American Victorian House and Suburb

Fall 2000, J. Cohen
Tu 2:00-4:00, Carpenter B25
[course calendar]

Reading suggestions:



Kenneth T. Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States, NY, 1985.

John R. Stilgoe, Borderland: origins of the American suburb, 1820-1939, New Haven, 1988.

Robert Fishman, Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise and Fall of Suburbia, NY, 1987.

Robert A. M. Stern, ed., The Anglo-American Suburb (Architectural Design Profile), London, 1981.

James Howard Kunstler, The Geography of Nowhere, New York, 1993.

Sam Bass Warner, Streetcar Suburbs, Cambridge, 1962.

Henry C. Binford, The First Suburbs: Resdiential Communities on The Boston Periphery, 1815-60, Chicago, 1985.

Ford, Larry. Cities and Buildings: Skyscrapers, Skid Rows, and Suburbs. Baltimore. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1994.

Philip Dolce, ed., Suburbia: The American Dream and Dilemma, New York, 1976.


John Archer, "Country and City Housing in the American Romantic Suburb" Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 1983 Volume XLII: 139

Margaret Marsh, "Reconsidering the Suburbs: An Exploration of Suburban Historiography," PMHB 92 (1988): 579-605.

Margaret Marsh, "Suburban Men and Masculine Domesticity, 1870-1915," American Quarterly 40 (1988): 165-86.

Mary Corbin Sies, "Toward a Performance Thjeory of the Suburban Ideal, 1877-1917," Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture 4 (Columbia, MO, 1991): 197-207

Michael Ebner, "Re-Reading Suburban America: Urban Population Deconcentration, 1810-1980," American Quarterly 37 (1985), 368-81.

Robert Fishman, "American Suburbs / English Suburbs: A Transatlantic Comparison," and Kenneth Jackson, "Suburbanization in England and North America," both in Journal of Urban History 113 (1987): 238-39 and 302-06.




Chapters in architectural surveys:

Vincent J. Scully, American Architecture and Urbanism, rev. ed., NY, 1988.

Leland Roth, A Concise History of American Architecture, New York, 1979.

David Handlin, American Architecture, NY, 1985.

Marcus Whiffen and Frederick Koeper, American Architecture, Cambridge, MA, 1981

Clifford Clark, The American Family Home, 1800-1960, Chapel Hill, NC, 1986.

David Handlin, The American Home: Architecture and Society, 1815-1915, Boston, 1979.

Robert McLeod, Style and Society: Architecural Ideology in Britain, 1835-1914, London, 1971.


other books:

Reginald Turnor, Nineteenth century architecture in Britain, London, 1950.

Mark Girouard, Sweetness and Light: The Quenn Anne Movement 1860-1900, Oxford, 1977.

Vincent J. Scully, The Shingle Style and the Stick Style, rev. ed, New Haven, 1971.

Maass, John, Victorian Home in America, NY 1972.

Maass, John, Gingerbread age; a view of Victorian America, NY, 1957.


Muthesius, Stefan. "A re-appraisal of late Victorian and Edwardian housing." The Architectural Review. July, 1979. v. 166. n. 989. 93-97.

Garvin, James L. "Mail-Order House Plans and American Victorian Architecture." Winterthur Portfolio 16 (1981) : 310-334

McClaugherty, Martha Crabill. "Household Art: Creating the Artistic Home, 1868-1893." Winterthur Portfolio 18 (1983) : 1-23

Townsend, Gavin. "Airborne Toxins and the American House, 1865-1895." Wintherthur Portfolio. Vol. 24, No. 1 (Spring 1989): pp. 29-42).

Dell Upton, "Pattern Books and Professionalism: Aspects of the Transformation of Domestic Architecture in America, 1800-1860," Winterthur Portfolio 19 (summer/autumn 1984): 107-

Jan Jennings, "Cheap and Tasteful Dwellings in Popular Architecture" Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture 5: 133-51

Stone, May N. "The Plumbing Paradox." Winterthur Portfolio , vol. 14, p. 283-309.

Bloomfield, Anne. "The Real Estate Associates: A Land and Housing Developer of the 1870s in San Francisco." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. 37 (1978): 13-33.

