The British Isles




England, 4500-2100 BCE
The first agricultural communities appear in Southern and South Eastern Britain in the 4th millennium BCE. The most distinctive artifacts of the early Neolithic cultures are large earthen and stone monuments. These range from smaller mortuary enclosures of the Early Neolithic Windmill Hill Culture to massive Late Neolithic constructions – most notably Stonehenge and Silsbury Hill.

The Acheulean Sequence
The Acheulean is just one comparative sequence used by prehistoric archaeologists to organize stone tools around the world.

Mode 1—Oldowan-Abevellain
These are flaked tools made in rough form by hammerstones and ‘retouched’ with smaller stones for a more defined shape.

Mode 2—Acheulean
These tools were worked with wood, bone, and antler as well as hammerstones. This allowed for greater control over shaping.

A Levallois Flaked Tool

Mode 3—Mousterian
This technology is characterized by the Levallois technique, which involved flaking more refined tools from a pre-prepared core.