Cypriot materials from the Cypro-Classical period and onwards are only sparsely represented in the Ella Riegel collections at Bryn Mawr. There are a few Classical sherds from the site of Vouni in the collection. Hellenistic Cypriote objects are absent from this collection. Several intact glass vessels, possibly from Cyprus, belong to the Roman period. The collection also has a few Byzantine and Late Antique sherds, however the provenience and exact date of these sherds are undetermined.
Overview: Cyprus in the Classical period is best marked by its interactions with the Persian Empire. At the end of the Archaic period, Cypriots joined in the Ionian revolts against the vast empire. After the failed revolt, pro-Persian rulers were established on the island and this is best documented by the palace of Vouni (see map below). The Cypriote city-kingdoms were often rivals and their fragmentation helped the Persians maintain control of the island. Evagoras I of Salamis (411-374 BC) briefly unified the island and overthrew the Persian control. However, full freedom was not achieved until the conquests of Alexander the Great. In the Hellenistic period, the island was controlled by Ptolemaic Egypt. The island was later annexed by Rome in 58 BC and was controlled by a proconsul stationed in Nea Paphos. On his first missionary trip, St. Paul visited the island in A.D. 45 with St. Barnabas, a resident of Salamis. However, Christianity was not fully adopted on the island until the 4th century.