Marble Ram’s Head Pendant S-172 Bryn Mawr College Collections
Richard C. Bull Collection

Map of Iran

 

 

Tepe Hissar

 

On the other side of the Caspian Sea is the region of Tepe Hissar. From this region comes one of the objects in the Richard C. Bull Collection, S-172. This is a pendant in the form of a ram’s head carved from white marble. Comparanda for this object are very sparse, but one can be found at the excavations of Tepe Hissar.

In the grave known as the “Dancer’s Grave” were found three beads of lapis lazuli carved into ram’s heads which are similar to that in the Bull Collection. The only differences are the material used and the stamped concentric circles on the Bull Collection pendant. The “Dancer’s Grave” is dated to the late third millennium BCE. One of these lapis lazuli beads is now in the American Museum of Natural History where it has been dated to 2500-2000 BCE 6. Regarding the concentric circle decoration, there are numerous other parallels in objects from various sites in Iran, such as Tepe Hissar and Surkh Dum-i-Luri, all dating to roughly the third and early second millennium BCE.

 

 
Lapus Lazuli pendant from Tepe Hissar Art of the First Cities 2003, p. 353, fig. 247e.