Psy 612: Historical Issues in Clinical Developmental Psychology (Spring 1997)

Instructor: Robert H. Wozniak, Bryn Mawr College


The goal of this course is to acquaint the student with major 20th century events in the development of clinical and developmental psychology, the social and intellectual trends from which they emerged, and the contemporary professional issues to which they have given rise.


I: The Intellectual Background, 1650-1880

John Locke
(1632-1704)

A. Introduction. [January 22]

B. Psychophysiology and Mental Philosophy: the Nature of Mind, Body, and Mind and Body: Part I [February 5]

Boring, E. G. (1950). Psychophysiology in the first half of the Nineteenth Century; Phrenology and the mind-body problem; Physiology of the brain: 1800-1870; Beginnings of modern psychology; British empiricism (to Hume). In E. G. Boring. History of experimental psychology (pp. 27-77, 157-186). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

C. Psychophysiology and Mental Philosophy: the Nature of Mind, Body, and Mind and Body: Part II. [February 12]

Boring, E. G. (1950). British empiricism (Hartley); Scottish and French psychologies of the Eighteenth Century; British associationism; German psychology before 1850. In E. G. Boring. History of experimental psychology (pp. 187-272). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

A Mesmeric Healing

D. Mesmerism and the Origins of Dynamic Psychiatry [February 19]

Ellenberger, H. F. (1970). The emergence of dynamic psychiatry; The first dynamic psychiatry; The background of dynamic psychiatry. In H. F. Ellenberger. Discovery of the unconscious. The history and evolution of dynamic psychiatry (pp. 53-253). New York: Basic Books.

Fuller, R. C. (1982). Discovery across the Atlantic; The inoculation works wonders; The emergence of an American psychology; Psychology out of its mind; Culture dis-ease and mental cure; Psychology as popular philosophy; Mesmerism and the American cure of souls. In R. C. Fuller. Mesmerism and the American cure of souls (pp. 1-183). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

State Lunatic Asylum at Worcester

E. Moral Treatment and the American Insane Asylum. [February 26]

Grob, G. N. (1966). The era of moral treatment, 1833-1846; Years of transition, 1846-1855; The end of moral treatment, 1856-1872; The era of pessimism, 1872-1890; The promise of reform, 1890-1902. In G. N. Grob. The state and the mentally ill. A history of the Worcester State Hospital in Massachusetts, 1830-1920 (pp. 43-79, 121-143, 198-316). Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Wilhelm Wundt
(1832-1920)

F. Wilhelm Wundt, Francis Galton and the Founding of Scientific Psychology [March 5]

Boring, E. G. (1950). The founding of experimental psychology. In E. G. Boring. History of experimental psychology (pp. 275-347). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Diamond, S. (1980). Wundt before Leipzig. In R. W. Rieber (Ed.), Wilhelm Wundt and the making of a scientific psycholog (pp. 3-36, 43-46, 58-63). New York: Plenum Press

Fancher, R. E. (1979). The measurement of mind: Francis Galton and the psychology of individual differences. In R. E. Fancher. Pioneers of psychology (pp. 250-294). New York: Norton.



II: American Clinical & Developmental Psychology: 1880-WWII

G. Stanley Hall
(1844-1924)

G. Wilhelm Preyer, G. Stanley Hall and Child Study [March 19]

Wozniak, R. H. (1995). Introduction. In R. H. Wozniak (Ed.), Mind, adaptation and childhood (pp. ix-xxxv). London: Routledge/Thoemmes.

Hall, G. S. (1907). The contents of children's minds on entering school. In G. S. Hall et al. Aspects of child life and education (pp. 1-24). Boston: Ginn.

Preyer, W. (1889). The mind of the child. Part 2: The development of the intellect (pp. 3-33). New York: Appleton.

H. James Mark Baldwin and the Biosocial Origins of Mind [March 26]

Wozniak, R. H. (in press). Thought and things: James Mark Baldwin and the biosocial origins of mind. In R. W. Rieber & K. Salzinger (Eds.), Psychology: Theoretical-historical perspectives. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Baldwin, J. M. (1895). Mental development in the child and the race (pp. 170-220). New York: Macmillan.

