1851

JANUARY

1 January 1851. A clear, cold and pleasant day, walking rather bad on account of the melting of the snow of yesterday. At the office during the morning, went home about 1/2 past 1 and dined alone at home with Carrie, Ma & Lydia being invited down to Mr. Lewis E. Ware's to dinner. Spent the afternoon at home. Mr. Leeds stopped in for a while. In the evening Carrie and I went down to Mr. Ware's and spent the evening. Mr. Edward Roberts & family and Mr. Browning were there.

2 January 1851. About 1/4 of 7 p.m. went up to Miss Mary Ann Belangee to tea according to invitation. Carrie, Lydia, Mr. Maginnis, Mr. Bonnell and a Miss Bray were also there. Another gentleman came in the evening. Had an excellent supper of oysters, chicken salad, &c. Spent a delightful evening playing whist.

4 January 1851. At home during the evening with the exception of about an hour and a quarter in the early part occupied in going to a meeting of the Directors of the Logan Savings and Building Association to answer some questions in relation to business of Mr. F.J Holt.

Holt.

5 January 1851. After Church, after going home, Mr. Bonnell, Mr. Maginnis and myself walked out as far as "Fairmount" to look at the Schuylkill which is now frozen, and has been since about the first so that persons are able to go upon it to skate.

8 January 1851. I forgot to note yesterday that I was down at a very handsome entertainment given by Edward Y. Farquhar in celebration of the finishing of his new building in the South side of Walnut Street below 3rd. The entertainment was given in one of Jesse Godley's new stores in Walnut Street below 2nd. Every luxury including Champagne, brandy, wines, &c. were upon the tables. I remained there about an hour. There were several addresses.

9 January 1851. In the evening went up to tea at Mr. Samuel Bonnell, Jr. Ma, Lydia and Carrie were also there. Spent a very pleasant evening, and had an excellent supper. Messrs. Parris, two Gulligers, Mr. & Mrs. Serrell were also there. We had some very amusing performance by some of the company.

10 January 1851. In the evening went down to Mr. Edward Roberts for Ma and Lydia who had been spending the evening and taking tea there. Had a good glass of ale.

11 January 1851. Evening at home. Mr. & Mrs. A.E. Laing stopped in about 9 o'clock and stayed until about 1/2 past 10, had some whiskey punch, &c.

14 January 1851. Old Flora who has been unwell for some weeks, seems to be gradually growing worse and I fear will not live much longer. Her disease is dropsy. We shall miss her much, and all will mourn her loss.

15 January 1851. In the evening at a meeting of the Logan Savings and Building Association. This was the night for our annual election of officers. We had a pretty warm contest, but succeeded in electing our men. Left at about 1/2 past 9 when Maginnis and I went down to Mrs. Jewell's for Ma, Lydia and Carrie who had been taking tea and spending the evening there. Met Mr. & Mrs. Hart Carr there. Just before leaving Mr. Maginnis and Mr. Carr had some words in relation to Mr. A.E. Laing, in which I think Mr. Carr behaved in a very ungentlemanly manner.

16 January 1851. In the evening went to a party given by Mr. & Mrs. A.E. Laing, in company with Carrie, Ma, Lydia, Mr. Maginnis and Mr. S. Bonnell. There were some 100 to 125 there. Spent quite a pleasant and agreeable evening; the supper was very fine, and the Champagne and other wines flowed freely, dancing was the order of the evening.

17 January 1851. In the evening Carrie and I went to a small party given by Miss Kate Smith, there was about 30 there. Spent a pleasant evening dancing.

19 January 1851. Clear and quite cold all day, ice made quite freely. At the Church of the Atonement in the morning and evening with Carrie. Bishop Potter preached in the morning, and Mr. Goddard in the evening. In the afternoon Samuel Bonnell, Jr. and I took a walk out as far as the Market Street Bridge and crossed the same, to view the rail road which has recently been laid across it. We afterwards walked down as far as the Exchange.

21 January 1851. At the office throughout the day, and in the evening at home. Carrie was down this morning, & I walked up home with her.

22 January 1851. At the office through the day until about 3 p.m. Then went up to dinner and did not return in the afternoon, on account of wanting to go early to Miss Anna F. Roberts' wedding. About 1/2 past 6 Mr. Maginnis called for us in a chaise and we started for Mr. Edward Roberts house. At about 1/2 past 7 Mr. Edward Browning and Miss Anna Roberts came into the room and in the presence of some 40 or 50 were married by the Reverend Mr. Howe of St. Luke's Church. Anna appeared to be very much agitated, in fact at one time I thought she would scarcely be able to go through the ceremony, but by a powerful effort she succeeded. There were no bridesmaids or groomsmen, Mr. & Mrs. Edward Roberts and Lehman and Mary officiating in that capacity during the ceremony only.

About 9 o'clock those not invited to the ceremony began to come, and at 10 a most sumptuous supper was served. The table was handsomely decorated in the center by a beautiful bouquet of natural flowers some 3 feet high, and on either end pyramids of candied fruit, oysters, terrapins, chicken salad, champagne and other wines were in great abundance, and everything passed off delightfully. Anna looked very well, and was magnificently dressed.

23 January 1851. Up at 7 a.m. and to bed at 11 p.m. but not to sleep for some time, as Carrie had quite a crying spell owing to little difficulties that occurred during the evening.

24 January 1851. Clear and delightful spring like weather. At the office all day and in the afternoon Carrie, Mr. S. Bonnell, Jr. and myself went out to pay some calls. Sam accompanied us home to tea & spent the evening with us until about 9. I then went down to Schuylkill 7th & Chestnut Streets to get some medicine for Flora. He accompanied me.

25 January 1851. At the office all day until about 4 1/2 p.m. when Samuel Bonnell, Jr. and I took a walk up in Kensington to look at a lot of ground at the corner of Adams and Emerald Streets. When we got as far as Front and Norris Streets, found we could go no further on account of mud, so we started to return. Walked down as far as the Franklin Street Market and walked through them, never having been in a night market before. We strolled about until about 1/2 past 6, when we went to the Baptist Church on Hancock Street above Franklin Avenue to hear Dr. Whiting lecture. His discourse was on generating heat in the body, the eye, ear &c. and I was much pleased and instructed. I left at about 1/4 past 9. He was still lecturing, having been speaking 2 1/4 hours. I should like to have remained, but wished to be home at 10. Walked home in 40 minutes, when we had some panned oysters and ale.

26 January 1851. After Church went home with Ma and Carrie, when Carrie & I concluded to take a little walk as the day was so fine. Walked as far as Arch below Broad & returned in time for dinner. In the afternoon Carrie and I went to St. John's Catholic Church in 13th Street.

28 January 1851. Evening at home. Reverend K. Goddard spent part of the evening with us. I think him a very agreeable man.

31 January 1851. Clear and very cold all day, the coldest day we have had this winter. The thermometer in New York stood at 43ˇ at noon, on Thursday at same time at 18ˇ a difference of 25ˇ in 24 hours. On Thursday night it went down to 12ˇ making a difference between that & Wednesday of 31ˇ. In Philadelphia the thermometer on Wednesday was 48ˇ at 12 o'clock, and on Thursday 18ˇ at the same hour. It was down as low as 7ˇ this morning. This change is rather too sudden to be agreeable or favorable to health.

FEBRUARY

1 February 1851. In the afternoon went out skating on the dam at Fairmount with Messrs. J.D. Bald and Samuel Bonnell, Jr. who took dinner with me. The dskating was very good, though quite unsafe as the ice was very thin, several having broken through just before we had arrived. Notwithstanding there was quite a large number on the ice, including some ladies.

2 February 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Carrie. Dr. Goddard preached. Ma and Lydia did not go,

both having bad colds & being quite unwell.

7 February 1851. At the office all day, until about 1/2 past 5 p.m., then called up for E.J. Maginnis at his store at No. 24 N. 3rd Street as per agreement. Went up to the cornucopia at 3rd & Arch Streets got some oysters and beer. Then up to the Baptist Church in New Market Street above Noble to hear Dr. Whiting upon the organs of generation. His lecture was exceedingly interesting and instructive, and was illustrated throughout by beautiful models of the size of life. He exhibited the fetus from 12 days after pregnancy, and in each succeeding month up to the time of delivery. The house was crowded and I came away much pleased and instructed.

Left Maginnis at Race above 7th and went out home. At the door was met by Carrie, who informed me that Flora was much worse, in fact dying, she had changed at about 3 p.m. I went up stairs for a little while, and then went down stairs to see her. I found her limbs quite cold and she was gasping for breath. We hardly think she can live until morning. The doctor says he can do nothing further for her. I could not bear the sight and was obliged to leave the room. Flora's daughter Elizabeth and son-in-law, Frank, sat up with her all night.

8 February 1851. Flora appears much better today, though I did not expect it, as I hardly thought she would be alive this morning when I got up.

9 February 1851. About 1/4 past 3 p.m. I called down for Samuel Bonnell at his house in Vine below 10th and we went together to Mr. Armstrong at No. 281 N. 7th Street below Coats, having an engagement with him to have some teeth drawn, but as the day was so damp he advised me not to have it done.

11 February 1851. In the evening went to a party given by Mr. and Mrs. Algernon Roberts for Lizzy (1) Roberts, with Ma, Mr. Maginnis and Lydia. Carrie did not go on account of being enceinte. The party was given in magnificent style, and the supper table was superb, being decorated with handsome bouquets, candied pyramids, oysters, salads, ices, &c. in great abundance, as well as wines of every description. The music was also very good for those dancing. I was much amused with a would be exquisite (a snob) by the name of Leland from New York who made himself too ridiculous to be countenanced, his face resembled very much that of a monkey.

16 February 1851. Afternoon at home until about 1/4 of 4. Called down to see John H. Chambers but found him out, then called to see Mr. & Mrs. William M. Clarke in Pine below 8th Street. Found them at home and well, and also met Mr. & Mrs. James Dayton there, sat about 3/4 of an hour and then went up home.

17 February 1851. At the office all day and in the evening Ma, Lydia, Mr. Maginnis and I went to a party given by Mr. & Mrs. Nelson Burroughs. The party was quite large and gotten up with much splendor. Supper was served at about 12, in magnificent style. The table was decorated with a splendid bouquet of flowers and two candied fruit pyramids, ices, oysters, terrapins, wines &c. were in abundance and everything passed off well. The music was also very fine.

19 February 1851. After tea went over to the Building Association where I remained until about 9 o'clock.

20 February 1851. In the evening went up to the Walnut Street Theater to see Miss Heron appear for the first time in Sheridan Knowles play 5 Acts of Love. She performed her part with much feeling and excellence, and was much applauded. This was her 3rd appearance on any stage. I consider her an actress of much talent, and will no doubt succeed. One would suppose she had been accustomed to the stage for a long while. I did not stay to see the whole of the afterpiece of David Copperfield.

24 February 1851. Cloudy and poured rain nearly all day, cleared off after dark and blew a tremendous gale all night.

25 February 1851. Clear and pleasant all day.

26 February 1851. At the office during the morning and in the afternoon about 3 o'clock drove out of town about 8 miles to see a Mr. Philip Eisenbrey and his wife upon some matters of business. Carrie accompanied me. We had a very nice horse. Went out the 2nd Street road to just beyond the 6th mile stone, and then turned off to the right, proceeded about 1/2 a mile & then turned to the left, and in a short time arrived at the house. They were perfect strangers to us, but treated us with much politeness and kindness.

27 February 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening until about 9, then went down to 4th & Chestnut, got some oysters and a glass of ale.

28 February 1851. At the office all day, evening at home until about 1/4 of 9, then went to the grocers and druggists.

MARCH

1 March 1851. At Church of Atonement both in the morning and afternoon with Carrie. Mr. Goddard preached in the morning and a stranger in the afternoon. Samuel Bonnell accompanied us in the afternoon, and after Church, after going home first, took a walk out over Market Street bridge, and thence up to wire bridge, crossed same and went home.

7 March 1851. Commenced hailing in the morning, which continued until about 2 p.m. It then commenced to snow very hard, which continued without intermission up to the time of my going to bed. At the office all day, and in the evening at home. Samuel Bonnell and his two Sisters, Sallie and Cornelia, Mary Ann Belangee and Mr. Maginnis took tea with us by invitation. Kate Smith, Mr. & Mrs. Fraley, the two Misses Gorgas and Mrs. Bonnell were to have been there but did not come on account of the inclemency of the weather. Harry Storms and Edward Bedlock came up in the evening.

8 March 1851. The ground today was covered with snow to the depth of 3 or 4 inches, and the snow continued to fall until about 9 a.m. This was the heaviest fall we have had during the past winter, it soon disappeared however.

10 March 1851. We received news this evening of the death of

Carrie's Aunt, Mrs. Samuel Borden,(2) widow of the late General Samuel Borden.(3) She died near Cincinnati.

15 March 1851. Got up this morning at 1/4 of 6, dressed and went to market, returned and got breakfast at 7, and at 1/2 past 8 started from 11th & Market Streets in company with Carrie for Wilmington, Delaware. We arrived at about 10 after a pleasant ride. I then got a horse and carriage, and we drove up to the old Church at the top of the hill on Market Street to visit the grave of my dear departed father.(4) We then drove down to the Delaware Insurance office on Market Street and after transacting some business, drove over to New Castle, Delaware to place an Assignment of Mortgage on record, after which went to the hotel, got our dinner, and drove over to Wilmington again and called up to see Dr. Gibbons' family, saw no one but Margaret. Drove down town, left the horse at the stable, and walked down to the depot, it then being about 3 o clock. We waited until 5 expecting to start at the time for Philadelphia but the train did not arrive until 1/2 past 6, and then did not start until 1/2 past 7, so that we did not get up to the City until 10 o'clock. I am told that although this train is advertised to leave Wilmington at 5, it seldom leaves before 1 to 3 hours after that time, which I think a gross outrage upon the public, and should be corrected.

18 March 1851. The ground was covered to the depth of 4 or 5 inches with snow this morning, but the sun soon made sad havoc with it, and very bad walking.

19 March 1851. At the office during the day. In the evening at the monthly meeting of the Building Association. The Assembly Buildings(5) at the corner of 10th and Chestnut Streets were burned yesterday morning. The building is totally destroyed, nothing left but the bare walls. Dr. McDowell's Church at the corner of 10th & Wistar Streets fell to the ground with an awful crash yesterday morning, caused by the great weight of snow on the roof, which was improperly & insecurely constructed, which caused the walls to be forced out and a complete destruction of the building, and serious injury to many of the buildings surrounding it.

20 March 1851. In the evening went to the Chestnut Street Theater to see Miss Davenport in "Charlotte Corday." She performed beautifully but she was rather poorly supported. The afterpiece of A Faint Heart Never Won a Fair Lady was very well played. Mr. Maginnis & Lydia were also there.

21st March 1851. Reverend Mr. Goddard spent part of the evening with us. He came to see me more particularly because a difficulty has occurred in reference to the commission for the sale of his house in Arch Street 1st, East of Schuylkill 4th.

27 March 1851. Clear and quite warm all day, the warmest day we have had this spring, in fact it was oppressively warm. At the office during the morning, and in the afternoon about 1/2 past 2 drove out to Manayunk with Ma, Lydia and Carrie, on some business. We had a very pleasant drive out though rather warm. I left them at the hotel, and went out with Mr. Silverthorn, the tax collector, to attend to some matters of business & to look at a piece of ground up on the hill back of Manayunk, from which you have a beautiful view of the surrounding country. Returned to the Hotel in about an hour, then drove home by way of Wissahickon, Germantown and Broad Street.

