Critical writing on film and other audio/visual media can be enriched by a judicious use, within the text, of still images or video clips. Images and audio/visual clips can be included with your text in a variety of ways.
Images can be presented either as documents attached to the hard copy of your paper, or hyperlinked to the document from a burned CD, or embedded or uploaded rather than burned to disk by choosing to export to Quicktime, mp4, Avi or another preferred format.
For a MacOSX tutorial, please visit: http://www.billkirkpatrick.net/cliptapetutorial.html
For other resources, please visit:
For older systems or versions of Word, audio/visual clips can be presented effectively in two ways as well: one, burned onto a CD that will accompany a hard copy of your Word document, and, two, burned onto a CD with the Word document and hyperlinked directly into the Word text.
One method for either images or audio/visual clips is not really better than the other. The first methods offer the reader a little more control over when he or she will view the image or clip. However, it also requires more work on the reader's part, as he or she must locate the clip or image on the CD or document while holding a place in the text. Hyperlinking gives the writer control over where in the text the images or clips are accessible to the reader, and it saves the reader the trouble of finding the corresponding clips on a CD while reading. This method, however, makes more work for the writer and must either be read on a screen or printed out by the reader. The choice is really one of personal preference, but it might be a good idea to check with your professor if they have not already indicated how they would like audio/visual texts submitted.
Note: While it is possible to insert movies and images directly into your text in some later versions of Word, we found this function a less reliable method of incorporating audio/visual texts into Word documents, as it often converts moving images into stills when saved and does not work as well on less sophisticated machines.
To hyperlink an image or audio/visual clip into a Word document:
In order to capture, edit and burn audio/visual clips to a CD, please refer to the "Digitizing Still and Moving Images" handout, and for more information on how to choose, place and cite audio visual texts see the "Writing with Audio/Visual Texts" handout found on the Writing with Film website.
Prepared by Nora Gully and Gretchen Hitt '03, updated by Margaret Kelly