Frederick DeBourg Richards (1822-1903) appears to have been directed by antiquarians Charles A. Poulson, and John F. Watson to document old buildings in Philadelphia in some 120 photographs taken during the years just before the Civil War. Further information may be found in Laurie A. Baty, "'Proud of the Result of My Labor,' Frederick DeBourg Richards (1822-1903)," Daguerreian Annual, 1995.
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The format of the list is as follows:
[286 S.8th St.]
"West side of Eighth Street, North of Sansom Street- (A Primitive Building.) By Richards May 1857---Demolished May 1858"
[5th St., bet. Market and Minor Sts., W. side]
"Pepper's Brewery. And dwelling house the latter on Northwest corner of Fifth and Minor Street; with a view in perspective of the houses on the west side of Fifth Street to the corner of Market Street- also part of the house on N.W. corner of Market and Fifth Street."
[320 Chestnut St.]
"May 1859, Carpenter's Court and Hall (in perspective). Chestnut St., bet. Third and Fourth Street"
John Clayton Monument at Dover
"Marble Monument to Mr. John Clayton at Dover Del. Executed by J. Struthers and Son, Philadelphia"
[S.E. cor. 5th and Arch Sts.]
"The Hole in the Wall, of Christ Church burial ground; on the Southeast corner of Arch and Fifth Street; opened for the purpose of exhibiting the tomb of Benjamin and Deborah Franklin, which is immediately in front - nearest to the surface of the ground on Arch Street."
Associate Presbyterian Church
[Walnut St. above 4th St.]
"Associate Presbyterian Church, Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Built A.D. 1750. Taken down A.D. 1854."
Note: 3 copies.
(5) 2526.F.130; (4) 1322.F.35d; (4) 1322.F.34b
Holy Trinity Church
[6th and Spruce Sts.]
"1858-73 Holy Trinity (Romish) Church. North-west corner of Spruce and Spring St."
Old Swede's Church
[929 S. Water St.]
"Southwark from the So. West."
Old St. Michael's Church (German
[S.E. cor. Fifth and Cherry Sts.]
"On the Southeast corner of Fifth and Cherry St. The grounds bounded on the south by Appletree Alley."
St. Paul's Church
[3rd St. bel. Walnut St.]
"East Side of Third Street, opposite Willing's Alley."
St. Stephen's Church. (Episcopal)
[10th St. ab. Chestnut St.]
"Dr. Ducachett, Rector. Tenth St. East Side corner of College avenue. The broken gorund in the foreground is the remains at the time the picture was taken of the old wooden houses now removing to give place to a new market-house. See next picture-"
St. Thomas' (African) Church
[S.W. cor. 5th and Adelphi Sts.]
"Southwest corner of Fifth and Adelphi street. (Episcopal)."
Sansom Baptist Church
[S.E. cor. 9th and Chestnut Sts.]
"Samson So. Side E. of Ninth street, as viewed from the Nortwest, across the foundation walls of the New Hotel on the S.E. corner of Chestnut and Ninth Street."
The Second Presbyterian Church
[412 Pine St.]
May 5, 1859
"And the burial grounds belonging to it, and that of the first presbyterian church. On the South-west corner of Pine and Fourth street; As recently altered and improved."
[N.E. cor. 10th and Locust Sts.]
"Northeast corner of Tenth and Locust Street."
Construction of Marell's
[611 Jayne St.]
Note: Not annotated by Richards but handwritten on mount: "Decatur [Street] from Jones Hotel [Marell's 611 Jayne St.]"
[N.W. cor. 6th and Carpenter Sts.]
"North-west corner of Carpenter and Sixth street, north of Chestnut Street. Gray's building is partially seen on the right of the picture: - Where the "sign" is now, was, in my remembrance a picture - full-length - of Sir John Falstaff, as represented in the Chestnut street Theatre by William Warren, the Manager."
Note: Newspaper Clipping lower left dated [March 26_59.] reads: "On the south side of Walnut street, below Fifth, the old mansion, at one time one of the most fashionable boarding houses in the city, and lately used for offices, has been torn down, and a fine new building, with ornamental front, is now being erected on the site. Next week, Messrs. Bayard Robinson and John Craig will commence the erection, on Franklin street, east side, below Master, of eight three story dwellings, with three story back buildings and side yards, each lot having a front of 23 feet, the buildings to be of 18 feet front. These houses will cost $6000 each. On the opposite side of the street is a row, nearly similar, except they have no side yards."
See also Historical Society of Pennsylvania Evans Bb 862 Ev 15 #186.