APRIL

5 April 1851. It was very dusty, blustering & unpleasant all day.

6 April 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning. Dr. Goddard preached. I went with Ma. Carrie did not go, as she has concluded not to go out in day time until after the birth of her child.

7 April 1851. At the office all day until about 6 p.m. then went up home. Then Ma, Carrie and I went down to see the Magician Signor Blitz. We were very amused & pleased particularly with rather a singular and original character who went up on the stage when Blitz asked someone from the audience to come up to assist him. The performance of his educated birds are a great curiosity. They draw small wagons, fire off a small cannon, remain on the barrel of a pistol when it is fired, &c. On our way up home stopped in 11th Street below Race & got some ice cream.

12 April 1851. At the office during the morning, and in the afternoon, after dinner, took a walk out to Fairmount with Carrie. Then took a little trip up the Schuylkill as far as Laurel Hill on the boat. We walked in from Fairmount and stopped at Dyburg's garden on the way in to see him about fixing up our garden. He was very polite in showing us through his garden. We returned home at about 7, had an oyster supper.

16 April 1851. In the evening about 8 o'clock went over to the meeting of the Logan Building Association. Stock was sold tonight at $146.00, and $148.50.

17 April 1851. I had two grape vines planted in our garden to day, Isabella and Catawba.

10 April 1851. Flora seems still to linger on, with much suffering. I do not think she can last much longer, & I am sure it will be a happy change for her to be relieved of her sufferings by death, as she cannot recover and is fully aware and anxious for her approaching end. She appears perfectly prepared for death, and the greater portion of her time is spent in prayer.

21 April 1851. In the evening went to the Walnut Street Theater to see George Boker's new play, played for the first time tonight, entitled The World a Mask. The piece I thought well of. There were a number of beautifully written pieces, besides a number of very witty sayings. The house was crowded and the piece was well received. Mr. Boker was called out and made a short address.

22 April 1851. In the evening about 8 o'clock went around to the fair of the Church of the Atonement with Ma, made some few purchases and returned home.

24 April 1851. In the evening at about 9 o'clock walked down to 11th Street below Race to get some ice cream.

26 April 1851. In the evening at home looking over some Briefs of Title.

27 April 1851. At Church of Atonement morning and afternoon. After Church took a walk with Samuel Bonnell, Jr., crossed Market Street Bridge and returned across the wire bridge.

28 April 1851. Evening at home writing.

29 April 1851. In evening at home until about 9 o'clock when Carrie and I walked down with Aunt Eliza Erwin (who had been spending the afternoon and evening with us) to 11th below Race and got some ice cream.

30 April 1851. Samuel Bonnell spent part of the evening with us, having come up to bid the family good-bye, as he intends to go to Wilkes-Barre to reside on Friday next.

MAY

2 May 1851. At the office during the morning until 2 p.m. then went up to dinner, and at 1/2 past 3 met Messrs. James S. Huber and E.Y. Farquhar who were referees appointed in the reference to the Schuylkill Rail Road passing over the wharves of Messrs. Mitchell and J.F. Fisher. Messrs. Fisher, Mitchell, Sime and the President of the Company were all there. After getting through with going over the ground, &c., we all parted.

My old friend Samuel Bonnell, Jr. went up to Wilkes-Barre to day for the purpose of making his residence and of taking care of a store in connection with his coal business into which he has recently entered. May he have prosperity is my great desire.

4 May 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Ma. Mr. Goddard preached speaking very harshly of the Unitarians and Catholics which I think he would have done much better to let alone in the pulpit. Afternoon and evening at home. Flora appears very bad this evening; it is really distressing to see her suffer so much, and I think it would be a great blessing to herself as well as to others if she would die, as she cannot recover and only lives to suffer.

6 May 1851. Old Flora Pancoast our colored servant who has been with us for about 27 years, died this afternoon about 4 o'clock of dropsy. She has been sick since last Christmas, and for the last two or three months has suffered exceedingly. She died without a struggle, fully resigned and anxious for death.

7 May 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening about 1/2 past 8 called in to see Andrew Cattell & sat talking with him until 1/2 past 11. Smoked a cigar and spent a very pleasant evening. Did not see his wife as she has been confined to her room for several weeks, and is not yet able to be out, occasioned by a miscarriage.

We had the remains of Flora removed this morning to Mrs. Priscilla Stratton's, her niece, No. 4 Eagle Court, from where she will be buried on Friday next in the "Olive Cemetery"(6) for colored people about 2 miles west of the Schuylkill bridge.

8 May 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home until about 1/2 past 9, then took a walk around Logan Square with Carrie & got some ice cream.

9 May 1851. Our old servant Flora Pancoast was buried today from her niece's, Priscilla Stratton, today in the Olive Cemetery about two miles over the Schuylkill. I saw her before the funeral started, she was very nicely laid out and looked very natural.

10 May 1851. At the office during the morning, and at 2 p.m. met Ma and Lydia on board the steamer John Stevens at Walnut Street wharf according to appointment to go to Burlington. Upon landing walked up to see Mr. James Hunter Sterling. Found him at home and well, but very disconsolate on account of the loss of his wife who died a few months since. We remained only half an hour, when Ma and Lydia went to call on Mrs. Buckman, and Mr. Sterling and I called down to see Budd Sterling upon some business.

13 May 1851. Clear and pleasant during the morning but very warm. At the office all day until about 1/2 past 6 p.m. when Libby came down to the office stating that they wished me to go at once for the nurse, as pains had begun to come upon Carrie. I immediately took an omnibus which conveyed me up as far as Broad & Coats, by which time a tremendous heavy shower of rain came up accompanied aby thunder and lightning. I took shelter in a grocery store at the corner and waited until the rain held up, and then went in Olive Street below 12th for Mrs. Edwards, the nurse, found her at home. Then went to 9th and Green, got a chaise, returned and took her up home. Found Carrie pretty well and able to come down to supper, it then being about 1/2 past 8.

After supper I wrote at a deed until about 10 when Carrie's labors became so severe that the nurse required me to go for the Doctor (Dr. Paul B. Goddard in 10th above Locust). Found him at home. Went around and got a cab and took him up home. I regretted very much taking him away as his own child was then dying. The Doctor remained all night. I wrote until about 1/2 past 1, and then laid down with my clothes on. Slept about two hours during the night.

14 May 1851. Clear and pleasant the greater part of the day. Carrie's pains were very severe during the night and she appeared to suffer much, although her labor was more tedious than dangerous. Dr. Goddard was with her at 2 and 4 a.m. and at 7 a.m. she was delivered of a fine and apparently healthy daughter(7) . Most sincerely do I thank God for his conducting my dear Carrie through so perilous an occurrence. I got up at about 4 o'clock, dressed and at about 1/2 past 5 went to market, had breakfast at about 1/2 past 6. At the office the greater part of the day, and in the evening at home. Carrie appears to be doing very well, and is quite cheerful and smart this evening.

15 May 1851. At the office during the morning. And in the afternoon and evening at home feeling very unwell from a severe cold taken on Tuesday night by getting my feet wet in going after Dr. Goddard.

16 May 1851. Reverend Mr. Kingston Goddard spent part of the evening with us. Carrie appears to be doing very well and is quite cheerful.

17 May 1851. In the evening at home with Carrie, she still keeps her bed, but is doing very well.

18 May 1851. At home during the morning sitting with Carrie, about 1/4 past 3 started out to take a walk, called up to see Miss Kate Smith and Amelia, and Mr. Vincent Smith. After leaving there called down to see Hannah Burton.

22 May 1851. At the office through the day, and in the evening went around to a meeting (stated) of the Logan Building Association, reminded there until after 10 p.m., then went down to Roberts' in 9th Street above Race.

23 May 1851. Got up this morning about 1/4 of 5, dressed and went down to market, returned and got breakfast and at 7 1/2 a.m. started for Reading, Pennsylvania on business where I arrived at 1/2 past 10 after a very pleasant ride. Went up to the "Mansion House," left my baggage and then called down to see Mr. William M. Seifert in regard to my business. I remained with him until near 1 o'clock and then went up to the hotel to dinner. I spent the greater part of the afternoon in the Recorder's offices making examinations, &c. and in the evening called to see Miss Mary Ann Smith. Knocked several times at the door, but was unable to get in. I then called down to see her sister Mrs. Dr. Stewart, also her husband.

24 May 1851. Got up at about 6, dressed and took a walk down through the market and as far as the Schuylkill River, returned in time for breakfast, and at about 8 o'clock got a saddle horse and rode out over Neversink Hill, the distance of some 5 or 6 miles, to look at the Gibraltar Iron works. The ride was very beautiful, and the view of Reading from the hill was very fine. I found Mr. Seifert at the works. He showed me over the place; the country around is very beautiful. After leaving him, I rode down to the rolling mill & there saw the operation of rolling iron into what is called boiler iron. I got back to Reading at about 1/4 of 12, then rode down to see the Reading Rolling Mill and Gas Pipe Factory, which are very fine works. After calling upon Mr. Dunn, went up to the Court House, &c. I took my horse back to the stable and then went to my hotel and shortly after got dinner. At 5 p.m. started for Philadelphia again.

26 May 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at a meeting of the Board of Directors to make a report concerning property viewed in Reading.

27 May 1851. Mrs. West and her sister Mrs. Charlotte Upjohn left this morning at 8 o'clock in the cars for Cincinnati by way of Pittsburgh.

29 May 1851. At the office through the day, and in the evening at home with Carrie.

31 May 1851. Up at 5 1/2 a.m. and went to market. At the office all day and in the evening at home writing.

JUNE

1 June 1851. Carrie took dinner and tea in the dining room to day, being the first since her confinement though she had been able to sit up for more than a week.

3 June 1851. At the office during the morning, and at about 3 p.m. took Carrie, the nurse and the baby out for a short time to ride. It was the first time that Carrie went out since her confinement, and of course the first visit out of the baby. Drove first to 11th & Spring Garden Streets as I had some business to attend to, and then drove out to Fairmount, over the wire bridge and up through Mantua to the turnpike, and then over through Hamilton Village. The ride was delightful, returned home at about 1/2 past 4. I then took Ma and Lydia and drove out to Isaac W. Roberts'.

4 June 1851. At the office during the morning and in the afternoon until about 1/2 of 5 p.m. when J.D. Bald and I took a ride on horseback together. I had a very fine horse, and he, his brother's gray mare. Crossed Market Street Bridge and went up the river road to the Falls, crossed, and went up the Wissahickon. Stopped at the new house, got our cobblers, and then drove to the township line. Went down the same for about a mile & crossed over into the lower part of Germantown. Then home by Broad Street, stopping at the "Rising Sun" for a while on the way in. In the evening went to the Floral Exhibition where I met Ma, Lydia, Mr. Maginnis, & Mr. & Mrs. Cattell. The display of flowers was beautiful. As I had a bad headache did not remain long.

8 June 1851. Poured with but little intermission through the night, accompanied with heavy thunder & sharp lightning.

10 June 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home with Carrie. The nurse left to day, and tonight Carrie and I had not much sleep as Ida appeared determined to cry. About 1/2 past 2 we got her a little quiet & got some sleep.

12 June 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home with Carrie, reading part of the time. Ma was taken quite sick last night, and was in bed all of today. I went for Dr. Goddard, who appeared to think it was inflammation of the bowels.

13 June 1851. Ma still keeps her bed. She had the hives out upon her very severely to day and particularly this evening, so much so that Lydia went over for Miss Lackey to come over & do something for her. She remained during the evening rubbing her with rye flower, when she became much easier.

14 June 1851. Ma was quite unwell all day and through the night, suffering with the hives.

15 June 1851. At Church of Atonement alone, both in the morning and evening. Dr. Goddard preached. Miss Amanda Lancaster, Addie Roberts, and Mary Ware were at our house this afternoon. I walked down home with Miss Lancaster, and then called down to see Mr. and Mrs. Dodge (late Miss Mary Carter). She is looking very well and has quite a fine infant 4 months old. Also saw Mr. Dodge, Mrs. Carter, Mr. Davis and some others of the family. On my way home stopped in to see Mrs. Mary Roberts, Mr. & Mrs. Ware and Mrs. Rieford. Miss Lackey came over and slept at our house tonight to wait on Ma.

16 June 1851. Mr. and Mrs. Cattell spent the evening with us. Mrs. Cattell was up with Ma who was very poorly this evening. Miss Lackey also remained all night.

17 June 1851. In the evening went to Barnum's Museum to see the play of Speed the Plough, which was pretty well done.

18 June 1851. In the afternoon after considerable difficulty got a horse at Kelogs; he turned out to be a miserable lazy animal, though by the aid of the whip I took a pretty long ride. Rode up the River Road to the Schuylkill Falls, crossed and up to the Wissahickon Hall and got a cobbler and then returned home. In the evening went around to the Building Association for a few minutes. Mr. & Mrs. Cattell spent the evening with us.

19 June 1851. Ma appears to be much better to day and sat up for some time. I hope she will soon be able to be about.

21 June 1851. In evening Carrie and I took a walk down to see Cousin Lydia and Gainor Roberts(8) in 9th Street. Found them both at home and well, remained until about 1/2 past 9, stopped on the way home and got some ice cream.

23 June 1851. At the office all day and in the evening until 8 p.m. stopping on the way home to get shaved and to get some ice cream.

24 June 1851. In afternoon about 1/4 of 4 took a ride with Ma, Lydia, Carrie and the baby. Drove over through Mantua, and up the River Road to the Falls bridge, crossed and drove over the Wissahickon [Creek] to Germantown. Stopped at the Buttonwood for tea.

25 June 1851. Evening at home. Ma, Lydia & Mr. Maginnis went to "China Hall" to look for board today.

26 June 1851. At 2 p.m. went up on board the Steamer Sun to China Hall to try and make arrangements for board for Ma and Lydia, but was unsuccessful.

29 June 1851. Clear all day, and the heat was almost unbearable. Never do I remember suffering more with the heat. It was certainly the hottest day we have had for a long while. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Carrie, it being her first visit to Church since her confinement. Took a bath in the afternoon to try and get cool, which answered the purpose for a while. Carrie & I had quite a fright this morning occasioned by our little daughter Ida falling out of bed. Carrie had taken her from her crib some time before to nurse and I suppose fell asleep with her and consequently the fall. She appeared to have suffered no injury, but was very much frightened, and cried lustily for a while.

JULY

2 July 1851. Ma, Lydia, Mr. Maginnis & Mr. & Mrs. Cattell went to Florence Heights to day to get board but were unsuccessful.

3 July 1851. During the afternoon had a tremendous shower of rain, accompanied with thunder & lightning. At the office the greater part of the day and in the evening Carrie and I called down to see Mr. & Mrs. Ware, and their young son who was born yesterday two weeks ago. He appears to be a very fine and large child. Mrs. Ware is doing very well.

4 July 1851. A clear, cool and magnificent day, one just suited for the celebration of the birth day of American Independence. In the morning after breakfast I went down town to attend to some little business with Mr. C.I. Dixon at his shop, after which returned home, where I remained until about 9 1/4 o'clock, with the exception of a few minutes occupied in going to Schuylkill 7th & Arch to see the military procession which had passed a short time before (and reported to be a poor affair). About 1/2 past 9 stopped at Concklings and got a very nice saddle horse, and rode out to Algernon S. (late George) Roberts place. Found Sydney and his wife, Cuthbert & the rest of the family there. Remained until about 12 when, after having a pressing invitation to remain to dinner and after some very good milk punch and cake, I started for home. Crossed at the Falls Bridge and went to the City by the Wissahickon and township Line Roads.

In passing down the Ridge Road, I saw a very comical procession, calling themselves Sant' Anna Life Guards. It consisted of about 30 or 40 men mounted on the most miserable horses that could be found, lame, blind and poor, and dressed as officers, cavalry, &c. presenting a most ludicrous appearance.

