Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections

illumination from Gordan MS 51

Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

MS 18 (olim Goodhart 66) England, s. XII-XIII

Canticum canticorum, with glossa ordinaria; Peter of Limoges; John Chrysostom; Hugo of St. Victor, etc.
NB: Digital images of every leaf of the first four texts in this book are available from SCETI.

I. 1. ff. 7r-43v [In upper margin:] Cantica canticorum.
Digital images.

 

[Main text center of page:] Osculetur me osculo oris sui. Quia meliora sunt ubera tua uino fraglantia [sic] unguentis optimis...

Expl.: ...Fuge dilecte mi et assimilare capree hymnoloque ceruorum super montes aromatum.

Canticum canticorum.

2. ff. 7r-43v [In inner margin:] Vox praecedentium aduentum Christi qui orant ad patrem sponsi... et purgatis uitiis, amorem celestium tenent et uirtutum odorem flagrant et bonus odor Christi sunt. [In outer margin:] Synagoga congregatio, quod et lapidum; ecclesia conuocatio quod racionabilium... optet eum qui diligit fuge. sed memor sit suae conditionis illius uoluntati consentit. [Interlinear gloss:] Delectet et certificet Incarnatione filii quae est quasi quidam humanae natalis praelibatione coniunctionis... Cum in montibus, figas pedes, dignare labi ad ualles existens.

Glossa ordinaria; Repertorium biblicum medii aevi, Stegmüller, v. 9, no 11804; PL 113, 1128-68.

II. 3. ff. 44r-102r
Digital images.

 

[In top margin, in another hand:] Lincolmens de Oculo Morali. [Title:]Incipit tractatus morali de oculo

Inc.: Si diligenter uolumus in lege domini meditari facillime perpendimus ea quae pertinent ad uisionem et occulum prae ceteris...

Expl.: ... et reges in folio collocat in perpetuum et illic ergitur ad alium regnum nos perducat qui sine fine regnat. Amen. Explicit. Explicit iste liber scriptorum sit [clementiae?] libri. f. 102v blank.

De oculo morali, Augsburg, Anton Sorg, ca. 1477. Treatise by Peter of Limoges drawing moral lessons from the emerging scientific field of perspectivist optics, based extensively on the work of Roger Bacon. Richard Newhauser, "Inter scientiam et populum: Roger Bacon, Peter of Limoges, and the 'Tractatus moralis de oculo,'" in: J.A. Aertsen, K. Emery, Jr., and A. Speer, eds., Nach der Verurteilung von 1277. Philosophie und Theologie an der Universität von Paris im letzten Viertel des 13. Jahrhunderts. Studien und Texte / After the Condemnations of 1277. Philosophy and Theology at the University of Paris in the Last Quarter of the Thirteenth Century. Studies and Texts, Miscellanea Mediaevalia 28 (Berlin, New York, 2001), pp. 682-703.

III. 4. ff. 103r-107v. Incipiunt lamentationes beatae uirginis.
Digital images.

 

Inc.: Quis dabit capiti meo aquam et oculis meis imbrem ut possim flere per diem et noctem donec seruo suo dominus appareat...

Expl.: Benedicti sint ab ea qui diligunt eam et gratia omnia benedictus sit filius eius dominus noster Iesu Christe qui cum Deo patre et Spiritu sancto uiuit et regnat in saecula saeculorum. Amen.

Ogerius de Lucedio, Planctus Beatae Virginis Mariae (extract from De laudibus sanctae Dei Genetrix); G. Penco, "Ogerio di Lucedio e il Planctus Mariae," Benedictina 16 (1969) 126-28; M. Capelleno, "Codici delle opere del beato Ogerio di Lucedio," Bolletino storico vercellese 18 (1982) 177-83. This work had been attributed previously to Bernard, Augustine, et. al. In MS 18 no attribution is given for the Lamentationes.

5. ff. 107v-112v [In upper margin:] Seneca

Inc.: Alienum est omne quidquid optando euenit.

Expl.: Zelum de domino habeas, non contra homines. Zelari hominibus uiciosum est. Expliciunt prouerbia Senece per litteras alphabeti.

Publilius Syrus, Sententiae; ed. William Meyer (Leipzig, 1880). This part of MS 18 is a somewhat abbreviated edition of the Sententiae, attributed by the scribe to Seneca, with a number of additional, unidentified proverbs.