Brown, Robert F. "The Aesthetic Transformation of an Industrial Community." Winterthur Portfolio. 12 (1977): 35-69.

Hewitt, Mark Alan. "Words, Deeds, and Artifice: Gustave Stickley's Club House at Craftsman Farms." Wintherthur Portfolio. Vol. 31, No. 1 (1996): pp. 23-51.

Lancaster, Clay. "The American Bungalow," from Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture. Upton, Dell and John Michael Vlach (eds.). Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1986. pp. 79-105.

Margaret Ogle, "Domestic Reform and American Household Plumbing, 1840-1870," Winterthur Portfolio 28 (1993): 33-.

John E. Crowley, "In Happier Mansions, Warm, and Dry: The Invention of the Cottage as the Comfortable Anglo-American House," Winterthur Portfolio 32 (1997): 169-.

Mariana G. van Rensselaer, "Recent Architecture in America," Century Magazine 28-32 (May 1884 - July 86), reprinted in part in Roth, Leland, comp., America Builds: Source Documents in American Architecture and Planning, New York, 1983. pp. 242- 268.

Richard Longstreth, "Academic Eclecticism in American Architecture," Winterthur Portfolio 17 (1982): 55-82.

Barr Ferree, "Artistic Domestic Architecture in the United States," New England Magazine n.s. 12 (June 1895): 451-66.

19th-century architectural pattern books and buikler's guides by:

A. J. Downing (1842, 1850)
S. Sloan (1852)
O. P. Smith (1854)
H. W. Cleaveland and Backus (1856)
H. H. Holly (1863, 1878)
C. Vaux (1867)
G. E. Woodward (1867-68, 1869)
M. F. Cummings and C. C. Miller (1868)
A. J. Bicknell (1872, 1873, 1878)
E. C. Hussey (1877)
G. and C. Palliser (1878, 1887)
W. T. Comstock (1881)
Scientific American, Architects' and Builders' Edition (1880-1905)
S. Newsam (c. 1884)
S. B. Reed (1885)
J. C. Newsam (1888)

plate books:

L'Architecture Americaine, Paris 1886 (repub. as Arnold Lewis and Keith Morgan, American Victorian Architecture: A Survey of the 70s and 80s in Contemporary Photographs, New York, 1975)

Artistic Houses: Being a Series of Interior Views . . . , New York, 1883-84 (repub. 1971, also 1987 as Opulent Interiors of the Gilded Age, with commentary by A. Lewis, J. Turner, and S. McQuillin)

[G. W. Sheldon], Artistic Country-Seats, NY, 1886-87 (repub. 1982 as Arnold Lewis, American Country Houses of the Gilded Age).

M. B. Adams, Portfolio of Drawings of Artists' Homes, London, 1883.

Edmund V. Gillon, Jr. and Clay Lancaster, Victorian houses; a treasury of lesser-known examples, NY, 1973.

Robert A. M. Stern, ed., Architecture of the American Summer: The Flowering of the Shingle Style, NY, 1989.


individual houses and architects:

Ann H. Schiller, "Charles F. McKim and his Francis Blake House" Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 46 (1988):5

Jeffrey K. Ochsner and Hubka, Thomas C., "H. H. Richardson: The Design of the William Watts Sherman House" Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 51 (1992 ): 121

Jeffrey K. Ochsner, "H. H. Richardson's Frank William Andrews House" Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 43 (1984): 20

Floyd, Margaret Henderson. "H. H. Richardson, Frederick Law Olmsted, and the House for Robert Treat Paine." Winterthur Portfolio 18 (1983) : 227-248

Hubka, Thomas C. "H. H. Richardson's Glessner House: A Garden in the Machine." Wintherthur Portfolio. Vol. 24, No. 4 (Winter 1989): pp. 209-229.

Cogswell, Elizabeth Agee. "The Henry Lippett House of Providence, Rhode Island." Winterthur Portfolio. vol. 17, 1989: 203-242.

Wodehouse, Lawrence. "Stanford White and the Mackays: A Case Study in Architect-Client Relationships." Winterthur Portfolio 1976 (11) 214-231.