Afternoon at home and in the evening Lydia, Mr. Maginnis, Carrie & I went down to Penn Square to see the display of fire works to be exhibited by City council. But, as usual, with anything undertaken by them it was a failure. They were advertised for 8 o'clock, but up to 1/2 past 10 but two pieces had been set off. We went home utterly worn out from standing. It was a great disappointment to many, as there must have been 150,000 people congregated to see them.

6 July 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning and afternoon. Mr. Goddard preached in the morning, and a stranger in the afternoon. Church did not go in until 5 p.m. this afternoon, being the 1st time this summer.

7 July 1851. At the office during the morning, and at 2 p.m. started on board the Steamer Trenton for "Penns Manor," Charles Ellis's boarding house, accompanied by Ma, Lydia and Mr. Maginnis. The boat was very much crowded and we found it exceedingly warm. Arrived at Ellis's about 1/2 past 4. Went up to the house and found it to be a very pleasant place, though we did not much like the appearance of the company and finally concluded not to go up. We got a very good supper, and then had a boy row us across the river to Whitehill, and took the cars for Philadelphia.

8 July 1851. Cloudy all day with the appearance of rain.

9 July 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home with the exception of half an hour occupied in going to Schuylkill 5th & Vine Streets to get some ice cream Carrie.

10 July 1851. Exceedingly warm.

11 July 1851. Cloudy greater part of the day with a sprinkling of rain.

12 July 1851. Got up at 5 a.m. and Ma and I went down to market. Returned in time for breakfast, after which bid them all farewell as I intend to leave this morning at 10 o'clock to go by sea to New York accompanied by Mr. E.J. Maginnis. Went to the office, attended to several matters of business, and at about 20 m. past 9 went around to Maginnis' store, but not finding him there went down to the boat where we met.

At 10 a.m. started on board the steamer Kennebeck for New York with about 120 passengers on board. Had a very pleasant, though warm (until we got into the bay) trip down. Arrived at Cape May landing about 12 past 5 p.m. where we laid about half an hour and then started for New York again. We went to sea a few minutes past 6, when the boat commenced to roll considerably and a number of the passengers became quite sick, but as usual with me, I did not feel it, neither did Mr. Maginnis. Scarcely had we got out upon the ocean, when we were completely enveloped in a very dense fog, which prevented us from seeing the town and hotels of Cape May as we passed. That was quite a disappointment as we expected a very fine view. The fog lasted until quite late in the night but the boat ran with her usual speed, keeping her whistle blowing to give notice ahead. About 1/2 past 10 I arranged for myself a lounge upon some chairs upon which I slept pretty comfortably, preferring it to going to the cabin below which was too warm.

13 July 1851. Cloudy during the morning with the appearance at times of rain but soon cleared off warm. We went upon deck this morning about 4 o'clock and found ourselves just passing the light house on the out side of Sandy Hook. We soon passed up into the bay through the narrows, &c., having a delightful sail and arriving in New York at about 6 a.m. We had a very fine view of the sun rise at sea, but it was soon obscured by a cloud.

Mack and I came very near having a trick played on us this morning, & one that we could not have suspected. We had placed our baggage in the care of the "Irving House" porter and he told us we would find the stage upon the wharf, which we went to look for, and upon enquiry one was pointed out to us by its driver. We immediately jumped to, doubting at the same time as it had not the name of the house upon it and it was a rather a shabby affair. Our baggage was not put upon it, & in reply to our question why it was not we were told by the driver it would be put upon the other coach, and would be all the same. Our driver was just putting off in great haste, when the porter of the Irving House hailed us and said we were in the wrong coach. We stopped and found it to be a trick upon travelers, viz. to get us into his coach, take us up to the hotel and get his fare before the proper coach came up, which would have charged us the same price again for bringing up the trunks.

Upon arrival at the "Irving House," dressed & at 8 got a very fine breakfast, when Mr. Maginnis and I called up to see his mother in Houston Street. Found her at home & well, and a much younger woman than I expected to see. Also saw his sister Anne and brothers William and Arthur. Remained about half an hour, and then walked up around Union Square, and the upper part of New York crossing over to the Harlem Rail Road. Then taking a car, rode down to the City Hall, then over to the hotel. Wrote a letter to Carrie, and went down to the post office to mail it. We then walked down to the battery and along the North River to make some enquiries in regard to the Boston boats, but found none start until tomorrow evening. Went on board the Isaac Newton and Bay State, both magnificent boats, then returned in time for dinner. Dr. Rabbi (who sails for San Francisco tomorrow), Mr. Maginnis & I dined together, a pretty good dinner. Went to the Doctor's room to read over some testimonials of esteem given him by the teachers and young ladies of "Sharon school" near Darby, Pennsylvania where his two little daughters are at school.

After leaving his room walked down to Fulton Street Ferry, crossed, and after some difficulty got a carriage to carry us up to Greenwood cemetery. We had to use a little stratagem to get in, as they do not allow visitors on Sunday. Overtaking a funeral we followed in its wake and went in without molestation. We branched off and drove through the greater part of the grounds, and were much pleased. No place could be better suited for the purpose for which it is used. It seems that nature had designed it for such a purpose. It is adorned with many magnificent monuments, the most magnificent of which was erected to the memory of a young lady who was thrown from her carriage and killed in 1845, her 17th birthday. Its cost is said to be $30,000.

On our return home stopped at a hotel and got some very poor ice cream. Got to the hotel again about 1/4 past 8, and in a short time Maginnis and I took the cars and rode up to Houston Street again to see his mother, sister and brothers. Remained half an hour & then returned to the hotel, got supper about 10, wrote another letter to Carrie stating some alterations in our arrangements. Wrote in my journal and then to bed.

14 July 1851. A clear delightful and cool day. Got up this morning at 1/2 5, dressed and went down stairs, then went to Dr. Rabbi's room to bid him good bye and at 1/2 6 took the "Irving House" coach and went down to the steamer Reindeer to take passage for West Point. The Reindeer is a magnificent boat, and though not so large as others, is furnished in beautiful style. We started at 7 and had a beautiful run up to the point in about 2 1/2 hours. Found it very cold, in fact, an overcoat would have been quite comfortable. We had a tolerable good breakfast. Upon arrival took the omnibus to "Cozens Hotel" but on arriving there concluded to go up to the West Point Hotel. I thought it would be pleasanter for Mr. Maginnis, so after some trouble got them to convey us to the hotel. After registering our names, getting our rooms, &c., started out for a stroll. We first went up to Fort Putnman on the mountain back and as usual had a magnificent view from that elevated point fully repaying us for the fatigue in gaining the summit. On our return we endeavored to find the cemetery but, as we were very tired, gave up the search and returned to the hotel, first looking at a model fortification, some of the buildings, &c. Got a very poor dinner, after which took a cigar and then a sleep of about 3 hours until 5 o'clock when we started to stroll over the ground. Visited Kosciusko's Mountain, the Academy Library &c., & walked by the officers' cottages, by which time we noticed preparations for the evening drill. We took our seats among the rest of the guests, and were much pleased by the maneuvers of the cadets. The orders, however, were rather long and tedious. The band gave us three or four very beautiful airs, which added much to the pleasure of the entertainment. After dismissal of the soldiers, we went to the hotel and got supper, miserable coffee, both this evening and on the boat this morning. I forgot to mention that we had an opportunity of seeing the cavalry exercise, or drill, this morning. After supper took a walk on the grounds.

15 July 1851. Got up this morning about 1/2 5, dressed and went out upon the Northern part of the hotel to enjoy the scenery. Afterwards, Maginnis and I took a walk on the parade ground and saw several small squads of men being drilled by some captains, sergeants, &c. Got a miserable breakfast at 7, and then went out to the parade ground to see the guard mounting. The band played several beautiful airs, by which time we found it necessary to go up to the hotel to be in readiness to go down in the omnibus to the boat. We got down to the wharf about 1/4 past 9 in the omnibus, saw two very pretty young ladies whom we had noticed at West Point at the drill last evening, the Misses DDouglas from Greenville, Connecticut. One of them was particularly pretty from the beauty of her black eyes.

The boat, New World, arrived about 1/4 of 10 upon which we took passage for Catskill. She is, I think, one of the most magnificent boats I was ever on board. Her furniture is superb, and every arrangement is in exquisite taste. She is 376 feet long, the longest boat I believe in the world. We took dinner on board. Everything is served restaurant style, that is you order what you want and it is done in beautiful style.

We had a pleasant trip up to Catskill, arriving there about 1 p.m. We immediately took stages for the mountain house distant about 13 miles on top of the mountain. We started about 20 m. past 1, and arrived at the house after a tedious ride, at about 6. The scenery in ascending the mountain is beautiful. We found the hotel to be a magnificent house, clean and well kept. It is situated directly upon the top, and verges on the mountains overlooking the Hudson river and valley for many miles. The scenery is too superb for me to attempt to describe for it must be seen to be appreciated. Catskill and Hudson can be seen in the distance, while the Hudson, seeming near, takes its winding course through the valley beneath. At this spot we are some 3000 feet above the level of the river, and a man or wagon with horses can scarcely be seen with the naked eye. Large fields look no larger than a large shawl or blanket, and the Hudson, which one would suppose is not more than a mile off, is some eight.

The hotel presents a beautiful appearance upon reaching it, though from the river it looks like a small hut. I would suppose it to be 150 to 100 feet front with a magnificent porch extending the whole length of the hotel, with a roof supported by some 13 magnificent and noble columns. I very unexpectedly met Mr. Samuel R. Warrington, wife, two daughters and Miss L. Hastman at this place. The Misses Douglas also came up in the same stage with us, and this evening we found them seated opposite to us at the table for tea. I rode up the mountain all the way on the box of the stage today. In the evening after tea, Mr. Warrington, Maginnis & I smoked a cigar, and then went into the billiard and bowling saloon to see them play.

16 July 1851. About 6 p.m. we had a tremendous thunder storm, accompanied by vivid lightning which was grand to look upon from our elevated position. We got up this morning at 1/4 past 5, dressed and went down upon the porch. We had given orders to be awakened at 4 to see the sun rise, but as the morning was cloudy they did not call us. We remained about the porch enjoying the rich, beautiful and variegated scenery before us, until 8 o'clock when we took breakfast. Afterward a party was formed consisting of 18 ladies & gentlemen to visit Catskill or more properly speaking Cauderskill Falls, distant about 2 1/2 miles by the road from the hotel. We took a large four horse wagon or coach with seats upon the side and no top, and after a very rough but pleasant and lively ride, arrived at the Falls House. The Misses Ellen and Mary Douglas and Miss Caroline Quackenbos, three very pretty (particularly the last named), and agreeable young ladies, Mr. & Mrs. Douglas of Brooklyn, Mr. & Mrs. Robert McCloskey (the life of the party) and Mr. C.A. Teissare of Mantannas, Cuba were included in our party.

Upon our arrival at the falls our first movement was to go out upon the staging erected for the purpose to take a view of the immense amphitheater below. The distance from our position to the first point below, or bottom of the first falls, is 180 feet. The distance of the second leap of the falls is 80 feet more which is not perceptible at all at this point, as from all appearances you could step from this point to the rocks 80 feet below, the distance being so great that all ideas of distances are lost. The bed of the river then descends some fifty feet more, making the whole distance from the top pinnacle to the lowest point 310 feet.

After satisfying ourselves with this beautiful scene, we all started to view the grandeur of the scene from below where we could be able to conceive with greater accuracy the great extent and magnificence of the scene. After descending by the various flights of steps the distance of some 120 feet, you pass by a path around under the falls, and under a projecting rock of some 70 feet, the distance around being some 150 yards, forming an immense half circle, or amphitheater. After passing entirely around, we recrossed the stream & took our position upon the rocks when they opened the flood gates of the dam above and let out a large amount of water (which they keep for mill purposes) which increased the beauty and grandeur of the scene, and gave us new beauties to admire. Our aim now was to descend to the foot of the lower fall 80 feet, and then to the lowest point 50 feet more, where we took our position on an elevated rock and there enjoyed for some time the beauties of nature around us.

I left the ladies at this point and proceeded with a gentleman and his son some distance down the bed of the stream, but as I found it so fatiguing jumping from rock to rock I soon returned almost exhausted, and took my position upon the rock with Mrs. Douglas, the Misses Douglas and Mrs. and Miss Quackenbos, with whom I had quite a pleasant chat & found them to be exceedingly pleasant companions, particularly the unmarried ladies.

While on the rocks below we had a little adventure. Mrs. Quackenbos, in attempting to pluck a flower, slipped and fell into the stream, which, though not deep, had sufficient water to wet her feet and dress completely. I immediately went to her assistance and pulled her out, or she would have fallen lengthwise and been drenched from head to foot.

Mr. Teissare did not go to the foot of the lower fall because it was too fatiguing for his poor health. We found our lady companions very agreeable. Miss Quackenbos is very beautiful and accomplished, has just left school at only 17, and is quite a novice and enthusiastic. Miss Mary Douglas too is quite a pretty and agreeable lady, with a beautiful pair of black eyes, which she knows well how to use. Having fully satisfied ourselves with the beauty and grandeur of the scene around, we started on our tedious journey up again which we found much more tiresome than coming down, but by assisting the ladies we soon reached the top, highly delighted with our visit. We then drank a bottle of champagne, and then started for the hotel again. When about 1/2 way there the horses got rather unmanageable, and ran for some distance. One of the leaders commenced kicking, and got his hind leg over the single tree, which threw him down, and he dragged for some distance. The party all got out of the coach, and after some difficulty, we got the horse relieved from his painful position, and we proceeded on to the hotel, where we rested for a while.

Then Mr. Douglas, Mr. Maginnis, and myself started for the top of the South mountain, the summit of which we obtained after some labor, but we were fully repaid by the grandeur of the view below us. This mountain must be several hundred feet above the top of the mountain upon which the hotel is erected. You have a full view both up and down the valley for many miles or as far as the eye can reach, and of the Hudson as it meanders through the valley 3000 feet beneath. We returned from this excursion by 1/2 past 2, or in time to dress for dinner. We had a very excellent dinner and enjoyed it much after the fatigue of the morning.

About 1/2 past 4 another party was made up comprised of Mr. & Mrs. Douglas, the Misses Douglas, Miss Caroline Quackenbos, Maginnis & myself (we were also joined by another party whose names I do not remember) to visit the North mountain. We found the road at some points quite difficult, one place in particular, where we had to gain the summit of a rock by means of an old ladder, which was in the first place too short, and in the second place several of the rungs broken out, which made it very difficult for the ladies to ascend and descend but we accomplished both feats in safety. We very nearly attained the summit of the mountain, when we saw a heavy shower coming upon us, and thought it prudent to return. From several points going up we had magnificent views, and were highly gratified. We all reached home in safety but with a slight ducking, the rain having commenced to fall a short time before we reached the hotel. The only mishap we had in going up the mountain was in Miss Quackenbos getting a fall in going up a very steep place, but she was not injured.

About dusk we had a magnificent sight by witnessing what I have so often heard spoken of, a thunder storm at Catskill. I was much surprised to meet Mr. William C. Boker and his son William here. They came up this morning, having just come in from Niagara. Mr. Warrington and his party went down this morning. We spent the evening in the parlor, part of the time conversing with Mr. Boker and the balance with the Misses Douglas and Miss Quackenbos. We had several beautiful songs from Miss Quackenbos, which were certainly very fine. She sings with great power and taste, and has great command over her voice, and with much sweetness. Upon the whole I never spent a more delightful day. I may well place it down as one of the bright green spots in my life, and we are now quite undetermined whether we will not spend the whole of our time here, and not go to Boston & Springfield as anticipated.