Academy of Germantown
"Mr Watson writes - 'Up School [house] lane. It was built before the war and has some history-' 'See Annals.'"
The Bank of Germantown
"Of this building Mr. Watson, the Annalist thus writes:_[M S]_ 'It was the residence of Clarkson (city Mayor) now altered on the bank end. It was the office of Thomas Jefferson, then Secretary of State, and Randolph, attorney Genl. (both in the fever of 1793). It was still later the residence of John J. Watson [the annalist] while cashier; and there, in the front second story chamber, (North end) he wrote out in one summer his annals of Philadelphia: rising at four [o'clock] and ending at eight [o'clock], A.M.'"
Michael Bilmeyer's House
"And printing office-his bookstore in portion of the house nearest the eye-it was the next "place" above Chew's place. Mr. Watson writes_ 'It is a good one [to be photographed]. At its south end Genl. Washington stopped on horseback during the battle of Germantown. The house is on the Main Street.'"
[5938 Germantown Ave]
"Of this house Mr. Watson writes - 'The house of Engle's, a tanner, next north of the Town Hall; It marks a very superior house as the erection of one hundred years ago. It has no history.' On the Main Street of Germantown. Built 1758."
The House and Farm of Godfrey
"...on the corner of Limekiln Road and Church Lane."
John George Knorr's house
[6100 Germantown Ave.]
May 5, 1859
"This house, (the central in the picture) was built by the grandfather of my maternal grandfather - he occupied it many years - then by his son J.G.K., the 2nd - then by my grandfather John Knorr - then by Michael Keyser, who married my great aunt, up to the time of their death when it was sold by the heirs and has since been variously occupied. The original founder of this house emigrated to this country July 20, 1706. It is nearly oppposite Dr. With's old house - now 'Congress Hall boarding house,' and, Mr. Watson informs me, 'the first of three stories [in height] in Germantown.' [See page 77-]."
"'It is picturesque,' writes Mr. Watson; 'it existed in the time of the Revolution, and was then, and afterward, the prominent tavern for visits of city gentlemen. It is now owned by George W. Carpenter and has no history.' - On the Main Street, this side of 'Congress Hall' - Germantown."
[6121 Germantown Ave.]
"Of this Mr. Watson writes - 'A stone church and a graveyard, near Congress Hall [above on the same side of the street] but I mean to say nothing of church. From the wall of the ground they shot Genl. Agnew [during the revolutionary battle of Germantown]. If that place should be taken [photographed] include the adjoining house of Samuel Keyser, because it is very old - and shows itself [see picture] elevated one whole story above the road in front - and on that very hill was the chief fight in the war - (See annals)."'
"'To go back the Church Lane,' writes Mr. Watson, 'there is Robert's mill and dam, holding the place, and probably much of the original of the first mill if Philadelphia county.' [See picture and note of Godfrey's House on pg. 89.]"
Note: Information on underside taped to mount. Can't access.
The Rock House
"'So called,' writes Mr. Watson, 'because it rests on an exposed rock (large) - situated at the junction of Shoemaker's Street ['lane' in old times], and the railroad. It has no particular history but it is picturesque and ancient.'"
"And printing office. Mr. Watson, in his letter writes:- "The house of Sower the Printer, and earliest Bible publisher in our country, and also of an early German newspaper - See facts in annals. - The house stands vis a vis Indian Queen Street, near Wister's.' My grandfather Zachariah Poulson, the 1st was a pupil of Christopher Sower, and here taught 'the art and mystery of Printing.' See p. 80."
Old Washington Tavern
"At the corner of Washington Lane and the main street - Germantown."
Residence of Genl. Washington
"This house, writes, Mr. Watson, was once the residence of Genl. Washington, and before him, Genl. Howe and the prince youth, afterwards King William [IV of England], now Samuel B. Morris' residence [lately deceased]; It was the best house in the place, [Germantown]."
"This house is situated on Price St. was built by, and now occupied by the venerable and respected and esteemed John J. Watson, in Germantown. Of it, he thus writes, 'if sufficiently curious - is the house of J.J.W. the annalist, being the first built house in Price Street, now occupied some twelve years. There was about the centre of an old apple orchard of the Revolution, where there was much fighting, and many were killed and wounded.' Mr. Watson will be eighty years old in June 1859."
C.G. Henderson and Co.
[528 Arch St.]
"Northwest corner of Fifth and Arch Street. (A primitive house)."
Note: Also known as "Henderson H.H. & Co." (2) 2526.F.33
[615-625 Chestnut St.]