6. ff. 112v-113r [Title:] Incipit de beneficiis. [Text:] Inter omnes ac varios errores nostros nihil peius esse iudico quam quod beneficia nec dare scimus nec recipere. Expl.: Si amas tolleras, si desistis amare, desistis tollerare quoniam minus diligimus, minus tolleramus.

Seneca, De beneficiis libri vii, Charles Hosius, ed. (Leipzig, 1914). Article 6 contains a small number of quotations taken from throughout Book VII of the De Beneficiis.

7. ff. 113r-114r [Title:] Seneca ad Gallionem de remediis fortuitis. [Text:] Male de te opinantur homines, sed mali mouerer si de te, si Marius, si Cato. . . Expl.: Nescio quomodo minus mortem timet, qui minus deliciarum nouit in uita. f. 114v blank.

Excerpts from Ps.-Seneca, Ad Gallionem de remediis fortuitorum liber. L. Annaei Senecae opera quae supersunt supplementum, Friedrich Haase, ed. (Liepsig, 1902) 44-55.

8. ff. 115r-119v [In upper margin:] Crysostomus De reparatione lapsi

Inc.: Quis dabis capiti meo aquam et oculis meis fontes lachrimarum. Anima michi flenda est multis gentilibus nobilior multisque urbibus preciosior. Expl.: sed et illud capita quod tibi maiorem audaciam dederit deus eo, illius audaciam labefactabit et uires.

Excerpts from the Latin translation of Johannes Chrysostomus, De Reparatione Lapsi (Cologne, 1469); German Books Before 1601, microfilm roll 437, item 3.

9. ff. 120r-124v [In upper margin:] Exceptiones super meditationibus S. Bernardi.

Inc.: Multi multa sciunt et seipsos nesciunt. Alios inspiciunt et seipsos deseriant. Deum quaerunt per exteriora ista, deserentes interiora ista sua quibus interior est deus.

Expl.: bonum meum in tribulatione magis amplecti te, in omnibus habere te mecum quam esse sine te ut in celo.

Substantial excerpts from Ps-Bernard of Clairvaux, Meditationes de interiori homine (Augsburg, c. 1475).

IV. 10. ff. 125r-159r
Digital images.

 

[Title in upper margin in a different hand:] Commentarium magistri Hugonis de S. Victore super Regulam Canonicorum.

Inc.: Haec precepta quae subscripta sunt ideo regula appellantur quia uidelicet in eis nobis recte uiuendi norma exprimitur.

Expl.: Ubi autem sibi quicumque uestrum uidet aliquid deese, doleat de praeterito, caueat de futuro, orans ut et debitum dimitatur, et in temptationem non inducatur.

Hugonis de S. Victore, Expositio in Regulam Beati Augustini, PL 176, 881-924.

11. ff. 159r-161v Inc.: Oseranicae congregationis uenerabili preposito sanctoque, eius conuentui et omnibus in canonico ordine. Secundum dominum uiuentibus. Expl.: ut uideant opera uestra bona et glorificent patrem uestrum qui in celis est. Tria his uerbis maxime commandantur id est ordo, uita, et habitus.

f. 161r-v Inc.: Uniuerso clero illis helias utinam dei seruorum seruulus ultimus salutem. Fugite de medio babylonis et saluet unus quisque animam suam. Expl.: Cur dixi non salutate. Semper enim uos salutat et qui salutem uestram semper optat.

Two unidentified sermons exhorting priests to be aware of their high calling.

V. 12. ff. 162r-170v

 

Inc.: Cantate domino canticum nouum. Merito tenerem cantare canticum nouum quia uetus error abiit. Expl.: Quo nos transferre dignetur puer qui natus est nobis saluator mundi qui cum patre et spiritu uiuet et regnat per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen.

Unidentified sermon on Psalm 98.

13. ff. 171r-177v Inc.: Obserua mensam nouarum frugum et uerni primum temporis ut facias phase domino deo tuo. Verba ista Moisi sunt in deuteronomio. Expl.: sic in ecclesia maiores minores docent fidem Christi et opera Christi et legem Christi. Si quidem cotidie in// [text ends incompletely]

Unidentified sermon on Deut. 16.1.

VI. 14. ff. 178r-184r

 

[In upper margin:] Incipiunt admonitiones Sancti Basilii. Inc.: Audi fili admonitionem patris tui et inclina aurem tuam. Accomoda libenter auditum tuum...