17 July 1851. Got up this morning at 10 m. past 4, and went out upon the rocks in front of the house to have a view of the sun rise. About 20 minutes of 5 the glorious luminary of day began to mount above the horizon, and guild the Eastern peaks of the Catskill mountains presenting a grand picture to our view full of interest, beauty and grandeur. All below us was a dense mass of clouds entirely obscuring the valley beneath, and presenting a most beautiful appearance, at times appearing like the ocean lashed into a foam, when you could readily discern the appearance of the spray flying from the top of the billow as it would roll. As the sun began to mount higher the clouds below us resembled large snow banks which extended for mile upon mile assuming every variety of form, making a grand picture to gaze upon. Being so different from what I had ever seen, it was interesting in the extreme. The clouds were entirely dissipated by 9 a.m. presenting to our eye again the beautiful valley beneath. I suppose the clouds were at least 1500 feet below us, while all above was perfectly clear and beautiful.

After breakfast I went into the Bowling Saloon, to see our party roll ten pins. Remained until about 10, when Mr. Maginnis, Mr. C.A. Teissare of Mantannas, Cuba and myself started for a tramp over the mountains through the woods, to the Falls. We succeeded in finding them without difficulty after a very pleasant walk of about 2 miles. I went down to the bottom of the first fall only, where I met Mr. Boker & his son, Miss Angue and some others to whom I was introduced. While there I called to them to fire the cannon which had a grand effect almost deafening one as the sound echoed from hill to hill.

We started back at about 1, joined by Mr. William C. Boker, and reached the hotel at about 1/4 of 2, after a very pleasant walk. We had a very merry party at dinner, and enjoyed ourselves exceedingly, drank two bottles of champagne, &c. and had a very fine time. About 5 o'clock we made up a party composed of Mr. & Mrs. Robert McCloskey of New York, Mr. & Mrs. Douglas, the Misses Douglas, Mrs. Quackenbos and her interesting daughter, Mr. Maginnis & myself. We had a delightful ramble to the top of the mountain. (Mr. & Mrs. McCloskey becoming fatigued stopped on the first rock where a view can be obtained.) In descending we had a very rugged path, but finally got down safely. All were pleased with our trip. We all spent our evening (that is the party named above) and had a very merry time singing, playing, conversing, dancing, &c. In fact we appeared to be the center of attraction from the others in the parlor. About 1/2 past 10 all went out upon the porch and had a beautiful view of the moon rise.

The ladies today have been quite inquisitive to know whether Mr. Maginnis and myself are married men. I finally got a credit for a wife and five children which gave them an idea I was not married as I claimed too many children. However I guess I will let them find out for themselves, for to let them know of my being married would spoil the fun.

18 July 1851. I got up this morning about 7 a.m. and wrote my journal. At 8 took breakfast, and shortly afterwards bid our very pleasant companions Mr. & Mrs. Robert McCloskey farewell as they leave for Saratoga today. At about 9 we made up a party for the North mountain. It was composed of Miss Caroline Quackenbos, Mr. & Mrs. Douglas, the Misses Mary & Ellen Douglas, Mr. Maginnis & myself. We started off a joyous party each with our large staff for mountain travel amid the good wishes and cheers of our friends Mr. & Mrs. McCloskey. We ascended quite easily, having several magnificent views by the way until we reached the ladder by means of which you gain the top of a high rock, and then proceed on up. The ladder being in a very dilapidated condition and very unsafe, we went to work to repair it having provided ourselves with a hatchet and nails for the purpose. After working about an hour we succeeded in cutting down several small trees, made a number of new rungs and completely repaired and put it up again, not forgetting to place a hand railing to aid in the ascent.

After getting upon the rock we proceeded to ascend which we found exceeding difficult and tiresome, and we were all much surprised to find the ladies go through so much difficulty and fatigue. However after great perseverance and energy we succeeded in gaining the top, and Mr. Douglas raised a flag in commemoration of it which we left flying. Our descent was much more easy, and we succeeded in reaching the hotel about 1 o'clock, after having one of the most delightful rambles I ever experienced. In fact never have I spent a few days so agreeably, as I have since we have been at Catskill. The ladies are all remarkably agreeable, pretty and pleasant, I shall set this visit down as among the most happy hours to be spent by man.

On our return refreshed ourselves with some lemonade, &c. and then took a short nap until dinner, after which we all (that is the party of the morning) went into the bowling saloon where some of them rolled until after 6. I was out on the rocks in front of the house for some time looking with a spy glass for the flag we put upon the top of the North mountain and after some difficulty discovered it waving in the breeze, it being quite small & the distance so great it was difficult to see.

About 1/2 past 6 Mr. Douglas, Maginnis & myself walked to the lake but soon returned. After tea I walked for some time up and down the porch with Miss Caroline Quackenbos, and had great difficulty in persuading her that I was married, as she thought I could not take as great an interest in young ladies as I did, if I was married, but I believe she finally believed me. I finally bad her farewell but with much regret, to think that so pleasant a party was to be broken up. The Misses Douglass and Mr. & Mrs. Douglas go down with us in the morning, if it does not rain.

19 July 1851. Clear and pleasant during the morning. Towards 2 p.m. had some rain, and in fact during the whole afternoon it was showering, and in the evening we had a terrific thunder storm. One of the reports of the thunder was one of the heaviest, most terrific, and awful I ever heard, making one fairly crouch under its mighty report.

We got up this morning at 1/4 of 5, saddened in spirits at the thought of leaving a place where we had spent so many delightful hours. We found Miss Carrie Quackenbos already up to bid us farewell. At about 6 took breakfast and in a few minutes afterwards we bid farewell to the scenes of our past pleasures, amid much regret, for never do I remember passing time so pleasantly.

Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Douglas & the Misses Douglas also went down with us in the stage so that our party was not to be entirely separated until we got to New York. But the time came for us to part with Mr. & Mrs. Quackenbos and their interesting daughter Carrie, so the driver cracked his whip, and off we started waving our handkerchiefs until our view was cut off by a turn on the mountain road. We had a delightful ride down the mountain, but as we continued to descend we soon began to feel the hot oppressive atmosphere, and the more sensibly after having enjoyed the clear, exhilarating air of the mountain. The thermometer varied from 58ˇ to 70ˇ on the mountain, while in New York and Philadelphia at same time 94ˇ. We reached Catskill Village after 2 1/2 hours ride, and in some 15 m. afterwards the Reindeer passed along upon which we took passage for New York. We enjoyed the beautiful scenery coming down the mountain, and every now and then catching a glance of our late mountain home as we took a turn upon the winding road. We reached New York about 1/4 of 4, after the usual incidents attending a trip down the North River. In passing through the highlands had quite a heavy shower. Our company down was very pleasant. Upon arrival at New York we had to part with Mr. & Mrs. & the Misses Douglas, much to our regrets. Our time had been passed so pleasantly together. We perhaps may never meet again, but our hopes are to the contrary. After seeing the party in their carriage we bid them a final farewell, and took the "Irving House Coach" and were soon at our hotel.

A few minutes afterwards I accompanied Mr. Maginnis "down in the swamp" to attend to some business, after which went down in Maiden Lane to make a purchase of a little present for Ma & Carrie. Returned to the hotel, got supper, and then took an omnibus and rode up to see Mr. Maginnis' mother, sister & brothers. Found them all at home and well, remained about half an hour then went around to Niblos Garden. Burton was performing there, but as we were both so sleepy and tired, we did not enjoy the performance and left before it was over. The theater and refreshment rooms are fitted up with great elegance and taste.

20 July 1851. Got up this morning at 1/2 past 7, dressed and then noted down the events of yesterday. At about 9 had an excellent breakfast after which smoked a cigar, and then walked up to Houston Street to see Mr. Maginnis' mother & family. After waiting for them some half hour to come down, and finding they did not come, Mr. Maginnis concluded to call up to see Mr. & Mrs. Waterbury who live in 30th Street between 4th end 5th Avenues. After rather a long and warm walk reached the house, having stopped on the way for a few moments at Grace Church and at the "Colonel's" to get claret cobblers. Found Mr. & Mrs. Waterbury at home, and quite agreeable. They have a very neat cottage, and very neatly furnished. Remained half an hour and then walked down to the Harlem cars, and rode down as far as Houston Street. We again called on Mrs. Maginnis and family, and found them all at home and quite well, remained until about 2, and then went down to the "Irving House," where we enjoyed an excellent dinner, and good bottle of Champagne.

At 1/2 past 4 took the coach which conveyed us to the wharf and at 5 bade farewell to New York. We arrived at Philadelphia about 1/2 past 9, with no unusual incident occurr-ing on our trip except at New Brunswick. A horse ran off and dashed himself against the cars so violently that he was killed instantly. Upon our arrival immediately took a carriage and went up home where I found my dear wife, child, mother and sister all quite well and looking anxiously for us, having expected us last night. After talking a while we had a lunch, and at about 12 went to bed feeling very tired and sleepy.

21 July 1851. Got up this morning at 6, took a bath and dressed for breakfast. At about 8 went down to the office feeling very little like commencing work again after the pleasures & enjoyments of the last week. At the office through the greater part of the day, about 1/2 past 6 Carrie came down to the office to walk up home with me.

23 July 1851. At the Recorder's Office during the morning until 11 1/2 a.m. then went to office, remained until 12 & then home to dinner. After which Ma, Lydia, Carrie, Belinda & the baby and myself started for Walnut Street wharf by Arch Street line of omnibus, to take the steamer John Stevens for Bordentown in quest of board. Our intention was to have gone to Mrs. Lynch (Commodore Stewart's place) but in going up saw her on board, when she informed us she had no rooms, so we concluded to go on to Bordentown and look at rooms at "Kester's Hotel," but as the ceilings were very low and they looked so townlike we soon concluded to give up the idea. We had a very pleasant walk around the town, got some poor claret punches, at about 20 m. past 7 started for Philadelphia again in the cars. After a very tedious ride, arrived in Philadelphia about 1/2 past 9, took an omnibus up home, and at 10 had supper. On going up Miss Amanda Lancaster and Miss Louisa Kerr on board. They are boarding at "Florence Hotel." The baby behaved remarkably well not crying but once on the trip & that on our return in the cars.

24 July 1851. Clear and exceedingly hot. The thermometer at 3 p.m. 96ˇ. At the office the greater part of the day, and in the evening at home except a short time occupied in going to Vine above Schuylkill 4th for ice cream with Carrie.

25 July 1851. At 2 p.m. started on board the Steamer John Stevens for Bristol, accompanied by Carrie. Met on board Mr. & Mrs. Ware, daughter Mary & baby. We arrived at Bristol about 1/4 of 4, took the ladies up to the hotel and then walked out to Bath to look after boarding for Ma and Lydia. We found we could not get rooms, but I was not altogether pleased with the place, and I heard the fare was very poor. At 5 started for the City again on board the steamer Sun where we arrived at about 7, having had a tremendous blow on the river coming down. Took an omnibus on our arrival and got home to tea.

28 July 1851. At the office all day and in the evening went round to a special meeting of the Logan Building Association to answer some enquiries about the business of George W. Colladay. Adjourned about 1/2 past 8, & went home with James Stroud, to make up his minutes, he having been appointed secretary pro tem.

29 July 1851. At the office the greater part of the day, until about 1/2 past 5 p.m. when Mr. J.D. Bald invited me to take a ride with him down to Point Breeze. Had his brother's horse and wagon, the horse is very fine and a fast animal. In going down Passyunk Road broke our spring, just as we were about entering on a little race. Had to return part way to have it repaired which was soon done & we drove on down to the Point Breeze hotel where we stopped for a while. Then drove up home, having a very pleasant ride. On our way up had a 2nd accident in the breaking of the tire of one of the hind wheels. Evening after tea walked down with Ma & Carrie to Race below Broad to make some dry goods purchases, got some ice cream & returned home about 10.

AUGUST

2 August 1851. At the office all day until 5 1/2 p.m., then to 2nd and Race Streets to attend to some business and from there home to tea after which Carrie and I went down to Barnum's Museum to see the band of Antarctica musicians. Turned out to be great humbugs. We were much amused by some dancing figures, and pleased with dissolving views, dancing by Master Diamond very well for those who are fond of such amusement. The singing by Miss Leslie was pretty good and Mr. Wyman, the musician, was also very good in his talks.

3 August 1851. At Church of the Atonement in the morning with Carrie. Dr. Goddard preached. Afternoon at home until about 1/4 past 3, then walked down to the "Columbia House" to see Harry Storms, but did not find him in. Saw his brother Michael, and we took a walk together up to see Miss Kate Smith. Found her at home and well.

4 August 1851. Rev. Mr. Goddard spent the evening with us.

6 August 1851. At about 1/2 past 1, Ma, Lydia, & I started in cab for Steamer Sun at Chestnut Street wharf, where we took passage for "China Hall." Arrived at the wharf about 1/4 of 4. After some delay succeeded in getting up to the house, saw Mr. & Mrs. John Chambers, Mr. Boker, Jr. & his mother & some others. The room was not yet ready and in fact they seemed to be in great confusion, and I doubt whether Ma and Lydia will get as well suited as they expected. I had not much time to stay so I left, went down to the wharf, and left on board the New Philadelphia for the City. Took Schuylkill 4th Street omnibus (which commenced running last Monday) and went up home. Evening at home. Harry C. Storms spent the evening with us.

7 August 1851. In the evening about 1/2 past 8 Carrie & I went into Mr. Cattell's. Met Mr. Maginnis there. Mr. Cattell played back gammon all the evening with Maginnis. Carrie & I were in the parlor the greater part of the evening with Mrs. Cattell.

9 August 1851. Up at 1/4 of 6 a.m. and went to market, Carrie accompanied me for the first time.

10 August 1851. Clear, cool and delightful weather, a very pleasant change from yesterday's heat. At Church of Atonement with Carrie in the morning. Mr. Harry C. Storms took dinner with us. After dinner sat talking until about 1/2 past 3, when Mrs. Cattell called for Carrie & they started to go to church together, about 4. Storms & I started out to take a walk, first called to see Miss Mary Ann Belangee but found she was at Cape May. Then stopped in to see Kate Smith.

11 August 1851. Kate Smith & Louisa Snyder were to have taken tea with us this evening, but did not come, I suppose from the appearance of rain.

14 August 1851. Mr. & Mrs. Cattell, and Mr. E.J. Maginnis spent the evening with us. Ma came down from China Hall this morning and took dinner with us, went up again at 5 p.m.

16 August 1851. Got up this morning at 1/2 past 5 and went to market, returned to breakfast, after which bid my dear wife and little Ida good bye, and started for the boat to go to Cape May. Rode as far as the Exchange in the omnibus. I left my Carpet bag at Farguliars and went up to the office for a short time & then down to the Steamer Thomas Powell at Dock Street wharf, where I met Henry C. Storms by appointment. At 1/2 past 8 started for Cape Island. Arrived at the landing about 1/4 past 2, after a very pleasant trip, there not being a great many passengers.

Upon arrival at landing took one of the Jersey wagons for the Island and had quite an exciting race up with some of the other wagons, and rather a longer ride than we bargained for. The driver took some other passengers to a hotel about a mile out of town to leave some of his load, before taking us to our hotel. We stopped at the "Columbia House," a rather poorly kept house though considered the best on the Island. Our room, No. 81, was pleasant though high up, and poorly furnished.

