List of Sources
Oberholtzer, Ellis Paxson. The Literary History of Philadelphia. George W. Jacobs & Company, Philadelphia, PA. 1906, p. 105
Halper, Emanuel B. "Food service lease and exclusive clauses." Real Property, Probate and Trust Journal. Issue: Fall 1997. p. 5 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3714/is_199710/ai_n8767576
Thomas, George E. and Brownlee, David B. Building America's first university: an historical and architectural guide to the University of Pennsylvania. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2000. p. 34-35, 41, 93.
Definition of boarding house. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2000.
Rittenhouse Square Bed and Breakfast. 2002. http://www.triple1.net/R/Rittenhouse-Square-Inn-Philadelphia-PA/
The International Youth Hostel and Community Center of Chamounix Mansion. http://www.philahostel.org/aboutus.html
"Elfreth's Alley: From Colonial Times to Today—300 Years of Philadelphia History." Lesson Plan. http://www.elfrethsalley.org/education/PDF/GenHistory.pdf
NAICS. Section 721310: definition of rooming and boarding houses. U.S. Census Bureau. 2002. http://www.census.gov/epcd/naics02/def/ND721310.HTM
An Inventory of the Friends' Boarding House Association (Philadelphia, Pa.) Records, 1877-1913. http://www.swarthmore.edu/library/friends/ead/4084bhas.htm
Ross, Alice. "Boarding Houses." Journal of Antiques. March 2003. http://www.journalofantiques.com/Mar03/hearthmar03.htm
Miller, Amy. "Guide to the Office of the Recorder Records, 1902-1960." University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center. 2000. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/faids/upa/upa9/upa9.html
"Penn in the 18th Century: Student Life on a Shared Campus." University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center. 2000. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/features/1700s/studtlife.html
1830 University Catalogue. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/features/1830/catalogue.html
Lefferts, Charles M. College of Philadelphia, first campus, 4th and Arch Streets. 1913 Watercolor. http://imagesvr.library.upenn.edu/cgi/i/image/image-idx?slsz=1&c=pennarchive&sstrt=&type=getsid&viewid=1&entryid=X-20030314001&cc=pennarchive&ox=1&oy=3&lastres=3&returnto=&cross=&quality=small&res=3&image.x=288&image.y=163
Dormitories (built 1895), Quadrangle, Memorial Tower, exterior. Photograph taken 1905. http://imagesvr.library.upenn.edu/cgi/i/image/image-idx?type=detail&cc=pennarchive&entryid=X-20050203023&viewid=1&sstrt=8&hits=14&q1=quadrangle&cat1=All%20Categories&thsz=12&txsz=50&slsz=1&med=1&c=pennarchive
Coolidge, Susan. A Short History of the City of Philadelphia, From Its Foundation to the Present Time. Roberts Brothers, Boston, Massachusetts. 1887. http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/faculty/hodgson/Courses/city/philadelphia/PHILHISTORY.html
University of Pennsylvania Off-Campus Living website: http://www.business-services.upenn.edu/offcampusliving/
Philadelphia City Archives
Boarding House Photograph. 1009-11 South Front Street. March 17, 1915.
Boarding House Photograph. Southwest corner of Front & Washington Avenue (1002-04 South Front Street). Taken July 21, 1916.
Historic Society of Pennsylvania
Newspaper article "Smith's Brewery" about Mrs. House's boarding house. Jane Campbell Collection, v.28, p.40. September 28, 1887.
Subject Collection. "An Era Ends on Broad St.: Mrs. Griffith's Boarding House is Coming Down." Philadelphia Evening Bulletin. January 22, 1976.
Centennial Visitor's Hotel and Boarding House Guide: A Compendium of Valuable Information. Sydney Smirke & Co. Publishers, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1876. p. 17-20.
Our City Guide: Postal, Hotel Amusement, Real Estate, Boarding House, Business and Buyers Directory. W. D. Reichner & Co. Publishers, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1875.
"Boarding Houses in Philadelphia." The Pennsylvania Magazine. 1877. Book 94, p. 229.
Free Library of Philadelphia - Maps Collection
Bromley, Geo. W. & Walter S. Atlas of the City of Philadelphia: The 27th Ward. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. G. W. Bromely & Co. Publishers. Volume II. 1892.
Hopkins, G.M. Atlas of West Philadelphia: The 24th & 27th Wards. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. G.M. Hopkins & Co. Publishers. 1872.
Free Library of Philadelphia - Prints and Photographs Collection
Photograph of Boarding House Site. 3440-3446 Chestnut Street. Date Unknown.
Photograph of Boarding House Site. 3440-3446 Chestnut Street. Taken 1958.
The Library Company of Philadelphia
Congrefs Hall, Germantown, Pennsylvania. "Pictorial Views of Houses and Places in Germantown." Taken 1859.
Richards. 422 Walnut Street - James A. Freeman Auction House. "Illustrations of Philadelphia" volume 3, p. 103. Taken 1959.
McClees, James E. Northwest corner of Chestnut and Eighth Street- Butler Mansion House. Taken 1856.
8 Letitia Street - "Letitia Penn" House. Taken circa 1880.
Odiorne, Henry. 200 Block of Water Street. "Boarding & Lodging." Taken 1860.
University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center
Board of Trustees Minutes, Volume 12, p. 163. December 2, 1884.
Board of Trustees Minutes, Volume 6, p. 325. ca. 1872.
University Catalogue 1884-1885. p.14.
Linck, Elizabeth A. "The Quadrangle." Pennsylvania Album: Undergraduate Essays on the 250th Anniversary. University of Pennsylvania Press. 1990. p.38-42.
UPS 55: Undergraduate Student Residence; "Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. Approved Rooming and Boarding Houses." 1945-46.
UPS 55: Undergraduate Student Residence Regulations. "Notice to all Undergraduate Students." Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. 1934.
Inscription Book of the University of Pennsylvania 1842-50. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Athenaeum of Philadelphia
Print of boarding house. General Collection - Photographs. 1870.
List of Potential Sources for Future Research
Contact: David Faflik, Ph.D. candidate in Early American Literature, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Forthcoming dissertation entitled: To the Boardinghouse: Inhabiting the American Urban Literary Imagination, 1840-1860.
Census records. The National Archives in Philadelphia.
Business Directories. Historic Society of Pennsylvania.
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Website by Ashley C. Aiken
University of Pennsylvania
HSPV 600: Documentation
Professor Jeffrey A. Cohen