CLASSICAL STUDIES / HISTORY 205

 GREEK HISTORY

 

Professor Radcliffe G. Edmonds III

Office: Thomas 245

Office Phone: 526-5046

redmonds@brynmawr.edu

 

Thomas 224

MW 2:30-4:00

Office Hours: MWF 9-10

or by appointment

 

Required Texts:

Buckley, Terry, Aspects of Greek History 750-323 BC

The Landmark Herodotus, ed. Strassler

The Landmark Thucydides, ed. Strassler

Greek Lyrics, trans. Lattimore

Plutarch, The Rise and Fall of Athens: Nine Greek Lives, trans. Scott-Kilvert

Recommended Texts:

Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Greece

The Landmark Xenophon's Hellenika ed. Strassler

 

Course Description:

            This course traces the rise of the city-state (polis) in the Greek-speaking world beginning in the seventh-century BC down to its full blossoming in classical Athens and Sparta. Students should gain an understanding of the formation and development of Greek identity, from the Panhellenic trends in archaic epic and religion through its crystallization during the heroic defense against two Persian invasions and its subsequent disintegration during the Peloponnesian war.  The class will also explore the ways in which the evolution of political, philosophical, religious, and artistic institutions reflect the changing socio-political circumstances of Greece.  The latter part of the course will focus on Athens in particular: its rise to imperial power under Pericles, its tragic decline from the Peloponnesian War and its important role as a center for the teaching of rhetoric and philosophy. 

            Since the study of history involves the analysis, evaluation, and synthesis of the sources available for the culture studied, students will concentrate upon the primary sources available for Greek history, exploring the strengths and weakness of these sources and the ways in which their evidence can be used to create an understanding of ancient Greece.  Students should learn how to analyze and evaluate the evidence from primary texts and to synthesize the information from multiple sources in a critical way. 

            In addition to the texts required for the course, readings will be available through the electronic reserves on the Moodle site. The handouts for each week can also be reached on the Moodle site or from the on-line version of the syllabus at: http://www.brynmawr.edu/classics/redmonds/csts20512.htm.

 

Course Requirements:

Class participation:

            Participation, of course, includes attendance, since you cannot participate if you are not in class.  If, for some reason, you cannot attend class, please inform me in advance.  Each student should be prepared to discuss and answer questions on the material covered in the lesson for the week.  Coming prepared with questions on the material is even better than coming with answers to the basics.  If, for some reason, you cannot prepare for class, please attend anyway - you will be better prepared for the next class.  A number of unannounced map quizzes will be included in the participation grade.

 

Written Assignments: 

            There will be four short written assignments designed for the students to demonstrate their understanding of specific materials covered in class.  These projects may require some out of class research in addition to the readings assigned for the class. These assignments are due by the beginning of class on the designated day, and any late assignments will be penalized by one grade for each 24 hour period they are late (including weekends).  Extensions are negotiable only if the student discusses the situation with me no less than 24 hours in advance.

 

Examinations:

            There will be a Midterm and a Final Examination for this class on all the materials covered to that date in class.  The Midterm will be a closed-book take-home exam, to be completed after the Midterm review in the ninth week and before the Monday of the tenth week.  The Final Exam will be self-scheduled during Exam Week.  Both exams will consist of identification questions and short essays in which the students will be asked to analyze and synthesize material from the primary and secondary sources covered in class.

Students who think they may need accommodations in this course due to the impact of a learning, physical, or psychological disability are encouraged to meet with me privately early in the semester to discuss their concerns.  Students should also contact Stephanie Bell, Coordinator of Access Services (610-526-7351 or sbell@brynmawr.edu), as soon as possible, to verify their eligibility for reasonable academic accommodations.  Early contact will help to avoid unnecessary inconvenience and delays.

 

Grade Distribution:

Class Participation                   20%

Written Assignments               40%

Midterm Examination             15%

Final Examination                   25%

 

Week I: (September 5) Introduction

Topics: 

Why Study Ancient Greece?

The Greek World

History and Historiography

Readings:  

Buckley, Ch. 1

Herodotus I.1-5

Thucydides  I.1-22

Plutarch -Theseus

 

Week II: (September 10-12) Rise of the Polis

Topics:

From Mycenaean Palaces through the Dark Ages

Homer and the Epic Tradition

Formation of the Polis:  Shifting Social and Political Structures

Defining Greekness:  Panhellenism and Local Identity

Readings:

Homer, Odyssey I-II, XIV-XV; Iliad (selections)

Hesiod, Works & Days, Theogony

Fornara # 7 (Lelantine War)

 

 

Week III: (September 17-19) Colonization and the Expanding Greek World

Topics:

Colony Foundations

Reasons for Colonization

Polis Formation in the Colonies

Lyric Poetry and Pre-Socratic Philosophy

Readings:

Buckley ch. 2

Herodotus IV, esp. 144-159

Thucydides VI 1-8

Fornara # 5 (Naxos & Megara), 6 (Croton), 9 (Tarentum), 33 (Locrian laws)

Founding of Cyrene Documents

Some More Documents for Colonization

Greek Lyrics: Archilochus (pp. 1-6) Alcman, Stesichorus, Ibycus, Sappho (pp. 33-42)

Pindar Pythian IV, V, and IX

 

colonization assignment due Monday, September 24

 

