FORMAT FOR GEOLOGICAL

BIBLIOGRAPHIES

 

Paper or article within a journal:

Gofer, A., 1996, The role of rodentia in cavern development, Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky: Bulletin of the American Society for Cave Excavation, v. 23, no. 4, p. 102-105.

Paper or article published within a conference proceedings volume (in this case, an abstract rather than a complete article) Note that the date of publication (see copyright notice) is often later than the date of the conference itself:

Kelly, D., 1934, Deforestation in Antarctica [abs], in Deforestation of the continents, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Serious Problems, Tadjoura, Egypt, 11-14 January 1932, p. 45678~5679.

Book:

Old, F. Q., and Fogey, Q. F., 1492, Paleogeography, paleoclimatology and paleotectonics of Palouse, principal evidence from paleomagnetism, paleoweathering and paleopedology: New York, John Wiley and Sons, 1066 p.

Book or report that is part of a regular series: 

Servant, Y. L., and Public, J. Q., 1812, Temporary data (soon to be superseded) on the composition of the modern beach sands of Tahiti: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 12-01, 2345 p.

Edited book containing chapters with different authors-reference for the entire book (in this case, with three editors for the entire book):

Clean, F. L., Unclean, T. Y., and Filthy, W. S. (eds), 1977, Love Canal, New York: A bargain real estate opportunity: Secaucas, NJ, Seven Publications, 456p.

Chapter in an edited book containing chapters with different authors

Yuch, J., Jr. 1977, This place is the pits, in Clean, F. L., Unclean, T. Y., and Filthy, W. S. (eds), Love Canal, New York: A bargain real estate opportunity, p. 3-86.

If the book is part of a series (in this case the Geological Society of America's "Special Paper" series):

Esoteria, F. Q., 1965, Validation of the ligand/chelation model for sesquioxide leaching among eutrandepts occurring in isohyperthermic-ustic regimes, in Simple, T. O., ea., Avoiding jargon in the geological sciences: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America Special Paper 284, p. 23-56.

Magazine article (in this case, with no author given-no byline):

Anonymous, 1996, Teaching as an entrepreneurial enterprise, Newsweek, 2 September 1996, p. 45-46.

Map:

McPherson, M. P., 1999, Maps of campuses I have known: Philadelphia, Minerva Maps, scale 1:10,000,000, 3 sheets.

Newspaper Article (in this case, with a byline. If no byline, cite as "Anonymous"):

Reporter, A. Q., 1996, Idiocy among college faculty: an emerging problem: The Hazleton Times, 2 September 1996, Hazleton, PA, p. C3-D6.

Thesis or dissertation:

Student, A., 1996, Social dynamics of the tri-college community [Ph. D. Dissertation]: Bryn Mawr College, 3 p.

Some person I met in the hall told me something

Not included in list of references.  

In text citation should read: "...many species of Hymenoptera possess stingers (Wasp, F. Z., personal communication, 1923)..."

Some person I never met sent me a letter, email, fax, etc. (which I could produce if necessary)

Not included in list of references.

In text citation should read: "...many species of Hymenoptera possess stingers with inverted barbs (Wasp, F. Z., written communication, 1923)..."

Computer program (only cite a program if you are discussing the content of the program. If you used a particular program to generate documents, graphs, or illustrations, it is usually not necessary to cite the program):

Nerd, B. X., 1776, Microsoft Word, v. 0.00003b: Redmond, WA, Microsoft Corporation.

Internet or other electronic references:

Permanent (well, as permanent as anything on the Internet) distribution site (WWW page, FTP, telnet, etc. site):

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1996, Goddard Space Flight Center Distributed Data Archives Center: http://...

Blow, J., 1996, My web page: http:/ /. .

University of Nevada, Reno, 1996, Earthquake information: finger://.

Personal email

Not included in list of references

Cite as written communication (see above)

Email distribution list 

Not included in list of references

Cite as written communication (see above), but give name of list-server

In text citation should read: "...many species of Hymenoptera possess stingers with inverted barbs (Wasp, F. Z., written communication to list-server "hymenoptera.digest: 1996)..."

UseNet News

Cite as written communication (see above), but give name of group

Not included in list of references

In text citation should read: "...many species of Hymenoptera possess stingers with inverted barbs (Wasp, F. Z., written communication to UseNet group "alt.wasps.r.us", 1996)..."