Baldwin, J. M. (1897). Social and ethical interpretations in mental development: A study in social psychology (pp. 7-56). New York: Macmillan.

Morton Prince
(1854-1929)

I. American Psychotherapy and Exceptional Mental States: William James, Morton Prince, and the Boston Group. [April 2]

Ellenberger, H. F. (1970). Pierre Janet and psychological analysis. In H F. Ellenberger. Discovery of the unconscious (pp. 331-417). New York: Basic Books.

James, W. (1983). Dreams and hypnotism; Automatism; Hysteria; Multiple personality. In W. James. William James on exceptional mental states. The 1896 Lowell Lectures (pp. 15-92). Reconstructed by E. Taylor. New York: Scribner's.

Prince, M. (1975). Some of the revelations of hypnotism; Association neuroses; The educational treatment of neurasthenia and certain hysterical states; The psychological principles and field of psychotherapy. In M. Prince. Psychotherapy and multiple personality: Selected essays (pp. 1-18, 37-82, 99-136). Introduction by Nathan G. Hale, Jr. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Freud at Clark University, 1909

J. From Berggasse XIX to Central Park West: Freud and the Americans. [April 9]

Ellenberger, H. F. (1970). Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis. In H. F. Ellenberger. Discovery of the unconscious (pp. 418-570). New York: Basic Books.

Evans, R. B. & Koelsch, W. A. (1985). Psychoanalysis arrives in America. The 1909 psychology conference at Clark University. American Psychologist, 40, 942-948.

Hale, N. G., Jr. (1971). Acquaintance and conversion 1885-1911; Mind cures and the mystical wave: Popular preparation for psychoanalysis 1904-1910; The repeal of reticence 1911-1914; Opposition and debate: Science and sexuality 1909-1917. In N. G. Hale, Jr. Freud and the Americans (pp. 177-312). New York: Oxford University Press.

The Army Alpha

K. Paris to Palo Alto (via Vineland and WWI): The Growth of Mental Testing. [April 16]

Wolf, T. H. (1973). The emergence of the first useful test of children's intelligence; The emergence of Binet's conceptions and measurement of intelligence. In T. H. Wolf. Alfred Binet (pp. 139-218). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Kevles, D. J. (1968). Testing the Army's intelligence: Psychologists and the military in World War I. Journal of American History, 55, 565-581.

Samelson, F. (1977). World War I intelligence testing and the development of psychology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 13, 274-282.

Brown, J. (1986). Professional language: Words that succeed. Radical History Review, 33-51.

L. Between the Wars: Child Development and Child Guidance. [April 23]

Horn, M. (1989). From child-savers to diagnosticians; The discovery of the problem child; The Philadelphia demonstration. In M. Horn. Before it's too late: The child guidance movement in the United States, 1922-1945 (pp. 9-50, 71-83). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Minton, H. L. (1984). The Iowa Child Welfare Research Station and the 1940 debate on intelligence: Carrying on the legacy of a concerned mother. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 20, 160-176.

Sears, R. R. (1975). Your ancients revisited. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.), Review of child development research (Vol 5, pp. 1-73). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

M. Making a Mountain out of a Boulder and a Psychotherapist out of a Clinician: World War II and the Professionalization of Psychological Psychotherapy. [April 30]

Loutitt, C. M. (1939). The nature of clinical psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 36, 361-389.

Hunt. W. A. (1956). How the clinical psychologist came to be. In W. A. Hunt. The clinical psychologist (pp. 79-146). Springfield, IL: Thomas.

Shakow, D. et al. (1947). Recommended graduate training program in clinical psychology. Report of the Committee on Training in Clinical Psychology of the American Psychological Association submitted at the Detroit meeting . . . September 9-13, 1947. American Psychologist, 2, 539-558.

Raimy, V. (Ed). (1950). Training in clinical psychology . . . Conference on Graduate Education in Clinical Psychology. Held at Boulder, Colorado in August of 1949 (pp. 3-117). New York: Prentice-Hall.


Requirements: a) readings; b) discussion questions; c) class participation; D) history project (to be discussed in class)


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