and exercises. Prerequisites: FREN B004, placement, or permission of instructor.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Armstrong,P., Le Menthéour,R.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B102 Introduction à l’analyse littéraire et culturelle II
Continued development of students’ expertise in literary and cultural analysis by emphasizing close reading as well as oral and written analyses of increasingly complex works chosen from various genres and periods of French and Francophone works in their written and visual modes. Readings include theater of the 17th or 18th centuries and build to increasingly complex nouvelles, poetry and novels of the 19th and 20th centuries. Participation in guided discussion and practice in oral/written expression continue to be emphasized, as is grammar review. Prerequisite: FREN 005 or 101.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mahuzier,B.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B105 Directions de la France contemporaine
An examination of contemporary society in France and Francophone cultures as portrayed in recent documents and film. Emphasizing the tension in contemporary French-speaking societies between tradition and change, the course focuses on subjects such as family structures and the changing role of women, cultural and linguistic identity, an increasingly multiracial society, the individual and institutions (religious, political, educational), and “les loisirs”. In addition to the basic text and review of grammar, readings are chosen from newspapers, contemporary literary texts and magazines, complemented by video materials. Prerequisite: FREN 005 or 101.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts towards: Museum Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Peysson-Zeiss,A., Sanquer,M.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B201 Le Chevalier, la dame et le prêtre: littérature et publics du Moyen Age
Using literary texts, historical documents and letters as a mirror of the social classes that they address, this interdisciplinary course studies the principal preoccupations of secular and religious female and male authors in France and Norman England from the eleventh century through the fifteenth. Selected works from epic, lais, roman courtois, fabliaux, theater, letters, and contemporary biography are read in modern French translation. Prerequisite: FREN 102 or 105.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B204 Le Siècle des lumières
Representative texts of the Enlightenment with emphasis on the development of liberal thought as illustrated in the Encyclopédie and the works of Montesquieu, Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. Prerequisites: FREN 102 or 105. Current topic description: How and why did Enlightenment thinkers inspire the main figures of the French Revolution? And how can we explain that the ideal of freedom led both to impressive reforms and to mass executions? We will read Enlightenment philosophers as well as political texts from the French Revolution. Authors include: Rousseau, Diderot, Beaumarchais, Sade, Olympe de Gouges, Robespierre, and Hugo. Prerequisite: FREN 102 or 105. Current topic description: How and why did Enlightenment thinkers inspire the main figures of the French Revolution? And how can we explain that the ideal of freedom led both to impressive reforms and to mass executions? We will read Enlightenment philosophers as well as political texts from the French Revolution. Authors include: Rousseau, Diderot, Beaumarchais, Sade, Olympe de Gouges, Robespierre, and Hugo.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Le Menthéour,R.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B205 Le Temps des prophètes
A study of post-Revolutionary texts in which the prophetic voice of the « genius » is often gendered feminine and/or other. This is a topics course, course content varies. Prerequisite: FREN 102 or 105.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B206 Topics: Le Temps des virtuoses
This a topics course. Course content varies. Current topic description: What is so beautiful about the famous “Belle Epoque”? What is really going on in the backstage of its gaudy new buildings, its seedy cabarets? Reading Freud’s Civilization and Its Discontent, we will examine the “Beast” and/in the “Beauty” of that period of time (1871-1914) by reading a number of literary works by such writers as Zola, Colette, Gide and Proust. Prerequisite: FREN 102 or 105. Current topic description: What is so beautiful about the famous “Belle Epoque”? What is really going on in the backstage of its gaudy new buildings, its seedy cabarets? Reading Freud’s Civilization and Its Discontent, we will examine the “Beast” and/in the “Beauty” of that period of time (1871-1914) by reading a number of literary works by such writers as Zola, Colette, Gide and Proust.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mahuzier,B.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B207 Introduction à la littérature du 20ème et 21ème siècle
A study of selected works illustrating the principal literary movements from 1900 to the present. Depending on the professor, this class will focus on various authors and literary movements of the 20th century such as Surrealism, Modernism, the Nouveau Roman, Oulipo, as well as works from the broader Francophone world. Prerequisites: FREN 102 or 105.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B213 Theory in Practice:Critical Discourses in the Humanities
By bringing together the study of major theoretical currents of the 20th century and the practice of analyzing literary works in the light of theory, this course aims at providing students with skills to use literary theory in their own scholarship. The selection of theoretical readings reflects the history of theory (psychoanalysis, structuralism, narratology), as well as the currents most relevant to the contemporary academic field: Post-structuralism, Post-colonialism, Gender Studies, and Ecocriticism. They are paired with a diverse range of short stories (Poe, Kafka, Camus, Borges, Calvino, Morrison, Djebar, Ngozi Adichie) that we discuss along with our study of theoretical texts. The class will be conducted in English with an additional hour in French for students wishing to take it for French credit.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Sanquer,M.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B254 Teaching (in) the Postcolony: Schooling in African Fiction
This seminar examines novels from Francophone and Anglophone Africa, critical essays, and two films, in order better to understand the forces that inform the African child’s experiences of education. This course is taught in English.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts towards: Africana Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B260 Atelier d’écriture
Intensive practice in speaking and writing. Conversation, discussion, advanced training in grammar and stylistics. Depending on the professor, there may be a praxis component through language exchange.
Prerequisite: FREN B102 or B105 or French Placement (200 level or higher).
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Major Writing Requirement: Writing Intensive
Counts towards: Praxis Program
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Suaudeau,J.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B275 Improving Mankind: Enlightened Hygiene and Eugenics
At first sight, hygiene and eugenics have nothing in common: the former is usually conceived as a good management of our everyday conditions of life, whereas the latter is commonly reviled for having inspired discriminatory practices (in Nazi Germany, but also in the US, Sweden, and Switzerland). Our inquiry will explore how, in the context of the French Enlightenment, a subdiscipline of Medicine (namely Hygiene) was redefined, expanded its scope, and eventually became hegemonic both in the medical field and in civil society. We will also explore how and why a philanthropic ideal led to the quest for the improvement of the human species. We will compare the French situation with that of other countries (mainly UK and the USA). This course is taught in English. Students who wish to get credit in French will meet one extra hour.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts towards: Health Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B302 Le printemps de la parole féminine: femmes écrivains des débuts
This study of selected women authors from Latin CE-Carolingian period through the Middle Ages, Renaissance and 17th century—among them, Perpetua, Hrotswitha, Marie de France, the trobairitz, Christine de Pisan, Louise Labé, Marguerite de Navarre, and Madame de Lafayette—examines the way in which they appropriate and transform the male writing tradition and define themselves as self-conscious artists within or outside it. Particular attention will be paid to identifying recurring concerns and structures in their works, and to assessing their importance to women’s writing in general: among them, the poetics of silence, reproduction as a metaphor for artistic creation, and sociopolitical engagement. Prerequisite: two 200-level courses or permission of instructor.
Counts towards: Gender and Sexuality Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B306 Libertinage et subversion
The libertine movement of the 18th century has long been condemned for moral reasons or considered of minor importance when compared to the Enlightenment. Yet, the right to happiness (‘droit au bonheur’) celebrated by the so-called ‘Philosophes’ implies a duty to experience pleasure (‘devoir de jouir’). This is what the libertine writers promoted. The libertine movement thus does not confine itself to literature, but also involves a dimension of social subversion. This course will allow you to understand Charles Baudelaire’s enigmatic comment: “the Revolution was made by voluptuaries.” Prerequisite: two 200-level courses or permission of instructor.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B325 Topics: Etudes avancées
An in-depth study of a particular topic, event or historical figure in French civilization. This is a topics course. Course content varies. The seminar topic rotates among many subjects: La Révolution française: Histoire, littérature et culture; L’environnement naturel dans la culture française; Mal et valeurs éthiques; Le Cinéma et la politique, 1940-1968; Le Nationalisme en France et dans les pays francophones; Étude socio-culturelle des arts du manger en France du Moyen Age à nos jours; Crimes et criminalité; Ecrire la Grande Guerre: 1914-10; Le “Rentrée Littéraire”; Proustl Baudelaire.
Prerequisite: Two 200-level courses.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Le Menthéour,R., Sanquer,M.

