France , 4000 to 1800 BCE




The Neolithic ‘Revolution’ in France, as in the rest of Europe, refers to the gradual replacement of a hunting and gathering subsistence lifestyle with one based on agriculture and animal husbandry. Within the borders of modern France, this is believed to be a slow, evolutionary process based on the exchange of technology (developed by experimentation) between several distinct groups.

The Early Neolithic (4000-3200 BCE) Late Neolithic Axe

At the beginning of the French Neolithic, also known as the Atlantic Period, agriculture and pastoralism were only observable in certain areas of western France.

The Middle Neolithic (3200-2500 BCE)

This period saw the spread of Neolithic technologies and subsistence strategies throughout the area of modern France. Megalithic monuments also appeared in Brittany, possibly as a result of interaction with the British Isles.

The Late Neolithic (2500-1800 BCE)

During the later Neolithic, also called the Chalcolithic or Sub-Boreal Period, the north of France appears culturally united, while in the south, several distinct cultural groups appear in the archaeological record.