"North side of Chestnut Street, west of Sixth Street - on the lot of ground formerly occupied by Chf. Justice Tilghmann's mansion house - Photograph by Richards. - Jany 1858"
(3) 2526.F.39 D.105
Girard House Hotel
[823-827 Chestnut St.]
"Northeast corner of Chestnut and 9th Street. As viewed from the Southwest across the foundation walls of the new hotel on the S.E. corner of Chestnut and Ninth Street."
Yohe's, late Jones' Hotel
[618 Chestnut St.]
"On the South Side of Chestnut Street, next to the Clymer mansion (afterwards Geo. Harrison's residence) between Sixth and Seventh St. The site, in the Olden tiems, of the celebrated 'Oeller's Hotel."
Academy of Natural Sciences
[N.W. cor. Broad and Sansom St.]
"(undergoing 'raising') And the 'La Pierre House' Hotel; with the private dwelling house at the S.W. corner of Broad and Chestnut Street."
[242 Chestnut St.]
"Chestnut, between 2nd and 3rd."
(6) 1322.F 75b
[N.E. 5th and Library Sts.]
1322.F (Vol. 6) 10e
[N.E. cor. 5th and Library Sts.]
"On the corner of Fifth and Library Street."
[500 Chestnut St.]
February 22, 1861
"Lincoln at [the Independence Hall.]" (3) 1322.F.76
[S.E. Second and Little Dock Sts.]
"Corner S.E. - little Dock and Second Street."
Free Quaker's Meeting House
[S.W. cor. Fifth and Arch Sts.]
"On the Southwest corner of Arch and Fifth Street. Benjamin Tucker's schools, for many years, were kept in upper portion of this building."
Friends' Pine Street Meeting and School House
[S.E. cor. Second and Pine Sts.]
"On the South side of Pine Street, East of Second Street. The gable end of the large double house S.E. corner of Pine and Second Street in this perspective. In olden times this, last named house, was the residence of the Marquis de Casa de Gjujo, ambassador from Spain. He was present at the installation of John Adams as the president of the U.S. - in full costume - he married a daughter of Gov. Thomas McKean. [See my MS copy of 'Lang Syne Papers' Art 'Washington' vol. II, pg. 27."
[125 S.5th St.]
"On the Southeast Corner of Fifth and Library Street."
[54th St. and Lindbergh Boulevard]
[2xx Pine St., S. side]
"Rev. Dr. Blackwell's house and residence until his decease, on the South Side of Pine street, between Second and Third streets. . .in the picture opposite the public street-lamp. Gov. John Penn's residence where he deceased, (in the picture), next-East of Dr. Blckwell's. Both houses are still standing, in excellent repair and condition, this day July 11th 1864. Govenor Penn was the grandson of the founder, William Penn."
[900 Chestnut St.]
"Mansion of Joseph Sims, Esq. On Southwest corner of Chestnut and Ninth street-the grounds extending to George, now Sansom street, on which latter it has a frontage, with stables, equal to that on Chestnut Street. After the failure in business of Mr. Sims, it was occupied for many years, until his decease, by Mr. Sims' son-in-law, and family, Edward P. Burd, Esq. Mrs. Burd, his widow, still resides there."
Cliveden- Chew's house
[6401 Germantown Ave.]
Residence of Wm. Crammond
[S.W. cor. Third and Spruce Sts.]
"S.W. corner of Third and Spruce streets."
Graff- Jefferson house
[S.W. cor. Seventh and Market Sts.]
"S.W. corner of Market and Seventh streets."
Notes: 2 copies
Henry Hill-Physic house
[321 S. 4th St.]
"North-east corner of Fourth and Union street."
The Old Hurst Mansion
[N.E. cor. 5th and South Sts.]
"'Standing Back,' facing the west, on the Northeast corner of Fifth and South street."
[S.W. cor. 10th and Chestnut Sts.]
c. March 1860
"S.W. 10th and Chestnut"
[311 Chestnut St.]
"Chestnut street, west of Fourth stree, North side. Late 'Parkinson's Restaurant, confectionary, garden.'"
Residence of John McAllister, Jr., country
[716 Erie St.]
"John Mcallister Jr to C.A. Poulson. March 29, 1860: 'I have lately had photographic views taken by Mr. Richards of my Father's old residence on the [Front] St. Road, and of my own residence on Penn Square...'"
Note: 2 copies. House built 1799.
(6) 1322.F.173a; (6) 1322.F.30
Residence of John McAllister, Jr., city
[14 Merrick St.]
"John Mcallister Jr to C.A. Poulson. March 29, 1860: 'I have lately had photographic views taken by Mr. Richards of my Father's old residence on the [Front] St. Road, and of my own residence on Penn Square..."
