Faculty Publication: Assistant Professor of Social Work Kerry Lee
Implementing a Child Mental Health Intervention in Child Welfare Services: Stakeholder Perspectives on Feasibility
Authors: Gopalan, Geetha; Lee, Kerry A.; Pisciotta, Caterina; Hooley, Cole; Stephens, Tricia; Acri, Mary
Source: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, DOI: 10.1177/10634266221120532, Sept. 2022
Type of Publication: Journal Article
Abstract: This pilot study integrated quantitative and qualitative data to examine the feasibility of implementing a modified version of a multiple family group behavioral parent training intervention (The 4Rs and 2Ss for Strengthening Families Program [4Rs and 2Ss]) in child welfare (CW) placement prevention services from the perspectives of participating caregivers (n = 12) and CW staff (n = 12; i.e., 6 caseworkers, 4 supervisors, and 2 administrators). Quantitative surveys were administered to caregivers and CW staff followed by semi-structured interviews to examine the feasibility of implementing the modified 4Rs and 2Ss program as well as factors impacting feasibility. Results indicated that quantitative benchmarks for high feasibility were met in all assessed areas (e.g., family recruitment, caseworker fidelity ratings, CW staff feasibility ratings) except for family attendance, which was markedly lower than desired. Factors facilitating feasibility included agency and research support, intervention ease-of-use, perceived benefits to existing CW practice, and logistical support (e.g., food, transportation, child care) promoting attendance. Factors hindering feasibility included conflicts between research-based eligibility criteria and existing client population demographics, research-related processes resulting in delays, CW staff role conflicts, added workload burden, complex family issues, and power differentials inherent to CW services which complicated families’ voluntary participation.