As a military figure, Joan is an obvious focus of devotion during warfare, and World War I created a vast outpouring of images and stories. The French were not her only devotees; the English and American governments used her to advertise war savings bonds. The female figure was designed to serve as an inspiration to men and an example to women.
Joan was also featured in literature and music that addressed the issues of WW I; Joan of Arc,They are Calling You was printed and re-printed . In Van Dyke's short story,"The Broken Soldier and the Maid of France", she appears to a French soldier who has lost his courage and enables him to return to the front. The original illustrations for this story were painted by Frank Schoonover, a student of Howard Pyle's at Drexel University and, like Pyle, an illustrator who established the visual tastes of the American reading public.
The French regularly invoked Joan's aid in the war effort. The Germans bombed Reims Cathedral, the traditional site of the coronation of French kings, in September 1914, and the offense promptly became an essential part of the visual vocabulary of anti-German propaganda. In these postcards Joan comes to the defense of her country. Kaiser Wilhelm is chained in one image, in the other he faces a torrent of abuse; in both he is described as King of the Vandals.
The brief poem Hommage a Jeanne-d'Arc offers thanks to Joan - called a saint though she had not yet been canonized - on the occasion of the signing of the Peace. The little flier was preserved in a folder (below) decorated by hand with a collage made entirely of shapes cut from French postage stamps, and signed by Hélène Dinel. The figure is based on Ingres' painting of Joan at the coronation of Charles VII.