Social Characteristics of Snow's Court
Looking at numerical data and beyond.
Social ills were the motivating force behind the surveys that were conducted in the alleys. The purpose of this section is to briefly describe some of those results for the period from 1880 to 1910.
Lacked Basic Necessities ...
George Kuber's "Report of Committee on Social Betterment" states that alley houses "... were nearly all old, two-story brick or frame buildings without such modern conveniences as hot and cold water, bathrooms or inside water-closets."
He goes on to state that "where apartments were small and families large, all available space, even the kitchens, were used as bedrooms".
Health Concerns ...
Wilbur Vincent Mallalieu in his "Monday Evening Club" report, states that "in 1909 the death rate per thousand for the alley colored for the whole city was 31.94. For this particular district it was 34.14."
Data from the 1880, 1900 and 1910* censi were collected to understand the demographics of the residents as well as compare it to data from other surveys.
* This time frame was chosen because the the census bureau began gathering their data based on address and not just citywide data. Census data from 1890 was destroyed by fire.