Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections

illumination from Gordan MS 51

Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

Gordan MS 43 [Melk?, Austria], s. XVin

Saint Augustine / Contra medacium, contra felicianum, etc.

1. f. 1r Contenta in hoc volumine liber sancti Augustini contra mendacium/ Idem contra Felicianum/ Gentilis super apokalipscropus [sic] subtile. . .

Table of contents for MS 43.

2. f. 1r. [Title:] Augustinus in libro retractationum. 86 cci Inc.: Tunc et contra mendacium scripsi librum cuius operis ea cause extitit.

Expl.: quod ego fieri prohibens hunc librum condidi.

Augustine, Retractiones II, LX; A. Mutzenbecher, ed., C C ser. lat. 57 (Turnhout, Belgium, 1984) 138.

3. ff. 1v-11v Incipit liber beati Augustini contra mendacium. Inc.: Multa michi legenda misisti consenti frater carissime. multa michi legenda misisti.

Expl.: secundum ea quae tam multa in hoc volumine disputauimus. ut vix ad eius terminum quem loco isto fiximus veniremus.

Augustine, Contra Mendacium ad Consentium; PL 40.517-543.

4. ff. 11v-18r Augustinus contra Felicianum. Inc.: Extorsisti michi dilectissime fili ut de vnitate trinitatis que semper perfectus deus ac summus est

Expl.: Tunc separatus est a zizaniis segetem. cum iustis et iniustis ceperit reddere mercedem. Finit contra Felicianum. f. 18v blank.

Vigilius Tapsensis, Contra Felicianum Arianum de Trinitate; PL 42.1157-1172.

5. ff. 19r-135r [Preface:] Apocalypsis ihesu cristi etcetera. legimus in ecclesiasticis historiis beatum Iohannem evangelistam cristi apostolum et consanguinem a domitiano impiissimo cesare ob mirabilem euuangelium. . . Et sic finis ultimate intentus est ut boni in bono confirmentur. et mali ad dominum conuertantur. et ulterius ut utrique eternum premium consequantur. Hys premissis ad exponendum librum accedamus. qui sic incipit.

[Text:] Capitulum primum Apocalypsis ihesu cristi quam dedit illi deus palam facere seruis suis etcetera. Iste liber in tres partes diuiditur.

Expl.: Ipsi igitur domino nostro ihesu cristo qui a principio huius libri per medium nos direxit in finem et in terminum sit honor et gloria in secula seculorum. Amen. Finit expositio Gentilis super Apokalipsim.

Gentilis, Super Apocalipsim. Unidentified text.

6. ff. 135v-215v In hoc corpore continetur Commentarium Sancti Iohannis episcopi Constantinopolitani In epistolam beati Pauli ad hebreos ex notis editum. post eius obitum a Constantino presbytero Antioceno. et translatum de greco in latinum a Muciano scolastico.

Inc.: Multifarie et multis modis olim deus locutus est patribus nostris in prophetis. in nouissimis autem diebus locutus est nobis in filio suo. quem constituit heredem omnium.

Expl.: Hoc itaque igne circumsepiamur exhortor. gloriam offerentes domino nostro Ihesu Christo. cum quo patri vna cum sancto spiritu gloria imperium honor nunc et semper et in secula seculorum amen. Explicit commentarium Sancti Iohannis Crisostomi super epistola beati pauli apostoli ad hebreos.

John Chrysostom, Commentary on Paul's letter to the Hebrews, translated from the Greek into Latin by Mutianus Scolasticus. Stegmuller, Repertorium Biblicum Medii Aevi; v. 9, 4397.

7. ff. 215v-216r Iheronimus de Philone in Cathalogo uirorum illustrium. [Preface:] Philo iudeus nacione alexandrinus de genere sacerdotum. id circo a nobis inter scriptores ecclesiasticos ponitur. . . De hoc uulgo apud grecos dicitur. [The scribe, seemingly unfamiliar with Greek, continues in a pastiche of Greek and Latin, in particular lambda is transcribed as a lower case latin "a":] HIPaaTIHJ Waæ WHZee FIAON PaaTU HZeI æ id est aut plato philonem sequitur. aut platonem philo tanta est enim similitudo sensuum et eloquii.

Jerome, Chapter 11, Liber de Viris Illustribus; PL 23.657-660. This text serves as an introduction to article 8.

8. ff. 216r-244v Inc.: Incipit Genesis Inicium mundi Adam genuit tres filios et unam filiam. cayn noaba. abel et seth. Et vixit adam postquam genuit seth annos dcc.

Expl.: Ego occidi inimicum tuum Et dices ei. hec dicit saul. Non memor sis odii mei. necque iniusticie mee.