Kowsky, Francis R. "H. H. Richardson's Ames Gate Lodge and the Romantic Landscape Tradition." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 50:181-188.

Fahlman, Betsy. "Wilson Eyre in Detroit: The Charles Lang Freer House." Winterthur Portfolio. 15. (Autumn 1980). 257-70.

Richard G. Wilson, "The Early Work of Charles F. McKim: The Country Houses," Winterthur Portfolio. 14 (1979): 235-67.



Gwendolyn Wright, Moralism and the Modern Home, Chicago, 1980.

Dolores Hayden, The Grand Domestic Revolution, Cambridge, 1981.

Lizabeth A. Cohen, "Embellishing a Life of Labor: An Interpretation of the Material Culture of American Working-Class Homes, 1885-1915," from Common Places: Readings in American
Vernacular Architecture
. Upton, Dell and Michael Vlach (eds.). Atlanta: University of Georgia Press, 1986. Pp. 261-80.

Robertson, Cheryl. "Male and Female Agendas for Domestic Reform: The Middle-Class Bungalow in Gendered Perspective." Winterthur Portfolio. Vol. 26, No. 2 (1991): pp. 123-141.

Bronner, Simon J. "Manner Books and Suburban Houses: The Structure of Tradition and Aesthetics." Winterthur Portfolio. v. 18. n. 1. Spring 1983. 61-8.

McMurry, Sally, "City Parlor, Country Sititng Room: Rural Vernacular Design and the American Parlor, 1840-1900," Winterthur Portfolio 20 (1985): 261-.

Bercaw, Nancy D., "Solid Objects / Mutable meanings: Fancywork and the Construction of Bourgeois Culture, 1840-1880," Winterthur Portfolio 26 (1991): 231-.

Elizabeth Cromley, "A History of American Beds and Bedrooms," Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture 4 (Columbia, MO, 1991): 177-86.

Charles Bergrengen, "From Lovers to Murderers: The Etiquette of Entry and the Social Implications of House Form," Winterthur Portfolio 29 (1994): 44-.

Beverly Gordon, Woman's Domestic Body: the Conceptual Conflation of Women and Interiors in the Industrial Age," Winterthur Portfolio 31 (1996): 281-.

Ames, Kenneth L. "Meanings in Artifacts: Hall Furnishings in Victorian America," from Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture. Upton, Dell and Michael Vlach (eds.). Atlanta: University of Georgia Press, 1986. Pp. 240-255.


Nolan, Thomas. "Recent Suburban Architecture in Philadelphia and Vicinity." Architectural Record 19 (Mar. 1906), 167-93.

Marsh, M. S. "Suburbanization and the Search for Community: Residential Decentralization in Philadelphia, 1880-1900, Pennsylvania History 44 (1977), 99-116.

Hotchkin, S. F., Ancient and Modern Germantown, Mount Airy, and Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia, 1889.

Hotchkin, S. F., The York Road, Old and New. Philadelphia, 1892.

Hotchkin, S. F., The Bristol Pike. Philadelphia, 1893.

Hotchkin, S. F., Rural Pennsylvania, in the Vicinity of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1897.

Richard Longstreth, "A Country House by Napoleon Le Brun" Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 26 (1967): 310

Miller, Roger, and Joseph Siry. "The Emerging Suburb: West Philadelphia, 1850-1880." Pennsylvania History 47 (1980), 99-145.

Thomas, George E. "Architectural Patronage and Social Stratification in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1920." in W. W. Cutler III and H. Gillette, Jr., eds., The Divided Metropolis: Social and Spacial Dimensions of Philadelphia, 1800-1975. Philadelphia, 1980, pp. 85-123.

William W. Cutler III, "Persistent Dualism: Centralization and Decentralization in Philadelphia, 1854 - 1975." in W. W. Cutler III and H. Gillette, Jr., eds., The Divided Metropolis: Social and Spacial Dimensions of Philadelphia, 1800-1975. Philadelphia, 1980.

Theodore Hershberg, ed., Philadelphia: Work, Space, family, and Group Experience in the Nineteenth Century, Essays toward an Interdisciplinary History of the City, Oxford, UK, 1981.

