Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections

illumination from Gordan MS 51

Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

MS 6 (olim Goodhart 5) Ferrara, Venice, and Castro Massignani 1432-1456

Marcus Tullius Cicero / Epistolae ad familiares; Petrarch / Rime, Trionfi, etc.

1. ff. 1r-94v [Title:] Marci Tulii Ciceronis ad Publium Lentulum et ad alios Epistolarum liber primus incipit feliciter.

Inc.: Marcus Cicero Publio lentulo Salutem plurimam dicit. Ego omni officio ac potius pietate erga te caeteris satisfacio omnibus. Mihi ipse numquam satisfacio...

Expl.: ...uidebo tuosque oculos etsi te ueniens in medio foro uidero dissaniabor. me ama. Vale.

[Colophon:] Marci Tulii Ciceronis Epistolarum ad Tironem Explicit. Deo gratias. Amen. Scriptus Ferrarie 1433 et die xix Septembris. Serenissimus Imperator Sigismundus coronatus Mediolani. et Romae. venit Ferrariam die mercurii nono Septembris hora xxiiii. et recessit die sabbati xix Septembris in Aurora... Illustrem Leonellem Estiensem vi et xx agentem etatis annum Equestris excellente donauit insignibus quo et privilegiis et venturis signum hospitii et monumentum ac signum amoris relinquiet. Ex Ferraria idibus Septembris et die dominico xiii Septembris. Mccccxxxiii. Deo gratias.

[A 10-line account summarizing the coronation of Emperor Sigismund at Milan, and his subsequent travels through Italy.] ff. 95r-96v blank.

As compared with Cicero: Epistulae ad familiares; D. R. Shackleton Bailey, ed. (Cambridge, 1977) v. 1 and 2, MS 6 is a complete copy of all 16 books in the traditional order, with the following differences:

[1] Letter 2.11 is moved to Book 9, and 2.12 is absent; letter 7.18 is treated as two letters, with a new letter beginning at section 4.1: "Epistolam tuam, quam accepi ab L. Arruntio... " In Book 8 the arrangement is: 1, 2, 10-17. The remainder of Book 8 (3-9) and 2.11 are added between letters 9.15 and 9.16, with 2.11 placed after 8.8 Letter 8.8 is treated as two letters, the new letter started at: "M. Oppius M. F. Ter salutem. Quod M. Marcellas cos v. f. de provinciis consularibus." In the manuscript tradition, Oppius is a misreading of Eppius. Because M. Oppius was a friend of Cicero's, "salutem" was added and a new letter begun. (Shackleton Bailey, 402). 10.15 is placed after 10.17; letters 11.27 and 11.28 are reversed; 12.25 and 12.26 are treated as one letter; 13.6 and 13.6a are copied as two discrete letters; 13.32, 33, and 34 are treated as one letter. Letters 13.35-39 are all included under one salutation, with new paragraphs, but no other indication that they are separate letters except for "//" between letters 35 and 36.

[2] In the letters that include Greek text, a space has been left for the Greek to be added. Usually that space remains blank, although in a few cases the Greek has been added by a later hand (e.g., ff. 41v-42r). Otherwise, either a Latin translation of the Greek word or phrase, or occasionally transliterated Greek words, are placed immediately after the blank space.

2. f. 97r-v Cicero Octauio Salutem.

Inc.: Si per tuas legiones mihi licitum fuisset que nomine meo...

Expl.: ...nam si viuus ista subterfugere non potero, vnam cum istis vitam simul fugere decrevi. Scripta Ferrarie 1433 et die 4 Augusti.

Ps.-Cicero, Letter to Octavian, M. Tulli Cic. Epistulae; W. S. Watt, ed. (Oxford, 1958) vol. 3, pp. 186 ff.

3. ff. 98r-99r

[No heading. Series of 12 epistolae begin:] [G]audeo plurimum ac letor in ea te sententia esse ut nihil a me putes sine causa fieri...

Expl: Itaque per tua sapientia si quis de me tibi alter dixit plus amico vestri quam hominibus inuidis credas. Vale.

Unidentified letters attributed to Cicero by the scribe. No correspondents mentioned.

4. f. 99r-v Cicero Attico Salutem.

Inc.: Accepi Idibus sextilibus quattuor Epistolas a te missas vnam qua me obiurgas...

Expl.: ...putes opus esse meo nomine litteras dari velim conscribas cures quam dandas. data xiiii kalendas septembris.

Letter 3.15. See Cicero's letters to Atticus; D. R. Shackleton Bailey, ed. (Cambridge, 1964-70) 28-36.

