Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections

illumination from Gordan MS 51

Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

Gordan MS 4 Italy, s. XVin

Marcus Tullius Cicero / Cato maior seu de senectute, De amicitia, De paradoxa, De officiis, etc.

1. ff. 1r-15v [Title in another hand:] Cato Maior seu de Senectute ad F. Pomponium Atticum. Inc.: O Tite siquid ego adiuto curam ue leuasso. Quae nunc te coquit et uersatur in pectore fixa et qua deprimeris en quid erit premii.

Expl.: Habui haec de senectute quae dicerem vobis ad quam utinam perueniatis ut ea quae ex me audistis re experti probare possitis. Explicit feliciter.

Cicero, Cato Maior De Senectute; J. G. F. Powell, ed. (Cambridge, 1988).

2. ff. 16r-31v [Title:] m. tullii ciceronis de amicitia liber incipit feliciter ad athicum..

Inc.: Quintus Mutius augur scevola multa narrare de g. lelio socero suo memoriter et iocunde solebat. Nec dubitare illum in omni sermone appellare sapientem.

Expl.: Haec habui de amicitia quae dicerem vos autem hortor ut ita uirtutem locetis sine qua amicitia esse non potest ut ea excepta nihil amicitia praestabilius putetis. M. tullii ciceronis de amicitia ad Titum athicum explicit feliciter.

Cicero, De Amicitia; K. Simbeck, ed. (Leipzig, 1917) fasc. 47, 46c-86c.

3. ff. 32r-40r [Title in another hand:] Paradoxa ad M. Brutum. Inc.: Animaduerti Brute saepe catonem auunculum tuum cum in senatu sententiam dicerat locos graues et phylosophia tractare abhorrentes ab hoc usu forensi et publico.

Expl.: . . . nec eorum quisquam adhuc inuentus est cui quod haberet esset satis non modo non copiosi ac diuites sed etiam pauperes atque inopes extimandi sunt. Explicit. f. 40v ruled but blank.

Cicero, Paradoxa Stoicorum; C. F. W. Muller, ed. (Leipzig, 1878) 197-213.

4. ff. 41r-45r [Title in upper margin in another hand:] Oratio Tullii pro M. Marcello

Inc.: Diuturni silentii patres conscripti quo eram his temporibus usus non timore aliquo sed partim dolore partim uerecundia finem hodiernus dies attulit. . .

Expl.: Itaque G. Cesar, sic tibi gratias ago ut me omnibus rebus a te non conseruato solum sed etiam ornato tamen ad tua in me innumerablia merita quod fieri iam posse non arbitrabar magnus hoc tuo facto cumulus accesserit.

Cicero, Pro Marcello; A. Klotz, ed. (Leipzig, 1918) v. 8, 69-81.

5. ff. 45r-50v [Title:] Pro Q. Ligario Inc.: Nouum crimen G. Cesar et ante hunc diem in auditum propinquus meus ad te Q. tubero detulit. Quintum Ligarium in africa fuisse idque G. Pansa prestanti uir ingenio. . .

Expl.: Qua re cum utilius esse arbitror te ipsum quam aut me aut quemquam loqui tecum. Finem iam faciam tamen tantum te ipsum admonebo. Si illi absenti salutem dederis presentibus his omnibus te daturum.

Cicero, Pro Q. Ligario; A. Klotz, ed. (Leipzig, 1918) v. 8, 84-100.

6. ff. 50v-56r [Title:] Pro Rege deiotaro Inc.: Cum in omnibus causis grauioribus G. Cesar initio dicendi commoueri soleam uehementius quam uidetur uel usus uel etas mea postulare.

Expl.: . . .aut cum summo dedecore miserrimam pestem importaturam esse regibus aut incolumem famam cum salute quorum alterum optare eorum crudelitatis est alterum conseruare clementie.

Cicero, Pro Rege Deiotaro; A. Klotz, ed. (Leipzig, 1918) v. 8, 101-119.

7. ff. 56v-57v [Title:] Inuectiua Salustii in Ciceronem Inc.: Grauiter et iniquo animo maledicta tua ferrem Marce Tulli. Si te scirem iudicio magis quam morbo animi ista tua petulantia uti.