Guido Kisch, Pseudo-Philo's Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum; Publications in Medieval Studies X (Notre Dame, Indiana, 1949) 107-271.

9. ff. 244v-255r [Preface:] Incipit prefacio epistole hieronimi ad dalgasiam Filius meus Apodemius qui interpretationem nominis sui longa ad nos veniens nauigatione signauit. . . ut ponis leta cantare quam dulcia gutturi mee eloquia tua super mel ori meo. Capitulum primum [Table of contents:] Cur Iohannes discipulos suo mittit ad dominum. . . Quid sibi vult quod idem apostolus ad thesalonicenses scribit nisi discessio venerit primum. et reuelatus fuerit homo peccati et cetera. Incipit epistola ad dalgasam.

[Text:] Cur Iohannes discipulos suos mittit ad dominum ut interrogent eum tu es qui venturus es an alium expectamus

Expl.: Nunc autem ideo iudicandi sunt. ymo procul dubio condemnandi. quia Christo veritate contempta. post mendacium id est antichristum suscepturi sunt.

Jerome, Ad Algasiam; PL 22.1007-1038.

10. ff. 255r-263r Incipit prefacio libri beati Ieronimi ad Edibiam. [Preface:] Ignota vultu fidei michi ardore notissima est. et de extremis gallie finibus in Bethlehemitico rure latitantem. . . scias me non confidencia respondisse sermonis. sed eius fide qui pollicitus est. aperi os tuum et implebo illud. Capitulum primum.

[Table of contents:] Quomodo perfectus esse quis possit et quomodo deo viuere debet. . . vt integer spiritus vester et anima et corpus sine querela in aduentu Domini nostri ihesu christi seruetur. Incipit Liber ad Edibiam

Inc.: Quomodo perfectus esse quis possit. et quomodo viuere debeat vidua qui sine liberis derelicta est.

Expl.: sed gratias eius et donationes accipimus. que nostra vel virtute vel vicio et acceduntur et extinguuntur in nobis.

Jerome, Epistola 120 ad Hedibiam; PL 22.980-1006.

11. ff. 263r-264r Incipit epistola beati iheronimi ad [Marcellam]. Inc.: Magnis nos prouocas questionibus et torpens ocio ingenium dum interrogas doces.

Expl.: Quod autem dicitur deserere quosdam uel non deserere. non nature illius terminus ponitur. sed eorum merita describuntur. apud quos esse uel non esse dignatur.

Jerome, Epistola 59 ad Marcellam; PL 22.586-589.

12. ff. 264r-275v Incipit liber Juliani ad demetriadem virginem. Inc.: Si summo ingenio parique fretus scientia officium scribendi facile me implere posse crederem.

Expl.: Nullus labor durus. nullum tempus longum videtur. quo gloria eternitatis acquiritur. Finit liber Juliani Presbyteri ad demetriadem virginem.

Ps.-Jerome, Epistola I Pelagii ad Demetriadem; PL 30.15-45.

13. f. 275v Augustinus in libro retractionum. Inc.: Est inter illa quae scripsimus quoddam prolixum opus qui tamen vnus deportatur liber. . .

Expl.: Iussi eas iam epistolus [sic] colligi . et vnum ex eis librum fieri adhibitis numeris. ut quod quisque legere voluerit facile inueniat.

Augustine, Retractiones II, XXVI; A. Mutzenbecher, ed., C C ser. lat. 44A (Turnhout, Belgium, 1984) xciv, lines 1-11.

14. ff. 275v-303v Augustinus de diuersis questionibus octogintatribus. Prima. Utrum anima a seipsa sit.

Inc.: Omne verum a veritate verum est. Et omnis anima eo anima est quo vero anima est. Omnis igitur anima a veritate habet ut omnino anima sit.

Expl.: sinon eos deterret exitialis pudor mutande quamuis false diu tamen et cum temeritate defense sententie. Explicit liber beati Augustini de lxxxiii questionibus.

Augustine, De Diversis Quaestionibus Octoginta Tribus; A. Mutzenbecher, ed., C C ser. lat. 44A (Turnhout, Belgium, 1984) 11-249. MS 43 differs from the C C as follows:

Question 10 includes C C question 11; question 11= C C 12, thus MS 43 lacks a number 12; on f. 276v scribe accounts for his confusion in the margin: "xii deest". Question 29 is lacking first 8 lines of text. Between question 58 on f. 280v and 59 on f. 288r, scribe has inserted a sermon: "In lectione euangelii que modo recitata est. . . (Augustine, Sermo 101, PL 38.605-611). Question 64 is missing, scribe again notes its absence in margin: "lxiiii de muliere samaritana desinit". Question 79 is lines 1-19 of C C 81 (omnis sapientie disciplina. . . et transit sed semper permanet.); question 80 continues C C 81 from lines 22-47 and 66 to the end; question 80 is also given the title of question 81 in the margin. Question 81=C C 82; 82=C C 79; 83=C C 80. MS 43 is missing CC 83.