5. ff. 100r-106r Cicero Bruto Salutem.

Inc.: L. Clodius tribunus plebis designatus ualde me diligit...

Expl.: ...eaque faciam que te uelle queque ad te pertinere arbitror. vi kalendas sextiles. f. 106v Five lines of Latin text written in a later hand giving various readings for the letters SPQR. "Salua populum quem redemisti... "

Letters 1.1-1.18 in traditional order. Epistulae ad M. Brutum; D. R. Shackleton Bailey, ed. (Leipzig, 1988) 95-132.

6. ff. 107r-113v

Inc.: [C]icero Lutio Venturio Suo Salutem. Collegi ea que pluribus modis dicerentur...

Expl.: ...Expectet, sustinet. Finis Synonimorum ex Cicerone. Ferrarie mccccxxxiii et die Lune v Octobris deo gratias. Amen.

Pseudo-Cicero, Synonyma; GKW, v. 6, nos. 7031-7040.

7. ff. 114r-123v Inter(pretationes)

Inc.: Polliceri et permittere hoc inter est quod permittimus rogati pollicemur vltro [sic].

Expl.: Vesperum neutri item est secunde declinationis. Finis. Deo Gratias. Amen. M. Tulius Cicero. Ferrarie 1433 et die nono Septembris. Venit Sigismundus Imperator et stetit x diebus.

Pseudo-Cicero, De proprietatibus terminorum; GKW, v. 6, nos. 7024-7030.

8. ff. 124r-125r

Inc.: In terris pressura gentium. Luce xxi caput, posita in superiori predicatione, statu primo antecedente iudicium supra predicatio Enoch et helye...

Expl.: ...qui fecit status persecutionis antichristi a quo nos liberet Christus hic per gratiam et in futuro per gloriam. Amen. Explicit Venetiis 1434 et die lune v Aprilis.

Unidentified homily on Luke XXI.

9. f. 125r-v

Inc.: Surrexit Marci vltimum caput, et in Euangelio hodierno honestum per plurimum viri preclari existimarunt...

Expl.: ...cuius resurrectionis consortia mereamur in presenti per gratiam et in futuro per gloriam. Explicit Venetiis 1434 et die Martis vi Aprilis. deo gratias petrus de carbonibus.

Unidentified homily on Mark XVI.

10. f. 126r [unnumbered] [Text begins:] Passer mai solitario... [Z]ephiro torna.

Incomplete index of Petrarch's sonnets alphabetized by first lines. Text begins defectively with "P," several leaves are missing at beginning of table. f. 126 verso blank.

11. ff. 127r-196r [contemporary foliation ff. 1r-69r]

Inc.: Voi chascoltate in rime sparse il suono...

Expl.: ...Homo et uerace Dio/ Chaccolgal mio/ Spirto ultimo in pace. Amen.

[Colophon:] Et sic finiunt hic vulgaria Petrarche, assumpta ab exemplari quod ut dicebatur assumptum et ascultatum fuerat ab originali. Scripta per me petrus de carbonibus Ferrarie 1432 et die Martis xiiii octobris. Et die sequenti factum fuit duellum.

Petrarch, Canzoniere ; in Rime, trionfi, e poesie latine; F. Neri, ed. (Torino, 1963) 2nd ed., 29-508.

12. ff. 196r-197v [contemporary foliation ff. 69r-71v] [ [Heading:]

Cançon de mesir francesco petrarche la qual trouar in vno anticho libro.

Inc.: Quel cha nostra natura in se piu degnio...

Expl.: ...ella si mostre acerba et fiera/ Humel amante vince donna altiera. f. 198 blank.

Petrarch, Poems 5 and 4, Rime disperse; Joseph A. Barber, ed. (New York, 1991); CXXVII and XI in Rime disperse di Francesco Petrarca, Angelo Solerti, ed. [Firenze, 1909].

13. ff. 199r-216v [contemporary foliation 73r-90v]

Inc.: Nel tempo che rinoua i miei sospiri...

Expl.: Or che fia dunque a riuederla in cielo.

Francisci Petrarce Laureati poetae Triumphus Vltimus. Explicit 1432. f. 217 blank.

Petrarch, Triumphi; in Rime, trionfi, e poesie latine; F. Neri, ed. (Torino, 1963) 2nd ed., 509-602. Accompanied by marginal finding aids and notations.

14. f. 218r-v [contemporary foliation f. 92] [In upper margin f. 218 r:]

In nomine domini. Amen. anno domini MccccLvi die Vltimo madii in Castromassignani scriptus per me Leonardum domini petri de Carbonibus.

[Heading:] Incipit Liber Senece fortuitorum bonorum.