The Pennington Mansion
[1117 Race St.]
"On the Northwest corner of Race and Crown street."
[426 Walnut St.]
"Second place of residence of Phillipe. After residing at the housee of the partners of the firm Cunningham & Nesbitt on Front below Walnut st., two or three weeks he boarded in the above pictured house; on the arrival of his brothers from France, he with them commenced house-keeping the building, still standing, at the N.W. corner of Fourth and Prune street. The Western portion of Rev. Mr. Marshall's Presbyterian church (old, but renovatedm enlarged, lately) is on the left of the picture and a front view (in the sky) of the spire of St. Peter's church, on Pine and Third street."
Notes: 2 copies
(3) 2526.F.95; (6) 1322.F.35c
[N.W. cor. 7th and Arch Sts.]
"Northwest corner of Arch and Seventh street. Sometimes called 'Fort Rittenhouse'"
Joseph Sims' old mansion
[1xx 3rd St., w. side]
"Next south of St. Peter's church ground on the West side of Third Street near Lombard St. (Part of the church, and Pine St. houses in the view.)"
[N.W. cor. 4th and Prune Sts.]
"House N.W. corner of Prune and Fourth street."
[327 Monroe St.?]
"Corner S.W. Willings Alley and Third street, from the Northeast."
Ruins of Museum Building
[1xx S.9th St.]
"9th below Chestnut st."
(5) 2526.F.13b D.158
German Lutheran School House
[4xx Cherry St.]
"Next to the N.E. corner of Cherry and Fourth St., on Cherry st. There was originally a front-door, where the central window now appears in the first story, with high steps, a platform and porch."
Hand-written note on copy 1: "I went to school in that building, 1820. J.J. Weer."
Notes: 2 copies.
P.9260.461; (3) 2526.F.91
Old First High School house
[xx S. Juniper St.]
"Juniper Street, Penn Square."
Notes: 2 copies.
(5) 2526.F.96; (6) 1322.F.115c
Friends' School House
[1xx S. 4th St.]
"4th St., south of Chestnut."
William Penn's mansion
[S.E. cor. 2nd St. and Novu's Alley]
"Or the 'Slate-Roof house' S.E. corner of Novu's(?) Alley and second street."
Note: Accompanied by newspaper article, from April 23, 1864. (2) 2526.F.31
[500 Chestnut St.]
[1425-40 Chestnut St.]
Note: 2 copies. Attached newspaper article about the establishment of a mint.
(5) 2526.F.63; (7) 1322.F.31d
Old London Coffee House
[100 Market St.]
"S.W. Corner Front & Market St."
[6th and Cherry Sts.]
"Corner of 6th and Cherry streets"
The Ellis House
[2xx S.8th St.]
"On 8th below Walnut, East side"
Goodwin House, by Latrobe
[S.W. cor. 9th and Market Sts.]
"West Side of Ninth Street from the Southwest corner of Markt and Ninth street, southerly to Chestnut street. Including a view of the buildings of the University of Pennsylvania (part of the house on the S.E. crner of Market and Ninth St. on your left-hand)."
Old Wooden houses
[10th St., bet. Marble and Chestnut Sts., w. side]
"Extending southwardly from the corner of Marble street, on the west side of Tenth st., to Miss Sally Keene's, late May. Lenarch's property and residence, built by 'Col' Peter L. Berry-N.W. corner of Chestnut and Tenth st."
(3) 2526.F.51 D.57
Chestnut St. Theater
[199 Chestnut St. (before 1857)] May 1854.
(7) 1322.F.71c; (9) 1322.F.61b
Aaron Wolff's Old Wine Store
[701 Chestnut St.]
"On the Nothwest corner of Chestnut and Seventh street."
Note: 2 copies. Multiple newspaper articles attached to second copy.
(6) 1322.F.113f; (3) 2526.F.70
Jersey Market Terminus
[Front and Market Sts.]
"Front & Market street."
Note: 2 copies; one is oversized. (6) 1322.F.86; (5) 2526.F.27 1/2
239 Arch St.
"Old houses, on the North side of Arch Street, between Second and Third Streets. No. 89 (Mund Tailor) in 'Betsy Ross House'."
3xx Arch St., n. side
"Old Houses, on the North side of Arch Street, West of Third and of the New Hotel."
McAllister & Co.
[48 Chestnut St.]
Dec. 1, 1854 "McAllister & Co. 48 Chestnut St. Proprietors on sidewalk facing camera; women at Second floor windows. South side of Chestnut Street, West from Second Street."
[310 Chestnut St.]
"The Poulson Mansion. Lately No. 106 Chestnut Street. Now No. 310."