A short time after arriving, Mr. Storms and I took a ride about 3 miles out of town to see a friend of his on some business (it was down near Higbee's landing). Did not find him at home so returned to the Island, and Storms found him there. After which took a walk around to the hotels, saw Bill Seal and a number of others with whom I was acquainted. Returned to the hotel about 1/2 past 6, got tea, and then, according to custom, went out to take a walk upon the beach, where the whole population of the Island were assembled for a promenade. Met a number with whom we were acquainted, and among them Miss Lizzy Penn-Gaskell, but we were not certain that it was her until we afterwards met her on the porch of the hotel, it being nearly dark when we first met her on the beach. After chatting a while walked over to her father's cottage where we parted and returned to the hotel, and entered the parlor where a hop was in operation. The music was very good. Met there Mrs. Ludlow & daughters, Mrs. Squires and Anne, sat conversing with Mrs. Squires.

17 August 1851. Got up this morning at 1/2 past 6 and after getting breakfast Mr. Storms and I took a stroll over the Island to the various Hotels, then over to Congress Hall, where we met Bill Seal, then strolled down towards the beach. We sat enjoying this scene, and the fresh sea breeze until near 11, when we went to make preparations for our first bath in the old Atlantic. We rigged ourselves out in our red flannel bathing suits, and thus attired dashed into the foaming billows, and right well pleased were we with our first introduction to old ocean. The surf was fine and the breakers quite numerous and heavy so that we enjoyed the bath exceedingly, though rather cold.

After our bath we returned to our hotel and dressed for dinner. After which took a nap until after 5, then took a walk around to the various hotels, and returned to tea. After tea took the usual walk upon the beach where hundreds were congregated. Met Miss Lizzie Penn-Gaskell, joined her and strolled upon the beach until it began to rain, when we accompanied her to her father's cottage. Spent the balance of the evening there.

18 August 1851. Got up about 1/2 past 5 and Mr. Storms and I went down and took a dip in the old ocean naked, which we found much pleasanter than in our bathing dress. The water & atmosphere were quite pleasant. Returned to our rooms after bathing & dressed for breakfast, after which remained about the hotel for about an hour waiting upon Mr. Storms. Went over to see Miss Penn-Gaskell to make an arrangement for a ride on horseback this afternoon. After waiting a long while I met them, they having been out to take a walk. At about 11 took our usual bath. The surf was very heavy. We met Miss Penn-Gaskell in the water & were with her until we became so cold that we had to go out and leave Miss Penn-Gaskell in charge of Mr. T. Mason Mitchell. I got so completely chilled through that it was not until I went up to the hotel & went to bed that I could get warm.

After dinner Storms and I took a walk down on the beach, and at about 4 we concluded to go and get our horses and take a ride before we started with Lizzie, as she had appointed 5 to start. We had a very pleasant ride around town and on the beach, and then returned to Lizzy's Cottage, and after some little delay got started. Miss Penn-Gaskell's horse proved not to be a very good lady horse, being too rough, so that when we got out to the "Cold Spring," I changed and gave her mine, which was a very fine saddle horse. Cold Spring is quite a pleasant place.

19 August 1851. Got up about 1/4 of 6, dressed & went down and got my bathing suit returned to my room & packed my valise to make a start for home. Mr. Storms and I then walked over to Congress Hall for a few minutes & then returned for breakfast. After which took a wagon for the landing where we arrived, after a pleasant ride of about half an hour. The boat had not yet arrived at the wharf so we employed ourselves strolling along the beach, picking up pebbles, &c. After some considerable delay we started at about 9 on board the Robert Morris for Philadelphia. Had a very pleasant run up and arrived at about 1/4 past 3. There were some 100 or 300 passengers on board. I was quite unwell all the way up having been attacked with disease on the way up. Upon arrival went up to the office, where I found some persons in waiting for me. Remained until about 5, and then went up home. Found Carrie and the babe quite well. Ma and Lydia came home from "China Hall" this evening, all the families except two having left.

10 August 1851. Cloudy, raw, rainy and unpleasant. Feeling quite unwell and having taken medicine last night, I did not get up until after 9 o'clock this morning, and was then too unwell to go to the office, but was obliged to go, notwithstanding the unfavorable state of weather as I had several important matters to attend to. Sammy being away on account of his father's illness, the office would have been closed.

14 August 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Carrie.

15 August 1851. About 3 1/2 to 5 p.m. had a tremendous heavy shower of rain. Evening cloudy and very warm. At the office all day, and in the evening at home writing with the exception of about an hour occupied in going around to the Building Association to attend to some business for F.J. Holt.

26 August 1851. A clear, cool and magnificent day.

28 August 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home reading, feeling very unwell. Lydia had all of her front upper teeth taken out today, to have them replaced by false teeth.

29 August 1851. In the evening at home, not feeling very well.

31 August 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Ma and Carrie. A stranger preached, at home the rest of the day, with the exception of about 3/4 of an hour occupied in going to 10th and Walnut Streets for a walk accompanied by Mr. Maginnis.

SEPTEMBER

1 September 1851. At the office through the day until about 2 p.m. Then went home and got an early dinner. Expected to take a ride out to Mr. Algernon Roberts with Carrie, nurse & the baby, to start at 3 o'clock, but owing to some mismanagement, Mr. Enos, from whom I had borrowed a horse & carriage, did not send it until 1/2 past 4. We had just given up the idea of going, and Carrie, Linda & the baby had just gotten an omnibus to go down to Mrs. Brownings when we saw the carriage coming. They got out again & we started at about 1/4 of 5, had a very pleasant ride out.

5 September 1851. Cloudy all day with a little rain in the morning.

6 September 1851. Cloudy all day and quite warm. At the office all day, and in the evening at home until about 9, when Carrie, Ma & I walked down to 11th Street below Race for some ice cream, having first gone to Vine near Schuylkill 3rd Street & Schuylkill 5th and Vine.

7 September 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning, & afternoon and evening at home. Carrie's Uncle James W. Borden(9) from Cincinnati called to see us this afternoon, but remained a short time as he wished to start for home this evening at 5 by way of New York. He has been absent about a month.

9 September 1851. In the afternoon about 1/2 past 4 started off for a ride with Mr. J.D. Bald in his brother's carriage and with his horse. Rode out as far as Wissahickon Hall where we remained until about 1/4 past 6 and then drove home & left me at my door. Evening at home until about 9, then took a walk with Carrie as far as Schuylkill 7th & Cherry to the grocers, to the druggists & then home.

10 September 1851. I think the weather of the last few days has been quite as oppressive & warm as it has been at any time during the past summer.

11 September 1851. Clear and exceedingly warm and oppressive all day and during the evening clear warm & moonlight. It was so warm today that many workmen who were employed in the sun had to stop work on account of the excessive heat.

12 September 1851. Clear and exceedingly hot all day & during the evening. The weather is now much more oppressive than it has been through the summer. At the office all day, and in the evening Carrie and I called up to see Miss Kate Smith. Found her at home & quite well, also saw Miss Louisa Snyder, Amelia, Mrs. Smith, and a Dr. Morehead.(10)

13 September 1851. Clear and very warm all day until about 9 p.m. when we had quite a change in the weather, becoming quite cool, and commenced to blow quite hard, accompanied by thunder & lightning and rain. At the office during the morning, and afternoon until 5 1/4 p.m. when J.D. Bald invited me to take a ride with him. He drove out the West Chester Road for some distance and then crossed over to Darby, where we got a couple of milk punches, and sat at the hotel about an hour. Drove in at about 9 o'clock, having had a very pleasant time.

14 September 1851. The state of the thermometer in Independence square for the last week has been as follows: at 2 p.m. on each day, Sunday 83ˇ, Monday 85ˇ, Tuesday 91ˇ, Wednesday 92ˇ, Thursday 97ˇ, Friday 98ˇ, Saturday 95ˇ. At noon on Saturday the thermometer at McAllisters was 95ˇ, being 25ˇ higher than it stood the same day and hour of last year. During last evening a storm of rain set in and the wind getting around to the NE, a very great change in the atmosphere was experienced in a few hours. Today the thermometer stood at 2 o'clock at 64ˇ, being a difference of 31ˇ from yesterday.

At home during the morning. Afternoon went to Church of Atonement, Dr. Goddard preached. After tea Ma, Carrie & I went down to Grace Church, expecting to find service there but were disappointed. We then called down at Roberts at 11th and Spruce Streets, found the family all home.

15 September 1851. In the evening Carrie & I went to the Walnut Street Theater to see Mr. Murdock in the comedy Much ado About Nothing. Benedick by Murdock, Don Pedro by Richings, Dogberry by Chapman and Beatrice by Miss Wey-mess were all excellent. The other characters were quite inferior in their performance. We had some songs by Mr. & Mrs. Seguin, Mr. Bishop & Miss Bailey. The farce of Gumshaw, Bagshaw & Bradshaw was played, but we did not remain to see it, as Carrie was quite tired and wished to go home. We left at about 1/4 of 11.

16 September 1851. Carrie stopped down at the office and walked up with me this afternoon.

17 September 1851. At the office through the day, and in the evening around at the monthly meeting of the Building Association until about 9 o'clock.

18 September 1851. In the evening went to the exhibition of the Horticultural society. The display was not near so fine as I have seen on former occasions, the grapes, though, were very fine. The rooms were crowded, and some four or five females were attired in the "Bloomer costume"(11) attracting much attention & many remarks. This costume has been but recently introduced, but I think it will never become general.

After leaving the room Carrie and I walked down to Parkinsons and ordered some panned oysters, and after waiting half an hour found they had not been commenced. Stopped on the way to see Sammy Sime's new store at NW corner of Chestnut Street & 12th, which has been recently opened and the most beautiful place of the kind I have ever seen. We also stopped in at a store & Carrie took some ice cream. I was much surprised to see Samuel Bonnell, Jr. pop in upon me today. He came very unexpectedly from Wilkes-Barre. He went up and dined with me.

19 September 1851. Samuel Bonnell Jr. spent part of the evening with us, he leaves tomorrow for Wilkes-Barre.

21 September 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning and evening. Reverend Mr. May from Washington preached in the morning.

25 September 1851. A slight frost this morning, I believe the first of the season. At the office the greater part of the day. At 12 N went up to St. Andrew's Church to see Augustus N. Berthoud of St. Louis married to Miss Catherine Amanda Lancaster (alias Israel). Met Ma, Lydia, Carrie and Mr. Maginnis there. After the ceremony was over went up to the house by invitation to meet the bride. They had a very handsomely decorated table, with wines of all kinds, ice creams, cakes, &c., remained about half an hour.

29 September 1851. At the office during the morning & in the afternoon until 1/2 past 4 when J.D. Bald invited me to take a ride with him. Drove out as far as the "Rising Sun" and returned about 1/4 past 6. After tea went down to the office & wrote until 11.

30 September 1851. There was a grand procession of the "Masons" today for the purpose of reinterring Stephen Girard(12) at the College, the ceremony was very imposing.

OCTOBER

2 October 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening went down to a promenade Bloomer concert at the Museum Saloons. The rooms were crowded, but not more than 100 in the Bloomer costumes, and those females of the lower order of society. There was considerable sport during the evening. Whenever a Bloomer would come in, those in the room would applaud. I was in company with Samuel Mitchell during the evening. I met a great many of my gentleman acquaintances there.

3 October 1851. About 3 p.m. clouded over very heavily and between 3 & 4 had a tremendous heavy shower of rain accompanied by thunder and lightning. I understood that considerable hail fell in the northern part of the City & County.

5 October 1851. At Church of the Atonement in the morning.

6 October 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home examining the title paper of S. Sime's property at N.W. corner, 12th & Chestnut Streets.

7 October 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home making out brief to S. Sime's title at 12th & Chestnut Streets.

8 October 1851. At the office all day with the exception of about 2 1/2 hours occupied in taking a ride out to the Rising Sun to see the cattle with Mr. J.D. Bald. Evening at home making our Brief of Title to Samuel Sime's property.

10 October 1851. In the evening took a walk with Carrie as far as 7th & Chestnut Streets to do some shopping.

11 October 1851. At the office during the morning, and in the afternoon took a ride with Carrie, Ma, Lydia and the baby in Mr. D.C. Enos' carriage, he being kind enough to lend it to me. Drove out around the Wissahickon.

12 October 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Ma. Reverend Mr. Neville preached.

15 October 1851. At the office all day. Evening at home from about 9 o'clock. Early part of the evening at the Building Association.

17 October 1851. Clear and pleasant all day. So cool early in the morning I wore my overcoat for the first time this season, and had to again get our fires going.

19 October 1851. At Church of Atonement morning and evening with Carrie and Ma. Mr. Goddard preached. Afternoon at home until about 4, when I took a walk up to see Kate Smith, found her at home and well.

21 October 1851. Evening at home until about 1/2 past 8, when Carrie and I called down for Ma at Mr. & Mrs. Edward C. Roberts.

23 October 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening until about 9 o'clock, then down to 4th & Chestnut Streets. Got some oysters & then up to the Franklin Institute exhibitions. Spent about an hour there. The display is very fine. Met Spencer Bonsall there & walked around together. After leaving went up to an oyster cellar in Market below 10th. Got some oysters & ale.

24 October 1851. Evening went down to the Franklin Institute exhibition with Carrie. The display of goods was very fine, and we were much pleased. Left at about 1/4 of 10, and went down to Parkinson's on 8th Street & got some 2 dozen broiled oysters and two glasses of ale, for which they had the conscience to charge us $1.25.

26 October 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Ma and Carrie.

18 October 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening until 1/2 past 9, then got some oysters at 4th & Chestnut Street.

31 October 1851. At about 7 p.m. went up to Miss Sally Ann Crim in Walnut above 10th to take tea. Found Ma, Carrie, Lydia and Mr. Maginnis already there. Also met Mr. & Mrs. Frank Taylor, Miss P. Nicholson, Mary Hunt, Miss Stockley and Miss Harvey there. Spent a very pleasant evening & had a very excellent supper.

Miss Crim has the house furnished very handsomely, & appears to be very nicely fixed. She must find quite an agreeable change between this, her present house, and the continual turmoil of her old boarding house, where I boarded for nearly five years. Left at about 11, went home, took a bath, packed my valise & got to bed about 12 1/2.

NOVEMBER

1 November 1851. Clear all day except for a short time early in the morning when it was quite damp and foggy. Evening moonlight until towards 10 o'clock when it clouded over. Got up this morning at about 5, dressed and attended to various little matters and at about 6 o'clock took breakfast, after which went to market, & returned by 1/4 of 7. At 7 bid Carrie, Ma & Lydia & the servants good bye, not forgetting to give Ida a kiss who was sleeping soundly and sweetly in her cradle, and stepped into the chaise which had called for me.

I soon found myself at the Reading Rail Road depot where I took passage for Wilkes-Barre on a visit to see my old friend Samuel Bonnell, Jr. We had a very pleasant trip on the cars up, and along the romantic Schuylkill River, and arrived at Reading at about 1/4 past 10. We then proceeded on to Port Clinton, 20 miles further where we arrived at about 1/2 past 11.

We left the Reading Rail Road at this point and took the Little Schuylkill, or Tamaqua Rail Road, for Tamaqua, distant about 21 miles. The scenery along this road is picturesque & beautiful. Arrived at Tamaqua at about 1, and took dinner at the United States Hotel, a pretty good dinner of turkey, &c. At about 2 took the stage for Wilkes-Barre. Arrived at Hazelton, a small but thriving town in the midst of the coal region, about 5 o'clock. At this place we changed horses and stages, and I took a seat on the box with the driver having been prevented from getting this position before, it having been previously occupied. Hazelton is 14 miles from Tamaqua. Arrived at Dunn's Hotel 6 miles from Hazelton at about 6 o'clock where we got a very excellent supper of beef steak, coffee, buckwheat cakes, &c. which I enjoyed exceedingly after my ride.