Expl.: ... nec aures audiuerunt nec in corde hominis ascendit quae preparauit deus diligentibus eum. Amen.

Latin translation of S. Basil, Epistola ad Monachos.

Composed of six distinct parts, bound together with modern paper and contemporary parchment flyleaves added to the beginning and end. ff. iii (i=front pastedown) modern paper + 188 parchment + iii (iii= back pastedown) modern paper, ff. 1-5 and 185-7 are flyleaves from earlier bindings containing unidentified text, 164 x 123 mm. Modern foliation.

Part I: ff. 7-43, written space 108 x 95 mm, three columns, each ca. 31 lines; ruled in black ink with single vertical bounding lines for each column, full length (Derolez 13.16). Remains of prickings in margin. I-IV8, V4 (-1), VI2. Written in an English proto-gothic book script, the gloss written about half the size as the canticle. One illuminated 6-line initial on folio 7r, gold on a blue rectangular ground; blue worn. Several 2-line initials in red or green ink throughout the text.

Part II: ff. 44-102, written space 114 x 93 mm., two columns, written in 31 lines with single vertical bounding lines and double horizontal bounding lines, full length, with an additional set of double bounding lines in top margin above text on recto, all in ink. I-V8, VI8 (-4), VII8 (-8), VII6 (-1). Horizontal catchwords below text in inner margin of inside column enclosed in a square (Derolez 12.4). Written in an English cursive script of medium quality. One 6-line initial at beginning of text, red on top and blue on the bottom embellished with contrasting blue and red penwork inside the initial and elaborate penwork extensions, 3- and 2-line initials either red or blue with contrasting blue or red penwork flourishes and extensions throughout, red and blue line fillers, rubrication, throughout.

Part III: ff. 103-124; written space 115 x 74 mm, one column ruled in 32-36 lines with double vertical and horizontal bounding lines full across in lead (Derolez 13.36); remains of pricking in margins. I 6, II14. Written in several hands in an inelegant English cursive script. One 6-line red ink initial in article 7; several 2- and 3-line red ink initials in article 5; one 2-line initial in article 4; red paragraph markings throughout.

Part IV: ff. 125-161; written space approximately 137 x 100 mm., one column ruled in 24-27 long lines with single vertical bounding lines full length, in ink (Derolez 13.11). I10 (-5, 7), II10 (-5, 7), III10 (-4, 8), IV8, V4 (+ f. 151). Written in a round, English proto-gothic book script. One 5-line initial in green ink introduces article 10 on f. 125r; one green and one red 2-line ink initials introduce the two sermons in article 11 on f. 159r and f. 161r respectively. In this part the parchment is brittle and discolored.

Part V: ff. 162-177; written space 105 x 81 mm., one column ruled in lead with vertical and horizontal bounding lines full length (Derolez 13.13). I-II8. Written in a poor-quality English cursive. 2-line initials in red ink introduce both sermons on ff. 171r and 178r. Marginal notations in red and black ink.

Part VI: ff. 178-185; written space approximately 135 x 105 mm., one column, ruled in 32-38 long lines with vertical bounding lines full length (Derolez 13.11). Text is crowded on page and often disregards bounding lines. Written in a poorly executed English book hand in badly faded ink on parchment that is yellowed and in poor condition making text difficult to read. I8.

Binding: nineteenth-century dark brown morocco, embossed with blind stamping, gold tooled arms of the fourth Duke of Newcastle on upper cover. On spine TRACTATUS/ VARII./ MS.

Written in England in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and bound together no later than the 14th C. On recto of f.6 a table of contents corresponding to the present text and ownership note: "liber Will. Wynham/ Wintoniensis MCCClij"; on f. 186v: "William Wynham." The arms on the cover suggest that it was in the possession of the fourth Duke of Newcastle (1785-1851). Descriptive catalogue entry no. 1331 fastened to inside cover (possibly from the seventh Duke of Newcastle's Clumber Library sale of 1937 or 1938). In the library of Phyllis Goodhart Gordan (bookplate) and John Dozier Gordan, Jr.; her bequest to Bryn Mawr College (bookplate) in 1995.

secundo folio: [f. 2] in te.; [f. 45] amisit; [f. 104] consecrat; [f. 126] [conce]perint; [f. 163] pedes; [f. 179] descendit

Bibliography: Faye and Bond, p. 435, n. 18.

 

 

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Last Update: May 23, 2011