Fall 2017: Les femmes au Maghreb. This course offers an insight into Francophone North-African colonial and post-colonial literature by focusing on the role of women in society, particularly through the lens of topics such as politics, religion and sexuality. In addition to literary texts by Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian writers, we will study historical and sociological sources as well as North African feminist traditions. Course will be taught in French.

Spring 2018: Les Monstres. Ce cours examinera les raisons pour lesquelles la monstruosité physique et morale a fondé une nouvelle esthétique littéraire en France, du XVIIème au XIXème siècle. Pourquoi préférer la peinture de la difformité physique et morale à l’idéal classique de la beauté? Quels sont les effets affectifs et esthétiques recherchés: horreur, indignation, sentiment du sublime? Nous lirons des œuvres de Perrault, Racine, Cazotte, Musset, Barbey d’Aurevilly et Baudelaire.

FREN B350 Voix médiévales et échos modernes
A study of selected 19th- and 20th-century works inspired by medieval subjects, such as the Grail and Arthurian legends and the Tristan and Yseut stories, and by medieval genres, such as the roman, saints’ lives, or the miracle play. Among the texts and films studied are works by Bonnefoy, Cocteau, Flaubert, Genevoix, Giono, and Gracq.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Armstrong,P.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B356 Rousseau polémiste
This course will explore Rousseau’s work not as a closed system, but as a polemical reaction to major trends of the French Enlightenment. Although he was denying any taste for polemics, Rousseau fought intellectual battles most of his life. The author of the ultimate best-seller of the 18th century, he harshly criticized novels. He also opposed theatre, established a new form of pedagogy, and undermined the foundations of the Western political theory by stating that men are not political animals. We will thus consider Rousseau not only as a philosopher, but also as one of the most brilliant polemicists of his time.
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B398 Senior Conference
A weekly seminar examining major French and Francophone literary texts and the interpretive problems they raise. Theoretical texts will encourage students to think beyond traditional literary categories and disciplinary boundaries and to interrogate issues such as cultural memory, political and moral subversion, etc. This course prepares students for the second semester of their Senior Experience, during which those not writing a thesis are expected to choose a 300-level course and write a long research paper, the Senior Essay.
Prerequisite: BM undergraduate French major.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mahuzier,B.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B403 Supervised Work
Units: 1.0
(Fall 2017)