Expl.: Vatinii causam agis, de Sextio male existimas, his maledicis, illos odisti, levissime transfuga neque in hac neque in illa parte fidem habens.

Pseudo-Sallust, Sallustii in Ciceronem et Invicem Invectivae; A. Kurfess, ed. (Leipzig, 1918) 1-8.

8. ff. 57v-60r [Title:] Responsio Ciceronis in Salustium Inc.: Ea demum magna uoluptas est C. Salusti, equalem ac parem uerbis uitam agere neque quicquam tam obscenum dicere. . .

Expl.: Michi quidem ratio habenda est, non quia Salustius merito debeat audire. Sed ut ea dicam si qua ego honeste affari possum. f. 60v ruled but blank.

Pseudo-Cicero, Sallustii in Ciceronem et Invicem Invectivae; A. Kurfess, ed. (Leipzig, 1918) 9-21.

9. ff. 61r-120r [Title added in a later hand:] De Officiis ad M. filium. l. 3. L. 1 Inc.: Quamquam te marce filii annum iam audientem cratippum idque athenis habundare oporteat preceptis institutisque philosophie propter summam et doctoris auctoritatem. . .

Expl.: Vale igitur mi cicero tibique persuade esse te quidem michi carissimum sed multo fore cariorem si talibus mommentis [sic] preceptisque letabere. Explicit [in a later hand]. f. 120v ruled but blank.

Cicero, De Officiis; C. Atzert, ed. (Leipzig, 1963) fasc. 8, 1-123.

Parchment, ff. i + 120 + i (paper), 272 x 182 (196 x 109) mm., contemporary foliation, ff. 1-110: 30 long lines; ff. 111-120: 24 long lines; all with double vertical and single horizontal bounding lines full length (Derolez 13.33). ff. 1-40 ruled in red ink; ff. 41-120 ruled in hardpoint. Prickings in margins in quires VI-X.

I-XII10. Horizontal catchwords in center of lower margin (Derolez 12.1).

Written by multiple scribes in humanistic bookhands of varying quality. Greek added to article 3 in a neatly executed Renaissance Greek miniscule book hand. Marginalia in several hands.

Folios 85v and 99v have 3-line gold initials on a bright-red and olive-green rectangular ground with parchment and ink vinestems; on f. 99v the initial extends along inner margin another 3 lines. On ff. 61v and 63r similar initials are bright yellow rather than gold, extentions on f. 63r similar to those on f. 99v. Many other 3- and 2-line initials alternating red and blue throughout entire text. Title on f. 99v in red.

Binding: Original oak boards covered in badly-worn, tooled black leather; with four brass bosses front and back, one missing on front, three on back; two leather straps with brass clasps, large brass flower catches; title written in ink on parchment under a partly missing brass frame on back board. Spine rebound calf, stamped in gold: CICERO’S/ CATO/ MAJOR/ &C.; on paper panel at bottom: “ms # 4”.

Written in Italy in the early 15th century. According to one of the two catalogue notes attached to inside front cover a fifteenth-century ownership note on the verso of f. 120, now scratched out, once read: “Iste liber est congregationis Sanctae Justinae Ordinis Sancti Benedicti.” Typed excerpt from letter attatched to f. i claims book was examined by the “Curator of the Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge.” Table of contents written in later hands on inside front cover and on f. i recto. Guglielmo Libri sale (London, 28 Mar. 1859, n. 242) to Sir T. Phillipps (n. 16285 on inside cover and f. i verso); his sale (London, 1895, n.175) to Maggs; sale by Sotheby (London, 25 July 1899, n. 1087) to Maggs; sold by G. Martini to Edward Duff Balken, Pittsburgh (bookplate with engraved date 1902); Maggs, Cat. 542 (1930) n. 122, facs. Purchased by Howard L. Goodhart, and left by him to Phyllis Goodhart Gordan (bookplate) and John Dozier Gordan, Jr.

secundo folio: si quod

Bibliography: De Ricci, p. 1676, no. 4.

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Last Update: April 19, 2004