March 2004 Sanborn Fire Insurance Atlas Volume 5, Page 419 (Courtesy of the Map Room located at the Philadelphia Free Library)
778-86 South Front Street as it appeared in April 1977 (Courtesy of the Philadelphia Historical Commission)

In the 1915 Hexamer, the building is still described as hazardous.看 It is uncertain to when the house was demolished, but it can be assumed that it was during either the 1940s or 1950s because it was acquired in 1947 by J. Thomas Scott, who then soon after opened an Industrial Supplies business on that location.看 Like 2101 Walnut Street, the original residence has since been consolidated.看 Today, according to the 2004 Sanborn map, the site holds a five-story dwelling constructed of hollow concrete.看 Unlike 2101 Walnut Street, it has not retained a sense of centrality and cosmopolitanism.看 看看

This evidence is supported by a listing in the Philadelphia Business Directory from 1905 that lists 784 as a Chinese laundry癩it is provided below and in greater detail on our 784-6 documents page.看 Interestingly, laundries in Philadelphia were divided by ethnicity with non-Chinese laundries provided with store names and advertising while Chinese laundries are lumped together without any other individual characteristics.看 Also interesting is the fact that a future Insurance map returns the main portion of the building to a stable condition while the condition while the rear areas remain in hazardous condition (Hexamer and Locher Fire Insurance Maps signify risk through color-coding buildings--green signifies high risk while pink signifies stability).看 This might give some insight into attitudes towards Asian Americans at the turn of the century.

1861 Taylor watercolor showing 784-86 South Front Street (Courtesy of Winterthur Library)
1888 Hexamer & Locher Fire Insurance Atlas Volume 12, Wards 3, 4 & 24 (Courtesy of the Map Room located at the Philadelphia Free Library)
Circa 1860s D.J Kennedy watercolor depicting 784-86 South Front Street. It appears to be very similar to the Taylor watercolor. (Courtesy of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania)

After this time, there is a lapse in the amount of information available for the site and the area in general.看 In the late 1800s, the waterfront area south of South Street is no longer a fashionable area of town.看 There is more likely to be more information (e.g. images, newspaper articles, society registers) in more elite and affluent areas of Philadelphia.看 Most of the information we found was through Insurance maps which can be seen larger and in more detail on our Insurance map page.看 The 1888 Hexamer map is almost the same as its counterpart from 1860, but then soon thereafter the structure changes.看 In the 1905 edition of Hexamer maps, 784 South Front has become a Chinese Laundry and has been tagged as being an especially hazardous brick or stone building.看 It is still 3 stories, but the roofing has changed to slate or metal and the back section of the building now stores 蠟old boxes.蠡看

Insurance Maps
The houses depicted in the Taylor watercolor of 1861 are located on the west side of Front Street between Catherine Street and Clymer (formerly known as Colebrook). According to a watercolor by D.J Kennedy, found at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, they were constructed in 1763 and survived as the same three-story dwellings for around 150 years. The 1860 Hexamer Fire Insurance map shows that the area was largely built up at this time. The eastern most areas of Philadelphia were populated first because of its close proximity to the Delaware River. According to a 1764 survey available at the Philadelphia Historical Commission, the three-story house was located within the Southwark district and belonged to William Fleming. A copy of this survey is available on the 784-6 various documents page. The house was later passed into the hands of Captain George Ord and later his son, the famous ornithologist George Ord.

The Ord family was a distinguished family during the colonial area. Philadelphia City Directories available at the Philadelphia City Archives list Captain George Ord as a ship chandler, rope-maker and gentleman throughout the late 1700s. His address is listed as 354 South Front Street. His primary residence is listed as 784 South Front Street after 1857, but it is likely that both addresses pertain to the house in the Taylor watercolor as the city's addressing system was overhauled and renumbered in 1857. The younger George Ord lived here his entire life, from 1782-1866. He began his career in the family business of rope-making, but quit to pursue a life of science. He became a renowned ornithologist, member of both the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. There is a George Ord collection at the American Philosophical Society located in Philadelphia, but little contains little information of his house.

The younger George Ord was living at the house when at the time of the Taylor watercolor.看 According the 1860 Hexamer map, the dwelling was constructed of either brick or stone, had a shingled roof and was 3 stories high.看 The aforementioned watercolor by DJ Kennedy is a compelling image to compare to Taylor's. They have striking similarities in their composition and content. Both place the houses on the left side of the image and emphasize the long wall that borders the house, tall chimneys and tree in the background and three strollers who occupy similar spaces in the foreground.看 It is quite possible that one of the artists was copying the work of the other.看 However, there is no information available about the date of the Kennedy watercolor that would corroborate any story about how these images were created or if the artists regarded each other.

Various Historic Documents
Deed Research
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1915 Hexamer & Locher Fire Insurance Atlas Volume 12, Page 226 (Courtesy of the Map Room at the Philadelphia Free Library)
1905 City Directory listing 784 S. Front St. as a Chinese Laundry (Courtesy of the Historical Society of Pennslyvania)