Supped with Judge Jessup(13) & Judge Taylor, the latter of Wilkes-Barre, to my mind a very rough and ignorant individual, while Mr. Jessup was just the contrary. I rode for some distance beyond Dunns on the box. Upon stopping at a place to water, a female got on the coach who wished the box seat & I had I to give it up and go inside, much to my dissatisfaction.

After leaving Tamaqua we first crossed the Broad Mountain, then Nescopec and finally Wilkes-Barre mountain which is some 1200 feet high. The scenery along the road is beautiful and romantic. It was almost too late to see the change of leaves upon the trees in their greatest beauty, but still many of them present a very elegant appearance. I was rather disappointed at Dunns in not getting some venison for supper, but still I made out very well. The ride from Tamaqua to Wilkes-Barre is one of the roughest I ever experienced, it is with the greatest difficulty you can possibly keep your seat. The road is full of large rocks & as the drivers go at a pretty fast rate, particularly down the mountains, and the stage every moment bounding over these rocks, gives the passengers very little comfort for the time being. Still I expect to experience considerable benefit from the severe jolting. We arrived at Wilkes-Barre at 1/2 past 10, drove up to Gilchrist's ("Phoenix Hotel") directly on the banks of the Susquehanna, where I found Bonnell waiting for me. After the usual salutations walked into the hotel when we sat down & conversed over matters & things until the other stage came up, which had my baggage upon it. After delivering several matters to Sam that I had brought up, we went to my room, a very nice & clean one adjoining the parlor, which Sam had been kind enough to select for me. About 1/2 past 11 Sam left & I retired to rest, very much fatigued. I slept soundly.

2 November 1851. Got up this morning at about 7, dressed, and at about 1/2 past 7 got a very excellent breakfast, with plenty venison which is a great treat. After which smoked a cigar and at about 10 o'clock Bonnell called for me. We went over to the Presbyterian church, and heard a pretty good sermon, though rather of a political order, as he spoke of the Unionists and Secessionists, and very much against the latter. Mr. John Dorrance (14) was the minister.

After Church Sam and I walked through the town. It's very handsomely laid out at right angles, all centering in a large square directly in the center of town upon which is erected the church we attended this morning. It is old and dilapidated condition with a spire belonging to the Methodist Episcopal church, but in which all denominations worship during the period of erecting new churches for themselves. The Court House, Academy & Market house are also erected on this square. The river front of the town is very pretty, situated directly upon the North branch of the Susquehanna, and hemmed in on all sides by lofty hills or mountains, except where the Susquehanna passes through them.

After dinner took a walk over to [Bonnell's] store where we remained a short time. It is a very fine establishment and well stocked. We met here a Mr. Davis who has charge of the coal mines belonging to the concern. After leaving the store walked down to the river, and up on the mound or hill upon which was formerly erected Fort Defiance during the wars with the Indians. Afterwards walked up to the North Branch canal and then to the hotel again where we got supper. At about 1/2 past 6 went to the Methodist Church, quite a neat structure, & heard a very excellent & sensible sermon. The Presbyterians have now nearly finished a very beautiful brick church with a spire. I am much pleased with the hotel. Mr. Gilcrist is a very gentlemanly & polite landlord. His table is excellent, servants accommodating, beds and rooms clean & everything in good order. I regaled myself three times today on some very fine venison, which I believe Gilcrist is famous for. After church, which was about 20 m. of 8, Sam & I returned to the hotel, and looked over the events of old times contained in this book, until about 10 when he left, and I went to bed & slept soundly.

3 November 1851. Cloudy all day, rather mild in the morning but afternoon raw chilly and cold, night quite cold and blustering. We had some rain and some hail in the course of the afternoon. Got up this morning at 7, had an excellent breakfast of venison, smoked a cigar & then went around to Bonnell's store on Main Street, where I did some little writing for him, and at about 1/2 past 10 started over to the mines.

We first visited the building in which the breaking and sorting the coal is carried on, and then thrown into the shoots for the purpose of loading the boats, the operations are very interesting. I then went up to the mines with Mr. Davis who has charge of them (Bonnell having to return to the store on some business but we afterward met in the mines). Before getting in to what is properly called the mines, we had to pass through a tunnel of solid rock the distance of 1100 feet, we then passed up the gang way, and into the several breasts as they are termed. These are various openings in the vein of coal, worked by various miners and those employed under them in this mine. They work upwards and the coal is thrown down in what is termed shoots to the car below to receive it. In some mines they work in a breast of coal which dips down below water level. It is necessary to put an engine in the mine for the purpose of raising up the coal, and pumping up the water. In these mines there are some dozen different breasts.

I was much pleased with my visit, being my first introduction to the interior of a coal mine. Mr. Davis was very polite in showing me through and giving every information. We remained in the mines some hour and a half, then came out and went down to the hotel to dinner, dined upon venison again.

After dinner went up to Bonnell's store, waited a short time when he came in and we went up to the stable & got each of us a saddle horse and rode up the Wilkes-Barre mountain to Prospect Rock where we had a beautiful view of the Wyoming valley, and the Susquehanna meandering through the valley until lost in the gorges of the distant mountains. Wilkes-Barre and two other towns are in full view, all forming a grand and picturesque view, yet still not equal to the scenery of Catskill.

After leaving the rock returned to Wilkes-Barre, and then rode down towards Pittston, but as we found it growing late & much appearance of rain concluded to return after having gone a couple of miles. Sam having hurt himself riding was obliged to ask a man riding along the road in a wagon to exchange places with him which he acceded to & I rode in with him. Found him quite talkative in his way. Spent the evening partially at Bonnell's store writing to Carrie, & partly at the hotel writing up my journal.

4 November 1851. Cloudy all day with a high and cold wind. The atmosphere was raw and cold. We had several snow squalls in the course of the day. Got up this morning at 1/2 past 6, dressed and then made my last breakfast at Gilcrist's upon venison, settled my bill & made ready for a start. After going around to Bonnell's store & making various arrangements, got started and left Wilkes-Barre. At about 1/4 past 9 a.m. crossed the Wilkes-Barre bridge to the opposite side of the Susquehanna River. After driving about a mile we passed through a very pretty little village called Kingston. We then turned to the left & took our course down the river passing through the town of Plymouth at the distance of 3 miles below Kingston. This is a small place noticed principally for its coal operations and shipments, there being a number of coal openings in its vicinity, though I believe the coal is of not so good a quality as that at Wilkes-Barre. We next passed the "Great Tunnel" coal mines, and then the little village of Nanticoke, at which place there is a dam extending across the Susquehanna. The scenery at this point is superb. We are hemmed in on all sides by lofty mountains, while the picturesque Susquehanna breaks its way through a gap in the mountains. At this point the valley of Wyoming ends, and the mountains are only divided by the River which follows a circuitous course through them.

We had been in sight of and followed the course of the River and North Branch canal throughout the day. After leaving Nanticoke continued to pass along what is called the Susquehanna valley. Arrived at Shickshinny, a small village situated directly in the midst of the mountains distant 18 miles from Wilkes-Barre, a few minutes before 1. Remained there about an hour, fed our horse and ourselves at the tavern kept by J. Laycock. We had an excellent dinner composed of coffee, beefsteak, fricassee chicken, buckwheat cakes, preserves, pumpkin pie, cheese, cakes, preserves, &c. We made a very hearty meal and enjoyed it exceedingly after our ride in the cold. Left Shickshinny at about 2, and drove down to Lockport on the canal 6 miles from our dining place at about 1/2 past 3. Bonnell had some business with the weigh master, so we stopped about half an hour, watered the horse, &c. There is quite a large store house at this place. Passed through Berwick, a town of some size, & a bridge crossing the Susquehanna, distant 4 miles from Lockport & 28 miles from Wilkes-Barre at about 1/2 past 4. Arrived at "Harmans Hotel," or half way house, distant 6 miles from Berwick at about 1/2 past 5.

As night was approaching rapidly and it appeared to be quite comfortable quarters concluded to put up there for the night. The landlord's daughters are quite good looking and prepared for us quite a nice supper composed of coffee, buckwheat cakes, beefsteak, ham, apple butter, preserved grapes, bread, cakes, &c. We made quite a hearty meal and enjoyed it. In passing down through the country I noticed a great change in improvements as we progress downwards.

After leaving Wilkes-Barre the country as far as Shickshinny is wild and in great measure uncultivated, but soon afterwards we came into the midst of fine farms and handsome improvements. Many of the houses are of brick and of the largest class, while the barns and outbuildings are numerous, large and in fine order. The road from our dining place to this place, "Harmans," has been excellent, though previously quite rough and stony. We noticed quite a number of coal openings down as far as Shickshinny, but after that coal appears to be scarce for mining.

We are now at Harman's in Columbia County, having passed out of Luzern county some distance above here. We had a nice, clean and comfortable room, nice beds very clean and comfortable, almost as nice as at home. I was much pleased with the general appearance of everything. Spent the evening smoking, writing my journal, &c.

5 November 1851. Clear early in the morning and quite cold and considerable ice, the 1st I have seen this year. It soon clouded over and in the course of the afternoon we had some snow. Continued quite raw and cold all day. Got up at about 6 a.m. had an excellent breakfast about 7, and at about 1/2 past 7 bid farewell to "Harman's" and drove on down the river.

We first passed through a little cluster of houses called Egypttown, inhabited principally by boatmen & their families. We are now in the Limestone region or what is called Lime Ridge, commencing at our stopping place of last night. We are entirely out of the coal region. 2 miles from Egyptown and 6 miles from Harmans, we arrived at Bloomsburg, the County town of Columbia County. It is 40 miles from Wilkes-Barre and situated on the North Branch of the Susquehanna. It is a town of considerable importance, and I should suppose contains some 2500 inhabitants. There is a bridge across the Susquehanna at this place. We remained here about an hour, stopping in at several places among which was McElvey's store, where they appeared to be driving a pretty large business. The store was large and crowded with customers. After leaving Bloomsburg drove on down the River and stopped at a saw mill about 2 miles out of last named place at which Bonnell had some business.

While I was waiting for him & sitting in the carriage, an old lady and gentleman came driving along. Just as he got opposite to my carriage his horse sheared & gave a spring which brought his carriage in contact with a piece of timber lying on the side of the road, which broke both of his shafts, and pitched the old man out, but fortunately did him no perceptible injury.

Arrived at Catawissa bridge, 4 miles below Bloomsburg at about 1/2 past 10, concluded to cross and see the town, which was not much. It appears to be quite dull and nothing doing. They charged toll enough in all conscience for crossing their bridge, more than it was worth to see their inactive town, being 19 cents each way.

From Catawissa we had a pleasant ride of 8 miles down to Danville over an excellent road, and through a beautiful and well improved and apparently a well cultivated country. Danville is quite a large place and a town of considerable importance noted principally for its extensive Rolling mills, and Iron furnaces. It is situated directly on the Susquehanna, in the midst of a small valley which it nearly occupies. It is surrounded on all sides by lofty and picturesque hills, from which the iron ore used in the furnaces is obtained. We stopped at the first good looking hotel we came to but were deceived by outward appearances as we got a most miserable dinner, in fact no dinner at all. We afterwards learned that we should have stopped at the "Montour House." The house we stopped at was on the street upon which the Montour House stands at the corner of, but on the opposite side of same.

After our apology for a dinner, went around to Mr. Richardson's store according to appointment (having seen him a few minutes before dinner) when he took us out to look over the town. We first visited the "Rough and Ready" Rolling mill, in which, among other things, I saw the operation of making rail road iron spikes. They were cut, headed and pointed by a single machine at the rate of some 40 or 50 a minute, by means of an ingenious piece of machinery.

We next visited the great "Montour Iron Works," the largest, I suppose, in the county. These works go through the whole operation of manufacturing iron from the ore into rail road iron. Saw them making several large T rails, while in the mill. These works manufacture a great part, if not all, of the Pennsylvania Central Road iron. We left Danville at about 10 m. of 3, and started for Milton distant 15 miles. We here leave the North branch of the Susquehanna to go over to the West branch. In going out of Danville we passed over the North branch canal, and back of the Montour Ridge of hills or mountains, through a very beautiful and well improved country, with fine houses, barns and outbuildings. Six miles out of Danville we passed through a small town called Mooresburg, a tolerable nice looking little town, but with but little apparent activity. Arrived at Milton, 67 miles from Wilkes-Barre and 12 miles above Northumberland at about 1/2 past 5. It was just dark as we arrived, and therefore can say but little of the town tonight. Put up at the "Spread Eagle Hotel" kept by Eckbert. Had a very good supper of coffee, buckwheat cakes, beef steak, &c. The house appears to be clean and well kept. Our room was a very fine one, clean beds, &c.

6 November 1851. Clear during the early part of the morning but towards 11 a.m. clouded over, continued cloudy, rainy and cold all day. Noticed ice in the puddles this morning. Got up this morning at about 1/4 of 7, dressed, and got a very good breakfast at about 7 1/2 o'clock, after which took a walk around to see the town. It is quite a pretty place situated on the West branch of the Susquehanna in Northumberland County and appears to have some considerable business, and quite a number of fine stores. It contains some 1600 or 1700 inhabitants. A bridge crosses the Susquehanna at this town.

After Bonnell had attended to his business or at about 1/2 past 9 we started down the river, after a pleasant drive of about 4 miles along an excellent road. There is a bridge over the West branch of the Susquehanna to Lewisburg, Union County. We left our horse at the tavern and crossed the bridge on foot to Lewisburg. It is quite a large and flourishing town with quite a large number of fine brick stores, churches &c. It has also a large Baptist seminary, and an extensive boat yard for the building of canal boats.

We spent some hour and a half going to various stores or businesses in that place. Its population is some 2600. After fully satisfying ourselves with a view of the town we returned to where we left our carriage, and drove on down to Northumberland, distant 8 miles. We went down in little over an hour, though the road in some spots was quite heavy, sandy and hilly. We stopped in Northumberland at Burrs Hotel where we got a tolerable good dinner, though dinner was just over. The town appears to be in quite a dilapidated condition, no life, no business, no activity, in fact the town seems to have been finished and gone to decay. The only fine building that I noticed was the bank. It has three fine bridges, two crossing the North Branch, that is the two bridges form but one passage across the North branch, as there is quite a large island in the center, so that the first bridge crosses to the island and the other to the main shore. The other bridge crosses the West branch. All three bridges are quite long.

After dinner we thought we would take a walk over to Sunbury, and consequently crossed the two bridges and the island over the North branch, but when we got over found it was nearly or over a mile to Sunbury so we gave up the idea. We returned to Northumberland, had our horse put to, and started on down the river. At Northumberland the North and West branches of the Susquehanna meet and join into one large and beautiful stream. The scenery is quite romantic and beautiful. Directly opposite Northumberland, there is a large and beautiful mountain, rising as it were directly out of the river to the height of some 800 or 1000 feet, with a bold rocky and precipitous front equal in grandeur to the far famed palisades of the North River. Upon leaving Northumberland we crossed the West branch and drove along a beautiful and level road directly along the foot of the mountain above spoken of, with the towering rocks hanging above us. Two miles below Northumberland on the opposite side of the river we saw the town of Sunbury, looking very pretty from our position but I am told it is equally in a dilapidated condition with Northumberland. After a drive of about 8 miles over a delightful road, leading the greater part of the distance along the bank of the Susquehanna through a very romantic and beautiful country with beautiful mountains with bold and precipitous and rocky points, we arrived at the pretty and thriving town of Selinsgrove, Union County. Spent some half hour at this place while Bonnell attended some matters of business. It is situated directly on the banks of the Susquehanna River and the canal. After leaving Selinsgrove we passed along the banks of a very pretty stream called Penn's Creek. We continued along the banks of this creek for some distance and finally came out again upon the banks of the broad and beautiful Susquehanna. We continued on for the distance of 12 miles and after a delightful ride over a very fine road through beautiful and romantic country we arrived at a road side tavern called "McKees Half Falls House" situated directly on the banks of the canal and Susquehanna River.