Week IV: (September 24-26) Rise of Tyranny

Topics:

Causes of Tyranny: Military, Economic, Ethnic

Tales of Tyrants

Readings:

Buckley ch. 3

Herodotus Book I, III (30-90), V.67-68, 92-96, VI.121-140

Fornara # 8 (the word tyrant), 4 (Pheidon), 10 (Orthagoras), 16 (1st Sacred War)

Greek Lyrics: Tyrtaeus and Theognis (pp. 13-16, 26-31); Bacchylides #4 (pp. 75-78)

 

Week V: (October 1-3) The Spartan Alternative

Topics:

The Great Rhetra and the Shape of the Spartan State

The Spartan Legend

Spartan Women

The Expansion of Spartan Power

Readings:

Buckley ch. 4

Fornara # 12 (Tyrtaeus), 13 (Helots), 27 (Tegea)

Herodotus VI.50-84

Xenophon, the Politeia of the Spartans

Plutarch, Life of Lycurgus

 

Week VI: (October 8-10) The Athenian Revolutions

Topics:

The Cylonian Conspiracy and the Curse of the Alcmaeonids

The Reforms of Solon and Athenian Government

The Tyrannies of the Pisistratids

Readings: 

Buckley ch. 5 & 6

Aristotle, The Constitution of Athens ¤1-19

Plutarch – Solon

Herodotus I.126-7, VI.123-132, V

Fornara # 15 (Drakon), 26 (Panathenaia), 30, 31 (Pisistratids), 39 (Harmodius)

Greek Lyrics: Solon (pp. 18-23); Harmodius skolion (pp. 47-8)

Thucydides on Athens (II.15) and Pisistratids (VI.54-59)

 

assembly assignment due Monday, October 22

 

Week VII: FALL BREAK (October 15-17)

 

Week VIII: (October 22-24) Cleisthenes and Democracy

Topics:

CleisthenesÕ reforms of Athenian democracy

Sparta and Athenian politics

Readings:

Buckley ch. 7 & 8, 14

Aristotle, The Constitution of Athens

[Xenophon], The Athenian Constitution

Herodotus V.30-38 (Athens & Ionia), VI.54-84 (Spartan Kings)

 

 

Week IX: (October 29-31) The Persian Wars

Topics:

Herodotus and history

Prelude in Ionia

DariusÕ Invasion - Marathon and the Athenian Moment

XerxesÕ Invasion – Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea

Midterm Review

 

Readings:

Buckley ch. 9

Herodotus Books VI-IX

Fornara # 34, 35 (Darius), 55 (Themistokles)

Simonides on Plataea

Plutarch – Themistocles and Aristides

 

Midterm - take-home, closed book, one and a half hours due by Monday, November 5

 

Week X: (November 5-7) The Delian League and the Rise of the Athenian Empire

Topics:

Thucydides and History

Delian league and Athenian imperialism

EphialtesÕ reforms

tragedy:  Aeschylus and Sophocles

sophistic revolution

Readings:

Buckley ch. 10 – 15

Thucydides Book I

Sophocles Antigone

Plutarch – Cimon

Fornara # 95 (Peace of Kallias)

 

Week XI: (November 12-14) Periclean Athens and the Beginnings of the Peloponnesian War

Topics:

The Causes of the Peloponnesian War

PericlesÕ Funeral Oration and the Ideal of Athens

The Great Plague

Mytilenean Debate and Democracy at War

Melian Dialogue and Empire

Readings:

Buckley ch. 16 – 19

Thucydides Books II-V

Euripides Trojan Women

Aristophanes Clouds 886-1104

Gorgias – Defense of Helen; Critias

Plutarch – Pericles

Fornara # 98, 136  (tribute)

 

assembly assignment due Monday, November 26

 

Week XII: (November 19-21) The Peloponnesian War

Topics:

The Sicilian Expedition

The Scandals of Alcibiades

Oligarchic Revolutions in Athens

Readings:

Buckley ch. 20 – 21

Thucydides Books VI and VII

Plutarch – Nicias and Alcibiades

 

Week XIII: (November 26-28) The End of the Peloponnesian War

Topics:

Spartan Victory and Athenian Defeat

The Thirty Tyrants in Athens

Spartan Hegemony in Greece

Theban Hegemony in Greece

Readings: 

Buckley ch. 23 – 25

Thucydides Book VIII

Xenophon Hellenika 1.1-2.3 (fall of Athens; reign of the Thirty)

Xenophon, Hellenika 6.4.4-21 (Battle of Leuctra)

Plutarch – Lysander

Plutarch Life of Pelopidas

 

Week XIV: (December 5) Plato and the Dreams of Philosophy
                        (no class Monday, December 3)

Topics:

Political History in the Aftermath of the War

The Dream of the Philosopher King

The Second Sicilian Disaster

Readings:

Plato VIIth Letter

Plato, Republic (Book VIII, selections)

Isocrates To Philip

 

philosophic history assignment due Friday, December 14

 

Week XV: (December 10-12) The Coming of Alexander - Conclusions

Topics:

The Rise of Macedon

Phillip and Alexander

Review of Greek History

Conclusions

Readings:

Buckley ch. 26 - 27

Demosthenes, Philippic II, III

 

Final Exam - Self-Scheduled