Parchment (soft, white, occasional tears, holes, and other irregularities carefully trimmed or repaired), ff. ii (modern paper bifolium, i=front pastedown) + 203 + ii (modern paper bifolium, ii=back pastedown), 348 x 244 (242 x 175) mm., contemporary foliation (perhaps by the hand responsible for the Melk ownership inscription on f. 1r). Written in two columns of 44 lines, ruled with single vertical bounding lines for each column and double horizontal bounding lines, the lower bounding lines double spaced. Remains of prickings in all three outer margins.

I10, II8, III-XXX10, XXXI4 (+ f. 299). Horizontal catchwords in lower right buried in gutter and occasionally trimmed away, e.g., f. 208v; leaf signatures (e. g. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) in lower right corner, recto.

Written in a uniformly elegant and simple gothic bookhand below the top line with errors carefully corrected in the margins. The script floats between the ruled lines, resting on neither top nor bottom.

10 elegant illuminated initials from 5- to 11 lines decorate the text. These initials are notable for their bright, even garish colors: bubble-gum pink and apple green are paired with a dark periwinkle and burnt sienna with accents in gold, white, rose, and dark green. The text begins on f. 1v with an 8-line burnt sienna initial M on a burnished gold leaf ground and infilled with a solid blue; slightly paler acanthus leaves curl across the surface of the initial while the outer descenders end in green swirls; on f. 11v a 7-line green initial with a similar acanthus pattern stands on a pink ground framed in blue. On f. 19r an 8-line green acanthus on a painted gold ground is framed in orange, orange rays emanate from the initial which is infilled with a pink ground on which light pink flowers are set within diamonds formed by a grid of double rose-colored lines, a naturalistic green vine extends from the initial outside the ground terminating in a five petal rose-colored flower seen from behind and a more abstract blue trumpet lily. On f. 135v a 6-line blue initial with similar acanthus patterning is placed on a pink-framed green ground; infilled with the same green on which a darker green grid forms boxes that themselves are filled with green flowers. There are two initials on f. 216r, a modest 5-line green initial on a pink ground, and a more elaborate 11-line blue initial on which oak leaves encircle a darker blue pillar on a green ground, in the two right-hand corners small tricorn blue extensions emerge from gold rings. On f. 244v a 7-line pink initial is decorated with dark rose and white acanthus on a green ground framed in dark green. The crude, perhaps unfinished 9-line orange initial with a gold flame pattern set on a blue ground on f. 255r contrasts markedly with the uniform delicacy of the other initials. On f. 264r the epistle begins with an 8-line blue acanthus-patterned initial on a pink and rose-framed brownish-green ground over which a filigree of bright green acanthus leaves are traced. The final initial, on f. 275v is an 8-line orange initial on a green-framed gold ground; a filigree-like tracery of acanthus foliage similar to that on 264r covers both initial and ground, showing gold on the orange and orange on the gold; the initial is infilled with a scalloped pattern in tones of blue that has a three-dimensional look. Throughout the text paragraphs begin with 1- to 5- line initials in red or blue; paragraph markers in red or blue; headings in red; sentence strokes in yellow; scripture passages underlined in red. Instructions and guide letters for rubricator occasionally visible (e.g., f. 255r).

Binding: 19th century brown quarter-calf over brown marbled paper boards. Calf gold-tooled on spine: "AUGUSTINI/ ET ALIORUM/ OPUSCULA/ SAEC. XV." Also on spine in ink, modern shelf no.: "324." Binding worn along edges; several gouges mar covers.

Written in Austria at the beginning of the fifteenth century possibly by a scribe in the Benedictine monastery at Melk on the Danube, Lower Austria in whose library the book resided until 1936. A fifteenth or sixteenth century ownership inscription on f. 1r reads: "Monasterii Mellicensis, B 35." and a more modern library stamp on the same leaf: "Bibliothek Des Stiftes Melk". Removed from the monastery in November, 1936 at which time Howard L. Goodhart (bookplate) purchased it from E. P. Goldschmidt (Kisch, 71). Given by Goodhart to Phyllis Goodhart Gordan (bookplate) and John Dozier Gordan, Jr.

secundo folio: cum proximo

Bibliography: De Ricci, p. 2340, no. 43.

Howard L. Goodhart and Erwin R. Goodenough, General Bibliography of Philo (New Haven, 1938) no. 321a.

Guido Kisch, Pseudo-Philo's Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum; Publications in Medieval Studies X (Notre Dame, Indiana, 1949).

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Last Update: June 6, 2003