A few minutes after entering the house I was much surprised to meet Mr. W. Hart Carr of Philadelphia, he having been out for some time traveling on business and stopped at this house to remain over night. The house has not a very enticing appearance outside but has good cheer within and we had an excellent supper, good coffee and cream, nice bread and butter, good beefsteak, nice peach and quince preserves & cream. &c.

Shortly after supper we were summoned to attend a man who had fallen from his horse, and was lying in the road with his foot still in the stirrup. Upon going to him, found that he was drunk and unhurt, with his horse standing perfectly quiet by him, as if instinct had taught him not to move. After extricating him he came on down to the tavern; it appears that he is a man of some property, known at the tavern, & lives about 6 miles off. Spent the evening smoking a cigar & bringing up my journal for today, and writing a letter to Carrie. Upon retiring to our room found it to be quite a large, clean and comfortable one, with three beds, all very clean and nice, two of which we occupied.

7 November 1851. A clear and magnificent day. In the morning early quite cold, but as the day advanced became much warmer. There was considerable ice made last night, and the puddles and ponds maintained a slight covering of ice until quite late in the day. The ground was also covered with a heavy white frost this morning. Got up at about 6 o'clock, sat down to as fine a breakfast as I ever wish to have placed before me. It was composed of fricassee chicken, delightful light waffles (piping hot), good coffee and cream, fine preserved peaches and quinces, good bread and excellent butter, &c., which Mr. Carr, Mr. Bonnell and I did ample justice to. The outward appearance of this hotel is not at all prepossessing, and one could scarcely expect the good cheer met within. It is situated directly on the banks of the canal, overlooking the Susquehanna near which it is also located. The name of "Half Falls" which it bears is from the fact that at this point there are falls in the river extending about half way across. The house is a very old one and kept by Mr. Herrick.

At 7 o'clock we left just as the sun was peeping above the tops of the mountains on the opposite side of the river. Had a pleasant drive of 7 miles along the banks of the river to a small town called Liverpool, a place of but little importance, composed principally of frame houses and extending along but one street. After passing this place we drove on down, sometimes along the banks of the River, and sometimes a little back from the same, as the road took its course, and again at times passing along the foot of a mountain skirting the borders of the river, with immense rocks towering above our heads forming in all a very interesting and picturesque ride.

Ten miles from Liverpool we passed through a small town called New Buffalo, situated on the Susquehanna but of little importance. Two miles further we came to the junction of the Susquehanna and Juniatta Rivers, also the point where the Susquehanna Canal comes out into the River, and the point where the aqueduct of the Pennsylvanian canal passes over the Juniatta River. We stopped at the hotel at the junction for a few minutes and watered our horses. We intended remaining for dinner but as it was only 1/4 past 11, concluded to drive about 2 1/2 to 3 miles further down to Clark's Ferry. Arrived at the ferry at about 1/4 of 12, having driven 22 miles since we started this morning. Got a passable dinner but nothing to compare with our fare of last night and this morning. The scenery at this point, as well as at the junction, is grand, and lofty. Almost perpendicular mountains line both the shore of the Susquehanna and the Juniatta forming a magnificent picture to gaze upon.

There is quite a little town at this place, and considerable bustle occasioned by the passing and repassing of the canal boats. At this place we crossed the new bridge now just being completed to the East side of the Susquehanna. This bridge has been put up in place of the one burned a few years (or perhaps within a shorter time) since. It is nearly 2200 feet long.

After passing the bridge we drove down the banks of the river, along a beautiful road which passes at the foot of an immense mountain, running up almost perpendicular. After riding for some six miles we pass through a little town called Dauphin. Two or three miles further we pass the great Pennsylvania Central Rail Road bridge of 22 spans, one of the most beautiful structures of the kind I ever witnessed. The scenery in its vicinity is grand and picturesque. After riding some 6 or 7 miles farther, directly along the bank of the beautiful and broad Susquehanna, we arrived at Harrisburg, it being then four o'clock, we having accomplished the distance of 38 miles since 7 o'clock including stoppages.

We put up at "Coverly's Hotel" and after having our horse put up, going to our room, &c., I went out with Sam to attend to some business with coal men along on the canal. At about 5 o'clock went over to William A. Porter's Iron furnace and saw them run the iron into the frogs on account of the melted iron running too rapidly. They did not make as perfect a running as they wished.

Returned to the Hotel at about 6, and got our supper, which was tolerable. After tea went with Bonnell up to the canal on some business, and returned to the hotel about 1/2 past 7 & went to work to bring up my journal. I forgot to mention that about a mile below Clark's Ferry we passed the towns of Petersburg and Duncannon, quite small places on the West side of the River, and at the distance of about a mile below Clark's Ferry. Our room at Coverly's is not nearly as neat and clean as we have met with in the taverns on the road, but we have but one night to stay.

8 November 1851. Morning clear cold and frosty, & quite a thick skim of ice in the Ponds of still water. The roads, fields and fences covered with a white frost for some time after 8 o'clock or in fact until 9. We got up this morning at a few minutes before 7, dressed and got a middling breakfast; very tough steak. After breakfast went around to the telegraph office and sent a message to Carrie that I should not be home until Monday evening, and at 1/2 past 8 had our horse put to and started for Columbia, distant about 30 miles. After a drive of about 6 miles we passed through a little town called Highspire, of but little importance. After a drive of 3 miles further we came to the thriving town of Middletown, which is a place of considerable beauty, size and importance. It is situated rather back from the River, and to the right and a little above Middletown, directly on the Susquehanna, lies the town of Portsmouth. It was our intention to take the River Road at Middletown but owing to its having been so cut up, and the rail road passing over or near a great portion of it, we concluded to keep to the turnpike, and so after making a circuit of about a mile got back into the pike and proceeded on our journey through a beautiful but very hilly agricultural district of country, crossing on our route a beautiful stream called the Swatara. From the tops of many of the hills we had most beautiful views of the country for many miles.

Just after leaving Middletown we had a very fine sight of the town and surrounding country from the top of quite an elevated hill. After a drive of some 9 miles from Middletown and 18 miles from Harrisburg, we arrived at Elizabethtown, an inland town and apparently of but little importance. It then being a few minutes after 12 concluded to feed our horse and get dinner. After waiting a while we got a passable dinner of coffee, ham, &c., and a very good cranberry pie.

Our companions at the table were an old German farmer, and two German women dressed in old style with their heads adorned with night caps in appearance to me. They all appeared to be very fond, and made a desperate attack upon a dish of sliced boiled turnips which seemed to tickle their appetites.

At 20 m. of 2 left Elizabethtown and drove about 3/4 of a mile, when we left the turnpike by the tunnel road which turns to the right and after a drive of 5 miles over a very nice, though rather hilly road, we arrived at a small place called Maytown. The town appears to be of little importance, inland, and the houses in a decaying condition. After a drive of 2 miles more we arrived at the town of Marietta, situated on the Susquehanna River 25 miles below Harrisburg. It is quite a large thriving place, with several large furnaces. I also noticed quite a number of very handsome large brick private residences with high locations overlooking the Susquehanna. Mr. Bonnell having some business in this place we remained about 3/4 of an hour.

I have noticed throughout today a considerable number of fields in which tobacco has been raised, together with a number of houses filled with this plant hung up for the purpose of drying. There appears to be a greater quantity in the direct vicinity and in the town of Marietta. After leaving Maryetta we ascended quite a mountain, in passing up which we have a beautiful view of the town just left, and the country for many miles around which is picturesque and interesting to look upon, dotted with many beautiful farm houses and country seats. We have also another grand view of Columbia and surrounding country, together with the bridge and Susquehanna as you descend the mountain upon the opposite side. Columbia is 5 miles by the road from Maryetta.

Arrived at Columbia about 10 minutes of 5 p.m. after a delightful drive of some 165 miles (by the road we came) from Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Put up at the Washington House kept by Herr. Had a middling supper, partly of mush and milk. After putting our horse up Bonnell & I went to the post office, and was very much disappointed in not getting a letter from Carrie, as I fully expected. Then went to the telegraph office, when Bonnell sent a message to Philadelphia. Got an answer after supper, then called with him to see Mr. Wright and his daughter Elizabeth, quite a pretty and interesting young lady, who is to be married in the course of a couple of weeks. We then went to the hotel, got tea, after which Sam made several business calls, I accompanying him, and finally called in to see Mr. Wright & family again. Remained a short time, & then returned to the hotel and wrote a check dated Nov. 10th, 1851, to Samuel Jarders for $500 in Farmers & Mechanics Bank of Philadelphia which I sent to him by Bonnell. I also wrote a letter to Carrie by Bonnell and brought up my journal. Bonnell has made up his mind to go to Philadelphia tonight which I regret very much, as I expected to have his company to Baltimore with me, and as we have been so long together I shall feel quite lonesome.

Sat conversing until about 10 m. past 11, when Sam and I went over & got some oysters, after which he got in the car & at 20 m. past 11 started for Philadelphia. Then I went back to the hotel & went to bed in a very fine large room front, in 2nd story, very nicely furnished.

9 November 1851. Cloudy, smoky weather & quite mild, with the appearance of rain. Got up at 7, dressed and got a passable breakfast, after which I smoked a cigar and sat about until about 10 o'clock when I went up to the Episcopal Church, a very neat little structure in the primitive Gothic style of architecture, with stained windows. Heard an excellent sermon by the Reverend Mr. Lyman. There was rather a novel feature, to me. In the ceremonies the minister raised and sang all the chants, hymns, & psalms. He had an excellent and very musical voice.

After Church I walked home with Miss Wright, who Mr. Bonnell introduced me to last evening, then went around to the post office in the hope of finding a letter from Carrie, but was disappointed. I then went to my hotel, where I met a captain of a canal boat, who was waiting very anxiously with the hope of seeing Mr. Bonnell who had promised to pay him a balance of freight on a load of coal, but I suppose had forgotten. After some trouble I found Mr. Hall of Maryetta, who satisfied me it was right and I paid him the balance $32.02 which prevented him from being detained until Bonnell's return, as he wished to go to Philadelphia with a load of iron, and had no money to pay the toll. His name was Captain Samuel Lawrence of boat Thomas Stence.

Got a very poor dinner, and at about 1/4 past I started for Baltimore by Baltimore & Susquehanna Rail Road. Were drawn across the bridge over the Susquehanna River by horses. This bridge is one mile and a quarter long, I believe the longest covered bridge in the world. On the opposite side of the River from Columbia is a small town called Wrightsville. Twelve miles from Columbia we passed through the town of York which is quite a large place. I should judge as large as Wilmington, Delaware. Baltimore is distant 70 miles from Columbia. Arrived in Baltimore about 1/2 past 5, after a very pleasant ride through a beautiful rolling country. I should judge that this rail road was made at a pretty large expense since there are a large number of deep cuts through solid rock, one tunnel, and considerable bridging. Put up at Barnums Hotel, and in the evening went to Christ Church & heard a very good sermon.

10 November 1851. Cloudy all day with the appearance of rain. Towards 8 p.m. cleared off and was moonlight. Got up this morning at 7 and got a tolerable breakfast, after which went out in search of Mr. William W.M. Jaeger whom I had come to Baltimore to see. After some inquiry I found that he had a manufactory of printers ink on Ulers Alley, running out of Howard Street, near the 2nd Street below Baltimore Street. I waited something like an hour for him, but not coming in I went down Mr. Jaeger's Lamp Black Manufactury which was gained by going down Howard Street to a Church, which is the last Building on the right hand side of the way going down when you can see the manufactory. He was not yet there. I then went to Baltimore and Calvert Streets where, after waiting for some time, he came along. I had a long conversation with him, but was unable to get anything but promises.

After leaving him I called up to see James M. Moore at J.D. Pratt & Co. corner of Baltimore & Charles Streets, but was unable to see him, not having been there this morning. It was then 12 N. Went over to the hotel, got a lunch, and then went down to the Mechanics Institute Hall to see the exhibition fair of American Manufactures.

The main room in which the exhibition is held is a very large one being some 260 feet long by 55 feet wide, surrounded by a very neat gallery. I do not think the display equal in any way to the Philadelphia exhibition. After leaving the exhibition walked down along the docks and then up to the Hotel. At about 1/2 past 2, got a middling dinner. After dinner took a walk up to the Washington Monument on Charles Street and then ascended to the top by a circular stone stairway of 228 steps. The stairway being dark it is necessary to carry a lantern. From the top of this monument you have a very beautiful view of the surrounding country. The monument is situated on an eminence 100 feet above tide water, and is 180 feet to the top of the statue, which is of Washington resigning his commission. It is 16 feet high, weighs 16 tons, and cost $9000, and was placed there on the 19th of October, 1829. Signor Andre Causica was the sculptor. The whole monument including the statue cost $200,000.

After leaving the monument went over to the Catholic Cathedral, at the corner of Cathedral and Mulberry Streets. It is quite a large building built of granite in the form of a cross, with a large dome and two steeples. In one is placed a large bell weighing 35000 pounds. The estimated cost when complete is $300,000. I did not think much of the interior arrangement of the cathedral, it being very plain, though the dome was large and magnificent. After leaving the cathedral I returned to the hotel, remained until about 6, and then went down to pay the Institute a short visit again. It was lighted up very beautifully & in such a manner not to have a glare of light.

Returned to the hotel about 7, and at 1/2 past 7 took the omnibus belonging to the hotel and rode down to the Philadelphia depot & at 8 started for Philadelphia, where we arrived after a poking journey at 1/2 past 3. Crossed the Susquehanna at about 11, where I got a cup of coffee & some bread and butter. Found Carrie & the baby quite well.

11 November 1851. Got up this morning at about 7, rather tired. At the office all day, but feeling very little like business after my holiday and pleasure excursion. I felt like a boy sent back to school after a summer vacation, but I suppose I must yield & redouble my energies. I feel much improved in health and spirits from my trip. Evening at home, Samuel Bonnell spent part of the evening with us.

12 November 1851. At the office all day, evening at home. Samuel Bonnell came in about 1/2 past 9, and remained about 3/4 of an hour, he leaves for Wilkes-Barre again, via Lancaster & Columbia, tomorrow. I should like very much to accompany him & have a repetition of my pleasant trip along the beautiful Susquehanna.

14 November 1851. At the office all day and in the evening at home, reading (part of the time) my journal of my late trip to Ma and Carrie.

16 November 1851. At Church of the Atonement in the morning and evening. Afternoon at Grace Church.

18 November 1851. In the evening went down to take tea and spend the evening with Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Cattell. Mr. Maginnis, Lydia, and Carrie were also there.

19 November 1851. At the office all day. Mrs. Ware and her baby Lewis, daughter Mary, and nurse spent the day with us. Evening after tea went around to the Building Association, remained until about 1/2 past 8.

21 November 1851. Mr. Harry Storms and Miss Lizzy Penn-Gaskell spent the evening with us, this being her first visit.

22 November 1851. Evening at home until about 1/2 past 8, when I walked down to the "Globe Hotel" in 6th St, below Chestnut with Carrie to see Ellen Larkey, a mantua(15) maker. She was not in and the servant was polite enough to invite us into the kitchen, as she stated it was warm there and we could sit by the range, but we declined her polite invitation, and said we would prefer the parlor where she finally invited us. After waiting some half hour saw Ellen & then went up home, stopping on the way to get some oysters.

