Resources Rationale
These elevations from Baxterĺ─˘s Panoramic Business Directories of Philadelphia were created to promote the businesses that existed on the west and north sides of Third and Market Streets around 1860.
They reveal a mix of three to five story attached buildings with retail operations at street level selling dry goods ranging from saddles to parasols. Among Philadelphiaĺ─˘s public record archives are maps, etchings, legal documents, photographs and newspaper clippings that refer to the these streetscapes shown in Baxterĺ─˘s directories By collecting the relevant documents and arranging them chronologically and by location a picture of the conditions that gave rise to these buildings and businesses begins to emerge.

What also emerges is an irregular pattern of information about individual buildings and individual eras. Some buildings get better press which is often connected with what goes on inside them. Other buildings are noted for their architecture alone, though there are no architectural standouts in the focus area. ČŢSome years yield a wealth of information followed by decades of apparent silence. This uneven coverage may be brought about by the rise and fall of a publishing venture like the Baxter Directories that provided the initial inspiration for this presentation. Civic infrastructure projects like the construction of the cityĺ─˘s subway lines created an archive of documentary photos of Market Street before, during and after the tunnels were excavated. The ever-likely threat of building demolition during the urban renewal movement in the 1960ĺ─˘s also generated a rash of documentary photographs of buildings, many of them likely considered for demolition.

This investigation is framed in terms of whole streetscapes versus discreet buildings. As such, the documents presented are derived from the city's public record such as the newspapers, maps and and photos from the city archives and public utilities rather than focusing on private real estate sales or building plans for each parcel. The majority the information presented here was obtained from the Philadelphia City Archives, The Map Collection of the Philadelphia Public Library, Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company photos and newspaper clippings from theJane Campbell scrapbooks both of which are available at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Additional information was obtained from websites dealing with the architectural history of Philadelphia, most notably Philadelphia Architects and Buildings, and Philadelphia Neighborhood Base. The commericial panorama collection can be found at Places in Time website.

We present this information in the frames of both time and place and invite the visitor to make their own connections between the two as they exist for this piece of Philadelphia.