Architectural Drawings

The architectural renderings in The Journal of Progress did not appear in every issue. When they did appear it was without any captions or accompanying articles. The images presented below show the evolution of the drawings from November 1884 to August 1888. Over time the drawings become less of ideas for builders to copy and start to document buildings constructed in Philadelphia and the surrounding areas. These later drawings are typically presented as inserts within the magazine, what the editors of the journal referred to as "supplements". Also of note is the way that the artist Angus Wade begins to identify himself as an architect in the latter drawings that he produces for the Journal of Progress. All of the drawings reflect the dominate style of the time, Victorian Gothic. The images below include almost all of the sketches commissioned for and printed in The Journal of Progress between 1884 and 1888, in fact only seven images from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Collection have been omitted. The rest are displayed here in their correct size relative to one another.

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The drawing provides plans and elevations for a generic Victorian Gothic stable. At this time Angus Wade, the artist, does not identify himself at an architect even though at this time he is working in an architectural office in Philadelphia.

November1884, pg.7

nov1884p.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This layout focuses on a single piece of furniture rather than an entire building. The drawings provide design and construction details for carpenters to use in building a sideboard.

November 1884, pg. 8

nov1884p.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this layout Wade provides details for construction of wainscoting. He even goes so far as to specify the type of wood that should be used. As with his other drawings Wade assumes the readers have a certain level of skill and knowledge of woodworking. The drawings are not explicit enough that just anyone could copy them.

November 1884, pg.9

nov1884p.9

This layout was produced not by Angus Wade, but by another of the journals' contracted draftsmen, Arthur Smith. This drawing shows not a whole plan for a house and not an isolated detail or piece of furniture, but places bits and pieces of architectural detailing in a context. A master builder or carpenter could choose to use all or just some of the details presented in the drawing.

December 1884, pg. 24

dec1884p.24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This layout by W.S. Herbert provides an elevation and sections for the construction of a set of sliding doors. Regardless of the draftsman that created the layout, all of the architectural detail layouts are similar in the manner in which they display their content, with an overall elevation and details at a larger scale.

December 1884, pg. 25

dec84p.24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Wade's own captioning for this layout he states just exactly what all of the drawings that appear in The Journal of Progress are up to until 1888- "suggestions" that builders or craftsman could incorporate into their own designs.

January 1885, pg.48

jan85p.48

 

 

 

Wade provides two elevations and two floor plans for the construction of this home along with a small paragraph of instructions for grading of the ground surface and color scheme. However, clearly there are many details missing that would be necessary to actually construct the house, showing that featured drawings in the Journal of Progress at this time are just to provide ideas or vague notions for craftsman to expand upon in their own projects.

March 1885, pg.80

march85p.80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This page was the only further documentation provided for what Wade had in mind for the house depicted in the drawing above. Originally these two drawings were displayed facing one another in the magazine.

March 1885, pg.81

march85p.81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This layout provides ideas for the design and construction of a Victorian Gothic fireplace and bookshelf surrounds. Here again Wade specifies the type of wood that he thinks would best suit the project.

July 1885, pg.143

july85p.143

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This layout shows different shapes that could be used for spindles for a banister. The spindles are shown completely out of context with no handrails or complete staircase, showing that the focus of the magazine at this point is still not on whole buildings or even whole parts of buildings.

December 1887, pg.24

dec1887p.24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Here newel posts and decorative drops are shown and given the context of at least one possible staircase design.

December 1887, pg.25

dec1887p.25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is the first time in The Journal of Progress that an actual built project is documented through drawings in the magazine. Wade for the first time in his drawings in the magazine shows the exterior of the building in perspective rather than as an elevation. Also of importance is the fact that it is also the first time that Angus Wade identifies himself at an architect. He even gives the address of his practice- 20 S. Broad St..

April 1888, pg.90

april88p.90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This drawing of Furness and Evans' Provident Building shows one of the few times in which a non- residential building was featured in the magazine. Other similar drawings include depictions of churches and a prison built in the Philadelphia area.The recognition of the architect within the layout illustrates the new prominence of the field of architecture. Frank Furness is part of the new generation of America architects practicing in the more formalized business setting that emerged at the end of the 19th century.

April 1888, pg. 101

april88p.101

 

This drawing gives prominence to the perspective sketch of the unique exterior of the home rater than the plan, showing that the focus of the magazine is no longer on emulation of generic ideas.

May 1888, pg.110

may88p.110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This drawing shows the recently completed Church of the Covenant,designed by Frank Watson, acting more as a testament to the architect's vision than as a construction guide for builders to follow. Also the church is clearly constructed of stone, so obviously the magazine that originally was targeted only at woodworkers has changed.

May 1888, pg.121

may1888p.121

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This drawing is from the the first issue in which inserts of heavier stock, glossy paper, of which this drawing is an example, appear.

June 1888, insert

june1888,insert

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This layout illustrates the greater variety of layout design that the introduction of the insert afforded.

July 1888, insert

july1888,insert

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This insert shows how by the end of The Journal of Progress' life the magazine was making a concerted effort to show entire built structures in their proper context. This shows the shift in the magazine toward cohesive design and the role of the architect and away from pieced together fragments and individual craftsmen.

August 1888, insert

aug1888,insert

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