P. Muller, K. Meyer, and R. Cybriwsky, Metropolitan Philadelphia: A Study of Conflicts and Social Cleavages, Cambridge, 1976.

Sutherland, John F. "Housing the Poor in the City of Homes: Philadelphia at the Turn of the Century." Allen F. Davis and Mark H. Haller, eds. The Peoples of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1973, pp. 175-200.

E. Digby Baltzell, Philadelphia Gentlemen: The Making of a National Upper Class, paperback ed., NY, 1966.

Pennell, Elizabeth Robins. Our Philadelphia. Philadelphia, 1914.

Repplier, Agnes. "Town and Suburb," in Repplier. Eight Decades: Essays and Episodes. Boston, 1937, pp. 104-17.

Burt, Nathaniel. The Perennial Philadelphians: The Anatomy of an American Aristocracy. Philadelphia, 1963.

Wainwright, Nicholas B. A Philadelphia Perspective: The Diary of Sidney George Fisher Covering the Years 1834-1871. Philadelphia, 1967.

"New Germantown and Chestnut Hill." Lippincott's Magazine, o.s. 33 (Apr. 1884), 321-35.

David R. Contosta, Suburb in the City : Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, 1850-1990, Columbus, OH, 1992.

Moses King, Philadelphia and Notable Philadelphians, Philadelphia, 1902 esp Part II, "King's Views of Philadelphia, Philadelphia," 1900).

J. W. Townsend, The Old Main Line (Phila., 1922).

Horace M. Lippincott, A Narrative of Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia (Jenkintown, PA, 1948)

Willard S. Detweiler, Jr., Chestnut Hill, an architectural history. Philadelphia, 1969

Doebley, Carl E, Lower Merion : a portrait : from the Welsh Tract to the present (Ardmore, Pa., 1976).

John C. Manton, Victorian Roxborough: An Architectural History, Philadelphia, 1983.

Frederick Platt, "Horace Trumbauer's Mansions in Elkins Park," Bulletin of the Historical Society of Montgomery County 30, no. 4 (Spring 1997): 252-99.

Hazlehurst & Huckel. Architecture Through A Camera. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1894-96.

Githens, Alfred M. "Wilson Eyre Jr., his work." Albert W. Kelsey, ed. Architectural Annual 2 (1900), 121-75.

Millard, Julian. "The Work of Wilson Eyre." Architectural Record 14 (Oct. 1903), 280-325.

Cram, Ralph Adams. "A New Influence in the Architecture of Philadelphia." Architectural Record 15, no. 2 (Feb. 1904), 93-121

Cram, Ralph Adams. "The Work of Messrs. Frank Miles Day & Brother." Architectural Record, 15, no. 5 (May 1904), 397-421.

Cram, Ralph Adams. "The Work of Messrs. Cope & Stewardson." Architectural Record, 16, no. 3 (Nov. 1904), 407-38.

Walter Bassett Smith of Wendell and Smith of Ardmore, Philadelphia, 1899.

George E. Thomas, William L. Price : arts and crafts to modern design, NY, 2000.

Owen Wister et al, A Monograph of the Works of Mellor, Meigs and Howe, New York, 1923.

Wilson Brothers & Co. Catalogue of Work Executed, Accompanied by Illustrations. Philadelphia, 1885, 1897.

Yarnall, Elizabeth B. Addison Hutton, Quaker Architect, 1834-1916. Philadelphia, 1974.

Keebler, Patricia L. H. "The Life and Work of Frank Miles Day." Ph.D. diss., University of Delaware, 1980.

Huger Elliott, "Architecture in Philadelphia and a Coming Change," Architectural Record 23 (1908): 295-308.

Nolan, Thomas. "Some Recent Philadelphia Architecture." Architectural Record 29 (Mar. 1911), 215-35.

Costen Fitz-Gibbon, "Architectural Philadelphia, Yesterday and Today," Architectural Record 34 (1912): 21-44.

Sarah Hayward Draper, Once Upon the Main Line, NY, 1980.

Passenger Department, Pennsylvania Railroad, Suburban Homes on the Lines of the Pennsylvania Railroad within a Radius of Thirty Miles Around Philadelphia; with useful information for Summer-Home Seekers, Philadelphia, 1894.

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