203-205 Chestnut St.
"Southwest corner of Chestnut and Second street. McMackim Tailor; Maas Printing. McAllister; etc. Richards & Botts. Photographers. 179 Chestnut St."
10xx Chestnut St.
"Chestnut St. bet. 10 & 11."
915-919 Chestnut St.
"Chestnut along 9th St."
McAllister & Co.
[48 Chestnut St.]
"McAllister & Co. 48 Chestnut St. South side of Chestnut St., West of Second St."
Broadbent & Co.
[425-429 Chestnut St.]
Note: 2 copies.
1859_5; (6) 1322.F.69b
[539 Chestnut St.]
"Hart's Building. North side of Chestnut, East from 6th."
Fred Brown's Store.
[441 Chestnut St.]
"Fred Brown's old store. N.E. corner of Fifth and Chestnut Sts. See page 29. Photographed by Richards & Botts. July 1854."
McAllister & Co.
[48 Chestnut St.]
Dec. 12 1854.
"McAllister & Co. 48 Chestnut Street. Commercial properties. South side of Chestnut St., West from Second St."
The Fisher House
[226 S. Front St.]
"The Fisher House. Formerly No. 110, now No. 226 South Front Street. The residence of Samuel R. Fisher, where he deceased. His son (only) Thomas then occupied the house where he died, on Tuesday morning, February 12th 1856. The house is remarkable from the 'pent' roof over the front door, where the second or upper door appears in the picture there was a window similar to that remaining. S.R.F.'s counting house and storehouses were in the rear of this on Dock Street. The houses northerly in view to the N.W. corner of Front and Granite Street. No. 27 (old) Dock St."
408 Library St.
"Library St. South side, between Goldsmith's Hall and Fourth St."
747-753 Market St.
"May 1859. Photograph by Richards."
Edward Pennington's countinghouse
[409 Race St.]
"Edward Pennington's countinghouse. On the Northeast corner of Race and Crown Street, his sugar factory was in the rear, facing Crown Street; the building in view is an extensive enlargement of the old 'Sugar house'.
4xx Spruce St.
"Spruce between 4th & 5th South side looking West. Photograph by Richards. June 1859."
87-91 Chestnut St.
"No. '1' Residence of Rt. Rev. Dr. William White, Bishop of Pennsylvania, No. 2 Residence of Chas. Chauncey, Esq. No. 3 his law office, these houses on Walnut Street. NO. 3 being next , but one to the N.W. corner of that and Third Street. Photograph by Richards. June 1859."
Bullock's old Mansion
[32 N. 3rd St.]
"Bullock's old Mansion. 3rd, North of Market."
Fourth & Union St.
[4th St., bet. Union and Pine Sts., E. side]
"Old Houses, from the Southeast corner of Fourth and Union street, to the Northeast corner of Pine and Fourth street."
[S.W. cor. 4th and Prune Sts.]
"House S.W. corner of Prune and Fourth Street & house built and occupied by Joseph P. Norris, jr., and also St. Mary's church, the part of a house on the right of the picture, is that occupied by Louis Phillipe, of France, see next page. The first house here pictured, was originally occupied by Dr. Shippen , afterwards by Dr. C. Wister; there was then a two-storied brick office, on the south of it, on Fourth Street, which gave place to the present mansion, now occupied by John Cadwalader. J.B. Tyson now lives in the 'Wister house'. April 4th 1858."
Fourth St. opposite Union St.
[80 S. 4th St.]
"Old houses, West side of Fourth St. opposite Union St., and the 'Hill mansion', for a picture of which see page 62. Frederick Dreer's old residence, old No. 152 S. 4th St., moved there 1814. House with 4 windows. Between Pine and Spruce."
S.E. cor. 5th and Spruce Sts.
"Old House, on the Southeast corner of Fifth and Spruce street."
[23 S. 5th St.]
"Old houses, on the East of Fifth street, with entrance to a 'court' to Fred Brown's iron buildings N.E. corner of Chestnut and Fifth sts."
Notes: Written at the bottom of the photograph were "Thomas Sully's Residence" and "Blakes Music Store".
Sully's residence in distance.
[23-27 S. 5th St.]
"The 'Blackbear' tavern ; Girard estate offices; the residence of Thomas Sully, and his studio, and the music store of George E. Blake; up to Fred Brown's iron building and apothecary shop at the N.E. corner of Fifth and Chestnut St.; and the East side of Fifth St. continued, below (S. of Chestnut in the perspective.) The original Black bear tavern was on south side of Market east of Fifth Street. The stables are on the same lot that fronted Market Street."