I study authoritarian politics with a regional focus on the Middle East and North Africa. My research engages with the experiences of opposition groups to shed light on fundamental questions about co-optation, resistance, and political change. How do actors decide whether to reform a system from the inside or dismantle it from the outside? What are the consequences of being co-opted into an authoritarian political order? And what possibilities for political agency might remain within undemocratic regimes?
I explore these questions using comparative-historical and interpretive methods, with particular attention to oral histories, the use of language, and understandings of time. As a comparativist, I pair my regional specialization with an active interest in the implications of my research for opposition movements around the globe.