PATTERNS OF WEALTH AND CLASS In Philadelphia: 1846 and 1865

WORKING CLASS

With the advent of the coal powered steam engine combined with the formation of railroads, roads and canals, Philadelphia, by the mid-nineteenth century, observed the formation of factories no longer dependent on geographical water-power. By navigating through the City Directories, the term “ labourer” although vague, is likely representative of the many unskilled workers that occupied the various centers of manufacture that sprung up in the mist of Philadelphia’s industrial revolution. Kensington, as indicated in the findings, bears a density of laborers as does the area of the Northern Liberties just northeast of the city center. Residential patterns shown provide clear evidence that the working-class lived where they work, just on the fringes of the city.

1846

1865

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