FREN B425 World Pulse Translation Praxis
This Praxis course is partnering with World Pulse, an action media network which supports grassroots women change leaders through media and empowerment training; this course will specifically work with the women leaders in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo who advocate for an end to violence against women.
Counts towards: Praxis Program
Units: 0.5
Instructor(s): Peysson-Zeiss,A.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B655 Rousseau polémiste
Jean-Jacques Rousseau n’a cessé de susciter des polémiques. Aucun | écrivain n’a suscité autant de débats dans des domaines aussi variés, de l’esthétique théâtrale à la pédagogie, en passant par la théorie politique et l’écriture romanesque. Ses sectateurs ont vu en lui un grand peintre de la sensibilité humaine, un partisan sincère de la justice républicaine, un pédagogue révolutionnaire. A l’inverse, ses ennemis l’ont dépeint comme un paranoïaque idéaliste, un brillant plagiaire, ou encore comme le promoteur d’un régime totalitaire.
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Le Menthéour,R.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B701 Supervised Work
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

FREN B001 Elementary French
The speaking and understanding of French are emphasized particularly during the first semester, and written competence is stressed as well in semester II. The work includes intensive oral practice sessions. The course meets five hours a week in non-intensive sections. This is a year-long course and students must register for both semesters.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Ragueneau Wells,C., Suaudeau,J., Sanquer,M.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B001IN Intensive Elementary French
French 001 Intensive Elementary is the first half of a two-semester beginning sequence designed to help students attain a level of proficiency to function comfortably in a French-speaking environment. It is both speaking-intensive (through pair work, group work and drills) and writing-intensive (through blogs and essays). In drill sessions, students develop the ability to speak and understand increasingly well through songs, skits, debates, and a variety of activities. The course meets nine hours per week.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.5
Instructor(s): Peysson-Zeiss,A.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B002 Elementary French
The speaking and understanding of French are emphasized particularly during the first semester, and written competence is stressed as well in semester II. The work includes intensive oral practice sessions. The course meets in non-intensive (five hours a week) sections. This is a year-long course.
Prerequisite: FREN B001 or placement required.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Suaudeau,J., Sanquer,M.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B002IN Intensive Elementary French
The second half of a two-semester beginning sequence designed to help students attain a level of proficiency to function comfortably in a French-speaking environment. It is both speaking-intensive (through pair work, group work and drills) and writing-intensive (through blogs and essays). In drill sessions, students develop the ability to speak and understand increasingly well through songs, skits, debates, and a variety of activities. Class meets nine hours per week.
Prerequisite: FREN B001IN.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.5
Instructor(s): Peysson-Zeiss,A.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B003 Intermediate French
The emphasis on speaking, understanding, and writing French is continued; texts from French literature and cultural media are read; and short papers are written in French. Students regularly attend supplementary oral practice sessions. The course meets in non-intensive (three hours a week) sections that are supplemented by an extra hour per week with an assistant. This is a year-long course. Prerequisite: FREN B002 or placement required.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Mahuzier,B., Suaudeau,J.
(Fall 2017)

FREN B004 Intermediate French
The emphasis on speaking, understanding, and writing French is continued; texts from French literature and cultural media are read; and short papers are written in French. Students regularly attend supplementary oral practice sessions. The course meets in non-intensive (three hours a week) sections that are supplemented by an extra hour per week with an assistant. This is a year-long course.
Approach: Course does not meet an Approach
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Le Menthéour,R., Suaudeau,J.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B217 Drawing Disasters: Trauma and Healing
This course will address the question of trauma, resilience and survival through art, focusing on comics. We will address trauma from a geo-political, historical, sociological and literary perspectives looking at primary works from places as varied as: Europe (Croci), Lebananon (Abirached), Gaza (Sacco), Cambodia (Sera Ing), Iran (Satrapi) to name only a few. In the spring of 2018, those students participating in the cluster will be required to attend all presentations, lunches and labs as part of the cluster. They will attend the residencies taught by graphic artists. There will be oral presentations and papers. For their final project, students will curate an exhibit on comics.
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s): Peysson-Zeiss,A.
(Spring 2018)

FREN B701 Supervised Work
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)

ITAL B213 Theory in Practice: Critical Discourses in the Humanities
An examination in English of leading theories of interpretation from Classical Tradition to Modern and Post-Modern Time. This is a topics course. Course content varies.
Approach: Critical Interpretation (CI)
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2017-2018)