Inc.: Liber cunctorum poetarum carmina gremium tuum semper...

Expl.: ...Nemo extra ictus vulneris positus cum ducime explebeya [sic] domo in ma// [text breaks off at bottom of f. 218v].

Ps.-Seneca, De remediis fortuitorum bonorum liber; F. Hasse, ed. (Leipzig, 1872) 446-57.

Paper (watermarks: similar to Briquet Aigle 80, Briquet Basilic 2665, Briquet Cerf 3296, an unidentified stag, and an unidentified letter S), ff. ii (modern paper bifolilum) + 218 + vi (contemporary paper) + ii (modern paper bifolilum), 308 x 214 mm., pricking occasionally visible throughout.

Articles 1-5: written space 226 x 153 mm., written in 39-46 long, unruled lines with single vertical bounding lines in lead or hardpoint, right bounding line either left out completely or else ignored. Contemporary foliation in lower right corner, verso, eighteenth- or nineteenth-century foliation in top right corner verso. Horizontal catchwords centered directly below text in lower margin verso (Derolez 12.1).

Article 6: written space 242 x 154 mm., written in four columns of 60 unruled lines with single vertical bounding lines on the left side of each column, modern foliation.

Articles 7-9: written space 242 x 177 mm., written in two columns of about 55-58 unruled lines, with single vertical bounding lines, the right line ignored, modern foliation.

Article 10: written space 220 x 103 mm., written in two columns of ca. 62 unruled lines with single vertical bounding lines in ink, modern foliation.

Articles 11-12: written space ca. 213 x 90 mm., written in about 58 unruled lines with double vertical bounding lines in ink, contemporary foliation in lower right corner, modern foliation, top corner verso. Catchwords centered in lower margin.

Article 13: written space ca. 212 x 125 mm., written in about 47 unruled lines with vertical bounding lines in lead, modern foliation.

I10, II16, III 10, IV14, V-VIII 10, IX16, X6, XI12, XII-XVII 10, XVIII 12, XIX-XX 10 (-10, f. 218 tipped into quire XX, watermark matches quire XXI), XXI 16.

Written by Petrus de Carbonibus (ff. 1-216) and his son Leonardus in a small, neat, fere-humanistic script.

Text includes three crude pen and ink initials. Cicero's letters on f. 1r and the Canzoniere on f. 127r begin with 8-line initials, and the Triumphi begins on f. 199r with a 9-line initial. Plain 1- to 2-line black ink initials begin each of Cicero's letters; occasionally the initial letter is omitted with only a tiny guide letter visible in margin. In the Canzoniere, spaces have been left for initials, but not filled in. Text accompanied by marginalia and interlinear glosses in several hands throughout.

Paper is very fragile; on many leaves the ink is eroding the paper.

Binding: Venice, ca. 1720. Olive-paneled roan of the type made exclusively for Gerardo Sagnedo. Gold-tooled Venetian arms added soon after, consist of an oval escutcheon quartered by a curved pale and fesse with gold tooled title on spine: M. T. CIC./ EPISTOLAE//PETRARCA/ RIME. On front cover on a torn paper label: "...d[?] 753." On spine in ink: "LXXXIII/ ca 4[?]".

Written in Ferrara and Venice in 1432-1434 by Petrus de Carbonibus whose colophons recur frequently throughout the work (e.g. ff. 16r, 17v, 26v 38v, 41r, 50v, 56v, etc.) and by his son Leonardus, who wrote the last leaf in Castro Massignani on 31 May 1456. Probably from the collection of Gerardo Sagredo of Venice. (Albrizzi cat., Venice ca. 1746, ms. 118?), sold by Thorpe (his name in ink on recto of f. 1) in March 1821 to Richard Heber; his sale (London 1836, XI n. 613) to Thorpe (Cat. of mss., 1836, n. 269) who then sold it to Sir Thomas Phillipps (n. 8866 on f. i recto and f. 1r); his sale (London, 1935, n. 336, catalogue entry glued to folio i) to Maggs ("no. 103," in lead on folio i recto). Acquired by Howard L. Goodhart (bookplate, census no. on f. I recto), and presented by him to Bryn Mawr College in 1951.

secunco folio: Marcus Cicero

Bibliography: De Ricci, p. 1676, no. 5; B. L. Ullman, Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Padova, 1964) no. 62; Dennis Dutschke, Census of Petrarch Manuscripts in the United States (Padova, 1986) no. 86; E. H. Wilkins, Making of the "Canzoniere" and other Petrarchan Studies (Rome, 1951).

 

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Last Update: June 6, 2003