23 November 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning, a stranger preached. Afternoon left home about 1/2 past 3, and called up to see Miss Kate Smith, found her at home and well. Kate is to be married on the 4th of December next. Left at 1/4 past 5, called around to see Miss Hannah Burton, found her at home and well. Also saw her sister and mother.

25 November 1851. Cloudy during the early part of the morning and at about 10 a.m. commenced snowing which continued to fall with rapidity until towards 2, when it turned to hail. At about 4 commenced raining which continued, accompanied with hail during the remainder of the day and night. The ground was quite covered with snow, and made very bad walking. This was the first snow we have had this winter in these parts.

26 November 1851. The snow mostly disappeared today.

27 November 1851. After breakfast went around to see Mr. Joseph Gilbert, Jr. on some business, but did not find him in. Then went to the office remained until about 1/2 past 10 then went up towards home. At Schuylkill 5th & Arch met Ma and Carrie and went to Church of Atonement with them. Heard a good sermon by Mr. Goddard. Mr. Maginnis dined with us.

29 November 1851. Carrie walked down to the office with me after dinner, remained & walked up again in the evening.

30 November 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Ma. Mr. Goddard preached. In the afternoon at about 1/2 past 3, Carrie and I walked down to see Anna Browning and her baby born some three weeks since. She looks very well, her baby is rather small and quite homely. Its name is Mary. Evening at home, Mr. & Mrs. West came in just as we were at tea and sat until about 9, entertaining us with a recital of some of his adventures in England, from which place he has just returned.

DECEMBER

1 December 1851. Clear and cold all day, plenty of ice and quite creditable to the commencement of winter. At the office all day until about 6 p.m. when Percival Roberts called for me and we went together over to Newtons and got our supper of coffee and buckwheat cakes. Then went up to the Circus in 9th below Chestnut to see in particular Mad'lle Louise Tourniaire, the great Equestrian Rider. She is quite a large woman but rides very well, with much spirit and daring. The bar act by Mrs. Richards was a beautiful piece of riding. The afterpiece, a Pantomime of The Painters Studio, was miserable. Out at about 1/2 past 10, on our way up stopped in 10th below Market and got some stewed oysters and ale.

3 December 1851. At the office all day with the exception of about an hour and a half in the morning occupied in going to McClees & Germans Daguerreotype rooms to have Carrie, Ida and myself taken, but after making four attempts were unsuccessful, on account of not being able to keep Ida still.

4 December 1851. Kate Smith [Mary K. Smith] was married today to Mr. Vincent Smith.

7 December 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning with Carrie and Ma. Mr. Goddard preached. Percival Roberts took dinner with me today. After dinner went over to his house, and in a short time Cuthbert, Percival & myself started together in their carriage, and drove out to Isaac W. Roberts. Had a pleasant drive & got out there at about 1/2 past 3, found all the family well except cousin Isaac, who fell in the barn and injured his leg, he was just able to get about.

8 December 1851. At the office all day, until about 5 1/4 p.m. when I went up to Miss Trautwine in 6th below Green with her brother to settle some business. After which went home. In the evening Carrie and I made a visit to see Miss Mary Ann Belangee, found her at home and well. I left Carrie at Miss Belangee's for a few moments and went around to Miss Trautwine's again to get a check changed, the date of which was incorrect.

10 December 1851. At the office all day until about 1/4 of 7 p.m., then went up to Miss Mary Ann Belangee's to tea by engagement. Carrie and Lydia had gone up in the afternoon, and Mr. Maginnis at about 1/2 past, there was some other company there. We had a delightful supper of stewed & fried oysters, chicken salad &c., and spent a very pleasant evening.

12 December 1851. At the office all day, and in the evening at home making out Brief of Title until about 1/2 past 9, when Carrie, Lydia, Mr. Maginnis & I went down into the kitchen and had a very nice supper of about 100 roast oysters.

14 December 1851. At Church of Atonement in the morning and afternoon.

15 December 1851. Clear early in the morning and quite cold. Towards 11 a.m. clouded over and commenced snowing, which continued to fall until night, when it cleared off and became very cold, blowing tremendously through the night. At the office all day, and in the evening at about 1/2 past 8 Carrie and I and Mr. Maginnis and Lydia went around to a fair held in one of Mr. Elder's new houses on Vine Street east of Schuylkill 5th for the benefit of Church of Atonement. Met Mr. Storms there who presented Carrie with a babe for Ida. The ladies had quite a display of goods.

16 December 1851. In the evening at home writing the will of Lydia Roberts. I received from Samuel Bonnell, Jr. as a present a very fine saddle of venison last evening, a very acceptable present.

17 December 1851. Clear and extremely cold all day, and during the night, ice made all day, and the thermometer down to 6ˇ above zero early this morning. The Schuylkill is frozen over both above and below the dam, & the River Delaware was frozen over at Burlington this morning. It is certainly the coldest weather we have had for a long while. At the office all day until about 4 1/2 p.m. when J.D. Bald and I started out to take a walk, first stopped at Cousin Lydia Roberts to have her execute her will, found her in and well. Mr. Bald and I witnessed it. Then continued our walk out over the wire bridge up into Mantua Village to see Neil Kelly. Did not find him but left a note. We then returned to town, stopping on the way to get a glass of whiskey punch. Bald stopped in home with me and supped on some of Mr. Bonnell's venison which he sent me. Bald left at about 1/2 past 8, and I went over to the Building Association.

18 December 1851. I do not think we have had as cold weather for several winters. Our bath room hydrants both froze yesterday.

19 December 1851. Clear and cold all day, but much more moderate than it has been for the last few days. At the office during the morning until about 1/2 past 1 p.m. when Mr. J.D. Bald walked out home with me and dined, after which took our skates and went out upon the dam above Fairmount to skate. The ice was beautiful and smooth, and we had a very pleasant afternoon. Skated up as far as the falls. It was not very pleasant coming back as we had a very heavy wind to contend with. In the evening Carrie and I went around to the fair given for the Church of Atonement in one of Mr. Elder's new houses Vine below Schuylkill 5th. They had an auction of the remaining goods, after which took some coffee, oysters, salad, &c.

21 December 1851. At Church of Atonement both in the morning and evening.

22 December 1851. Cloudy all day and during the evening commenced snowing some time before daylight, and continued until afternoon. It again snowed during the night, and covered the ground to the depth of several inches, making pretty good sleighing, being the first of the season.

23 December 1851. Walking bad, and ground covered with snow. Sleighs out in great number.

24 December 1851. At the office the greater part of the morning until about 1 p.m. when I went up to see Mr. Edward Roberts at N.E. corner 11th and Spruce to see the great procession of the escort of the Hungarian exile "Kossuth."(16) I do not think there was ever a finer display of troops in this City. Kossuth was drawn in a carriage with six white horses. He was rather a smaller man than I expected to see, with a large mustache and whiskers. After the procession went over the route, he was received in Old Independence Hall which was handsomely decorated outside and in with greens. There was also a large stage erected in the rear of the building from which he addressed the people. The City was full of excitement from early dawn.

After leaving Roberts, I walked with Ma and Carrie around by 8th Street and then up home. Afternoon at the office, and after tea Percy Roberts and I took a walk down Chestnut Street to see the usual turnout on Christmas eve. Got some oysters, &c., and returned home about 10 o'clock, when we had our interchange of presents, including the servants. Mr. Maginnis made Ida a present of a very pretty silver knife and spoon, he also made Carrie a present of a very pretty pearl portmonnaye.(17)

25 December 1851. Christmas day, but dull, gloomy, cloudy weather & mild which caused exceedingly bad walking. Towards dark became colder, and at about 1/2 past 7 commenced to snow at a rapid rate which continued to fall during the night. At about 10 o'clock the snow was several inches deep.

After breakfast went down to the office remained about 15 minutes, and then went up home and to Church of Atonement. A stranger preached, Mr. Goddard being sick. After Church went home and waited in suspense until about 1/2 after 2, for Harry C. Storms and his brother Daniel to come and dine with us. We got tired of waiting and sat down to dinner. However they came in a few minutes afterwards and we finished our dinners. After which smoked our cigars until about 1/2 past 4, when I walked down with Harry and his brother to the "Columbia House." After Daniel Storms had arranged his baggage and sent it up to the depot, we walked up with him to the cars at Broad and Market Streets to see him off for Cincinnati. He had left more than two years ago for California, and has just returned.

After bidding him fare well, Harry walked with me as far as Schuylkill 5th & Arch when we parted, and went home got tea, & in a few minutes afterwards we all went down to Mrs. Mary Roberts to meet the usual family party. Spent the evening pleasantly. Had some fine whiskey punch, egg nog, oysters, &c. and left at about 10 o'clock. Mr. Algernon S. Roberts was kind enough to send us home in his carriage or we should have had a pretty bad time of it.

26 December 1851. The ground was covered to the depth of seven or eight inches with snow this morning, which made very fine sleighing. The streets were lively with the merry ring of sleigh bells throughout the day and evening. The weather today was extremely cold.

27 December 1851. The sleighing was very fine today. We had a terrific fire commencing about 1/2 past 12 this morning in the 3rd story of Harts Buildings(18) at N.E. corner Delaware 6th & Chestnut Streets. It consumed the whole of that large building, some 150 feet long by 40 broad, together with the two houses adjoining to the east and the Shakespeare Building at the N.W. corner of 6th & Chestnut Streets, and the range of Buildings adjoining to the north extending to Carpenter Street. I never saw a more perfect destruction of buildings. The whole of the walls fell in burying the ruins, William H. Healey, Esq., two colored men, besides other persons.

The night was bitter cold, the coldest we have had for some years, so that the plugs were frozen which occasioned considerable delay before water could be thrown upon the fire. The Chestnut Street Theater, Court house, State House, &c. were on fire at different times, but the flames were arrested without doing much damage.

28 December 1851. Rained nearly all day covering the pavements with sleet in the morning. I did not go out of the house today.

30 December 1851. At the Office of Recorder of Deeds during the morning making an examination of title, afternoon at the office until about 5 1/4 p.m. when I started to go home, but just as I was on the eve of going a fire broke out in Barnum's Museum, in Swains Building at the S.E. corner of Delaware 7th and Chestnut Streets, which destroyed the whole building. The walls all fell, and the East one, in its descent, crushed the West wing of J. Francis Fisher's house on Chestnut Street. The fire originated in the room fitted up for a theater in the upper part of the building. It is supposed to have started from some fireworks used during the afternoon performance. It was a beautiful and grand sight, the whole building was completely demolished in about two hours, scarcely anything being saved. This, with the fire at 6th and Chestnut Streets, makes this locality quite desolate. The buildings opposite were much scorched, and were several times on fire.

Evening at home we having a family meeting composed fof Mr. & Mrs. E.I. Roberts, Percival, Lizzy and Fanny Roberts, Mr. & Mrs. Edward Roberts & Lehman, Edward, Mary and Clara (19) Roberts, Mr. & Mrs. N.T. Clapp, Mr. & Mrs. H. Nelson Burroughs, Mr. & Mrs. L.A. Mitchell and Sam and Caroline Mitchell, Mr. & Mrs. William C. Boker & daughter Amanda, Mr. & Mrs. Ware. They all appeared to enjoy themselves and left at about 12.


Notes:

(1) Elizabeth Cuthbert Roberts (b. 1832), daughter of Algernon Sydney Roberts and Elizabeth Cuthbert.

(2) Sarah Upjohn Borden, widow of the Reverend Joseph Zesline, who became Colonel Samuel Borden's second wife and widow, was the sister of Catherine Dudly Upjohn, wife of Samuel Borden,Jr.

(3) General Samuel Borden (1781-1834), captain in the War of 1812. LEW.

(4) Henry Erwin died 6 June 1845 in Burlington, NJ and was buried at the First Presbyterian Church, 10th and Market Streets, Wilmington on 12 June. In 1917 the church building was moved to Park Drive and West Street by the Colonial Dames of Delaware and is now their meeting place. The grave stones and remains were re-interred in the Wilmington/Brandywine Cemetery, 701 Delaware Avenue, Wilmington.

(5) Assembly Building, corner of 10th and Chestnut Streets, opened 1839, burned March 18, 1851 and reopened 1851. Scarf and Westcott, p. 979.

(6) Olive Cemetery, Philadelphia's second rural cemetery, was founded in February 1849 at 46th Street and Girard Avenue in West Philadelphia. The eight acre cemetery was closed in 1926 and the Blankenberg Elementary School was built on its site. Philadelphia Grave Yards and Cemeteries, by Thomas H. Keels, p 85 The Olive Cemetery served as a critical scene in the 1995 novel The Price of a Child, by Lorene Cary.

(7) Ida Warner Erwin (1851-1919), married Joseph Ingersoll Doran (1844-1919) December 12, 1876. LWH.

(8) Gainor Roberts (1791-1868), daughter of Algernon Roberts and Tacy Warner Roberts, J. Warner Erwin's unmarried great aunt.

(9) Probably James Upjohn Borden, the son of General Samuel Borden and his second wife Sarah Upjohn Zesline, widow of the Reverend Joseph Zesline and the daughter of James and Sarah and Upjohn.

(10) Joseph Warner Erwin was born on September 12, 1824. This was his 27th birthday.

(11) Bloomers: A costume introduced for women about 1850 consisting of a short skirt and long

loose trousers gathered closely around the ankles and usually worn with a coat or broad brimmed hat. Webster's Third International Dictionary.

Bloomer, Amelia (nŽe Jenks) 1881-1894. American pioneer in social reform; b. Homer, NY; m.(1840) Dexter C. Bloomer. Wrote articles on education, just marriage laws, women's suffrage. Became notorious as an advocate of dress reform for women; in lecture work, wore proposed new woman's costume, full trousers which came to be called "bloomers." Webster's Biographical Dictionary

(12) Stephen Girard (1750-1831), banker and business man and philanthropist bequeathed funds used to build "Girard College" for "poor, white, male orphans" to be trained in the arts and the trades. Webster's Biographical Dictionary

(13) The Honorable William Jessup (1797-1868), of Montrose, Pennsylvania. President Judge of the 11th judicial district of Pennsylvania, from 1838 to 1851. He was a stanch Whig and took a prominent part in the organization of the Republican Party. Portrait and Biographical Record of Lackawanna County PA. Champman Publishing Co., New York 1897, pp. 971-973.

(14) The Reverend John Dorrance, was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Wilkes-Barre from 1833 to 1861. Pennsylvania, A History by George P. Donehoo, Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York, 1926.

(15) Mantua: a loose fitting gown worn especially in the 17th and 18th centuries.

(16) Lajos Kossuth (1802-1894) Hungarian patriot, self exile in Turkey (1849-1851), traveled in

the United States 1851-1852. Webster's Biographical Dictionary

(17) Portmonnaie or portmonnaye, French for change purse, a word often used in the 19th century. FJD.

(18) On December 27, 1851 firemen fought against cold and a driving rain that froze almost all the fire plugs, to bring under control a fire that destroyed publisher and book seller Abraham Hart's building on the northeast corner of 6th and Chestnut Streets and the Shakespeare Building opposite it on the northwest side of 6th. These ruins were still smoldering three days latter when Barnum's Museum on the southeast corner of 7th and Chestnut Streets went up in flames. Philadelphia, A 300 Year History, Russell F. Weigley editor, W.W. Norton & Company, New York, 1982. p. 348. See also Scarf and Westcott, pp. 703-704.

(19) Clara Roberts (1839-1899), daughter of Edward Roberts and Mary Elizabeth Redford Roberts who married Count Godfery William Peter Anthony Galli in 1877, an Italian. JWJ, p. 458.